Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
I'm A contraction of I am .

Ill-will See under Ill , adjective

Ill-wisher noun One who wishes ill to another; an enemy.

Illustratory adjective Serving to illustrate.

Illustrious adjective [ Latin illustris , probably for illuxtris ; from il- in + the root of lucidus bright: confer French illustre . See Lucid .]
1. Possessing luster or brightness; brilliant; luminous; splendid.

Quench the light; thine eyes are guides illustrious .
Beau. & Fl.

2. Characterized by greatness, nobleness, etc.; eminent; conspicuous; distinguished.

Illustrious earls, renowened everywhere.
Drayton.

3. Conferring luster or honor; renowned; as, illustrious deeds or titles.

Syn. -- Distinguished; famous; remarkable; brilliant; conspicuous; noted; celebrated; signal; renowened; eminent; exalted; noble; glorious. See Distinguished , Famous .

Illustriously adverb In a illustrious manner; conspicuously; eminently; famously. Milton.

Illustriousness noun The state or quality of being eminent; greatness; grandeur; glory; fame.

Illustrous adjective [ Prefix il- not + lustrous .] Without luster. [ Obsolete & R.]

Illutation noun [ Prefix il- in + Latin lutum mud: confer French illutation .] The act or operation of smearing the body with mud, especially with the sediment from mineral springs; a mud bath.

Illuxurious adjective Not luxurious. [ R.] Orrery.

Illy adverb [ A word not fully approved, but sometimes used for the adverb ill .]

Ilmenite noun [ So called from Ilmen , a branch of the Ural Mountains.] (Min.) Titanic iron. See Menaccanite .

Ilmenium noun [ New Latin See Ilmenite .] (Chemistry) A supposed element claimed to have been discovered by R.Harmann.

Ilvaite noun [ From Latin Ilva , the island now called Elba.] (Min.) A silicate of iron and lime occurring in black prismatic crystals and columnar masses.

Im- A form of the prefix in- not, and in- in. See In- . Im- also occurs in composition with some words not of Latin origin; as, im bank, im bitter.

Image noun [ French, from Latin imago , imaginis , from the root of imitari to imitate. See Imitate , and confer Imagine .]
1. An imitation, representation, or similitude of any person, thing, or act, sculptured, drawn, painted, or otherwise made perceptible to the sight; a visible presentation; a copy; a likeness; an effigy; a picture; a semblance.

Even like a stony image , cold and numb.
Shak.

Whose is this image and superscription?
Matt. xxii. 20.

This play is the image of a murder done in Vienna.
Shak.

And God created man in his own image .
Gen. i. 27.

2. Hence: The likeness of anything to which worship is paid; an idol. Chaucer.

Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image , . . . thou shalt not bow down thyself to them.
Ex. xx. 4, 5.

3. Show; appearance; cast.

The face of things a frightful image bears.
Dryden.

4. A representation of anything to the mind; a picture drawn by the fancy; a conception; an idea.

Can we conceive
Image of aught delightful, soft, or great?
Prior.

5. (Rhet.) A picture, example, or illustration, often taken from sensible objects, and used to illustrate a subject; usually, an extended metaphor. Brande & C.

6. (Opt.) The figure or picture of any object formed at the focus of a lens or mirror, by rays of light from the several points of the object symmetrically refracted or reflected to corresponding points in such focus; this may be received on a screen, a photographic plate, or the retina of the eye, and viewed directly by the eye, or with an eyeglass, as in the telescope and microscope; the likeness of an object formed by reflection; as, to see one's image in a mirror.

Electrical image . See under Electrical . -- Image breaker , one who destroys images; an iconoclast. -- Image graver , Image maker , a sculptor. -- Image worship , the worship of images as symbols; iconolatry distinguished from idolatry; the worship of images themselves. -- Image Purkinje (Physics) , the image of the retinal blood vessels projected in, not merely on, that membrane. -- Virtual image (Optics) , a point or system of points, on one side of a mirror or lens, which, if it existed, would emit the system of rays which actually exists on the other side of the mirror or lens. Clerk Maxwell.

