Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Mummies
. [ French momie
; confer Spanish & Portuguese momia
, Italian mummia
; all from Persian mūmiyā
, from mūm
wax.] 1. A dead body embalmed and dried after the manner of the ancient Egyptians; also, a body preserved, by any means, in a dry state, from the process of putrefaction. Bacon. 2. Dried flesh of a mummy.
[ Obsolete] Sir. J. Hill. 3. A gummy liquor that exudes from embalmed flesh when heated; -- formerly supposed to have magical and medicinal properties.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Sir T. Herbert. 4. A brown color obtained from bitumen. See Mummy brown (below). 5. (Gardening) A sort of wax used in grafting, etc. 6. One whose affections and energies are withered. Mummy brown
, a brown color, nearly intermediate in tint between burnt umber and raw umber. A pigment of this color is prepared from bitumen, etc., obtained from Egyptian tombs.
-- Mummy wheat (Botany)
, wheat found in the ancient mummy cases of Egypt. No botanist now believes that genuine mummy wheat has been made to germinate in modern times.
-- To beat to a mummy
, to beat to a senseless mass; to beat soundly.
Mummy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Mummied
; present participle & verbal noun Mummying
.] To embalm; to mummify.
Mump intransitive verb
[ Akin to mumble
; confer Dutch mompen
to cheat; perhaps orig., to whine like a beggar, Dutch mompelen
to mumble. See Mumble
, and confer Mumps
.] 1. To move the lips with the mouth closed; to mumble, as in sulkiness.
He mumps , and lovers, and hangs the lip. Taylor, 1630. 2. To talk imperfectly, brokenly, or feebly; to chatter unintelligibly. 3. To cheat; to deceive; to play the beggar.
And then when mumping with a sore leg, . . . canting and whining. Burke. 4. To be sullen or sulky.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Mump transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Mumped
; present participle & verbal noun Mumping
.] 1. To utter imperfectly, brokenly, or feebly.
Old men who mump their passion. Goldsmith. 2. To work over with the mouth; to mumble; as, to mump food. 3. To deprive of (something) by cheating; to impose upon.
Mumper noun A beggar; a begging impostor.
Deceived by the tales of a Lincoln's Inn mumper . Macaulay.
Mumpish adjective Sullen, sulky. -- Mump"ish*ly , adverb -- Mump"ish*ness , noun
[ Prov. English mump
to be sulky. Confer Mump
, and Mum
.] 1. plural Sullenness; silent displeasure; the sulks. Skinner. 2.
[ Prob. so called from the patient's appearance.] (Medicine) A specific infectious febrile disorder characterized by a nonsuppurative inflammation of the parotid glands; epidemic or infectious parotitis.
[ See Mouth
.] The mouth.
One a penny, two a penny, hot cross buns, Old Rhyme. Halliwell.
Butter them and sugar them and put them in your muns .
Munch transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Munched
; present participle & verbal noun Munching
.] [ Prob. akin to mumble
: confer also French manger
to eat (cf. Mange
), and mâcher
to cher (cf. Masticate
). See Mumble
.] To chew with a grinding, crunching sound, as a beast chews provender; to chew deliberately or in large mouthfuls.
[ Formerly written also maunch
I could munch your good dry oats. Shak.
Munchausenism noun [ So called in allusion to Baron Munchausen's extravagant tales of travel.] An extravagant fiction embodying an account of some marvelous exploit or adventure.
Muncher noun One who munches.
[ Latin mundanus
, from mundus
the world, an implement, toilet adornments, or dress; confer mundus
, adjective , clean, neat, Sanskrit mand
to adorn, dress, manda
adornment. Confer Monde
in heraldry.] Of or pertaining to the world; worldly; earthly; terrestrial; as, the mundane sphere.
The defilement of mundane passions. I. Taylor.
Mundanity noun Worldliness. [ Obsolete]
Mundation noun [ Latin mundatio , from mundare to make clean.] The act of cleansing. [ Obsolete]
Mundatory adjective [ Latin mundatorius .] Cleansing; having power to cleanse. [ Obsolete]
Mundic noun Iron pyrites, or arsenical pyrites; -- so called by the Cornish miners.
[ Latin mundificans
, present participle of mundificare
to make clean, from mundus
clean + -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See - fy
.] Serving to cleanse and heal.
-- noun A mundificant ointment or plaster.
Mundification noun The act or operation of cleansing.
Mundificative adjective Cleansing. -- noun A detergent medicine or preparation.
Mundify transitive verb
[ Confer French mondifier
, Latin mundificare
. See Mundificant
.] To cleanse.
