Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Melancholize intransitive verb To become gloomy or dejected in mind. Barrow.

Melancholize transitive verb To make melancholy.

Melancholy noun [ Middle English melancolie , French mélancolie , Latin melancholia , from Greek ...; me`las , -anos , black + ... gall, bile. See Malice , and 1st Gall .]


1. Depression of spirits; a gloomy state continuing a considerable time; deep dejection; gloominess. Shak.

2. Great and continued depression of spirits, amounting to mental unsoundness; melancholia.

3. Pensive maditation; serious thoughtfulness. [ Obsolete] "Hail, divinest Melancholy !" Milton.

4. Ill nature. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Melancholy adjective
1. Depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy dismal. Shak.

2. Producing great evil and grief; causing dejection; calamitous; afflictive; as, a melancholy event.

3. Somewhat deranged in mind; having the jugment impaired. [ Obsolete] Bp. Reynolds.

4. Favorable to meditation; somber.

A pretty, melancholy seat, well wooded and watered.
Evelin.

Syn. -- Gloomy; sad; dispirited; low-spirited; downhearted; unhappy; hypochondriac; disconsolate; heavy, doleful; dismal; calamitous; afflictive.

Melanconiaceæ noun plural [ New Latin ] (Botany) A family of fungi constituting the order Melanconiales. -- Mel`an*co`ni*a"ceous adjective

Melanconiales noun plural [ New Latin , from Melanconium , name of the typical genus, from Greek ... black + ... dust, in allusion to the dark spores.] (Botany) The smallest of the three orders of Fungi Imperfecti, including those with no asci nor pycnidia, but as a rule having the spores in cavities without special walls. They cause many of the plant diseases known as anthracnose.

Melanesian adjective [ Greek me`las , -anos , black + ... island. Melanesia was so called from the dark complexion of the natives.] Of or pertaining to Melanesia.

Mélange noun [ French See Mell , Meddle .] A mixture; a medley.

Melanian noun (Zoology) One of a family of fresh-water pectinibranchiate mollusks, having a turret-shaped shell.

Melanic adjective [ Greek me`las , -anos , black.]
1. Melanotic.

2. (Ethnol.) Of or pertaining to the black-haired races. Prichard.

Melaniline noun (Chemistry) A complex nitrogenous hydrocarbon obtained artificially (as by the action of cyanogen chloride on aniline) as a white, crystalline substance; -- called also diphenyl guanidin .

Melanin noun [ Greek me`las , -anos , black.] (Physiol.) A black pigment found in the pigment-bearing cells of the skin (particularly in the skin of the negro), in the epithelial cells of the external layer of the retina (then called fuscin ), in the outer layer of the choroid, and elsewhere. It is supposed to be derived from the decomposition of hemoglobin.

Melanism (mĕl"ȧ*nĭz'm) noun [ Greek me`las , -anos , black.]


1. An undue development of dark-colored pigment in the skin or its appendages; -- the opposite of albinism .

2. (Medicine) A disease; black jaundice. See Melæna .

Melanism noun (Ethnol.) The character of having a high degree of pigmentation, as shown in dark skin, eyes, and hair.

Melanistic adjective Affected with melanism; of the nature of melanism.

Melanite noun [ Greek me`las , -anos , black: confer French mélanite .] (Min.) A black variety of garnet.

Melanochroi noun plural [ New Latin See Melanochroic .] (Ethnol.) A group of the human race, including the dark whites.

Melanochroic adjective [ Greek melana`chroos ; me`las , -anos , black + chroa` color.] Having a dark complexion; of or pertaining to the Melanochroi.

Melanochroite noun [ See Melanochroic .] (Min.) A mineral of a red, or brownish or yellowish red color. It is a chromate of lead; -- called also phœnicocroite .

Melanocomous adjective [ Greek me`las , -anos , black + ... hair.] Having very dark or black hair; black-haired. Prichard.

Melanoma noun ; Latin plural - nomata . [ New Latin ; Greek ..., ..., black + -oma .] (Medicine) (a) A tumor containing dark pigment. (b) Development of dark-pigmented tumors.

Melanorrhœa noun [ New Latin , from Greek me`las , -anos , black + ... to flow.] (Botany) An East Indian genus of large trees. Melanorrhœa usitatissima is the lignum-vitæ of Pegu, and yields a valuable black varnish.

