Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Kinate noun [ Confer French kinate . ] (Chemistry) See Quinate . [ Obsolescent]

Kincob noun India silk brocaded with flowers in silver or gold. -- adjective Of the nature of kincob; brocaded. Thackeray.

Kind adjective [ Compar. Kinder ; superl. Kindest .] [ Anglo-Saxon cynde , gecynde , natural, innate, prop. an old past participle from the root of English kin . See Kin kindred.]
1. Characteristic of the species; belonging to one's nature; natural; native. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

It becometh sweeter than it should be, and loseth the kind taste.
Holland.

2. Having feelings befitting our common nature; congenial; sympathetic; as, a kind man; a kind heart.

Yet was he kind , or if severe in aught,
The love he bore to learning was his fault.
Goldsmith.

3. Showing tenderness or goodness; disposed to do good and confer happiness; averse to hurting or paining; benevolent; benignant; gracious.

He is kind unto the unthankful and to evil.
Luke vi 35.

O cruel Death, to those you take more kind
Than to the wretched mortals left behind.
Waller.

A fellow feeling makes one wondrous kind .
Garrick.

4. Proceeding from, or characterized by, goodness, gentleness, or benevolence; as, a kind act. "Manners so kind , yet stately." Tennyson.

5. Gentle; tractable; easily governed; as, a horse kind in harness.

Syn. -- Benevolent; benign; beneficent; bounteous; gracious; propitious; generous; forbearing; indulgent; tender; humane; compassionate; good; lenient; clement; mild; gentle; bland; obliging; friendly; amicable. See Obliging .

Kind noun [ Middle English kinde , cunde , Anglo-Saxon cynd . See Kind , adjective ]
1. Nature; natural instinct or disposition. [ Obsolete]

He knew by kind and by no other lore.
Chaucer.

Some of you, on pure instinct of nature,
Are led by kind t' admire your fellow-creature.
Dryden.

2. Race; genus; species; generic class; as, in man kind or human kind . "Come of so low a kind ." Chaucer.

Every kind of beasts, and of birds.
James iii.7.

She follows the law of her kind .
Wordsworth.

Here to sow the seed of bread,
That man and all the kinds be fed.
Emerson.

3. Nature; style; character; sort; fashion; manner; variety; description; class; as, there are several kinds of eloquence, of style, and of music; many kinds of government; various kinds of soil, etc.

How diversely Love doth his pageants play,
And snows his power in variable kinds !
Spenser.

There is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.
I Cor. xv. 39.

Diogenes was asked in a kind of scorn: What was the matter that philosophers haunted rich men, and not rich men philosophers ?
Bacon.

A kind of , something belonging to the class of; something like to; -- said loosely or slightingly. In kind , in the produce or designated commodity itself, as distinguished from its value in money.

Tax on tillage was often levied in kind upon corn.
Arbuthnot.

Syn. -- Sort; species; class; genus; nature; style; character; breed; set.

Kind transitive verb [ See Kin .] To beget. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Kind-hearted adjective Having kindness of nature; sympathetic; characterized by a humane disposition; as, a kind-hearted landlord.

To thy self at least kind-hearted prove.
Shak.

Kind-heartedness noun The state or quality of being kind-hearted; benevolence.

Kindergarten noun [ G., lit., children's garden; kinder (pl. of kind child, akin to English kin kindred) + garten garden.] A school for young children, conducted on the theory that education should be begun by gratifying and cultivating the normal aptitude for exercise, play, observation, imitation, and construction; -- a name given by Friedrich Froebel, a German educator, who introduced this method of training, in rooms opening on a garden.

Kindergartner noun One who teaches in a kindergarten.

Kindle transitive verb & i. [ Middle English kindlen , cundlen . See Kind .] To bring forth young. [ Obsolete] Shak.

The poor beast had but lately kindled .
Holland.

Kindle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Kindled ; present participle & verbal noun Kindling .] [ Icelandic kyndill candle, torch; probably from Latin candela ; confer also Icelandic kynda to kindle. Confer Candle .]
1. To set on fire; to cause to burn with flame; to ignite; to cause to begin burning; to start; to light; as, to kindle a match, or shavings.

His breath kindleth coals.
Job xii. 21.

