Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913, 100,000 entries)
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Ideality I`de·al"i·ty noun
; plural Idealities 1. The quality or state of being ideal. 2. The capacity to form ideals of beauty or perfection. 3. (Phren.) The conceptive faculty.
Idealization I·de`al·i·za"tion noun 1. The act or process of idealizing. 2. (Fine Arts) The representation of natural objects, scenes, etc., in such a way as to show their most important characteristics; the study of the ideal.
Idealize I·de"al·ize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Idealized ; present participle & verbal noun Idealizing .] 1. To make ideal; to give an ideal form or value to; to attribute ideal characteristics and excellences to; as, to idealize real life. 2. (Fine Arts) To treat in an ideal manner. See Idealization , 2.
Idealize I·de"al·ize intransitive verb [ Confer French idéaliser .] To form ideals.
Idealizer I·de"al·i`zer noun An idealist.
Ideally I·de"al·ly adverb In an ideal manner; by means of ideals; mentally.
Idealogic I·de`a·log"ic adjective Of or pertaining to an idealogue, or to idealization.
Idealogue I·de"a·logue noun [ Idea + -logue , as in theo logue : confer French idéologue .] One given to fanciful ideas or theories; a theorist; a spectator. [ R.] Mrs. Browning.
Ideat, Ideate I·de"at, I·de"ate noun [ Late Latin ideatum . See Idea .] (Metaph.) The actual existence supposed to correspond with an idea; the correlate in real existence to the idea as a thought or existence.
Ideate I·de"ate transitive verb 1. To form in idea; to fancy.
The ideated man . . . as he stood in the intellect of God. Sir T. Browne. 2. To apprehend in thought so as to fix and hold in the mind; to memorize.
Ideation I`de·a"tion noun The faculty or capacity of the mind for forming ideas; the exercise of this capacity; the act of the mind by which objects of sense are apprehended and retained as objects of thought.
The whole mass of residua which have been accumulated . . . all enter now into the process of ideation . J. D. Morell.
Ideational I`de·a"tion·al adjective Pertaining to, or characterized by, ideation.
Certain sensational or ideational stimuli. Blackw. Mag.
Idem I"dem pron. or adj. [ Latin ] The same; the same as above; -- often abbreviated id.
Identic I·den"tic adjective Identical. [ Obsolete] Hudibras.
Identic, Identical I·den"tic, I·den"tic·al adjective In diplomacy (esp. in the form identic ), precisely agreeing in sentiment or opinion and form or manner of expression; -- applied to concerted action or language which is used by two or more governments in treating with another government.
Identical I·den"tic·al adjective
[ Confer French identique
. See Identity
.] 1. The same; the selfsame; the very same; not different; as, the identical person or thing.
I can not remember a thing that happened a year ago, without a conviction . . . that I, the same identical person who now remember that event, did then exist. Reid. 2. Uttering sameness or the same truth; expressing in the predicate what is given, or obviously implied, in the subject; tautological.
When you say body is solid, I say that you make an identical proposition, because it is impossible to have the idea of body without that of solidity. Fleming. Identical equation (Alg.)
, an equation which is true for all values of the algebraic symbols which enter into it.
Identically I·den"tic·al·ly adverb In an identical manner; with respect to identity. " Identically the same." Bp. Warburton. " Identically different." Ross.
Identicalness I·den"tic·al·ness noun The quality or state of being identical; sameness.
Identifiable I·den"ti·fi`a·ble adjective Capable of being identified.
Identification I·den`ti·fi·ca"tion noun [ Confer French identification .] The act of identifying, or proving to be the same; also, the state of being identified.
Identify I·den"ti·fy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Identified
; present participle & verbal noun Identifying
.] [ Confer French identifier
. See Identity
, and -fy
.] 1. To make to be the same; to unite or combine in such a manner as to make one; to treat as being one or having the same purpose or effect; to consider as the same in any relation.
Every precaution is taken to identify the interests of the people and of the rulers. D. Ramsay.
