Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Methoxyl noun [ Meth yl + hydr oxyl .] (Chemistry) A hypothetical radical, CH 3 O, analogous to hydroxyl.

Methyl noun [ See Methylene .] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon radical, CH 3 , not existing alone but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl alcohol, methyl ether, methyl amine, etc. [ Formerly written also methule , methyle , etc.]

Methyl alcohol (Chemistry) , a light, volatile, inflammable liquid, CH 3 .OH, obtained by the distillation of wood, and hence called wood spirit ; -- called also methol , carbinol , etc. -- Methyl amine (Chemistry) , a colorless, inflammable, alkaline gas, CH 3 .NH 2 , having an ammoniacal, fishy odor. It is produced artificially, and also occurs naturally in herring brine and other fishy products. It is regarded as ammonia in which a third of its hydrogen is replaced by methyl, and is a type of the class of substituted ammonias . -- Methyl ether (Chemistry) , a light, volatile ether CH 3 .O.CH 3 , obtained by the etherification of methyl alcohol; -- called also methyl oxide . -- Methyl green . (Chemistry) See under Green , noun -- Methyl orange . (Chemistry) See Helianthin . -- Methyl violet (Chemistry) , an artificial dye, consisting of certain methyl halogen derivatives of rosaniline.

Methylal noun [ Methyl ene + al cohol.] (Chemistry) A light, volatile liquid, H 2 C(OCH 3 ) 2 , regarded as a complex ether, and having a pleasant ethereal odor. It is obtained by the partial oxidation of methyl alcohol. Called also formal .

Methylamine noun (Chemistry) See Methyl amine , under Methyl .

Methylate noun [ Methyl + alcohol ate .] (Chemistry) An alcoholate of methyl alcohol in which the hydroxyl hydrogen is replaced by a metal, after the analogy of a hydrate; as, sodium methylate , CH 3 ONa.

Methylate transitive verb To impregnate or mix with methyl or methyl alcohol.

Methylated adjective (Chemistry) Impregnated with, or containing, methyl alcohol or wood spirit; as, methylated spirits.

Methylene noun [ French méthylène , from Greek ... wine + ... wood; -- a word coined to correspond to the name wood spirit .] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon radical, CH 2 , not known in the free state, but regarded as an essential residue and component of certain derivatives of methane; as, methylene bromide, CH 2 Br 2 ; -- formerly called also methene .

Methylene blue (Chemistry) , an artificial dyestuff consisting of a complex sulphur derivative of diphenyl amine; -- called also pure blue .

Methylic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, methyl; specifically, designating methyl alcohol. See under Methyl .

Methysticin noun (Chemistry) A white, silky, crystalline substance extracted from the thick rootstock of a species of pepper ( Piper methysticum ) of the South Sea Islands; -- called also kanakin .

Metic noun [ Greek ..., prop., changing one's abode; ..., indicating change + ... house, abode: confer Latin metoecus , French métèque .] (Gr. Antiq.) A sojourner; an immigrant; an alien resident in a Grecian city, but not a citizen. Mitford.

The whole force of Athens, metics as well as citizens, and all the strangers who were then in the city.
Jowett (Thucyd. ).

Meticulous adjective [ Latin meticulosus , from metus fear: confer French méticuleux .] Timid; fearful.

-- Me*tic"u*lous*ly , adverb

Métier noun [ French] Calling; vocation; business; trade.

Not only is it the business of no one to preach the truth but it is the métier of many to conceal it.
A. R. Colquhoun.

Métif noun m. Mé`tive" noun f. }[ French] See Métis .

Métis noun m. Mé`tisse" noun f. }[ F.; akin to Spanish mestizo . See Mestizo .]
1. The offspring of a white person and an American Indian.

2. The offspring of a white person and a quadroon; an octoroon. [ Local, U. S.] Bartlett.

Metoche noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a sharing, from ... to share in; ... with + ... to have.] (Architecture) (a) The space between two dentils. (b) The space between two triglyphs.

Metol noun [ G.; trade name, from meta- + kre sol cresol.] A whitish soluble powder used as a developer in photography. Chemically, it is the sulphate of methyl- p -amino- m -cresol .

Metonic adjective [ Confer French métonique .] Pertaining to, or discovered by, Meton , the Athenian.

Metonic cycle or year . (Astron.) See under Cycle .

Metonymic, Metonymical adjective [ See Metonymy .] Used by way of metonymy. -- Met`o*nym"ic*al*ly , adverb

Metonymy (me*tŏn"ĭ*mȳ; 277) noun [ Latin metonymia , Greek metwnymi`a ; meta` , indicating change + 'o`nyma , for 'o`noma a name: confer French métonymie . See Name .] (Rhet.) A trope in which one word is put for another that suggests it; as, we say, a man keeps a good table instead of good provisions ; we read Virgil , that is, his poems ; a man has a warm heart , that is, warm affections .

