Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Meteorism noun (Medicine) Flatulent distention of the abdomen; tympanites.
Meteorite noun [ Confer French météorite .] (Min.) A mass of stone or iron which has fallen to the earth from space; an aërolite. » Meteorites usually show a pitted surface with a fused crust, caused by the heat developed in their rapid passage through the earth's atmosphere. A meteorite may consist: 1 . Of metallic iron, alloyed with a small percentage of nickel ( meteoric iron , holosiderite ). When etched this usually exhibits peculiar crystalline figures, called Widmanstätten figures . 2 . Of a cellular mass of iron with imbedded silicates ( mesosiderite or siderolite ). 3 . Of a stony mass of silicates with little iron ( meteoric stone , sporadosiderite ). 4 . Of a mass without iron ( asiderite ).
Meteorize intransitive verb [ Greek ... to raise to a height.] To ascend in vapors; to take the form of a meteor. Evelyn.
Meteorograph noun [ Meteor + -graph .] An instrument which registers meteorologic phases or conditions.
Meteorographic adjective Of or pertaining to meteorography.
Meteorography noun [ Meteor + -graphy .] The registration of meteorological phenomena.
.] (Astron.) A small body moving through space, or revolving about the sun, which on entering the earth's atmosphere would be deflagrated and appear as a meteor.
These bodies [ small, solid bodies] before they come into the air, I call meteoroids . H. A. Newton.
Meteoroidal adjective Of or pertaining to a meteoroid or to meteoroids.
Meteorolite noun [ Meteor + -lite : confer French météorolithe .] A meteoric stone; an aërolite; a meteorite.
Meteorologic, Meteorological adjective [ Greek ...: confer French météorologique .] Of or pertaining to the atmosphere and its phenomena, or to meteorology. Meteorological table , Meteorological register , a table or register exhibiting the state of the air and its temperature, weight, dryness, moisture, motion, etc.
Meteorologist noun [ Confer French météorologiste .] A person skilled in meteorology.
[ Greek ...; ... + lo`gos
discourse: confer French météorologie
. See Meteor
.] The science which treats of the atmosphere and its phenomena, particularly of its variations of heat and moisture, of its winds, storms, etc.
Meteoromancy noun [ Meteor + -mancy : confer French météoromancie .] A species of divination by meteors, chiefly by thunder and lightning, which was held in high estimation by the Romans.
Meteorometer noun [ Meteor + -meter .] An apparatus which transmits automatically to a central station atmospheric changes as marked by the anemometer, barometer, thermometer, etc.
[ Greek ..., from ... observing the heavenly bodies; ... + ... to view: confer French météoroscope
. See Meteor
.] (Astron.) (a) An astrolabe; a planisphere.
[ Obsolete] (b) An instrument for measuring the position, length, and direction, of the apparent path of a shooting star.
[ See Meteor
.] Of the nature or appearance of a meteor.
[ From Mete
to measure.] 1. One who, or that which, metes or measures. See Coal-meter . 2. An instrument for measuring, and usually for recording automatically, the quantity measured. Dry meter
, a gas meter having measuring chambers, with flexible walls, which expand and contract like bellows and measure the gas by filling and emptying.
-- Wet meter
, a gas meter in which the revolution of a chambered drum in water measures the gas passing through it.
Meter noun A line above or below a hanging net, to which the net is attached in order to strengthen it.
Meter, Metre noun
[ Middle English metre
, French mètre
, Latin metrum
, from Greek ...; akin to Sanskrit mā
to measure. See Mete
to measure.] 1. Rhythmical arrangement of syllables or words into verses, stanzas, strophes, etc.; poetical measure, depending on number, quantity, and accent of syllables; rhythm; measure; verse; also, any specific rhythmical arrangements; as, the Horatian meters ; a dactylic meter .
The only strict antithesis to prose is meter . Wordsworth. 2. A poem.
[ Obsolete] Robynson (More's Utopia). 3. A measure of length, equal to 39.37 English inches, the standard of linear measure in the metric system of weights and measures. It was intended to be, and is very nearly, the ten millionth part of the distance from the equator to the north pole, as ascertained by actual measurement of an arc of a meridian. See Metric system , under Metric . Common meter (Hymnol.)
, four iambic verses, or lines, making a stanza, the first and third having each four feet, and the second and fourth each three feet; -- usually indicated by the initials C.M.
-- Long meter (Hymnol.)
, iambic verses or lines of four feet each, four verses usually making a stanza; -- commonly indicated by the initials Latin M.
-- Short meter (Hymnol.)
, iambic verses or lines, the first, second, and fourth having each three feet, and the third four feet. The stanza usually consists of four lines, but is sometimes doubled. Short meter is indicated by the initials S. M.
[ See 1st Meter
.] The act of measuring, or the cost of measuring.
Metergram noun (Mech.) A measure of energy or work done; the power exerted in raising one gram through the distance of one meter against gravitation.
Metewand noun [ Mete to measure + wand .] A measuring rod. Ascham.
[ Anglo-Saxon metgeard
. See Mete
to measure, and Yard
stick.] A yard, staff, or rod, used as a measure.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Meth noun See Meathe .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Methal noun [ M yristic + eth er + al cohol.] (Chemistry) A white waxy substance, found in small quantities in spermaceti as an ethereal salt of several fatty acids, and regarded as an alcohol of the methane series.
