Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Mess noun Mass; church service. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Middle English mes
, Old French mets
, Late Latin missum
, past participle of mittere
to put, place ( e. g.
, on the table), Latin mittere
to send. See Mission
, and confer Mass
religious service.] 1. A quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for a person or party for one meal; as, a mess of pottage; also, the food given to a beast at one time.
At their savory dinner set Milton. 2. A number of persons who eat together, and for whom food is prepared in common; especially, persons in the military or naval service who eat at the same table; as, the wardroom mess . Shak. 3. A set of four; -- from the old practice of dividing companies into sets of four at dinner.
Of herbs and other country messes .
[ Obsolete] Latimer. 4. The milk given by a cow at one milking.
[ U.S.] 5.
[ Perh. corrupt. from Middle English mesh
: confer muss
.] A disagreeable mixture or confusion of things; hence, a situation resulting from blundering or from misunderstanding; as, he made a mess of it.
Mess intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Messed
; present participle & verbal noun Messing
.] To take meals with a mess; to belong to a mess; to eat (with others); as, I mess with the wardroom officers. Marryat.
Mess transitive verb To supply with a mess.
Mess transitive verb To make a mess of; to disorder or muddle; to muss; to jumble; to disturb.
It was n't right either to be messing another man's sleep. Scribner's Mag.
Mess beef Barreled salt beef, packed with about 80 pounds chuck and rump, two flanks, and the rest plates.
[ French, from Late Latin missaticum
, from Latin mittere
, to send. See Mission
, and confer Messenger
.] 1. Any notice, word, or communication, written or verbal, sent from one person to another.
Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. Judg. iii. 20. 2. Hence, specifically, an official communication, not made in person, but delivered by a messenger; as, the President's message . Message shell
. See Shell .
Message transitive verb To bear as a message. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English , from Old French message
, from Late Latin missaticus
. See 1st Message
.] A messenger.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Message stick A stick, carved with lines and dots, used, esp. by Australian aborigines, to convey information.
Messager noun [ Middle English ] A messenger. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English messager
, Old French messagier
, French messager
. See Message
.] 1. One who bears a message; the bearer of a verbal or written communication, notice, or invitation, from one person to another, or to a public body; specifically, an office servant who bears messages. 2. One who, or that which, foreshows, or foretells.
Yon gray lines Shak. 3. (Nautical) A hawser passed round the capstan, and having its two ends lashed together to form an endless rope or chain; -- formerly used for heaving in the cable. 4. (Law) A person appointed to perform certain ministerial duties under bankrupt and insolvent laws, such as to take charge of the estate of the bankrupt or insolvent. Bouvier. Tomlins. Syn.
That fret the clouds are messengers of day.
-- Carrier; intelligencer; courier; harbinger; forerunner; precursor; herald. Messenger bird
, the secretary bird, from its swiftness.
Messet noun A dog. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
Messiad noun A German epic poem on the Messiah, by Klopstock.
[ Hebrew māshīakh
anointed, from māshakh
to anoint. Confer Messias
.] The expected king and deliverer of the Hebrews; the Savior; Christ.
And told them the Messiah now was born. Milton.
Messiahship noun The state or office of the Messiah.
Messianic adjective Of or relating to the Messiah; as, the Messianic office or character.
[ Late Latin , from Greek .... See Messiah
.] The Messiah.
I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ. John iv. 25.
[ French, from Latin messis
harvest.] The tenth month of the French republican calendar dating from September 22, 1792. It began June 19, and ended July 18. See VendÉmiaire .
Messieurs noun plural [ F.; plural of monsieur .] Sirs; gentlemen; -- abbreviated to Messrs ., which is used as the plural of Mr .
Messinese adjective Of or pertaining to Messina, or its inhabitans.
Messmate noun An associate in a mess.
[ Confer Old French mesuage
, Late Latin messuagium
, from Latin mansio
, a staying, remaining, dwelling, from manere
, to stay, remain, English mansion
.] (Law) A dwelling house, with the adjacent buildings and curtilage, and the adjoining lands appropriated to the use of the household. Cowell. Bouvier.
They wedded her to sixty thousand pounds, Tennyson.
To lands in Kent, and messuages in York.
Mest adjective Most. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ See Mestizo
.] The offspring of a white person and a quadroon; -- so called in the West Indies.
[ Written also mustee
[ Obsolete] See Mister , a trade.
; plural Mestinos See Mestizo .
; plural Mestizos
. [ Spanish mestizo
; akin to Old French mestis
, French métis
; all from (assumed) Late Latin mixtitius
, from Latin mixtus
mixed, past participle of miscere
to mix. See Mix
, and confer Mestee
.] The offspring of an Indian or a negro and a European or person of European stock.
