Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Justiciary noun [ Confer Late Latin justitiarius , French justicier . See Justice .] (Old Eng. Law) An old name for the judges of the higher English courts.

» The chief justiciary , or justiciar , in early English history, was not only the chief justice of the kingdom, but also ex officio regent in the king's absence.

Court of justiciary (Scots Law) , the supreme criminal court, having jurisdiction over the whole of Scotland.

Justico, Justicoat noun [ French justaucorps , lit., close to the body.] Formerly, a close coat or waistcoat with sleeves.

Justifiable adjective [ Confer French justifiable . See Justify .] Capable of being justified, or shown to be just.

Just are the ways of God,
An justifiable to men.
Milton.

Syn. -- Defensible; vindicable; warrantable; excusable; exculpable; authorizable.

-- Jus"ti*fi`a*ble*ness , noun -- Jus"ti*fi`a*bly , adverb

Justification noun [ Latin justificatio : confer French justification . See Justify .]


1. The act of justifying or the state of being justified; a showing or proving to be just or conformable to law, justice, right, or duty; defense; vindication; support; as, arguments in justification of the prisoner's conduct; his disobedience admits justification .

I hope, for my brother's justification , he wrote this but as an essay or taste of my virtue.
Shak.

2. (Law) The showing in court of a sufficient lawful reason why a party charged or accused did that for which he is called to answer.

3. (Theol.) The act of justifying, or the state of being justified, in respect to God's requirements.

Who was delivered for our offenses, and was raised again for our justification .
Rom. iv. 25.

In such righteousness
To them by faith imputed, they may find
Justification toward God, and peace
Of conscience.
Milton.

4. (Print.) Adjustment of type by spacing it so as to make it exactly fill a line, or of a cut so as to hold it in the right place; also, the leads, quads, etc., used for making such adjustment.

Justificative adjective [ Confer French justificatif .] Having power to justify; justificatory.

Justificator noun [ Late Latin justificator : confer French justificateur .] One who justifies or vindicates; a justifier. Johnson.

Justificatory adjective Vindicatory; defensory; justificative.

Justifier noun One who justifies; one who vindicates, supports, defends, or absolves.

Justifiers of themselves and hypocrites.
Strype.

That he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Rom. iii. 26.

Justify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Justified ; present participle & verbal noun Justifying .] [ French justifier , Latin justificare ; justus just + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See Just , adjective , and -fy .]


1. To prove or show to be just; to vindicate; to maintain or defend as conformable to law, right, justice, propriety, or duty.

That to the height of this great argument
I may assert eternal providence,
And justify the ways of God to men.
Milton.

Unless the oppression is so extreme as to justify revolution, it would not justify the evil of breaking up a government.
E. Everett.

2. To pronounce free from guilt or blame; to declare or prove to have done that which is just, right, proper, etc.; to absolve; to exonerate; to clear.

I can not justify whom the law condemns.
Shak.

3. (Theol.) To treat as if righteous and just; to pardon; to exculpate; to absolve.

By him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.
Acts xiii. 39.

4. To prove; to ratify; to confirm. [ Obsolete] Shak.

5. (Print.) To make even or true, as lines of type, by proper spacing; to adjust, as type. See Justification , 4.

Syn. -- To defend; maintain; vindicate; excuse; exculpate; absolve; exonerate.

Justify intransitive verb
1. (Print.) To form an even surface or true line with something else; to fit exactly.

2. (Law) To take oath to the ownership of property sufficient to qualify one's self as bail or surety.

Justify transitive verb (Law) (a) To show (a person) to have had a sufficient legal reason for an act that has been made the subject of a charge or accusation. (b) To qualify (one's self) as a surety by taking oath to the ownership of sufficient property.

The production of bail in court, who there justify themselves against the exception of the plaintiff.
Bouvier's Law Dict.

Justinian adjective Of or pertaining to the Institutes or laws of the Roman Justinian.

Justle intransitive verb [ Freq. of joust , just , intransitive verb See Joust , intransitive verb , and confer Jostle .] To run or strike against each other; to encounter; to clash; to jostle. Shak.

The chariots shall rage in the streets; they shall justle one against another in the broad ways.
Nahum ii. 4.

Justle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Justled ; present participle & verbal noun Justling .] To push; to drive; to force by running against; to jostle.