Melanoscope noun [ Greek me`las , -anos , black + -scope .] (Opt.) An instrument containing a combination of colored glasses such that they transmit only red light, so that objects of other colors, as green leaves, appear black when seen through it. It is used for viewing colored flames, to detect the presence of potassium, lithium, etc., by the red light which they emit.

Melanosis [ New Latin , from Greek ... a growing black, from me`las , -anos , black.] (Medicine) The morbid deposition of black matter, often of a malignant character, causing pigmented tumors.

Melanosperm noun [ Greek me`las , -anos , black + spe`rma seed.] (Botany) An alga of any kind that produces blackish spores, or seed dust. The melanosperms include the rockweeds and all kinds of kelp. -- Mel`a*no*sper"mous adjective

Melanotic adjective Melanistic.

Melanotype noun [ Greek me`las , -anos , black + -type .] (Photog.) A positive picture produced with sensitized collodion on a smooth surface of black varnish, coating a thin plate of iron; also, the process of making such a picture. [ Written also melainotype .]

Melanterite noun (Min.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a green color and vitreous luster; iron vitriol.

Melanure noun [ New Latin melanurus , from Greek me`las , -anos , black + o'ura` tail.] (Zoology) A small fish of the Mediterranean; a gilthead. See Gilthead (a) .

Melanuric adjective [ Melam + urea .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid obtained by decomposition of melam, or of urea, as a white crystalline powder; -- called also melanurenic acid .

Melaphyre noun [ French, from Greek me`las , -anos , black + por phyre porphyry.] (Min.) Any one of several dark-colored augitic, eruptive rocks allied to basalt.

Melasma noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... black spot.] (Medicine) A dark discoloration of the skin, usually local; as, Addison's melasma , or Addison's disease. -- Me*las"mic adjective

Melasses noun See Molasses .

Melassic adjective [ See Molasses .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained from molasses or glucose, and probably identical with saccharic acid. See Saccharic .

Melastoma noun [ New Latin , from Greek me`las black + sto`ma mouth.] (Botany) A genus of evergreen tropical shrubs; -- so called from the black berries of some species, which stain the mouth.

Melastomaceous adjective (Botany) Belonging to the order of which Melastoma is the type.

Melchite noun [ Hebrew melek king.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect, chiefly in Syria and Egypt, which acknowledges the authority of the pope, but adheres to the liturgy and ceremonies of the Eastern Church.

Meld transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Melded ; present participle & verbal noun Melding .] [ German melden to announce.] (Card Playing) In the game of pinochle, to declare or announce for a score; as, to meld a sequence.

Meld noun (Card Playing) Any combination or score which may be declared, or melded, in pinochle.

Meleagrine adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the genus Meleagris.

Meleagris noun [ Latin , the Guinea fowl.] (Zoology) A genus of American gallinaceous birds, including the common and the wild turkeys.

Mêlée (ma`la") noun [ French, from mêler to mix. See Meddle , Mell , and confer Mellay .] A fight in which the combatants are mingled in one confused mass; a hand to hand conflict; an affray.

Mêlée noun A cavalry exercise in which two groups of riders try to cut paper plumes off the helmets of their opponents, the contest continuing until no member of one group retains his plume; -- sometimes called Balaklava mêlée .

Melena noun (Medicine) See Melæna .

Melene noun [ Mel issic + ethyl ene .] (Chemistry) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C 30 H 60 , of the ethylene series, obtained from beeswax as a white, scaly, crystalline wax; -- called also melissene , and melissylene .

Melenite noun [ Greek me`li honey.] An explosive of great destructive power; -- so called from its color, which resembles honey.

Meletin noun (Chemistry) See Quercitin .

Melezitose noun [ French mélèze the larch + mel itose .] (Chemistry) A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose, extracted from the manna of the larch ( Larix ). [ Written also melicitose .]

Meliaceous adjective (Botany) Pertaining to a natural order ( Meliacæ ) of plants of which the genus Melia is the type. It includes the mahogany and the Spanish cedar.

Melibean, Melib...an adjective [ From Latin Meliboeus , one of the interlocutors in Virgil's first Eclogue.] (Rhet.) Alternately responsive, as verses.