Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Hind. majīth
a drug used for dyeing red.] See Indian madder , under Madder .
Munjistin noun (Chemistry) An orange-red coloring substance resembling alizarin, found in the root of an East Indian species of madder ( Rubia munjista ).
Muntin, Munting noun
[ CF. Montant
.] (Architecture) Same as Mullion ; -- especially used in joiner's work.
Muntjac noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of small Asiatic deer of the genus Cervulus , esp. C. muntjac , which occurs both in India and on the East Indian Islands. [ Written also muntjak .]
Muntz metal See under Metal .
[ French, from murer
to wall, from mur
wall, Latin murus
. See Mure
a wall.] A tax or toll paid for building or repairing the walls of a fortified town.
[ French, from Latin muralis
, from murus
wall. See Mure
a wall.] 1. Of or pertaining to a wall; being on, or in, a wall; growing on, or against, a wall; as, a mural quadrant.
fruit." Evelyn. 2. Resembling a wall; perpendicular or steep; as, a mural precipice. Mural circle (Astron.)
, a graduated circle, in the plane of the meridian, attached permanently to a perpendicular wall; -- used for measuring arcs of the meridian. See Circle , noun , 3.
-- Mural crown (Rom. Antiq.)
, a golden crown, or circle of gold indented so as to resemble a battlement, bestowed on him who first mounted the wall of a besieged place, and there lodged a standard.
[ Middle English morder
, Anglo-Saxon morðor
, from morð
murder; akin to Dutch moord
, Old Saxon morð
, G., Dan., & Swedish mord
, Icelandic morð
, Goth. maúrþr
, OSlav. mrēti
to die, Lithuanian mirti
, W. marw
dead, Latin mors
, death, mori
, to die, Greek broto`s
) mortal, 'a`mbrotos
immortal, Sanskrit mr
to die, mrta
death. √105. Confer Amaranth
.] The offense of killing a human being with malice prepense or aforethought, express or implied; intentional and unlawful homicide.
will out." Chaucer.
The killing of their children had, in the account of God, the guilt of murder , as the offering them to idols had the guilt of idolatry. Locke.
Slaughter grows murder when it goes too far. Dryden.
» Murder in the second degree
, in most jurisdictions, is a malicious homicide committed without a specific intention to take life. Wharton.
Murder transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Murdered
; present participle & verbal noun Murdering
.] [ Middle English mortheren
, Anglo-Saxon myrðrian
; akin to Old High German murdiren
, Goth. maúrþrjan
. See Murder
] 1. To kill with premediated malice; to kill (a human being) willfully, deliberately, and unlawfully. See Murder , noun 2. To destroy; to put an end to.
[ Canst thou] murder thy breath in middle of a word? Shak. 3. To mutilate, spoil, or deform, as if with malice or cruelty; to mangle; as, to murder the king's English. Syn.
-- To kill; assassinate; slay. See Kill
Murderer (mûr"dẽr*ẽr) noun
1. One guilty of murder; a person who, in possession of his reason, unlawfully kills a human being with premeditated malice. 2. A small cannon, formerly used for clearing a ship's decks of boarders; -- called also murdering piece . [ Obsolete]
Murderess noun A woman who commits murder.
Murderment noun Murder. [ Obsolete] Farfax.
Murderous adjective Of or pertaining to murder; characterized by, or causing, murder or bloodshed; having the purpose or quality of murder; bloody; sanguinary; as, the murderous king; murderous rapine; murderous intent; a murderous assault. " Murderous coward." Shak. -- Mur"der*ous*ly , adverb Syn. -- Bloody; sanguinary; bloodguilty; bloodthirsty; fell; savage; cruel.
Murdress noun A battlement in ancient fortifications with interstices for firing through.
[ Latin murus
; or French mur
, from Latin murus
. Confer Munition
.] A wall.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Mure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Mured
.] [ French murer
, Latin murare
. See Mure
] To inclose in walls; to wall; to immure; to shut up. Spenser.
The five kings are mured in a cave. John. x. (Heading).
Murenger noun One who had charge of the wall of a town, or its repairs.
; plural Murices
. [ Latin , the purple fish.] (Zoology) A genus of marine gastropods, having rough, and frequently spinose, shells, which are often highly colored inside; the rock shells. They abound in tropical seas.
[ From Murexide
.] (Chemistry) A complex nitrogenous substance obtained from murexide, alloxantin, and other ureids, as a white, or yellowish, crystalline which turns red on exposure to the air; -- called also uramil , dialuramide , and formerly purpuric acid .
Murexide noun [ Latin murex the purple fish, purple.] (Chemistry) A crystalline nitrogenous substance having a splendid dichroism, being green by reflected light and garnet-red by transmitted light. It was formerly used in dyeing calico, and was obtained in a large quantities from guano. Formerly called also ammonium purpurate .
