Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913, 100,000 entries)
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Idiomatic, Idiomatical Id`i·o·mat"ic, Id`i·o·mat"ic·al adjective [ Greek 'idiwmatiko`s .] Of or pertaining to, or conforming to, the mode of expression peculiar to a language; as, an idiomatic meaning; an idiomatic phrase. -- Id`i*o*mat"ic*al*ly , adverb
Idiomorphic Id`i·o·morph"ic adjective Idiomorphous.
Idiomorphous Id`i·o·morph"ous adjective [ Greek 'idio`morfos of peculiar form; 'i`dios peculiar + ... form.] 1. Having a form of its own. 2. (Crystallog.) Apperaing in distinct crystals; -- said of the mineral constituents of a rock.
Idiomuscular Id`i·o·mus"cu·lar adjective [ Idio- + muscular .] (Physiol.) Applied to a semipermanent contraction of a muscle, produced by a mechanical irritant.
Idiopathetic Id`i·o·pa·thet"ic adjective Idiopathic. [ R.]
Idiopathic, Idiopathical Id`i·o·path"ic, Id`i·o·path"ic·al adjective [ Confer French idiopathique .] (Medicine) Pertaining to idiopathy; characterizing a disease arising primarily, and not in consequence of some other disease or injury; -- opposed to symptomatic , sympathetic , and traumatic . -- Id`i*o*path"ic*al*ly , adverb
Idiopathy Id`i·op"a·thy noun
; plural Idiopathies
. [ Greek ...; 'i`dios
proper, peculiar + ..., ..., to suffer: confer French idiopathie
.] 1. A peculiar, or individual, characteristic or affection.
All men are so full of their own fancies and idiopathies , that they scarce have the civility to interchange any words with a stranger. Dr. H. More. 2. (Medicine) A morbid state or condition not preceded or occasioned by any other disease; a primary disease.
Idiophanous Id`i·oph"a·nous adjective [ Idio- + ... to appear.] (Crystallog.) Exhibiting interference figures without the aid of a polariscope, as certain crystals.
Idioplasm Id"i·o·plasm noun (Biol.) Same as Idioplasma .
Idioplasma Id`i·o·plas"ma noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'i`dios proper, peculiar + ... a form, mold.] (Biol.) That portion of the cell protoplasm which is the seat of all active changes, and which carries on the function of hereditary transmission; -- distinguished from the other portion, which is termed nutritive plasma . See Hygroplasm .
Idiorepulsive Id`i·o·re·pul"sive adjective [ Idio- + repulsive .] Repulsive by itself; as, the idiorepulsive power of heat.
Idiosyncrasy Id`i·o·syn"cra·sy noun
; plural Idiosyncrasies
. [ Greek ...; 'i`dios
proper, peculiar + ... a mixing together, from ... to mix together; ... with + ... to mix: confer French idiosyncrasie
. See Idiom
, and Crasis
.] A peculiarity of physical or mental constitution or temperament; a characteristic belonging to, and distinguishing, an individual; characteristic susceptibility; idiocrasy; eccentricity.
The individual mind . . . takes its tone from the idiosyncrasies of the body. I. Taylor.
Idiosyncratic, Idiosyncratical Id`i·o·syn·crat"ic, Id`i·o·syn·crat"ic·al adjective Of peculiar temper or disposition; belonging to one's peculiar and individual character.
[ French idiot
, Latin idiota
an uneducated, ignorant, ill-informed person, Greek 'idiw`ths
, also and orig., a private person, not holding public office, from 'i`dios
proper, peculiar. See Idiom
.] 1. A man in private station, as distinguished from one holding a public office.
St. Austin affirmed that the plain places of Scripture are sufficient to all laics, and all idiots or private persons. Jer. Taylor. 2. An unlearned, ignorant, or simple person, as distinguished from the educated; an ignoramus.
Christ was received of idiots , of the vulgar people, and of the simpler sort, while he was rejected, despised, and persecuted even to death by the high priests, lawyers, scribes, doctors, and rabbis. C. Blount. 3. A human being destitute of the ordinary intellectual powers, whether congenital, developmental, or accidental; commonly, a person without understanding from birth; a natural fool; a natural; an innocent.
Life . . . is a tale Shak. 4. A fool; a simpleton; -- a term of reproach.
Told by an idiot , full of sound and fury,
Weenest thou make an idiot of our dame? Chaucer.
Idiotcy Id"i·ot·cy noun [ Confer Idiocy .] Idiocy. [ R.]
