Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin medicina
), from medicinus
medical, from medicus
: confer French médecine
. See Medical
.] 1. The science which relates to the prevention, cure, or alleviation of disease. 2. Any substance administered in the treatment of disease; a remedial agent; a remedy; physic.
By medicine , life may be prolonged. Shak. 3. A philter or love potion.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 4.
[ French médecin
.] A physician.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Medicine bag
, a charm; -- so called among the North American Indians, or in works relating to them.
-- Medicine man
(among the North American Indians), a person who professes to cure sickness, drive away evil spirits, and regulate the weather by the arts of magic.
-- Medicine seal
, a small gem or paste engraved with reversed characters, to serve as a seal. Such seals were used by Roman physicians to stamp the names of their medicines.
Medicine transitive verb To give medicine to; to affect as a medicine does; to remedy; to cure. " Medicine thee to that sweet sleep." Shak.
Medicine noun 1. (a) Among the North American Indians, any object supposed to give control over natural or magical forces, to act as a protective charm, or to cause healing; also, magical power itself; the potency which a charm, token, or rite is supposed to exert.
The North American Indian boy usually took as his medicine the first animal of which he dreamed during the long and solitary fast that he observed at puberty. F. H. Giddings. (b) Hence, a similar object or agency among other savages. 2. Short for Medicine man . 3. Intoxicating liquor; drink.
Medico-legal adjective Of or pertaining to law as affected by medical facts.
Medicommissure noun [ Latin medius middle + English commissure .] (Anat.) A large transverse commissure in the third ventricle of the brain; the middle or soft commissure. B. G. Wildex.
; plural Medicornua
. [ New Latin , from Latin medius
middle + cornu
horn.] (Anat.) The middle or inferior horn of each lateral ventricle of the brain. B. G. Wilder.
Medics noun Science of medicine. [ Obsolete]
Mediety noun [ Latin medietas .] The middle part; half; moiety. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
[ From Medina
in New York.] (Geol.) A subdivision of the Niagara period in the American upper Silurian, characterized by the formations known as the Oneida conglomerate, and the Medina sandstone. See the Chart of Geology .
(me*dē"no) noun Same as Para .
Mediocral adjective Mediocre. [ R.]
[ French médiocre
, Latin mediocris
, from medius
middle. See Mid
.] Of a middle quality; of but a moderate or low degree of excellence; indifferent; ordinary.
" A very mediocre
1. A mediocre person. [ R.] 2. A young monk who was excused from performing a portion of a monk's duties. Shipley.
Mediocrist noun A mediocre person. [ R.]
Mediocrity noun [ French médiocrité , Latin mediocritas .]
1. The quality of being mediocre; a middle state or degree; a moderate degree or rate. "A mediocrity of success." Bacon. 2. Moderation; temperance. [ Obsolete] Hooker.
Mediostapedial adjective [ Latin medius middle + English stapedial .] (Anat.) Pertaining to that part of the columella of the ear which, in some animals, connects the stapes with the other parts of the columella. -- noun The mediostapedial part of the columella.
Medioxumous adjective [ Latin medioxumus middlemost.] Intermediate. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
Meditance noun Meditation. [ Obsolete]
Meditate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Meditated
; present participle & verbal noun Meditating
.] [ Latin meditatus
, past participle of meditari
to meditate; confer Greek ... to learn, English mind
.] To keep the mind in a state of contemplation; to dwell on anything in thought; to think seriously; to muse; to cogitate; to reflect. Jer. Taylor.
In his law doth he meditate day and night. Ps. i. 2.
Meditate transitive verb 1. To contemplate; to keep the mind fixed upon; to study.
"Blessed is the man that doth meditate
good things." Ecclus. xiv. 20. 2. To purpose; to intend; to design; to plan by revolving in the mind; as, to meditate a war.
I meditate to pass the remainder of life in a state of undisturbed repose. Washington. Syn.
-- To consider; ponder; weigh; revolve; study. -- To Meditate
. We meditate
a design when we are looking out or waiting for the means of its accomplishment; we contemplate
it when the means are at hand, and our decision is nearly or quite made. To intend
is stronger, implying that we have decided to act when an opportunity may offer. A general meditates
an attack upon the enemy; he contemplates
undertaking it at the earliest convenient season.
