Mendicancy Men"di·can·cy noun The condition of being mendicant; beggary; begging. Burke.
Mendicant Men"di·cant adjective [ Latin mendicans , -antis , present participle of mendicare to beg, from mendicus beggar, indigent.] Practicing beggary; begging; living on alms; as, mendicant friars. Mendicant orders (R. C. Ch.) , certain monastic orders which are forbidden to acquire landed property and are required to be supported by alms, esp. the Franciscans, the Dominicans, the Carmelites, and the Augustinians.
Mendicant Men"di·cant noun A beggar; esp., one who makes a business of begging; specifically, a begging friar.
Mendicate Men"di·cate transitive verb & i. [ Latin mendicatus , past participle of mendicare to beg.] To beg. [ R.] Johnson.
Mendication Men`di·ca"tion noun The act or practice of begging; beggary; mendicancy. Sir T. Browne.
Mendicity Men·dic"i·ty noun [ Latin mendicitas : confer French mendicité . See Mendicant .] The practice of begging; the life of a beggar; mendicancy. Rom. of R.
Mendinant Men"di·nant noun A mendicant or begging friar. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Mendment Mend"ment noun Amendment. [ Obsolete]
Mendole Men"dole (mĕn"dōl) noun [ Confer French mendol , mendole .] (Zoology) The cackerel.
Mendregal Men"dre·gal noun (Zoology) Medregal.
Mends Mends (mĕndz) noun See Amends . [ Obsolete] Shak.
Menge Menge (mĕnj) intransitive verb [ imperfect Mente , Meinte ; past participle Ment , Meint .] [ See Mingle .] To mix. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Menhaden Men·ha"den noun (Zoology) An American marine fish of the Herring family ( Brevoortia tyrannus ), chiefly valuable for its oil and as a component of fertilizers; -- called also mossbunker , bony fish , chebog , pogy , hardhead , whitefish , etc.
Menhir Men"hir noun [ French Armor. men stone + hir high.] A large stone set upright in olden times as a memorial or monument. Many, of unknown date, are found in Brittany and throughout Northern Europe.
Menial Men"ial adjective
[ Middle English meneal
, from meine
, household, Old French maisniée
, Late Latin mansionaticum
. See Mansion
, and confer Meine
.] 1. Belonging to a retinue or train of servants; performing servile office; serving.
Two menial dogs before their master pressed. Dryden. 2. Pertaining to servants, esp. domestic servants; servile; low; mean.
Menial Men"ial noun 1. A domestic servant or retainer, esp. one of humble rank; one employed in low or servile offices. 2. A person of a servile character or disposition.
Ménière's disease Mé`nière's" dis·ease" (Medicine) A disease characterized by deafness and vertigo, resulting in incoördination of movement. It is supposed to depend upon a morbid condition of the semicircular canals of the internal ear. Named after Ménière , a French physician.
Menilite Men"i·lite noun [ French ménilite ; -- so called because it is found at Ménil montant, near Paris.] (Min.) See Opal .
Meningeal Me·nin"ge·al (me*nĭn"je* a l) adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the meninges.
Meninges Me·nin"ges (-jēz) noun plural ; sing. Meninx [ New Latin , from Greek mh^nigx , -iggos , a membrane.] (Anat.) The three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord; the pia mater, dura mater, and arachnoid membrane.
Meningitis Men`in·gi"tis noun [ New Latin See Meninges , and -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord. Cerebro-spinal meningitis . See under Cerebro-spinal .
Meniscal Me·nis"cal adjective Pertaining to, or having the form of, a meniscus.
Meniscoid Me·nis"coid adjective [ Meniscus + -oid .] Concavo-convex, like a meniscus.
meniscus me·nis"cus noun
(-sī), English Meniscuses
. [ New Latin , from Greek mhni`skos
, dim. of mh`nh
the moon.] 1. A crescent. 2. (Opt.) A lens convex on one side and concave on the other. 3. (Anat.) An interarticular synovial cartilage or membrane; esp., one of the intervertebral synovial disks in some parts of the vertebral column of birds. Converging meniscus
, Diverging meniscus
. See Lens .
Menispermaceous Men`i·sper·ma"ceous adjective [ Greek mh`nh the moon + spe`rma seed.] (Botany) Pertaining to a natural order ( Menispermaceæ ) of climbing plants of which moonseed ( Menispermum ) is the type.
Menispermic Men`i·sper"mic adjective Pertaining to, or obtained from, moonseed ( Menispermum ), or other plants of the same family, as the Anamirta Cocculus .