Let us identify , let us incorporate ourselves with the people. Burke. 2. To establish the identity of; to prove to be the same with something described, claimed, or asserted; as, to identify stolen property.
Identify I·den"ti·fy intransitive verb To become the same; to coalesce in interest, purpose, use, effect, etc.
[ Obsolete or R.]
An enlightened self-interest, which, when well understood, they tell us will identify with an interest more enlarged and public. Burke.
Identism I·den"tism noun [ See Identity .] (Metaph.) The doctrine taught by Schelling, that matter and mind, and subject and object, are identical in the Absolute; -- called also the system or doctrine of identity .
Identity I·den"ti·ty noun
; plural Identities
. [ French identité
, Late Latin identitas
, from Latin idem
the same, from the root of is
he, that; confer Sanskrit idam
this. Confer Item
.] 1. The state or quality of being identical, or the same; sameness.
Identity is a relation between our cognitions of a thing, not between things themselves. Sir W. Hamilton. 2. The condition of being the same with something described or asserted, or of possessing a character claimed; as, to establish the identity of stolen goods. 3. (Math.) An identical equation.
Ideo- I"de·o- A combining form from the Greek ..., an idea .
Ideo-motion I`de·o-mo"tion noun (Physiol.) An ideo-motor movement.
Ideo-motor I`de·o-mo"tor adjective [ Ideo- + motor .] (Physiol.) Applied to those actions, or muscular movements, which are automatic expressions of dominant ideas, rather than the result of distinct volitional efforts, as the act of expressing the thoughts in speech, or in writing, while the mind is occupied in the composition of the sentence. Carpenter.
Ideogenical I`de·o·gen"ic·al adjective Of or relating to ideology.
Ideogeny I`de·og"e·ny noun [ Ideo- + -geny , from the same root as Greek ..., birth: confer French idéogénie .] The science which treats of the origin of ideas.
Ideogram I·de"o·gram noun
; confer French idéograme
.] 1. An original, pictorial element of writing; a kind of hieroglyph expressing no sound, but only an idea.
Ideograms may be defined to be pictures intended to represent either things or thoughts. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).
You might even have a history without language written or spoken, by means of ideograms and gesture. J. Peile. 2. A symbol used for convenience, or for abbreviation; as, 1, 2, 3, +, -, ..., $, ..., etc. 3. A phonetic symbol; a letter.
Ideograph I·de"o·graph noun Same as Ideogram .
Ideographic, Ideographical I`de·o·graph"ic, I`de·o·graph"ic·al adjective [ Confer French idéographique .] Of or pertaining to an ideogram; representing ideas by symbols, independently of sounds; as, 9 represents not the word "nine," but the idea of the number itself. -- I`de*o*graph"ic*al*ly , adverb
Ideographics I`de·o·graph"ics noun The system of writing in ideographic characters; also, anything so written.
Ideography I`de·og"ra·phy noun The representation of ideas independently of sounds, or in an ideographic manner, as sometimes is done in shorthand writing, etc.
Ideological I`de·o·log"ic·al adjective [ Confer French idéologique .] Of or pertaining to ideology.
Ideologist I`de·ol"o·gist noun One who treats of ideas; one who theorizes or idealizes; one versed in the science of ideas, or who advocates the doctrines of ideology.
Ideology I`de·ol"o·gy noun [ Ideo- + -logy : confer French idéologie .] 1. The science of ideas. Stewart. 2. (Metaph.) A theory of the origin of ideas which derives them exclusively from sensation. » By a double blunder in philosophy and Greek, idéologie . . . has in France become the name peculiarly distinctive of that philosophy of mind which exclusively derives our knowledge from sensation. Sir W. Hamilton.
(īdz) noun plural
[ Latin idus
: confer French ides
.] (Anc. Rom. Calendar) The fifteenth day of March, May, July, and October, and the thirteenth day of the other months.
The ides of March remember. Shak.