[ Middle English meditacioun
, French méditation
, from Latin meditatio
.] 1. The act of meditating; close or continued thought; the turning or revolving of a subject in the mind; serious contemplation; reflection; musing.
Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be acceptable in thy sight. Ps. xix. 14. 2. Thought; -- without regard to kind.
With wings as swift Shak.
As meditation or the thoughts of love.
Meditatist noun One who is given to meditation.
Meditative adjective [ Latin meditativus : confer French méditatif .] Disposed to meditate, or to meditation; as, a meditative man; a meditative mood. -- Med"i*ta*tive*ly , adverb -- Med"i*ta*tive*ness , noun
[ Latin mediterraneus
middle + terra
land. See Mid
, and Terrace
.] 1. Inclosed, or nearly inclosed, with land; as, the Mediterranean Sea, between Europe and Africa. 2. Inland; remote from the ocean.
Cities, as well mediterranean as maritime. Holland. 3. Of or pertaining to the Mediterranean Sea; as, Mediterranean trade; a Mediterranean voyage.
Mediterranean fruit fly A two-winged fly ( Ceratitis capitata ) with black and white markings, native of the Mediterranean countries, but now widely distributed. Its larva lives in ripening oranges, peaches, and other fruits, causing them to decay and fall.
Mediterraneous adjective Inland. Sir T. Browne.
. [ Latin medium
the middle, from medius
middle. See Mid
, and confer Medius
.] 1. That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening body or quantity. Hence, specifically: (a) Middle place or degree; mean.
The just medium . . . lies between pride and abjection. L'Estrange. (b) (Math.) See Mean . (c) (Logic) The mean or middle term of a syllogism; that by which the extremes are brought into connection. 2. A substance through which an effect is transmitted from one thing to another; as, air is the common medium of sound. Hence: The condition upon which any event or action occurs; necessary means of motion or action; that through or by which anything is accomplished, conveyed, or carried on; specifically, in animal magnetism, spiritualism, etc., a person through whom the action of another being is said to be manifested and transmitted.
Whether any other liquors, being made mediums , cause a diversity of sound from water, it may be tried. Bacon.
I must bring together Denham. 3. An average.
All these extremes; and must remove all mediums .
A medium of six years of war, and six years of peace. Burke. 4. A trade name for printing and writing paper of certain sizes. See Paper . 5. (Paint.) The liquid vehicle with which dry colors are ground and prepared for application. Circulating medium
, a current medium of exchange, whether coin, bank notes, or government notes.
-- Ethereal medium (Physics)
, the ether.
-- Medium of exchange
, that which is used for effecting an exchange of commodities -- money or current representatives of money.
Medium adjective Having a middle position or degree; mean; intermediate; medial; as, a horse of medium size; a decoction of medium strength.
Medium-sized adjective Having a medium size; as, a medium-sized man.
; plural Medii
. [ New Latin , from Latin medius
middle. See Medium
.] (Anat.) The third or middle finger; the third digit, or that which corresponds to it.
Medjidie, Medjidieh noun [ Turk. majīdieh (prop. fem. adjective , from Arabic mejīd glorious); -- so called after the sultan Abdul Mejid , lit., "servant of the Glorious One," i.e., of God.]
1. (a) A silver coin of Turkey formerly rated at twenty, but since 1880 at nineteen, piasters (about 83 cents). (b) A gold coin of Turkey equal to one hundred piastres ($4.396 or 18s. ¾d.); a lira, or Turkish pound. 2. A Turkish honorary order established in 1851 by Abdul-Mejid, having as its badge a medallion surrounded by seven silver rays and crescents. It is often conferred on foreigners.
[ Middle English medler
medlar tree, Old French meslier
, French néflier
, Latin mespilum
, Greek ..., .... Confer Naseberry
.] A tree of the genus Mespilus ( M. Germanica ); also, the fruit of the tree. The fruit is something like a small apple, but has a bony endocarp. When first gathered the flesh is hard and austere, and it is not eaten until it has begun to decay. Japan medlar (Botany)
, the loquat. See Loquat .