Menispermine Men`i·sper"mine noun [ Confer French ménispermine .] (Chemistry) An alkaloid distinct from picrotoxin and obtained from the cocculus indicus (the fruit of Anamirta Cocculus , formerly Menispermum Cocculus ) as a white, crystalline, tasteless powder; -- called also menispermina .
Meniver Men"i·ver noun [ Old French menuver , menuveir , menuvair , a grayish fur; menu small + vair a kind of fur. See Minute , adjective , and Vair .] Same as Miniver .
Mennonist, Mennonite Men"non·ist, Men"non·ite noun (Eccl. Hist.) One of a small denomination of Christians, so called from Menno Simons of Friesland, their founder. They believe that the New Testament is the only rule of faith, that there is no original sin, that infants should not be baptized, and that Christians ought not to take oath, hold office, or render military service.
Menobranch Men"o·branch Men`o*bran"chus noun [ New Latin menobranchus , from Greek ... to remain + ... a gill.] (Zoology) A large aquatic American salamander of the genus Necturus , having permanent external gills.
Menologium, Menology Men`o·lo"gi·um, Me·nol"o·gy noun
, English Menologies
. [ New Latin menologium
, from Greek mh`n
month + lo`gos
discourse : confer French ménologe
.] 1. A register of months. Bp. Stillingfleet. 2. (Gr. Church) A brief calendar of the lives of the saints for each day in the year, or a simple remembrance of those whose lives are not written.
Menopause Men"o·pause noun [ Greek mh`n month + ... to cause to cease. See Menses .] (Medicine) The period of natural cessation of menstruation. See Change of life , under Change .
Menopoma, Menopome Men`o·po"ma, Men"o·pome noun [ New Latin menopoma , from Greek ... to remain + ... lid.] (Zoology) The hellbender.
Menorrhagia Men`or·rha"gi·a noun [ New Latin , from Greek mh`n month + ... to break.] (Medicine) (a) Profuse menstruation. (b) Any profuse bleeding from the uterus; Metrorrhagia.
Menostasis Me·nos"ta·sis noun [ New Latin , from Greek mh`n month + 'istan`nai to stop.] (Medicine) Stoppage of the menses.
Menostation Men`os·ta"tion noun (Medicine) Same as Menostasis .
Menow Men"ow noun (Zoology) A minnow.
Mensal Men"sal adjective [ Latin mensalis , from mensa table.] Belonging to the table; transacted at table; as, mensal conversation.
Mensal Men"sal adjective [ Latin mensis month.] Occurring once in a month; monthly.
Mense Mense noun [ Middle English menske , Anglo-Saxon mennisc human, man. See Man .] Manliness; dignity; comeliness; civility. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] -- Mense"ful adjective -- Mense"less , adjective
Mense Mense transitive verb To grace. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Menses Men"ses noun plural [ Latin mensis month, plural menses months, and the monthly courses of women. Confer Month .] (Medicine) The catamenial or menstrual discharge, a periodic flow of blood or bloody fluid from the uterus or female generative organs.
Menstrual Men"stru·al adjective [ Latin menstrualis : confer French menstruel . See Menstruous .] 1. Recurring once a month; monthly; gone through in a month; as, the menstrual revolution of the moon; pertaining to monthly changes; as, the menstrual equation of the sun's place. 2. Of or pertaining to the menses; as, menstrual discharges; the menstrual period. 3. Of or pertaining to a menstruum. Bacon.
Menstruant Men"stru·ant adjective [ Latin menstruans , present participle of menstruare to have a monthly term, from menstruus . See Menstruous .] Subject to monthly flowing or menses.
Menstruate Men"stru·ate adjective Menstruous. [ Obsolete]
Menstruate Men"stru·ate intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Menstruated ; present participle & verbal noun Menstruating .] To discharge the menses; to have the catamenial flow.
Menstruation Men`stru·a"tion noun The discharge of the menses; also, the state or the period of menstruating.
Menstrue Men"strue noun [ Confer French menstrues . See Menstruous .] The menstrual flux; menses. [ Obsolete]
Menstruous Men"stru·ous adjective [ Latin menstruus , from mensis month. Confer Menstruum .] 1. Having the monthly flow or discharge; menstruating. 2. Of or pertaining to the monthly flow; catamenial.
Menstruum Men"stru·um noun
, Latin Menstrua
. [ Latin menstruus
. See Menstruous
.] Any substance which dissolves a solid body; a solvent.
The proper menstruum to dissolve metal. Bacon.
All liquors are called menstruums which are used as dissolvents, or to extract the virtues of ingredients by infusion or decoction. Quincy.
» The use is supposed to have originated in some notion of the old chemists about the influence of the moon in the preparation of dissolvents. Johnson.