Murexoïn noun (Chemistry) A complex nitrogenous compound obtained as a scarlet crystalline substance, and regarded as related to murexide.
[ See Muriatic
.] (Chemistry) A salt of muriatic hydrochloric acid; a chloride; as, muriate of ammonia.
» This term, as also the word muriatic
, was formerly applied to the chlorides before their true composition was understood, and while they were erroneously supposed to be compounds of an acid with an oxide. Muriate
are still occasionally used as commercial terms, but are obsolete in scientific language.
1. Put in brine. Evelyn. 2. (Chemistry) Combined or impregnated with muriatic or hydrochloric acid. 3. (Photog.) Prepared with chloride of silver through the agency of common salt.
[ Latin muriaticus
pickled, from muria
brine: confer French muriatique
.] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, sea salt, or from chlorine, one of the constituents of sea salt; hydrochloric. Muriatic acid
, hydrochloric acid, HCl; -- formerly called also marine acid , and spirit of salt . See hydrochloric , and the Note under Muriate .
Muriatiferous adjective [ Muriat ic + -ferous .] (Old Chem.) Producing muriatic substances or salt. [ Obsolete]
Muricate, Muricated adjective [ Latin muricatus , from murex a pointed rock or stone.] Formed with sharp points; full of sharp points or of pickles; covered, or roughened, as a surface, with sharp points or excrescences.
Muricoid adjective [ Mur ex + - oid .] (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Murex, or family Muricidæ .
Muriculate adjective Minutely muricate.
Muride noun [ Latin muria brine.] (Old Chem.) Bromine; -- formerly so called from its being obtained from sea water.
Muriform adjective [ Latin murus a wall + -form .] (Botany) Resembling courses of bricks or stones in squareness and regular arrangement; as, a muriform variety of cellular tissue.
Murine adjective [ Latin murinus , from mus , muris , mouse: confer French murin .] (Zoology) Pertaining to a family of rodents ( Muridæ ), of which the mouse is the type.
Murine noun (Zoology) One of a tribe of rodents, of which the mouse is the type.
[ See Murky
.] Dark; murky.
He can not see through the mantle murk . J. R. Drake.
Murk noun Darkness; mirk. [ Archaic] Shak.
Murk noun The refuse of fruit, after the juice has been expressed; marc.
Murkily adverb Darkly; gloomily.
Murkiness noun The state of being murky.
[ Compar. Murkier
; superl. Murkiest
.] [ Middle English mirke
, Anglo-Saxon myrce
; akin to Icelandic myrkr
, Dan. & Swedish mörk
.] Dark; obscure; gloomy.
A murky deep lowering o'er our heads. Addison.
[ French murmure
: confer Latin murmur
. CF. Murmur
, intransitive verb
] 1. A low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water. 2. A complaint half suppressed, or uttered in a low, muttering voice. Chaucer.
Some discontents there are, some idle murmurs . Dryden.
Murmur intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Murmured
; present participle & verbal noun Murmuring
.] [ French murmurer
, Latin murmurare
, from murmur
murmur; confer Greek ... to roar and boil, said of water, Sanskrit marmara
a rustling sound; probably of imitative origin.] 1. To make a low continued noise, like the hum of bees, a stream of water, distant waves, or the wind in a forest.
They murmured as doth a swarm of bees. Chaucer. 2. To utter complaints in a low, half- articulated voice; to feel or express dissatisfaction or discontent; to grumble; -- often with at or against .
"His disciples murmured
at it." John vi. 61.
And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron. Num. xiv. 2.
Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured . 1 Cor. x. 10.
Murmur transitive verb To utter or give forth in low or indistinct words or sounds; as, to murmur tales. Shak.
The people murmured such things concerning him. John vii. 32.
Murmuration noun [ Latin murmuratio .] The act of murmuring; a murmur. [ Obsolete] Skelton.
Murmurer noun One who murmurs.
Murmuring adjective & noun Uttering murmurs; making low sounds; complaining. -- Mur"mur*ing*ly , adverb
[ Confer Latin murmuriosus
, Old French murmuros
.] Attended with murmurs; exciting murmurs or complaint; murmuring.
[ Archaic or Poetic]
The lime, a summer home of murmurous wings. Tennyson.
Muræna noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of large eels of the family Murænidæ . They differ from the common eel in lacking pectoral fins and in having the dorsal and anal fins continuous. The murry ( Muræna Helenæ ) of Southern Europe was the muræna of the Romans. It is highly valued as a food fish.
Murænoid, Murenoid adjective [ New Latin Muræna , the generic name + -oid .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the genus Muræna, or family Murænidæ .