2. Fig.: To inflame, as the passions; to rouse; to provoke; to excite to action; to heat; to fire; to animate; to incite; as, to kindle anger or wrath; to kindle the flame of love, or love into a flame.

So is a contentious man to kindle strife.
Prov. xxvi. 21.

Nothing remains but that I kindle the boy thither.
Shak.

Kindling her undazzled eyes at the full midday beam.
Milton.

Could swell the soul to rage, or kindle soft desire.
Dryden.

Syn. -- Enkindle; light; ignite; inflame; provoke; excite; arouse; stir up.

Kindle (kĭn"d'l) intransitive verb
1. To take fire; to begin to burn with flame; to start as a flame.

When thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
Is. xliii. 2.

2. Fig.: To begin to be excited; to grow warm or animated; to be roused or exasperated.

On all occasions where forbearance might be called for, the Briton kindles , and the Christian gives way.
I. Taylor.

Kindler noun One who, or that which, kindles, stirs up, or sets on fire. " Kindlers of riot." Gay.

Kindless adjective Destitute of kindness; unnatural. [ Obsolete] " Kindless villain." Shak.

Kindliness noun
1. Natural inclination; natural course. [ Obsolete] Milton.

2. The quality or state of being kindly; benignity; benevolence; gentleness; tenderness; as, kindliness of disposition, of treatment, or of words.

In kind a father, but not in kindliness .
Sackville.

3. Softness; mildness; propitiousness; as, kindliness of weather, or of a season.

Fruits and corn are much advanced by temper of the air and
kindliness of seasons.
Whitlock.

Kindling (kĭn"dlĭng) noun
1. The act of causing to burn, or of exciting or inflaming the passions.

2. plural Materials, easily lighted, for starting a fire.

Kindly (kīnd"lȳ) adjective [ Compar. Kindlier ; superl. Kindliest .] [ Anglo-Saxon cyndelic . See Kind , noun ]


1. According to the kind or nature; natural. [ R.]

The kindly fruits of the earth.
Book of Com. Prayer.

An herd of bulls whom kindly rage doth sting.
Spenser.

Whatsoever as the Son of God he may do, it is kindly for
Him as the Son of Man to save the sons of men.
Latin Andrews.

2. Humane; congenial; sympathetic; hence, disposed to do good to; benevolent; gracious; kind; helpful; as, kindly affections, words, acts, etc.

The shade by which my life was crossed, . . .
Has made me kindly with my kind.
Tennyson.

3. Favorable; mild; gentle; auspicious; beneficent.

In soft silence shed the kindly shower.
Pope.

Should e'er a kindlier time ensue.
Wordsworth.

» "Nothing ethical was connoted in kindly once: it was simply the adjective of kind . But it is God's ordinance that kind should be kindly , in our modern sense of the word as well; and thus the word has attained this meaning." Trench.

Kindly adverb
1. Naturally; fitly. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Examine how kindly the Hebrew manners of speech mix and incorporate with the English language
Addison.

2. In a kind manner; congenially; with good will; with a disposition to make others happy, or to oblige.

Be kindly affectioned one to another, with brotherly love.
Rom. xii. 10.

Kindness noun [ From Kind . adjective ]
1. The state or quality of being kind, in any of its various senses; manifestation of kind feeling or disposition beneficence.

I do fear thy nature;
It is too full o' the milk of human kindness
To catch the nearest way.
Shak.

Unremembered acts
Of kindness and of love.
Wordsworth.

2. A kind act; an act of good will; as, to do a great kindness .

Syn. -- Good will; benignity; grace; tenderness; compassion; humanity; clemency; mildness; gentleness; goodness; generosity; beneficence; favor.

Kindred noun [ Middle English kinrede , kynrede , kunreden (with excrescent d ), from Anglo-Saxon cynn kin, race + the termination -rǣden , akin to Anglo-Saxon rǣdan to advise, German rathen . Confer Hatred .]
1. Relationship by birth or marriage; consanguinity; affinity; kin.

Like her, of equal kindred to the throne.
Dryden.

2. Relatives by blood or marriage, more properly the former; relations; persons related to each other.

I think there's no man is secure
But the queen's kindred .
Shak.

Syn. -- Kin; kinsfolk; relatives; kinsmen; relations; relationship; affinity.

Kindred adjective Related; congenial; of the like nature or properties; as, kindred souls; kindred skies; kindred propositions.