Mundil noun A turban ornamented with an imitation of gold or silver embroidery.
[ Latin mundus
the world + vagans
wandering, present participle of vagari
. See Vagary
.] Wandering over the world.
Mundungus noun [ Confer Spanish mondongo paunch, tripe, black pudding.] A stinking tobacco.
Munerary adjective [ Latin munerarius , from munus a gift.] Having the nature of a gift. [ Obsolete]
Munerate transitive verb [ Latin muneratus , past participle of munerare to give, bestow, from munus a gift.] To remunerate.
Muneration noun [ Latin muneratio .] Remuneration. [ Obsolete]
Mung (mŭng) noun [ Hind. mūng .] (Botany) Green gram, a kind of pulse ( Phaseolus Mungo ), grown for food in British India. Balfour (Cyc. of India).
Munga noun (Zoology) See Bonnet monkey , under Bonnet .
Mungo noun A fibrous material obtained by deviling rags or the remnants of woolen goods. » Mungo properly signifies the disintegrated rags of woolen cloth, as distinguished from those of worsted, which form shoddy. The distinction is very commonly disregarded. Beck (Draper's Dict. ).
Mungo noun A material of short fiber and inferior quality obtained by deviling woolen rags or the remnants of woolen goods, specif. those of felted, milled, or hard- spun woolen cloth, as distinguished from shoddy , or the deviled product of loose-textured woolen goods or worsted, -- a distinction often disregarded.
Mungoose, Mungoos noun (Zoology) See Mongoose .
Mungrel noun & adjective See Mongrel .
[ Latin municipalis
, from municipium
a town, particularly in Italy, which possessed the right of Roman citizenship, but was governed by its own laws, a free town, from municeps
an inhabitant of a free town, a free citizen; munia
official duties, functions + capere
to take: confer French municipal
. Confer Immunity
, and Capacoius
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a city or a corporation having the right of administering local government; as, municipal rights; municipal officers. 2. Of or pertaining to a state, kingdom, or nation.
Municipal law is properly defined to be a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state. Blackstone.
Municipalism noun Municipal condition.
; plural Municipalities
. [ Confer French municipalité
.] A municipal district; a borough, city, or incorporated town or village.
Municipalize transitive verb
.] To bring under municipal oversight or control; as, a municipalized industry.
London people are now determined to centralize and to municipalize such services. The Century.
Municipally adverb In a municipal relation or condition.
[ See Munificent
.] Munificent; liberal.
[ Obsolete or R.]
Munificate transitive verb
[ Latin munificatus
, past participle of munificare
to present with a thing, from munificus
. See Munificent
.] To enrich.
Munificence noun [ Confer Latin munire to fortify.] Means of defense; fortification. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Latin munificentia
: confer French munificence
.] The quality or state of being munificent; a giving or bestowing with extraordinary liberality; generous bounty; lavish generosity.
The virtues of liberality and munificence . Addison. Syn.
-- Benevolence; beneficence; liberality; generosity; bounty; bounteousness. See Benevolence
[ Latin munificus
service, gift + -ficare
(in comp.) to make. Confer Immunity
.] Very liberal in giving or bestowing; lavish; as, a munificent benefactor.
, adverb Syn.
-- Bounteous; bountiful; liberal; generous.
Munify transitive verb & i.
[ See Munificate
.] To prepare for defense; to fortify.
[ Latin munimentum
, from munire
to fortify. See Munition
.] 1. The act of supporting or defending.
[ Obsolete] 2. That which supports or defends; stronghold; place or means of defense; munition; assistance.
and petty helps." Shak. 3. (Law) A record; the evidences or writings whereby a man is enabled to defend the title to his estate; title deeds and papers. Blount. Muniment house or room
, that room in a cathedral, castle, or other public building, which is used for keeping the records, charters, seals, deeds, and the like. Gwilt.
Munite transitive verb [ Latin munitus , past participle of munire to wall, fortify.] To fortify; to strengthen. [ Obsolete]
[ French, munition of war, Latin munitio
a fortifying, fortification, from munire
to fortify, defend with a wall; confer moenia
) a wall, and Sanskrit mi
to fix, make firm. Confer Ammunition
.] 1. Fortification; stronghold.
His place of defense shall be the munitions of rocks. Is. xxxiii. 16. 2. Whatever materials are used in war for defense or for annoying an enemy; ammunition; also, stores and provisions; military stores of all kinds.
The bodies of men, munition , and money, may justly be called the sinews of war. Sir W. Raleigh.
[ See Immunity
.] Freedom; security; immunity.
[ Obsolete] W. Montagu.