» Eight days in each month often pass by this name, but only one strictly receives it, the others being called respectively the day before the ides
, and so on, backward, to the eighth from the ides
Idio- Id"i·o- (ĭd"ĭ*o-). A combining form from the Greek 'i`dios , meaning private, personal, peculiar, distinct.
Idioblast Id"i·o·blast (ĭd"ĭ*o*blăst) noun [ Ideo- + -blast .] (Botany) An individual cell, differing greatly from its neighbours in regard to size, structure, or contents.
Idiocrasis Id`i·o·cra"sis noun [ New Latin ] Idiocracy.
Idiocrasy Id`i·oc"ra·sy noun
; plural Idiocrasies
. [ Idio-
+ Greek kra^sis
a mixture, from ... to mix: confer French idiocrasie
.] Peculiarity of constitution; that temperament, or state of constitution, which is peculiar to a person; idiosyncrasy.
Idiocratic, Idiocratical Id`i·o·crat"ic, Id`i·o·crat"ic·al adjective Peculiar in constitution or temperament; idiosyncratic.
[ From idiot
; confer Greek ... uncouthness, want of education, from .... See Idiot
, and confer Idiotcy
.] The condition or quality of being an idiot; absence, or marked deficiency, of sense and intelligence.
I will undertake to convict a man of idiocy , if he can not see the proof that three angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles. F. W. Robertson.
Idiocyclophanous Id`i·o·cy·cloph"a·nous adjective [ Idio- + Greek ... circle + ... to appear.] (Crystallog.) Same as Idiophanous .
Idioelectric Id`i·o·e·lec"tric adjective [ Idio- + electric : confer French idioélectrique .] (Physics) Electric by virtue of its own peculiar properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to anelectric . -- noun An idioelectric substance.
Idiograph Id"i·o·graph (ĭd"ĭ*o*grȧf) noun [ Greek ... autographic; 'i`dios one's own + gra`fein to write.] A mark or signature peculiar to an individual; a trade-mark.
Idiographic Id`i·o·graph"ic (ĭd`ĭ*o*grăf"ĭk), Id`i*o*graph"ic*al adjective Of or pertaining to an idiograph.
Idiolatry Id`i·ol"a·try noun [ Idio- + Greek ... to worship.] Self-worship; excessive self- esteem.
[ French idiome
, Latin idioma
, from Greek 'idi`wma
, from 'idioy^n
to make a person's own, to make proper or peculiar; from 'i`dios
one's own, proper, peculiar; probably akin to the reflexive pronoun o"y^
, and to "eo`s
, one's own, Latin suus
, and to English so
.] 1. The syntactical or structural form peculiar to any language; the genius or cast of a language.
Idiom may be employed loosely and figuratively as a synonym of language or dialect, but in its proper sense it signifies the totality of the general rules of construction which characterize the syntax of a particular language and distinguish it from other tongues. G. P. Marsh.
By idiom is meant the use of words which is peculiar to a particular language. J. H. Newman.
He followed their language [ the Latin], but did not comply with the idiom of ours. Dryden. 2. An expression conforming or appropriate to the peculiar structural form of a language; in extend use, an expression sanctioned by usage, having a sense peculiar to itself and not agreeing with the logical sense of its structural form; also, the phrase forms peculiar to a particular author.
Some that with care true eloquence shall teach, Prior.
And to just idioms fix our doubtful speech.
Sometimes we identify the words with the object -- though by courtesy of idiom rather than in strict propriety of language. Coleridge.
Every good writer has much idiom . Landor.
It is not by means of rules that such idioms as the following are made current: "I can make nothing of it." "He treats his subject home ." Dryden . "It is that within us that makes for righteousness." M. Arnold . Gostwick (Eng. Gram.) 3. Dialect; a variant form of a language. Syn.
-- Dialect. -- Idiom
. The idioms
of a language belong to its very structure; its dialects
are varieties of expression ingrafted upon it in different localities or by different professions. Each county of England has some peculiarities of dialect
, and so have most of the professions, while the great idioms
of the language are everywhere the same. See Language
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