Webster's Dictionary, 1913
I'd A contraction from I would or I had .
Iciness noun The state or quality of being icy or very cold; frigidity.
Icing noun A coating or covering resembling ice, as of sugar and milk or white of egg; frosting.
[ Middle English ikil
. See Icicle
.] An icicle.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Latin , from Greek e'ikw`n
.] An image or representation; a portrait or pretended portrait.
Netherlands whose names and icons are published. Hakewill.
Icon noun (Gr. Ch.) A sacred picture representing the Virgin Mary, Christ, a saint, or a martyr, and having the same function as an image of such a person in the Latin Church.
Iconical adjective Pertaining to, or consisting of, images, pictures, or representations of any kind.
[ Latin iconismus
, Greek ..., from ... to mold, delineate, from e'ikw`n
an image: confer French iconisme
.] The formation of a figure, representation, or semblance; a delineation or description.
Some kind of apish imitations, counterfeit iconisms . Cudworth.
Iconize transitive verb [ Greek e'ikoni`zein .] To form an image or likeness of. [ R.] Cudworth.
[ Confer French iconoclasme
. See Iconoclast
.] The doctrine or practice of the iconoclasts; image breaking.
Iconoclast noun [ Greek e'ikw`n image + ... to break: confer French iconoclaste .]
1. A breaker or destroyer of images or idols; a determined enemy of idol worship. 2. One who exposes or destroys impositions or shams; one who attacks cherished beliefs; a radical.
Iconoclastic adjective Of or pertaining to the iconoclasts, or to image breaking. Milman.
Iconodule, Iconodulist noun [ Greek e'ikw`n an image + ... a slave.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who serves images; -- opposed to an iconoclast . Schaff-Herzog Encyc.
[ See Iconography
.] An engraving or other picture or illustration for a book.
Iconographer noun A maker of images. Fairholt.
1. Of or pertaining to iconography. 2. Representing by means of pictures or diagrams; as, an icongraphic encyclopædia.
Iconography noun [ Greek ... a sketch or description; e'ikw`n an image + ... to describe: confer French iconographie .] Christian iconography , the study of the representations in art of the Deity, the persons of the Trinity, angels, saints, virtues, vices, etc.
1. The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or study of portraiture or representation, as of persons; as, the iconography of the ancients. 2. The study of representative art in general.
Iconolater noun [ Greek e'ikw`n an image + ... to worship: confer French iconolâtre .] One who worships images.
[ See Iconolater
.] The worship of images as symbols; -- distinguished from idolatry , the worship of images themselves.
[ Greek ...; e'ikw`n
an image + ... discourse: confer French iconologie
.] The discussion or description of portraiture or of representative images. Confer Iconography .
Iconomachy noun [ Greek ... a war against images; e'ikw`n an image + ... fight.] Hostility to images as objects of worship. [ R.]
[ New Latin See Icon
, and Mania
.] A mania or infatuation for icons, whether as objects of devotion, bric-a-brac, or curios.
Iconomical adjective [ Greek ...; e'ikw`n image + ... fight.] Opposed to pictures or images as objects of worship. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Iconophilist noun [ Greek e'ikw`n an image + ... to love.] A student, or lover of the study, of iconography.
[ See Icosahedron
.] (Geom.) Having twenty equal sides or faces.
Icosahedron noun [ Greek ...; ... twenty + ... seat, base, from ... to sit.] (Geom.) A solid bounded by twenty sides or faces. Regular icosahedron , one of the five regular polyhedrons, bounded by twenty equilateral triangules. Five triangles meet to form each solid angle of the polyhedron.
Icosandria noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... twenty +..., ..., man, male: confer French icosandrie .] (Botany) A Linnæan class of plants, having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.
Icosandrian, Icosandrous adjective (Botany) Pertaining to the class Icosandria; having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.
Icositetrahedron noun [ Greek ... twenty + ..., combining form of ... four + ... seat, base.] (Crystallog.) A twenty-four-sided solid; a tetragonal trisoctahedron or trapezohedron.
Icteric noun A remedy for the jaundice.
Icteric, Icterical adjective [ Latin ictericus , Greek ..., from ... jaundice: confer French ictérique .]
1. Pertaining to, or affected with, jaundice. 2. Good against the jaundice. Johnson.
Icteritious, Icteritous adjective Yellow; of the color of the skin when it is affected by the jaundice.
Icteroid adjective [ Greek ... jaundice + -oid .] Of a tint resembling that produced by jaundice; yellow; as, an icteroid tint or complexion.
[ New Latin See Icteric
] (Medicine) The jaundice.
Ictic adjective [ Latin ictus blow.] Pertaining to, or caused by, a blow; sudden; abrupt. [ R.] H. Bushnell.
[ Latin , from icere
, to strike.] 1. (Pros.) The stress of voice laid upon accented syllable of a word. Confer Arsis . 2. (Medicine) A stroke or blow, as in a sunstroke, the sting of an insect, pulsation of an artery, etc.
[ Compar. Icier
; superl. Iciest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon īsig
. See Ice
.] 1. Pertaining to, resembling, or abounding in, ice; cold; frosty.
seas." Pope. 2. Characterized by coldness, as of manner, influence, etc.; chilling; frigid; cold.