-- Neapolitan medlar (Botany)
, a kind of thorn tree ( Cratægus Azarolus ); also, its fruit.
Medle transitive verb
[ See Meddle
.] To mix; to mingle; to meddle.
[ Written also medly
.] [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
; plural Medleys
. [ Middle English medlee
, Old French meslée
, French mêlée
. See Meddle
, and confer MelÉe
.] 1. A mixture; a mingled and confused mass of ingredients, usually inharmonious; a jumble; a hodgepodge; -- often used contemptuously.
This medley of philosophy and war. Addison.
Love is a medley of endearments, jars, W. Walsh. 2. The confusion of a hand to hand battle; a brisk, hand to hand engagement; a mêlée.
Suspicions, reconcilements, wars.
[ Obsolete] Holland. 3. (Mus.) A composition of passages detached from several different compositions; a potpourri.
is usually applied to vocal, potpourri
to instrumental, compositions. 4. A cloth of mixed colors. Fuller.
1. Mixed; of mixed material or color. [ Obsolete] "A medlé coat ." Chaucer. 2. Mingled; confused. Dryden.
Medly transitive verb See Medle . Johnson.
[ Confer Mayduke
.] A class of claret wines, including several varieties, from the district of Médoc in the department of Gironde.
Medregal noun (Zoology) See Bonito , 3.
Medrick noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) A species of gull or tern. [ Prov.] Lowell.
Medulla noun [ Latin ]
1. Marrow; pith; hence, essence. [ Obsolete] Milton. 2. (Anat.) The marrow of bones; the deep or inner portion of an organ or part; as, the medulla , or medullary substance, of the kidney; specifically, the medula oblongata. 3. (Botany) A soft tissue, occupying the center of the stem or branch of a plant; pith.
Medullary adjective [ Latin medullaris , from medulla marrow: confer French médullaire .] Medullary groove (Anat.) , a groove, in the epiblast of the vertebrate blastoderm, the edges of which unite, making a tube (the medullary canal) from which the brain and spinal cord are developed. -- Medullary rays (Botany) , the rays of cellular tissue seen in a transverse section of exogenous wood, which pass from the pith to the bark. -- Medullary sheath (Anat.) , the layer of white semifluid substance (myelin), between the primitive sheath and axis cylinder of a medullated nerve fiber.
1. (Anat.) (a) Pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling, marrow or medulla. (b) Pertaining to the medula oblongata. 2. (Botany) Filled with spongy pith; pithy.
Medullated adjective (Anat.) Furnished with a medulla or marrow, or with a medullary sheath; as, a medullated nerve fiber.
[ Confer French médulline
.] (Bot. Chem.) A variety of lignin or cellulose found in the medulla, or pith, of certain plants. Confer Lignin , and Cellulose .
[ Latin , from Greek ....] 1. (Class. Myth.) The Gorgon; or one of the Gorgons whose hair was changed into serpents, after which all who looked upon her were turned into stone. 2.
[ plural Medusae
] (Zoology) Any free swimming acaleph; a jellyfish.
» The larger medusæ
belong to the Discophora, and are sometimes called covered-eyed medusæ
; others, known as naked-eyed medusæ
, belong to the Hydroidea, and are usually developed by budding from hydroids. See Discophora
, and Hydromedusa
. Medusa bud (Zoology)
, one of the buds of a hydroid, destined to develop into a gonophore or medusa. See Athecata , and Gonotheca .
-- Medusa's head
. (a) (Zoology) An astrophyton
. (b) (Astron.) A cluster of stars in the constellation Perseus. It contains the bright star Algol.
Medusian noun (Zoology) A medusa.
Medusiform adjective [ Medusa + -form .] (Zoology) Resembling a medusa in shape or structure.
.] (Zoology) Like a medusa; having the fundamental structure of a medusa, but without a locomotive disk; -- said of the sessile gonophores of hydroids.
-- noun A sessile gonophore. See Illust. under Gonosome .
(mēch) intransitive verb See Mich .
[ Obsolete or Colloq.]