[ See Methal
.] (Chemistry) A light, colorless, gaseous, inflammable hydrocarbon, CH 4 ; marsh gas. See Marsh gas , under Gas . Methane series (Chemistry)
, a series of saturated hydrocarbons, of which methane is the first member and type, and (because of their general chemical inertness and indifference) called also the paraffin (little affinity) series . The lightest members are gases, as methane, ethane; intermediate members are liquids, as hexane, heptane, etc. (found in benzine, kerosene, etc.); while the highest members are white, waxy, or fatty solids, as paraffin proper.
Methanometer noun [ Methane + -meter .] An instrument, resembling a eudiometer, to detect the presence and amount of methane, as in coal mines.
[ W. meddyglyn
mead + llyn
liquor, juice. See Mead
a drink.] A fermented beverage made of honey and water; mead. Gay.
yl + ethyl ene
.] (Chemistry) See Methylene .
Methenyl noun [ Methene + -yl .] (Chemistry) The hypothetical hydrocarbon radical CH, regarded as an essential residue of certain organic compounds.
[ See Methyl
.] (Chemistry) A binary compound of methyl with some element; as, aluminium methide , Al 2 (CH 3 ) 6 .
Methinks v. impers.
[ imperfect Methought
.] [ Anglo-Saxon þyncan
to seem, mē þynceð
, mē þūhte
, Middle English me thinketh
, me thoughte
; akin to German dünken
to seem, denken
to think, and English think
. See Me
, and Think
.] It seems to me; I think. See Me .
[ R., except in poetry.]
In all ages poets have been had in special reputation, and, methinks , not without great cause. Spenser.
Methionate noun (Chemistry) A salt of methionic acid.
Methionic adjective [ Me thyl + thionic .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphonic ( thionic ) acid derivative of methane, obtained as a stable white crystalline substance, CH 2 .(SO 3 H) 2 , which forms well defined salts.
[ French méthode
, Latin methodus
, from Greek meqodos
method, investigation following after; meta`
after + "odo`s
way.] 1. An orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything; hence, manner; way; mode; as, a method of teaching languages; a method of improving the mind. Addison. 2. Orderly arrangement, elucidation, development, or classification; clear and lucid exhibition; systematic arrangement peculiar to an individual.
Though this be madness, yet there's method in it. Shak.
All method is a rational progress, a progress toward an end. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. (Nat. Hist.) Classification; a mode or system of classifying natural objects according to certain common characteristics; as, the method of Theophrastus; the method of Ray; the Linnæan method . Syn.
-- Order; system; rule; regularity; way; manner; mode; course; process; means. -- Method
implies arrangement; mode
, mere action or existence. Method
is a way of reaching a given end by a series
of acts which tend to secure it; mode
relates to a single action, or to the form which a series of acts, viewed as a whole, exhibits. Manner
is literally the handling
of a thing, and has a wider sense, embracing both method
. An instructor may adopt a good method
of teaching to write; the scholar may acquire a bad mode
of holding his pen; the manner
in which he is corrected will greatly affect his success or failure.
Methodic, Methodical adjective [ Latin methodicus , Greek ...: confer French méthodique .]
1. Arranged with regard to method; disposed in a suitable manner, or in a manner to illustrate a subject, or to facilitate practical observation; as, the methodical arrangement of arguments; a methodical treatise. " Methodical regularity." Addison. 2. Proceeding with regard to method; systematic. "Aristotle, strict, methodic , and orderly." Harris. 3. Of or pertaining to the ancient school of physicians called methodists. Johnson. -- Me*thod"ic*al*ly , adverb -- Me*thod"ic*al*ness , noun
Methodios noun The art and principles of method.
Methodism noun (Eccl.) The system of doctrines, polity, and worship, of the sect called Methodists. Bp. Warburton.
[ Confer French méthodiste
. See Method
.] 1. One who observes method.
[ Obsolete] 2. One of an ancient school of physicians who rejected observation and founded their practice on reasoning and theory. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. (Theol.) One of a sect of Christians, the outgrowth of a small association called the "Holy Club," formed at Oxford University, A.D. 1729, of which the most conspicuous members were John Wesley and his brother Charles; -- originally so called from the methodical strictness of members of the club in all religious duties. 4. A person of strict piety; one who lives in the exact observance of religious duties; -- sometimes so called in contempt or ridicule.
Methodist adjective Of or pertaining to the sect of Methodists; as, Methodist hymns; a Methodist elder.
Methodistic, Methodistical adjective Of or pertaining to methodists, or to the Methodists. -- Meth`o*dis"tic*al*ly , adverb
Methodization noun The act or process of methodizing, or the state of being methodized.
Methodize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Methodized
; present participle & verbal noun Methodizing
.] To reduce to method; to dispose in due order; to arrange in a convenient manner; as, to methodize one's work or thoughts. Spectator.
Methodizer noun One who methodizes.
Methodological adjective Of or pertaining to methodology.
Methodology noun [ Greek ... method + -logy .] The science of method or arrangement; a treatise on method. Coleridge.
[ Greek ... wine + - ol
.] (Chemistry) The technical name of methyl alcohol or wood spirit; also, by extension, the class name of any of the series of alcohols of the methane series of which methol proper is the type. See Methyl alcohol , under Methyl .
Methæmoglobin noun [ Prefix met- + hæmoglobin .] (Physiol. Chem.) A stable crystalline compound obtained by the decomposition of hemoglobin. It is found in old blood stains.