Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Ignote adjective [ Latin ignotus ; prefix in- not + gnotus , notus , known, past participle of gnocere , nocere , to learn to know.] Unknown. [ Obsolete] Sir E. Sandys. -- noun One who is unknown. Bp. Hacket.
[ Spanish iguana
, from the native name in Hayti. Confer Guana
.] (Zoology) Any species of the genus Iguana , a genus of large American lizards of the family Iguanidæ . They are arboreal in their habits, usually green in color, and feed chiefly upon fruits.
» The common iguana ( Iguana iguana
, formerly Iguana tuberculata
, and also called by other synonyms@
) of the West Indies and South America is sometimes five feet long. Its flesh is highly prized as food. The horned iguana
( Iguana cornuta
) has a conical horn between the eyes.
Iguanian adjective (Zoology) Resembling, or pertaining to, the iguana.
Iguanid adjective (Zoology) Same as Iguanoid .
Iguanodon noun [ Iguana + Greek ..., ..., a tooth.] (Paleon.) A genus of gigantic herbivorous dinosaurs having a birdlike pelvis and large hind legs with three-toed feet capable of supporting the entire body. Its teeth resemble those of the iguana, whence its name. Several species are known, mostly from the Wealden of England and Europe. See Illustration in Appendix.
Iguanodont adjective (Paleon.) Like or pertaining to the genus Iguanodon.
Iguanoid adjective [ Iguana + -oid .] (Zoology) Pertaining to the Iguanidæ .
Ihlang-ihlang noun [ Malayan, flower of flowers.] A rich, powerful, perfume, obtained from the volatile oil of the flowers of Canada odorata , an East Indian tree. [ Also written ylang-ylang .]
Ihram noun The peculiar dress worn by pilgrims to Mecca.
IHVH [ Written also JHVH , YHVH .] A transliteration of the four constants forming the Hebrew tetragrammaton or "incommunicable name" of the Supreme Being, which in latter Jewish tradition is not pronounced save with the vowels of adonai or elohim , so that the true pronunciation is lost. » Numerous attempts have been made to represent the supposed original form of the word, as Jahaveh, Jahvaj, Jahve, Jahveh, Yahve, Yahveh, Yahwe, Yahweh, etc.
[ See I
[ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.
» The Northern dialectic form of I
, in Early English, corresponding to ich
of the Southern.
Il- A form of the prefix in -, not, and in -, among. See In- .
Ile noun [ Anglo-Saxon egl .] Ear of corn. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.
[ See Aisle
.] An aisle.
[ Obsolete] H. Swinburne.
[ See Isle
.] An isle.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ See Ileum
.] 1. (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum.
[ Written also iliac
.] 2. See Iliac , 1.
[ R.] Ileac passion
. (Medicine) See Ileus .
Ileocolic adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum and colon; as, the ileocolic , or ileocæcal, valve, a valve where the ileum opens into the large intestine.
Ileocæcal adjective [ Ileum + cæcal .] (Anat.) Pertaining to the ileum and cæcum.
[ Latin ile
, plural ilia
, groin, flank.] 1. (Anat.) The last, and usually the longest, division of the small intestine; the part between the jejunum and large intestine.
[ Written also ileon
, and ilium
.] 2. (Anat.) See Ilium .
[ R.] » Most modern writers restrict ileum
to the division of the intestine and ilium
to the pelvic bone.
Ileus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., from ... to roll up.] (Medicine) A morbid condition due to intestinal obstruction. It is characterized by complete constipation, with griping pains in the abdomen, which is greatly distended, and in the later stages by vomiting of fecal matter. Called also ileac, or iliac, passion .
Ilex noun [ Latin , holm oak.] (Botany) (a) The holm oak ( Quercus Ilex ). (b) A genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, including the common holly.
[ Latin Iliacus
, Greek .... See Iliad
.] Pertaining to ancient Ilium, or Troy. Gladstone.
[ Confer French iliaque
. See Ileum
, and confer Jade
a stone.] 1. (Anat.) Pertaining to, or in the region of, the ilium, or dorsal bone of the pelvis; as, the iliac artery.
[ Written also ileac
.] 2. See Ileac , 1.
[ R.] Iliac crest
, the upper margin of the ilium.
-- Iliac passion
. See Ileus .
-- Iliac region
, a region of the abdomen, on either side of the hypogastric regions, and below the lumbar regions.
Iliacal adjective Iliac. [ R.]
Iliad noun [ Latin Ilias , - adis , Greek ..., ... (sc. ...), from ..., ..., Ilium, the city of Ilus, a son of Tros, founder of Ilium, which is a poetical name of Troy.] A celebrated Greek epic poem, in twenty-four books, on the destruction of Ilium, the ancient Troy. The Iliad is ascribed to Homer.
Ilial adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the ilium; iliac.
[ Middle English , from Anglo-Saxon gelīc
. Confer Alike
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ilicic adjective [ Latin ilex , ilicis , holm oak.] Pertaining to, or derived from, the holly ( Ilex ), and allied plants; as, ilicic acid.
Ilicin noun (Chemistry) The bitter principle of the holly.
[ From Ilium
.] A combining form used in anatomy to denote connection with , or relation to , the ilium ; as, ilio -femoral, ilio - lumbar, ilio -psoas, etc.
Iliofemoral adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the ilium and femur; as, iliofemoral ligaments.