Metope noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...; meta` with, between + ... opening, hole, the hole in the frieze between the beam ends.]
1. (Architecture) The space between two triglyphs of the Doric frieze, which, among the ancients, was often adorned with carved work. See Illust. of Entablature .

2. (Zoology) The face of a crab.

» In the Parthenon, groups of centaurs and heroes in high relief occupy the metopes.

Metopic adjective [ Greek ... the forehead.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the forehead or frontal bones; frontal; as, the metopic suture.

Metopomancy noun [ Greek ... the forehead + -mancy .] Fortune telling by physiognomy. [ R.] Urquhart.

Metoposcopic, Metoposcopical adjective Of or relating to metoposcopy.

Metoposcopist noun One versed in metoposcopy.

Metoposcopy noun [ Greek ... observing the forehead; ... the forehead + ... to view: confer French métoposcopie .] The study of physiognomy; the art of discovering the character of persons by their features, or the lines of the face.

Metosteon noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... after + ... bone.] (Anat.) The postero-lateral ossification in the sternum of birds; also, the part resulting from such ossification.

Metre (mē"tẽr) noun See Meter .

Metric (mĕt"rĭk) adjective [ Latin metricus , Greek ...: confer French métrique . See Meter rhythm.]
1. Relating to measurement; involving, or proceeding by, measurement.

2. Of or pertaining to the meter as a standard of measurement; of or pertaining to the decimal system of measurement of which a meter is the unit; as, the metric system; a metric measurement.

Metric analysis (Chemistry) , analysis by volume; volumetric analysis. -- Metric system , a system of weights and measures originating in France, the use of which is required by law in many countries, and permitted in many others, including the United States and England. The principal unit is the meter (see Meter ). From this are formed the are , the liter , the stere , the gram , etc. These units, and others derived from them, are divided decimally, and larger units are formed from multiples by 10, 100, 1,000, and 10,000. The successive multiplies are designated by the prefixes, deca- , hecto- , kilo- , and myria- ; successive parts by deci- , centi- , and milli- . The prefixes mega- and micro- are sometimes used to denote a multiple by one million, and the millionth part, respectively. See the words formed with these prefixes in the Vocabulary. For metric tables , see p. 1682.

Metric system See Metric , adjective

Metric ton A weight of 1,000 kilograms, or 2,204.6 pounds avoirdupois.

Metrical adjective
1. Of or pertaining to the meter; arranged in meter; consisting of verses; as, metrical compositions.

2. Of or pertaining to measurement; as, the inch, foot, yard, etc., are metrical terms; esp., of or pertaining to the metric system.

Metrically adverb In a metrical manner.

Metrician noun [ Confer French métricien . See Meter rhythm.] A composer of verses. [ Obsolete]

Metrification noun Composition in metrical form; versification. [ R.] Tennyson.

Metrify intransitive verb [ Latin metrum meter + -fy : confer French métrifier .] To make verse. [ R.] Skelton.

Metrist noun A maker of verses. Bale.

Spenser was no mere metrist , but a great composer.

Metritis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... womb + -tis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the womb.

Metrochrome noun [ Greek ... + ... color.] An instrument for measuring colors.

Metrograph noun [ Greek ... measure + -graph .] An instrument attached to a locomotive for recording its speed and the number and duration of its stops.

Metrological adjective [ Confer French métrologique .] Of or pertaining to metrology.

Metrology noun [ Greek ... measure + -métrologie .] The science of, or a system of, weights and measures; also, a treatise on the subject.

Metromania noun [ Greek ... measure + English mania .] A mania for writing verses.

Metromaniac noun One who has metromania.

Metrometer noun [ Greek ... womb + -meter .] (Medicine) An instrument for measuring the size of the womb. Knight.

Metronome noun [ Greek ... measure + ... distribute, assign: confer French métronome , Italian metronomo .] An instrument consisting of a short pendulum with a sliding weight. It is set in motion by clockwork, and serves to measure time in music.

Metronomy noun [ See Metronome .] Measurement of time by an instrument.

Metronymic adjective [ Greek ...; ... mother + ..., for ... name.] Derived from the name of one's mother, or other female ancestor; as, a metronymic name or appellation. -- noun A metronymic appellation.

Metropole noun [ Confer French métropole . See Metropolis .] A metropolis. [ Obsolete] Holinshed.

Metropolis noun [ Latin metropolis , Greek ..., prop., the mother city (in relation to colonies); ... mother + ... city. See Mother , and Police .]

1. The mother city; the chief city of a kingdom, state, or country.

[ Edinburgh] gray metropolis of the North.

2. (Eccl.) The seat, or see, of the metropolitan, or highest church dignitary.

The great metropolis and see of Rome.