We justled one another out, and disputed the post for a great while.
Addison.

Justle noun An encounter or shock; a jostle.

Justly adverb [ From Just , adjective ] In a just manner; in conformity to law, justice, or propriety; by right; honestly; fairly; accurately. "In equal balance justly weighed." Shak.

Nothing can justly be despised that can not justly be blamed: where there is no choice there can be no blame.
South.

Justness noun The quality of being just; conformity to truth, propriety, accuracy, exactness, and the like; justice; reasonableness; fairness; equity; as, justness of proportions; the justness of a description or representation; the justness of a cause.

In value the satisfaction I had in seeing it represented with all the justness and gracefulness of action.
Dryden.

» Justness is properly applied to things, and justice to persons; but the distinction is not always observed.

Syn. -- Accuracy; exactness; correctness; propriety; fitness; reasonableness; equity; uprightness; justice.

Jut (jŭt) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Jutted ; present participle & verbal noun Jutting .] [ A corruption of jet .]


1. To shoot out or forward; to project beyond the main body; as, the jutting part of a building. "In jutting rock and curved shore." Wordsworth.

It seems to jut out of the structure of the poem.
Sir T. Browne.

2. To butt. [ Obsolete] "The jutting steer." Mason.

Jut noun
1. That which projects or juts; a projection.

2. A shove; a push. [ Obsolete] Udall.

Jute (jūt) noun [ Hind. jūt , Sanskrit jūta matted hair; confer jata matted hair, fibrous roots.] The coarse, strong fiber of the East Indian Corchorus olitorius , and C. capsularis ; also, the plant itself. The fiber is much used for making mats, gunny cloth, cordage, hangings, paper, etc.

Jutes (jūts) noun plural sing. Jute . (Ethnol.) Jutlanders; one of the Low German tribes, a portion of which settled in Kent, England, in the 5th century.

Jutlander noun A native or inhabitant of Jutland in Denmark.

Jutlandish adjective Of or pertaining to Jutland, or to the people of Jutland.

Jutting adjective Projecting, as corbels, cornices, etc. -- Jut"ting*ly , adverb

Jutty noun [ See Jetty , Jut , Jet .] A projection in a building; also, a pier or mole; a jetty. Shak.

Jutty transitive verb & i. To project beyond. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Juvenal noun [ Latin juvenalis youthful, juvenile, from juvenis young.] A youth. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Juvenescence noun A growing young.

Juvenescent adjective [ Latin juvenescens , present participle of juvenescere to grow young again, from juvenis young.] Growing or becoming young.

Juvenile adjective [ Latin juvenilis , from juvenis young; akin to English young : confer French juvénile , juvénil . See Young .]


1. Young; youthful; as, a juvenile appearance. "A juvenile exercitation." Glanvill.

2. Of or pertaining to youth; as, juvenile sports.

Syn. -- Puerile; boyish; childish. See Youthful .

Juvenile noun A young person or youth; -- used sportively or familiarly. C. Bronté.

Juvenileness noun The state or quality of being juvenile; juvenility.

Juvenility noun ; plural Juvenilities . [ Latin juvenilitas : confer French juvénilité .]


1. Youthfulness; adolescence. Glanvill.

2. The manners or character of youth; immaturity. Glanvill.

Juvia noun (Botany) A Brazilian name for the lofty myrtaceous tree ( Bertholetia excelsa ) which produces the large seeds known as Brazil nuts.

Juwansa noun (Botany) The camel's thorn. See under Camel .

Juwise noun [ Obsolete] Same as Juise . Chaucer.

Juxtapose transitive verb [ Confer Juxtaposit , Pose .] To place in juxtaposition. Huxley.

Juxtaposit transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Juxtaposited ; present participle & verbal noun Juxtapositing .] [ Latin juxta near + positus , past participle of ponere to put.] To place in close connection or contiguity; to juxtapose. Derham.

Juxtaposition noun [ Latin juxta near + positio position: confer French juxtaposition . See Just , intransitive verb , and Position .] A placing or being placed in nearness or contiguity, or side by side; as, a juxtaposition of words.

Parts that are united by a a mere juxtaposition .
Glanvill.

Juxtaposition is a very unsafe criterion of continuity.
Hare.

Jymold (jĭm"ŏld) adjective [ Obsolete] See Gimmal .