Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Murnival noun [ Perh. from French mornifle a game at cards.] In the game of gleek, four cards of the same value, as four aces or four kings; hence, four of anything. [ Obsolete] [ Written also mournival .]
Murphy noun A potato. [ Humorous] Thackeray.
Murr noun [ Prob. abbrev. from murrain .] A catarrh. [ Obsolete] Gascoigne.
Murrain noun [ Middle English moreine , Old French morine , from Old French morir , murir , 8die, Latin mori , moriri .] (Far.) An infectious and fatal disease among cattle. Bacon. A murrain on you , may you be afflicted with a pestilent disease. Shak.
Murrain adjective Having, or afflicted with, murrain.
Murrayin noun (Chemistry) A glucoside found in the flowers of a plant ( Murraya exotica ) of South Asia, and extracted as a white amorphous slightly bitter substance.
Murre noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of sea birds of the genus Uria , or Catarractes ; a guillemot. » The murres are allied to the auks, and are abundant on the northern coasts of Europe and America. They often breed in large communities on the projecting ledges of precipituous cliffs, laying one or two large eggs on the bare rocks.
Murrelet noun [ Murre + - let .] (Zoology) One of several species of sea birds of the genera Synthliboramphus and Brachyramphus , inhabiting the North Pacific. They are closely related to the murres.
[ Old French morée
a dark red color, mor
blackish brown, from Latin morum
mulberry, blackberry, or from Maurus
a Moor. Confer Mulberry
.] A dark red color.
-- adjective Of a dark red color. Bacon.
Murrhine adjective [ Latin murrhinus , from murrha : confer French murrhin .] Made of the stone or material called by the Romans murrha ; -- applied to certain costly vases of great beauty and delicacy used by the luxurious in Rome as wine cups; as, murrhine vases, cups, vessels. Murrhine glass , glassware made in imitation of murrhine vases and cups.
[ See Murrain
.] Infected with or killed by murrain.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Murrion noun A morion. See Morion .
Murry noun (Zoology) See Muræna .
Murth noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] Plenty; abundance. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
Murther noun & v. Murder, noun & v. [ Obsolete or Prov.] "The treason of the murthering ." Chaucer.
Murtherer noun A murderer. [ Obsolete or Prov.]
Murza noun One of the hereditary nobility among the Tatars, esp. one of the second class. » This word must not be confounded with the Persian Mirza , though perhaps of the same origin.
; plural Mures
. [ Latin , a mouse.] (Zoology) A genus of small rodents, including the common mouse and rat.
; plural Musæ
. [ New Latin , from Arabic mauz
, banana.] (Botany) A genus of perennial, herbaceous, endogenous plants of great size, including the banana ( Musa sapientum ), the plantain ( M. paradisiaca of Linnæus, but probably not a distinct species), the Abyssinian ( M. Ensete ), the Philippine Island ( M. textilis , which yields Manila hemp), and about eighteen other species. See Illust. of Banana and Plantain .
Musaceous adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, plants of the genus Musa.
Musal adjective Of or pertaining to the Muses, or to Poetry. [ R.]
Musang noun (Zoology) A small animal of Java ( Paradoxirus fasciatus ), allied to the civets. It swallows, but does not digest, large quantities of ripe coffee berries, thus serving to disseminate the coffee plant; hence it is called also coffee rat .
Musar noun An itinerant player on the musette, an instrument formerly common in Europe.
[ French, from muser
to loiter, trifle. See Muse
, intransitive verb
] A dreamer; an absent-minded person.
[ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
; plural Muscæ
. [ Latin , a fly.] 1. (Zoology) A genus of dipterous insects, including the common house fly, and numerous allied species.
» Formerly, a large part of the Diptera were included under the genus Musca
. 2. (Astron.) A small constellation situated between the Southern Cross and the Pole.
[ Italian moscadello
, Late Latin muscatellum
), from muscatellus
nutmeglike, dim. of muscatus
smelling like musk, muscatum
) nutmeg: confer French muscadelle
, from Italian. See Musk
and confer Moschatel
.] See Muscatel , noun
Quaffed off the muscadel . Shak.
[ See Muscadel
.] 1. (Botany) A name given to several very different kinds of grapes, but in America used chiefly for the scuppernong, or southern fox grape, which is said to be the parent stock of the Catawba. See Grapevine . 2. (Botany) A fragrant and delicious pear. 3. (Zoology) See Muscardin . Northern muscadine (Botany)
, a derivative of the northern fox grape, and scarcely an improvement upon it.
-- Royal muscadine (Botany)
, a European grape of great value. Its berries are large, round, and of a pale amber color. Called also golden chasselas .