True to the kindred points of heaven and home.
Wordsworth.

Kine noun plural [ For older kyen , formed like oxen , from Anglo-Saxon c... , itself plural of c... cow. See Cow , and confer Kee , Kie .] Cows. "A herd of fifty or sixty kine ." Milton.

Kinematic, Kinematical adjective Of or pertaining to kinematics.

Kinematic curves , curves produced by machinery, or a combination of motions, as distinguished from mathematical curves.

Kinematics noun [ Greek motion, from kinei^n to move.] (Physics) The science which treats of motions considered in themselves, or apart from their causes; the comparison and relation of motions.

» Kinematics forms properly an introduction to mechanics, as involving the mathematical principles which are to be applied to its data of forces. Nichol.

Kinepox noun (Medicine) See Cowpox .

Kin"e*scope noun See Kinetoscope .

Kinesiatrics noun [ Greek motion (fr. kinei^n to move) + pertaining to medicine, from a physician.] (Medicine) A mode of treating disease by appropriate muscular movements; -- also termed kinesitherapy , kinesipathy , lingism , and the movement cure .

Kinesipathy noun [ Greek ... motion + pa`qos suffering.] (Medicine) See Kinesiatrics .

Kinesitherapy noun [ Greek ... motion + ... to heal.] (Medicine) See Kinesiatrics .

Kinesodic adjective [ Greek ... motion + ... way: confer French kinésodigue .] (Physiol.) Conveying motion; as, kinesodic substance; -- applied esp. to the spinal cord, because it is capable of conveying doth voluntary and reflex motor impulses, without itself being affected by motor impulses applied to it directly.

Kinetic q. [ Greek ..., from kinei^n to move.] (Physics) Moving or causing motion; motory; active, as opposed to latent.

Kinetic energy . See Energy , noun 4.

Kinetics noun (Physics) See Dynamics .

Kinetogenesis noun [ Greek ... movable + -scope .] An instrument for producing curves by the combination of circular movements; -- called also kinescope .

Kinetograph noun [ Greek ... movable + -graph .] (Physics) (a) A camera for making chronophotographs. (b) A machine for the projection of chronophotographs upon a screen for the purpose of producing the effect of an animated picture. (c) A combined animated-picture machine and phonograph in which sounds appropriate to the scene are automatically uttered by the latter instrument.

Kinetophone noun [ See Kinetic , Phone .] A machine combining a kinetoscope and a phonograph synchronized so as to reproduce a scene and its accompanying sounds.

Kinetoscope noun A machine, for the production of animated pictures, in which a film carrying successive instantaneous views of a moving scene travels uniformly through the field of a magnifying glass. The observer sees each picture, momentarily, through a slit in a revolving disk, and these glimpses, blended by persistence of vision, give the impression of continuous motion.

King (kĭng) noun A Chinese musical instrument, consisting of resonant stones or metal plates, arranged according to their tones in a frame of wood, and struck with a hammer.

King noun [ Anglo-Saxon cyng , cyning ; akin to Old Saxon kuning , Dutch koning , Old High German kuning , German könig , Icelandic konungr , Swedish konung , Danish konge ; formed with a patronymic ending, and from the root of English kin ; confer Icelandic konr a man of noble birth. √44. See Kin .]
1. A chief ruler; a sovereign; one invested with supreme authority over a nation, country, or tribe, usually by hereditary succession; a monarch; a prince. "Ay, every inch a king ." Shak.

Kings will be tyrants from policy, when subjects are rebels from principle.
Burke.

There was a State without king or nobles.
R. Choate.

But yonder comes the powerful King of Day,
Rejoicing in the east
Thomson.

2. One who, or that which, holds a supreme position or rank; a chief among competitors; as, a railroad king ; a money king ; the king of the lobby; the king of beasts.

3. A playing card having the picture of a king ; as, the king of diamonds.

4. The chief piece in the game of chess.

5. A crowned man in the game of draughts.

6. plural The title of two historical books in the Old Testament.

» King is often used adjectively, or in combination, to denote preëminence or superiority in some particular; as, king bird; king crow; king vulture.