Idioted Id"i·ot·ed adjective Rendered idiotic; befooled. [ R.] Tennyson.
Idiothermic Id`i·o·ther"mic adjective [ Idio- + thermic .] Self-heating; warmed, as the body of animal, by process going on within itself.
Idiotic, Idiotical Id`i·ot"ic, Id`i·ot"ic·al adjective [ Latin idioticus ignorant, Greek ...: confer French idiotique . See Idiot .] 1. Common; simple. [ Obsolete] Blackwall. 2. Pertaining to, or like, an idiot; characterized by idiocy; foolish; fatuous; as, an idiotic person, speech, laugh, or action.
Idiotically Id`i·ot"ic·al·ly adverb In an idiotic manner.
Idioticon Id`i·ot"i·con noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... belonging to a private man, private. See Idiot .] A dictionary of a peculiar dialect, or of the words and phrases peculiar to one part of a country; a glossary.
Idiotish Id"i·ot·ish adjective Like an idiot; foolish.
Idiotism Id"i·ot·ism noun
[ French idiotisme
, Latin idiotismus
the way of fashion of a private person, the common or vulgar manner of speaking, Greek ..., from ... to put into or use common language, from .... See Idiot
.] 1. An idiom; a form, mode of expression, or signification, peculiar to a language.
Scholars sometimes give terminations and idiotisms , suitable to their native language, unto words newly invented. M. Hale. 2. Lack of knowledge or mental capacity; idiocy; foolishness.
Worse than mere ignorance or idiotism . Shaftesbury.
The running that adventure is the greatist idiotism . Hammond.
Idiotize Id"i·ot·ize intransitive verb To become stupid. [ R.]
Idiotry Id"i·ot·ry noun Idiocy. [ R.] Bp. Warburton.
Idle I"dle adjective
[ Compar. Idler
; superl. Idlest
.] [ Middle English idel
, Anglo-Saxon īdel
vain, empty, useless; akin to Old Saxon īdal
, Dutch ijdel
, Old High German ītal
vain, empty, mere, German eitel
, Dan. & Swedish idel
mere, pure, and probably to Greek ... clear, pure, ... to burn. Confer Ether
.] 1. Of no account; useless; vain; trifling; unprofitable; thoughtless; silly; barren.
Every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. Matt. xii. 36.
Down their idle weapons dropped. Milton.
This idle story became important. Macaulay. 2. Not called into active service; not turned to appropriate use; unemployed; as, idle hours.
The idle spear and shield were high uphing. Milton. 3. Not employed; unoccupied with business; inactive; doing nothing; as, idle workmen.
Why stand ye here all the day idle ? Matt. xx. 6. 4. Given rest and ease; averse to labor or employment; lazy; slothful; as, an idle fellow. 5. Light-headed; foolish.
[ Obsolete] Ford. Idle pulley (Machinery)
, a pulley that rests upon a belt to tighten it; a pulley that only guides a belt and is not used to transmit power.
-- Idle wheel (Machinery)
, a gear wheel placed between two others, to transfer motion from one to the other without changing the direction of revolution.
-- In idle
, in vain.
[ Obsolete] "God saith, thou shalt not take the name of thy Lord God in idle
." Chaucer. Syn.
-- Unoccupied; unemployed; vacant; inactive; indolent; sluggish; slothful; useless; ineffectual; futile; frivolous; vain; trifling; unprofitable; unimportant. -- Idle
. A propensity to inaction is expressed by each of these words; they differ in the cause and degree of this characteristic. Indolent
denotes an habitual love to ease, a settled dislike of movement or effort; idle
is opposed to busy
, and denotes a dislike of continuous
is a stronger and more contemptuous term than indolent
Idle I"dle intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Idled ; present participle & verbal noun Idling .] To lose or spend time in inaction, or without being employed in business. Shak.
Idle I"dle transitive verb To spend in idleness; to waste; to consume; -- often followed by away ; as, to idle away an hour a day.
Idle-headed I"dle-head`ed adjective 1. Foolish; stupid. [ Obsolete] "The superstitious idle-headed eld." Shak. 2. Delirious; infatuated. [ Obsolete] L'Estrange.
Idle-pated I"dle-pat`ed adjective Idle-headed; stupid. [ Obsolete]
Idleness I"dle·ness noun [ Anglo-Saxon īdelnes .] The condition or quality of being idle (in the various senses of that word); uselessness; fruitlessness; triviality; inactivity; laziness. Syn. -- Inaction; indolence; sluggishness; sloth.