Muscales noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin muscus moss.] (Botany) An old name for mosses in the widest sense, including the true mosses and also hepaticæ and sphagna.
[ French, from muscadin
a musk-scented lozenge, from muscade
nutmeg, from Latin muscus
musk. See Muscadel
.] (Zoology) The common European dormouse; -- so named from its odor.
[ Written also muscadine
Muscardine noun [ French] A disease which is very destructive to silkworms, and which sometimes extends to other insects. It is attended by the development of a fungus (provisionally called Botrytis bassiana ). Also, the fungus itself.
Muscariform adjective [ Latin muscarium fly brush + -form .] Having the form of a brush.
Muscarin noun (Physiol. Chem.) A solid crystalline substance, C 5 H 13 NO 2 , found in the toadstool ( Agaricus muscarius ), and in putrid fish. It is a typical ptomaine, and a violent poison.
[ French See Muscadel
.] (Botany) A name given to several varieties of Old World grapes, differing in color, size, etc., but all having a somewhat musky flavor. The muscat of Alexandria is a large oval grape of a pale amber color.
[ Written also muskat
Muscatel adjective Of, pertaining to, or designating, or derived from, a muscat grapes or similar grapes; as, muscatel grapes; muscatel wine, etc.
1. A common name for several varieties of rich sweet wine, made in Italy, Spain, and France. 2. plural Finest raisins, dried on the vine; "sun raisins." [ Variously written moscatel , muscadel , etc.]
[ G., from muschel
shell + kalk
limestone.] (Geol.) A kind of shell limestone, whose strata form the middle one of the three divisions of the Triassic formation in Germany. See Chart , under Geology .
Musci noun plural
[ Latin muscus
moss.] (Botany) An order or subclass of cryptogamous plants; the mosses. See Moss , and Cryptogamia .
Muscicapine adjective [ Latin musca a fly + capere to catch.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Muscicapidæ , a family of birds that includes the true flycatchers.
Muscid noun Any fly of the genus Musca, or family Muscidæ .
Musciform adjective [ Musca + -form .] (Zoology) Having the form or structure of flies of the genus Musca, or family Muscidæ .
Musciform adjective [ Muscus + - form .] (Botany) Having the appearance or form of a moss.
[ French, from Latin musculus
a muscle, a little mouse, dim. of mus
a mouse. See Mouse
, and confer sense 3 (below).] 1. (Anat.) (a) An organ which, by its contraction, produces motion.
of Muscles of the Human Body, in Appendix. (b) The contractile tissue of which muscles are largely made up.
» Muscles are of two kinds, striated
. The striated muscles, which, in most of the higher animals, constitute the principal part of the flesh, exclusive of the fat, are mostly under the control of the will, or voluntary
, and are made up of great numbers of elongated fibres bound together into bundles and inclosed in a sheath of connective tissue, the perimysium
. Each fiber is inclosed in a delicate membrane (the sarcolemma
), is made up of alternate segments of lighter and darker material which give it a transversely striated appearance, and contains, scattered through its substance, protoplasmic nuclei, the so-called muscle corpuscles
. The nonstriated muscles are involuntary
. They constitute a large part of the walls of the alimentary canal, blood vessels, uterus, and bladder, and are found also in the iris, skin, etc. They are made up of greatly elongated cells, usually grouped in bundles or sheets. 2. Muscular strength or development; as, to show one's muscle by lifting a heavy weight.
[ Colloq.] 3.
[ Anglo-Saxon muscle
, Latin musculus
a muscle, mussel. See above.] (Zoology) See Mussel . Muscle curve (Physiol.)
, contraction curve of a muscle; a myogram; the curve inscribed, upon a prepared surface, by means of a myograph when acted upon by a contracting muscle. The character of the curve represents the extent of the contraction.
Muscle reading The art of making discriminations between objects of choice, of discovering the whereabouts of hidden objects, etc., by inference from the involuntary movements of one whose hand the reader holds or with whom he is otherwise in muscular contact.
Muscled adjective Furnished with muscles; having muscles; as, things well muscled .
Muscling noun (Fine Arts) Exhibition or representation of the muscles.
A good piece, the painters say, must have good muscling , as well as coloring and drapery. Shaftesbury.
Muscoid adjective [ Muscus + - oid : confer French muscoide .] (Botany) Mosslike; resembling moss.
Muscoid noun (Botany) A term formerly applied to any mosslike flowerless plant, with a distinct stem, and often with leaves, but without any vascular system.
Muscology noun [ Muscus + -logy .] Bryology.