Iliolumbar adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the iliac and lumbar regions; as, the iliolumbar artery.
Iliopsoas noun (Anat.) The great flexor muscle of the hip joint, divisible into two parts, the iliac and great psoas, -- often regarded as distinct muscles.
[ See Ileum
.] (Anat.) The dorsal one of the three principal bones comprising either lateral half of the pelvis; the dorsal or upper part of the hip bone. See Innominate bone , under Innominate .
[ Written also ilion
, and ileum
Ilixanthin noun [ Ilex the genus including the holly + Greek ... yellow.] (Chemistry) A yellow dye obtained from the leaves of the holly.
[ Scot. ilk
, Middle English ilke
the same, Anglo-Saxon ilca
. Confer Each
.] Same; each; every.
[ Archaic] Spenser. Of that ilk
, denoting that a person's surname and the title of his estate are the same; as, Grant of that ilk , i.e., Grant of Grant . Jamieson.
[ See Ilk
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ilkon, Ilkoon pron.
[ See Ilk
, and One
.] Each one; every one.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ The regular comparative and superlative are wanting, their places being supplied by worse
from another root.] [ Middle English ill
, Icelandic illr
; akin to Swedish illa
, adverb , Danish ilde
, adverb ] 1. Contrary to good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed to advantage, happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate; disagreeable; unfavorable.
Neither is it ill air only that maketh an ill seat, but ill ways, ill markets, and ill neighbors. Bacon.
There 's some ill planet reigns. Shak. 2. Contrary to good, in a moral sense; evil; wicked; wrong; iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.
Of his own body he was ill, and gave Shak. 3. Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased; disordered; as, ill of a fever.
The clergy ill example.
I am in health, I breathe, and see thee ill . Shak. 4. Not according with rule, fitness, or propriety; incorrect; rude; unpolished; inelegant.
That 's an ill phrase. Shak. Ill at ease
, uneasy; uncomfortable; anxious.
"I am very ill at ease
-- Ill blood
, enmity; resentment.
-- Ill breeding
, want of good breeding; rudeness.
-- Ill fame
, ill or bad repute; as, a house of ill fame , a house where lewd persons meet for illicit intercourse.
-- Ill humor
, a disagreeable mood; bad temper.
-- Ill nature
, bad disposition or temperament; sullenness; esp., a disposition to cause unhappiness to others.
-- Ill temper
, anger; moroseness; crossness.
-- Ill turn
. (a) An unkind act. (b) A slight attack of illness.
[ Colloq. U.S.] -- Ill will
, unkindness; enmity; malevolence. Syn.
-- Bad; evil; wrong; wicked; sick; unwell.
Ill noun 1. Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success; evil of any kind; misfortune; calamity; disease; pain; as, the ills of humanity.
Who can all sense of others' ills escape Tate.
Is but a brute at best in human shape.
That makes us rather bear those ills we have Shak. 2. Whatever is contrary to good, in a moral sense; wickedness; depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.
Than fly to others that we know not of.
Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still, Dryden.
Exerts itself, and then throws off the ill .
Ill adverb In a ill manner; badly; weakly.
How ill this taper burns! Shak.
Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, Goldsmith.
Where wealth accumulates and men decay.
, like above
, and so
, is used before many participal adjectives, in its usual adverbal sense. When the two words are used as an epithet preceding the noun qualified they are commonly hyphened; in other cases they are written separatively; as, an ill
-educated man; he was ill
educated; an ill
-formed plan; the plan, however ill
formed, was acceptable. Ao, also, the following: ill
-affected or ill
-arranged or ill
-assorted or ill
-boding or ill
-bred or ill
- conditioned, ill
- devised, ill
-used, and the like.
Illabile adjective Incapable of falling or erring; infalliable. [ Obsolete] -- Il`la*bil"i*ty noun [ Obsolete]
[ Latin illacerabilis
: confer French illacérable
. See In-
not, and Lacerable
.] Not lacerable; incapable of being torn or rent.
Illacrymable adjective [ Latin illacrimabilis ; prefix il- not + lacrimabilis worthy of tears.] Incapable of weeping. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
[ Prefix il-
not + lapsable
.] Incapable of slipping, or of error.
Morally immutable and illapsable . Glanvill.
Illapse intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Illapsed
; present participle & verbal noun Illapsing
.] [ Latin illapsus
, past participle of illabi
; prefix il-
in + labi
to fall, slide.] To fall or glide; to pass; -- usually followed by into . Cheyne.
[ Latin illapsus
. See Illapse
, intransitive verb
] A gliding in; an immisson or entrance of one thing into another; also, a sudden descent or attack. Akenside.
They sit silent . . . waiting for an illapse of the spirit. Jeffrey.
Illaqueable adjective Capable of being insnared or entrapped. [ R.] Cudworth.
Illaqueate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Illaqueated
; present participle & verbal noun Illaqueating
.] [ Latin illaqueatus
, past participle of illaqueare
; prefix il-
in + laqueare
to insnare, from laqueus
, noose, snare.] To insnare; to entrap; to entangle; to catch.
Let not the surpassing eloquence of Taylor dazzle you, nor his scholastic retiary versatility of logic illaqueate your good sense. Coleridge.
1. The act of catching or insnaring. [ R.] Sir T. Browne. 2. A snare; a trap. Johnson.