Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Moderance noun Moderation. [ Obsolete] Caxton.

Moderate adjective [ Latin moderatus , past participle of moderate , moderati , to moderate, regulate, control, from modus measure. See Mode .] Kept within due bounds; observing reasonable limits; not excessive, extreme, violent, or rigorous; limited; restrained ; as: (a) Limited in quantity; sparing; temperate; frugal; as, moderate in eating or drinking; a moderate table. (b) Limited in degree of activity, energy, or excitement; reasonable; calm; slow; as, moderate language; moderate endeavors. (c) Not extreme in opinion, in partisanship, and the like; as, a moderate Calvinist.

A number of moderate members managed . . . to obtain a majority in a thin house.
Swift.

(d) Not violent or rigorous; temperate; mild; gentle; as, a moderate winter. " Moderate showers." Walter. (e) Limited as to degree of progress; as, to travel at moderate speed. (f) Limited as to the degree in which a quality, principle, or faculty appears; as, an infusion of moderate strength; a man of moderate abilities. (g) Limited in scope or effects; as, a reformation of a moderate kind. Hooker.

Moderate noun (Eccl. Hist.) One of a party in the Church of Scotland in the 18th century, and part of the 19th, professing moderation in matters of church government, in discipline, and in doctrine.

Moderate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Moderated ; present participle & verbal noun Moderating .]
1. To restrain from excess of any kind; to reduce from a state of violence, intensity, or excess; to keep within bounds; to make temperate; to lessen; to allay; to repress; to temper; to qualify; as, to moderate rage, action, desires, etc.; to moderate heat or wind.

By its astringent quality, it moderates the relaxing quality of warm water.
Arbuthnot.

To moderate stiff minds disposed to strive.
Spenser.

2. To preside over, direct, or regulate, as a public meeting; as, to moderate a synod.

Moderate intransitive verb
1. To become less violent, severe, rigorous, or intense; as, the wind has moderated .

2. To preside as a moderator.

Dr. Barlow [ was] engaged . . . to moderate for him in the divinity disputation.
Bp. Barlow's Remains (1693).

Moderately adverb In a moderate manner or degree; to a moderate extent.

Each nymph but moderately fair.
Waller.

Moderateness noun The quality or state of being moderate; temperateness; moderation.

Moderation noun [ Latin moderatio : confer French modération .]
1. The act of moderating, or of imposing due restraint.

2. The state or quality of being mmoderate.

In moderation placing all my glory,
While Tories call me Whig, and Whigs a Tory.
Pope.

3. Calmness of mind; equanimity; as, to bear adversity with moderation .

The calm and judicious moderation of Orange.
Motley.

4. plural The first public examinations for degrees at the University of Oxford; -- usually contracted to mods .

Moderatism (mŏd"ẽr*a*tĭz'm) noun Moderation in doctrines or opinion, especially in politics or religion.

Moderato adjective & adverb [ Italian See Moderate .] (Mus.) With a moderate degree of quickness; moderately.

Allegro moderato , a little slower than allegro. -- Andante moderato , a little faster than andante.

Moderator noun [ Latin : confer French modérateur .]
1. One who, or that which, moderates, restrains, or pacifies. Sir W. Raleigh.

Angling was . . . a moderator of passions.
Walton.

2. The officer who presides over an assembly to preserve order, propose questions, regulate the proceedings, and declare the votes.

3. In the University of Oxford, an examiner for moderations; at Cambridge, the superintendant of examinations for degrees; at Dublin, either the first (senior) or second (junior) in rank in an examination for the degree of Bachelor of Arts.

4. A mechanical arrangement for regulating motion in a machine, or producing equality of effect.

Moderatorship noun The office of a moderator.

Moderatress noun A female moderator. Fuller.

Moderatrix noun [ Latin ] A female moderator.

Modern adjective [ French moderne , Latin modernus ; akin to modo just now, orig. abl. of modus measure; hence, by measure, just now. See Mode .]
1. Of or pertaining to the present time, or time not long past; late; not ancient or remote in past time; of recent period; as, modern days, ages, or time; modern authors; modern fashions; modern taste; modern practice. Bacon.

2. New and common; trite; commonplace. [ Obsolete]

We have our philosophical persons, to make modern and familiar, things supernatural and causeless.
Shak.

Modern English . See the Note under English .

Modern noun A person of modern times; -- opposed to ancient . Pope.

Modernism noun Modern practice; a thing of recent date; esp., a modern usage or mode of expression.

Modernism noun Certain methods and tendencies which, in Biblical questions, apologetics, and the theory of dogma, in the endeavor to reconcile the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church with the conclusions of modern science, replace the authority of the church by purely subjective criteria; -- so called officially by Pope Pius X.

Modernist noun [ Confer French moderniste .] One who admires the moderns, or their ways and fashions.

Modernist noun An advocate of the teaching of modern subjects, as modern languages, in preference to the ancient classics.