[ Spanish America] Mestizo wool
, wool imported from South America, and produced by mixed breeds of sheep.
Mestling noun A kind of brass. See Maslin .
[ New Latin , from Greek me`sos
middle + ... a festive song. See Hymn
.] (Anc. Poetry) A repetition at the end of a stanza.
Met imperfect & past participle of Meet .
obsolete imperfect & past participle of Mete , to measure. Chapman.
obsolete past participle of Mete , to dream. Chaucer.
[ Greek meta`
between, with, after; akin to Anglo-Saxon mid
with, German mit
, Goth. miþ
, English mid
, in midwife
.] 1. A prefix meaning between, with, after, behind, over, about, reversely; as, meta chronism, the error of placing after the correct time; meta phor, lit., a carrying over; meta thesis, a placing reversely. 2. (Chemistry)
A prefix denoting: (a) Other; duplicate, corresponding to; resembling; hence, metameric ; as, meta -arabinic, met aldehyde. (b) (Organic Chem.) That two replacing radicals, in the benzene nucleus, occupy the relative positions of 1 and 3, 2 and 4, 3 and 5, 4 and 6, 5 and 1, or 6 and 2; as, meta cresol, etc. See Ortho- , and Para- . (c) (Inorganic Chem.) Having less than the highest number of hydroxyl groups; - - said of acids; as, meta phosphoric acid. Also used adjectively.
; plural Metabases
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to pass over; ... beyond, over + ... to go.] 1. (Rhet.) A transition from one subject to another. 2. (Medicine) Same as Metabola .
Metabola Me*tab"o*le noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... change; ... beyond + ... to throw.] (Medicine) A change or mutation; a change of disease, symptoms, or treatment.
Metabola Met`a*bo"li*a noun plural [ New Latin See 1st Metabola .] (Zoology) A comprehensive group of insects, including those that undegro a metamorphosis.
[ See Metabola
.] (Zoology) An insect which undergoes a metamorphosis.
[ Greek .... See Metabola
.] 1. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to metamorphosis; pertaining to, or involving, change. 2. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to metabolism; as, metabolic activity; metabolic force.
Metabolisis noun [ New Latin ] Metabolism. [ R.]
Metabolism noun (Physiol.) The act or process, by which living tissues or cells take up and convert into their own proper substance the nutritive material brought to them by the blood, or by which they transform their cell protoplasm into simpler substances, which are fitted either for excretion or for some special purpose, as in the manufacture of the digestive ferments. Hence, metabolism may be either constructive ( anabolism ), or destructive ( katabolism ).
Metabolism noun (Biol.) The series of chemical changes which take place in an organism, by means of which food is manufactured and utilized and waste materials are eliminated.
Metabolite noun (Physiol Chem.) A product of metabolism; a substance produced by metabolic action, as urea.
Metabolize transitive verb & i. (Physiol.) To change by a metabolic process. See Metabolism .
Metabranchial adjective [ Meta- + branchial .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the lobe of the carapace of crabs covering the posterior branchiæ.
Metacarpal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the metacarpus. -- noun A metacarpal bone.
[ New Latin , from Greek ...; ... beyond, between + ... the wrist.] (Anat.) That part of the skeleton of the hand or forefoot between the carpus and phalanges. In man it consists of five bones. See Illust. of Artiodactyla .
Metacenter, -tre noun [ Prefix meta- + center .] (Hydrostatics) The point of intersection of a vertical line through the center of gravity of the fluid displaced by a floating body which is tipped through a small angle from its position of equilibrium, and the inclined line which was vertical through the center of gravity of the body when in equilibrium. » When the metacenter is above the center of gravity, the position of the body is stable; when below it, unstable.
Metacetone noun [ Prefix met- + acetone .] (Chemistry) A colorless liquid of an agreeable odor, C 6 H 10 O, obtained by distilling a mixture of sugar and lime; -- so called because formerly regarded as a polymeric modification of acetone.
Metachloral noun [ Prefix meta- + chloral .] (Chemistry) A white, amorphous, insoluble substance regarded as a polymeric variety of chloral.
Metachronism noun [ Greek ..., ..., after the time, happening afterward; ... beyond + ... time: confer French métachronisme .] An error committed in chronology by placing an event after its real time.
Metachrosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... beyond + ... a coloring.] (Biol.) The power of changing color at will by the expansion of special pigment cells, under nerve influence, as seen in many reptiles, fishes, etc. Cope.