Apostolic king . See Apostolic . - - King-at-arms , or King-of- arms , the chief heraldic officer of a country. In England the king-at-arms was formerly of great authority. His business is to direct the heralds, preside at their chapters, and have the jurisdiction of armory. There are three principal kings-at- arms, viz., Garter, Clarencieux, and Norroy. The latter (literally north roy or north king ) officiates north of the Trent. -- King auk (Zoology) , the little auk or sea dove. -- King bird of paradise . (Zoology) , See Bird of paradise . -- King card , in whist, the best unplayed card of each suit; thus, if the ace and king of a suit have been played, the queen is the king card of the suit. -- King Cole , a legendary king of Britain, who is said to have reigned in the third century. -- King conch (Zoology) , a large and handsome univalve shell ( Cassis cameo ), found in the West Indies. It is used for making cameos. See Helmet shell , under Helmet . -- King Cotton , a popular personification of the great staple production of the southern United States. -- King crab . (Zoology) (a) The limulus or horseshoe crab. See Limulus . (b) The large European spider crab or thornback ( Maia squinado ). -- King crow . (Zoology) (a) A black drongo shrike ( Buchanga atra ) of India; -- so called because, while breeding, they attack and drive away hawks, crows, and other large birds . (b) The Dicrurus macrocercus of India, a crested bird with a long, forked tail. Its color is black, with green and blue reflections. Called also devil bird . -- King duck (Zoology) , a large and handsome eider duck ( Somateria spectabilis ), inhabiting the arctic regions of both continents. -- King eagle (Zoology) , an eagle ( Aquila heliaca ) found in Asia and Southeastern Europe. It is about as large as the golden eagle. Some writers believe it to be the imperial eagle of Rome. -- King hake (Zoology) , an American hake ( Phycis regius ), found in deep water along the Atlantic coast. -- King monkey (Zoology) , an African monkey ( Colobus polycomus ), inhabiting Sierra Leone. -- King mullet (Zoology) , a West Indian red mullet ( Upeneus maculatus ); -- so called on account of its great beauty. Called also goldfish . -- King of terrors , death. -- King parrakeet (Zoology) , a handsome Australian parrakeet ( Platycercys scapulatus ), often kept in a cage. Its prevailing color is bright red, with the back and wings bright green, the rump blue, and tail black. -- King penguin (Zoology) , any large species of penguin of the genus Aptenodytes ; esp., A. longirostris , of the Falkland Islands and Kerguelen Land, and A. Patagonica , of Patagonia. -- King rail (Zoology) , a small American rail ( Rallus elegans ), living in fresh- water marshes. The upper parts are fulvous brown, striped with black; the breast is deep cinnamon color. -- King salmon (Zoology) , the quinnat. See Quinnat . -- King's, or Queen's , counsel (Eng. Law) , barristers learned in the law, who have been called within the bar, and selected to be the king's or queen's counsel. They answer in some measure to the advocates of the revenue ( advocati fisci ) among the Romans. They can not be employed against the crown without special license. Wharton's Law Dict. -- King's cushion , a temporary seat made by two persons crossing their hands. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. -- The king's English , correct or current language of good speakers; pure English. Shak. -- King's or Queen's , evidence , testimony in favor of the Crown by a witness who confesses his guilt as an accomplice. See under Evidence . [ Eng.] -- King's evil , scrofula; -- so called because formerly supposed to be healed by the touch of a king. -- King snake (Zoology) , a large, nearly black, harmless snake ( Ophiobolus getulus ) of the Southern United States; -- so called because it kills and eats other kinds of snakes, including even the rattlesnake. -- King's spear (Botany) , the white asphodel ( Asphodelus albus ). -- King's yellow , a yellow pigment, consisting essentially of sulphide and oxide of arsenic; -- called also yellow orpiment . -- King tody (Zoology) , a small fly-catching bird ( Eurylaimus serilophus ) of tropical America. The head is adorned with a large, spreading, fan-shaped crest, which is bright red, edged with black. -- King vulture (Zoology) , a large species of vulture ( Sarcorhamphus papa ), ranging from Mexico to Paraguay, The general color is white. The wings and tail are black, and the naked carunculated head and the neck are briliantly colored with scarlet, yellow, orange, and blue. So called because it drives away other vultures while feeding. -- King wood , a wood from Brazil, called also violet wood , beautifully streaked in violet tints, used in turning and small cabinetwork. The tree is probably a species of Dalbergia . See Jacaranda .

King intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Kinged ; present participle & verbal noun Kinging ). ] To supply with a king; to make a king of; to raise to royalty. [ R.] Shak.

Those traitorous captains of Israel who kinged themselves by slaying their masters and reigning in their stead.
South.

King Charles spaniel (Zoology) A variety of small pet dogs, having, drooping ears, a high, dome-shaped forehead, pug nose, large, prominent eyes, and long, wavy hair. The color is usually black and tan.

Kingbird (-bẽrd) noun (Zoology)
1. A small American bird ( Tyrannus tyrannus , or T. Carolinensis ), noted for its courage in attacking larger birds, even hawks and eagles, especially when they approach its nest in the breeding season. It is a typical tyrant flycatcher, taking various insects upon the wing. It is dark ash above, and blackish on the head and tail. The quills and wing coverts are whitish at the edges. It is white beneath, with a white terminal band on the tail. The feathers on the head of the adults show a bright orange basal spot when erected. Called also bee bird , and bee martin . Several Southern and Western species of Tyrannus are also called king birds.

2. The king tody. See under King .

Kingbolt (-bōlt`) noun A vertical iron bolt, by which the forward axle and wheels of a vehicle or the trucks of a railroad car are connected with the other parts.

Kingcraft noun The craft of kings; the art of governing as a sovereign; royal policy. Prescott.

Kingcup noun (Botany) The common buttercup.

Kingdom (kĭng"dŭm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon cyningdōm . See 2d King , and - dom .]
1. The rank, quality, state, or attributes of a king; royal authority; sovereign power; rule; dominion; monarchy.

Thy kingdom is an everlasting kingdom .
Ps. cxiv. 13.

When Jehoram was risen up to the kingdom of his father, he strengthened himself.
2 Chron. xxi. 4.

2. The territory or country subject to a king or queen; the dominion of a monarch; the sphere in which one is king or has control.

Unto the kingdom of perpetual night.
Shak.

You're welcome,
Most learned reverend sir, into our kingdom .
Shak.

3. An extensive scientific division distinguished by leading or ruling characteristics; a principal division; a department; as, the mineral kingdom . "The animal and vegetable kingdoms ." Locke.

Animal kingdom . See under Animal . -- Kingdom of God . (a) The universe . (b) That spiritual realm of which God is the acknowledged sovereign . (c) The authority or dominion of God. -- Mineral kingdom . See under Mineral . -- United Kingdom . See under United . -- Vegetable kingdom . See under Vegetable .

Syn. -- Realm; empire; dominion; monarchy; sovereignty; domain.

Kingdomed (-dŭmd) adjective Having a kingdom or the dignity of a king; like a kingdom. [ R.]

"Twixt his mental and his active parts,
Kingdom'd Achilles in commotion rages
And batters down himself.
Shak.

Kingfish (-fĭsh`) noun (Zoology) (a) An American marine food fish of the genus Menticirrus , especially M. saxatilis , or M. nebulosos , of the Atlantic coast; -- called also whiting , surf whiting , and barb . (b) The opah. (c) The common cero; also, the spotted cero. See Cero . (d) The queenfish.

Kingfisher (kĭng"fĭsh`ẽr) noun (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of birds constituting the family Alcedinidæ . Most of them feed upon fishes which they capture by diving and seizing them with the beak; others feed only upon reptiles, insects, etc. About one hundred and fifty species are known. They are found in nearly all parts of the world, but are particularly abundant in the East Indies.

» The belted king-fisher of the United States ( Ceryle alcyon ) feeds upon fishes. It is slate-blue above, with a white belly and breast, and a broad white ring around the neck. A dark band crosses the breast. The common European species ( Alcedo ispida ), which is much smaller and brighter colored, is also a fisher. See Alcedo . The wood kingfishers ( Halcyones ), which inhabit forests, especially in Africa, feed largely upon insects, but also eat reptiles, snails, and small Crustacea, as well as fishes. The giant kingfisher of Australia feeds largely upon lizards and insects. See Laughing jackass , under Laughing .

Kinghood (kĭng"hod) noun The state of being a king; the attributes of a king; kingship. Gower.

Kingless adjective Having no king. F. Lieber.

Kinæsthetic, Kinesthetic adjective Of, pertaining to, or involving, kinæsthesis.