Idler I"dler noun 1. One who idles; one who spends his time in inaction; a lazy person; a sluggard. 2. (Nautical) One who has constant day duties on board ship, and keeps no regular watch. Totten. 3. (Machinery) An idle wheel or pulley. See under Idle .
Idless, Idlesse I"dless, I"dlesse noun Idleness.
[ Archaic] "In ydlesse
And an idlesse all the day Mrs. Browning.
Beside a wandering stream.
Idly I"dly adverb In a idle manner; ineffectually; vainly; lazily; carelessly; (Obsolete) foolishly.
Ido I"do (ē"dō) noun An artificial international language, selected by the "Delegation for the Adoption of an Auxillary International Language" (founded at Paris in 1901), made public in 1907, and subsequently greatly revised and extended by a permanent committee or "Academy." It combines systematically the advantages of previous schemes with a thoroughly logical word formation, and has neither accented constants nor arbitrarily coined pronominal words. For each idea that root is selected which is already most international, on the principle of the "greatest facility for the greatest number of people." The word "Ido" means in the language itself "offspring." The official name is: "Linguo Internaciona di la Delegitaro (Sistema Ido)." -- I"dism noun -- I"dist noun
Idocrase Id"o·crase (ĭd"o*krās; 277) noun [ Greek e'i^dos form + kra^sis mixture, from keranny`nai to mix; confer French idocrase .] (Min.) Same as Vesuvianite .
Idol I"dol noun
[ Middle English idole
, French idole
, Latin idolum
, from Greek ..., from ... that which is seen, the form, shape, figure, from ... to see. See Wit
, and confer Eidolon
.] 1. An image or representation of anything.
Do her adore with sacred reverence, Spenser. 2. An image of a divinity; a representation or symbol of a deity or any other being or thing, made or used as an object of worship; a similitude of a false god.
As th' idol of her maker's great magnificence.
That they should not worship devils, and idols of gold. Rev. ix. 20. 3. That on which the affections are strongly (often excessively) set; an object of passionate devotion; a person or thing greatly loved or adored.
The soldier's god and people's idol . Denham. 4. A false notion or conception; a fallacy. Bacon.
The idols of preconceived opinion. Coleridge.
Idolastre I`do·las"tre noun [ Middle English , for idolatre .] An idolater. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Idolater I·dol"a·ter noun
[ French idolâtre
: confer Latin idololatres
, Greek .... See Idolatry
.] 1. A worshiper of idols; one who pays divine honors to images, statues, or representations of anything made by hands; one who worships as a deity that which is not God; a pagan. 2. An adorer; a great admirer.
Jonson was an idolater of the ancients. Bp. Hurd.
Idolatress I·dol"a·tress noun A female worshiper of idols.
Idolatrical I`do·lat"ric·al adjective [ Confer French idolâtrique .] Idolatrous. [ Obsolete]
Idolatrize I·dol"a·trize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Idolatrized ; present participle & verbal noun Idolatrizing .] To worship idols; to pay idolatrous worship.
Idolatrize I·dol"a·trize transitive verb To make in idol of; to idolize.
Idolatrous I·dol"a·trous adjective 1. Of or pertaining to idolatry; partaking of the nature of idolatry; given to idolatry or the worship of false gods; as, idolatrous sacrifices.
[ Josiah] put down the idolatrous priests. 2 Kings xxiii. 5. 2. Consisting in, or partaking of, an excessive attachment or reverence; as, an idolatrous veneration for antiquity.
Idolatrously I·dol"a·trous·ly adverb In a idolatrous manner.
Idolatry I·dol"a·try noun
; plural Idolatries
. [ French idolâtrie
, Late Latin idolatria
, Latin idololatria
, Fr. Greek ...; ... idol + ... service.] 1. The worship of idols, images, or anything which is not God; the worship of false gods.
His eye surveyed the dark idolatries Milton. 2. Excessive attachment or veneration for anything; respect or love which borders on adoration. Shak.
Of alienated Judah.
Idolish I"dol·ish adjective Idolatrous. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Idolism I"dol·ism noun The worship of idols. [ Obsolete]
Idolist I"dol·ist noun A worshiper of idols. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Idolize I"dol·ize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Idolized ; present participle & verbal noun Idolizing .] 1. To make an idol of; to pay idolatrous worship to; as, to idolize the sacred bull in Egypt. 2. To love to excess; to love or reverence to adoration; as, to idolize gold, children, a hero.
Idolize I"dol·ize intransitive verb To practice idolatry.
To idolize after the manner of Egypt. Fairbairn.
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