Icy was the deportment with which Philip received these demonstrations of affection. Motley.
Icy-pearled adjective Spangled with ice.
Mounting up in icy-pearled car. Milton.
Id noun (Zoology) A small fresh-water cyprinoid fish ( Leuciscus idus or Idus idus ) of Europe. A domesticated variety, colored like the goldfish, is called orfe in Germany.
Idalian adjective Of or pertaining to Idalium , a mountain city in Cyprus, or to Venus, to whom it was sacred. " Idalian Aphrodité." Tennyson.
Ide noun (Zoology) Same as Id .
; plural Ideas
. [ Latin idea
, Greek ..., from ... to see; akin to English wit
: confer French idée
. See Wit
.] 1. The transcript, image, or picture of a visible object, that is formed by the mind; also, a similar image of any object whatever, whether sensible or spiritual.
Her sweet idea wandered through his thoughts. Fairfax.
Being the right idea of your father Shak.
Both in your form and nobleness of mind.
This representation or likeness of the object being transmitted from thence [ the senses] to the imagination, and lodged there for the view and observation of the pure intellect, is aptly and properly called its idea . P. Browne. 2. A general notion, or a conception formed by generalization.
Alice had not the slightest idea what latitude was. Latin Caroll. 3. Hence: Any object apprehended, conceived, or thought of, by the mind; a notion, conception, or thought; the real object that is conceived or thought of.
Whatsoever the mind perceives in itself, or as the immediate object of perception, thought, or undersanding, that I call idea . Locke. 4. A belief, option, or doctrine; a characteristic or controlling principle; as, an essential idea ; the idea of development.
That fellow seems to me to possess but one idea , and that is a wrong one. Johnson.
What is now " idea " for us? How infinite the fall of this word, since the time where Milton sang of the Creator contemplating his newly-created world, - Trench. 5. A plan or purpose of action; intention; design.
"how it showed . . .
Answering his great idea ," -
to its present use, when this person "has an idea that the train has started," and the other "had no idea that the dinner would be so bad!"
I shortly afterwards set off for that capital, with an idea of undertaking while there the translation of the work. W. Irving. 6. A rational conception; the complete conception of an object when thought of in all its essential elements or constituents; the necessary metaphysical or constituent attributes and relations, when conceived in the abstract. 7. A fiction object or picture created by the imagination; the same when proposed as a pattern to be copied, or a standard to be reached; one of the archetypes or patterns of created things, conceived by the Platonists to have excited objectively from eternity in the mind of the Deity.
Thence to behold this new-created world, Milton.
The addition of his empire, how it showed
In prospect from his throne, how good, how fair,
Answering his great idea .
» "In England, Locke may be said to have been the first who naturalized the term in its Cartesian universality. When, in common language, employed by Milton and Dryden, after Descartes, as before him by Sidney, Spenser, Shakespeare, Hooker, etc., the meaning is Platonic." Sir W. Hamilton. Abstract idea
, Association of ideas
, etc. See under Abstract , Association , etc. Syn.
-- Notion; conception; thought; sentiment; fancy; image; perception; impression; opinion; belief; observation; judgment; consideration; view; design; intention; purpose; plan; model; pattern. There is scarcely any other word which is subjected to such abusive treatment as is the word idea
, in the very general and indiscriminative way in which it is employed, as it is used variously to signify almost any act, state, or content of thought.
[ Latin idealis
: confer French idéal
.] 1. Existing in idea or thought; conceptional; intellectual; mental; as, ideal knowledge. 2. Reaching an imaginary standard of excellence; fit for a model; faultless; as, ideal beauty. Byron.
There will always be a wide interval between practical and ideal excellence. Rambler. 3. Existing in fancy or imagination only; visionary; unreal.
common wealth." Southey. 4. Teaching the doctrine of idealism; as, the ideal theory or philosophy. 5. (Math.) Imaginary. Syn.
-- Intellectual; mental; visionary; fanciful; imaginary; unreal; impracticable; utopian.
Ideal noun A mental conception regarded as a standard of perfection; a model of excellence, beauty, etc.
The ideal is to be attained by selecting and assembling in one whole the beauties and perfections which are usually seen in different individuals, excluding everything defective or unseemly, so as to form a type or model of the species. Thus, the Apollo Belvedere is the ideal of the beauty and proportion of the human frame. Fleming. Beau ideal
. See Beau ideal .
Idealess adjective Destitute of an idea.
Idealism noun [ Confer French idéalisme .]
1. The quality or state of being ideal. 2. Conception of the ideal; imagery. 3. (Philos.) The system or theory that denies the existence of material bodies, and teaches that we have no rational grounds to believe in the reality of anything but ideas and their relations.
Idealism noun The practice or habit of giving or attributing ideal form or character to things; treatment of things in art or literature according to ideal standards or patterns; -- opposed to realism .
Idealist noun [ Confer French idéaliste .]
1. One who idealizes; one who forms picturesque fancies; one given to romantic expectations. 2. One who holds the doctrine of idealism.
Idealistic adjective Of or pertaining to idealists or their theories.
; plural Idealities 1. The quality or state of being ideal. 2. The capacity to form ideals of beauty or perfection. 3. (Phren.) The conceptive faculty.