Modernity noun Modernness; something modern. Walpole.

Modernization noun The act of rendering modern in style; the act or process of causing to conform to modern of thinking or acting.

Modernize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Modernized ; present participle & verbal noun Modernizing .] [ Confer French moderniser .] To render modern; to adapt to modern person or things; to cause to conform to recent or present usage or taste. Percy.

Modernizer noun One who modernizes.

Modernly adverb In modern times. Milton.

Modernness noun The quality or state of being modern; recentness; novelty. M. Arnold.

Modest adjective [ French modeste , Latin modestus , from modus measure. See Mode .]
1. Restraining within due limits of propriety; not forward, bold, boastful, or presumptious; rather retiring than pushing one's self forward; not obstructive; as, a modest youth; a modest man.

2. Observing the proprieties of the sex; not unwomanly in act or bearing; free from undue familiarity, indecency, or lewdness; decent in speech and demeanor; -- said of a woman.

Mrs. Ford, the honest woman, the modest wife.
Shak.

The blushing beauties of a modest maid.
Dryden.

3. Evincing modestly in the actor, author, or speaker; not showing presumption; not excessive or extreme; moderate; as, a modest request; modest joy.

Syn. -- Reserved; unobtrusive; diffident; bashful; coy; shy; decent; becoming; chaste; virtuous.

Modestly adverb In a modest manner.

Modesty noun [ Latin modestia : confer French modestie . See Modest .]
1. The quality or state of being modest; that lowly temper which accompanies a moderate estimate of one's own worth and importance; absence of self-assertion, arrogance, and presumption; humility respecting one's own merit.

2. Natural delicacy or shame regarding personal charms and the sexual relation; purity of thought and manners; due regard for propriety in speech or action.

Her blush is guiltiness, not modesty .
Shak.

Modesty piece , a narrow piece of lace worn by women over the bosom. [ Obsolete] Addison.

Syn. -- Bashfulness; humility; diffidence; shyness. See Bashfulness , and Humility .

Modicity noun [ Late Latin modicitas ; confer French modicité .] Moderateness; smallness; meanness. [ Obsolete]

Modicum noun [ Latin , from modicus moderate, from modus . See Mode .] A little; a small quantity; a measured supply. " Modicums of wit." Shak.

Her usual modicum of beer and punch.
Thackeray.

Modifiability noun Capability of being modified; state or quality of being modifiable.

Modifiable adjective [ From Modify .] Capable of being modified; liable to modification.

Modificable adjective Modifiable. [ Obsolete]

Modificate transitive verb [ See Modify .] To qualify. [ Obsolete] Bp. Pearson.

Modification noun [ Latin modificatio a measuring: confer French modification . See Modify .] The act of modifying, or the state of being modified; a modified form or condition; state as modified; a change; as, the modification of an opinion, or of a machine; the various modifications of light. Bentley.

Modificative noun That which modifies or qualifies, as a word or clause.

Modificatory adjective Tending or serving to modify; modifying. Max Müller.

Modifier noun One who, or that which, modifies. Hume.

Modify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Modified ; present participle & verbal noun Modifying .] [ French modifier , Latin modificare , modificari ; modus limit + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Mode , and -fy .]
1. To change somewhat the form or qualities of; to alter somewhat; as, to modify a contrivance adapted to some mechanical purpose; to modify the terms of a contract.

2. To limit or reduce in extent or degree; to moderate; to qualify; to lower.

Of his grace
He modifies his first severe decree.
Dryden.

Modillion noun [ French modillon , Italian modiglione . Confer Module , noun ] (Architecture) The enriched block or horizontal bracket generally found under the cornice of the Corinthian and Composite entablature, and sometimes, less ornamented, in the Ionic and other orders; -- so called because of its arrangement at regulated distances.

Modiolar adjective [ Latin modiolus , dim. of modius the Roman corn measure.] Shaped like a bushel measure.

Modiolus noun ; plural Modioli . [ Latin , a small measure.] (Anat.) The central column in the osseous cochlea of the ear.

Modish adjective According to the mode, or customary manner; conformed to the fashion; fashionable; hence, conventional; as, a modish dress; a modish feast. Dryden. " Modish forms of address." Barrow.

-- Mod"ish*ly , adverb -- Mod"ish*ness , noun

Modist noun One who follows the fashion.

Modiste noun [ French See Mode , and confer Modist .] A female maker of, or dealer in, articles of fashion, especially of the fashionable dress of ladies; a woman who gives direction to the style or mode of dress.

Modius noun ; plural Modii . [ Latin ] (Rom. Antiq.) A dry measure, containing about a peck.

Modocs noun plural ; sing. Modoc (Ethnol.) A tribe of warlike Indians formerly inhabiting Northern California. They are nearly extinct.

Modular adjective Of or pertaining to mode, modulation, module, or modius; as, modular arrangement; modular accent; modular measure.