Image transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Imaged ; present participle & verbal noun Imaging .]
1. To represent or form an image of; as, the still lake imaged the shore; the mirror imaged her figure. "Shrines of imaged saints." J. Warton.

2. To represent to the mental vision; to form a likeness of by the fancy or recollection; to imagine.

Condemn'd whole years in absence to deplore,
And image charms he must behold no more.
Pope.

Imageable adjective That may be imaged. [ R.]

Imageless adjective Having no image. Shelley.

Imager noun One who images or forms likenesses; a sculptor. [ Obsolete]

Praxiteles was ennobled for a rare imager .
Holland.

Imagery (ĭm"aj*rȳ; 277) noun [ Middle English imagerie , French imagerie .]
1. The work of one who makes images or visible representation of objects; imitation work; images in general, or in mass. "Painted imagery ." Shak.

In those oratories might you see
Rich carvings, portraitures, and imagery .
Dryden.

2. Fig.: Unreal show; imitation; appearance.

What can thy imagery of sorrow mean?
Prior.

3. The work of the imagination or fancy; false ideas; imaginary phantasms.

The imagery of a melancholic fancy.
Atterbury.

4. Rhetorical decoration in writing or speaking; vivid descriptions presenting or suggesting images of sensible objects; figures in discourse.

I wish there may be in this poem any instance of good imagery .
Dryden.

Imaginability noun Capacity for imagination. [ R.] Coleridge.

Imaginable adjective [ Latin imaginabilis : confer French imaginable .] Capable of being imagined; conceivable.

Men sunk into the greatest darkness imaginable .
Tillotson.

-- Im*ag"i*na*ble*ness , noun -- Im*ag"i*na*bly , adverb

Imaginal adjective [ Latin imaginalis .]
1. Characterized by imagination; imaginative; also, given to the use or rhetorical figures or imagins.

2. (Zoology) Of or pertaining to an imago.

Imaginal disks (Zoology) , masses of hypodermic cells, carried by the larvæ of some insects after leaving the egg, from which masses the wings and legs of the adult are subsequently formed.

Imaginant adjective [ Latin imaginans , present participle of imaginari : confer French imaginant .] Imagining; conceiving. [ Obsolete] Bacon. -- noun An imaginer. [ Obsolete] Glanvill.

Imaginarily adjective In a imaginary manner; in imagination. B. Jonson.

Imaginariness noun The state or quality of being imaginary; unreality.

Imaginary adjective [ Latin imaginarius : confer French imaginaire .] Existing only in imagination or fancy; not real; fancied; visionary; ideal.

Wilt thou add to all the griefs I suffer
Imaginary ills and fancied tortures?
Addison.

Imaginary calculus See under Calculus . -- Imaginary expression or quantity (Alg.) , an algebraic expression which involves the impossible operation of taking the square root of a negative quantity; as, √-9 , a + b √- 1 . -- Imaginary points , lines , surfaces , etc. (Geom.) , points, lines, surfaces, etc., imagined to exist, although by reason of certain changes of a figure they have in fact ceased to have a real existence.

Syn. -- Ideal; fanciful; chimerical; visionary; fancied; unreal; illusive.

Imaginary noun (Alg.) An imaginary expression or quantity.

Imaginate adjective Imaginative. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Imagination noun [ Middle English imaginacionum , French imagination , from Latin imaginatio . See Imagine .]
1. The imagine-making power of the mind; the power to create or reproduce ideally an object of sense previously perceived; the power to call up mental imagines.

Our simple apprehension of corporeal objects, if present, is sense; if absent, is imagination .
Glanvill.

Imagination is of three kinds: joined with belief of that which is to come; joined with memory of that which is past; and of things present, or as if they were present.
Bacon.

2. The representative power; the power to reconstruct or recombine the materials furnished by direct apprehension; the complex faculty usually termed the plastic or creative power; the fancy.

The imagination of common language -- the productive imagination of philosophers -- is nothing but the representative process plus the process to which I would give the name of the "comparative."
Sir W. Hamilton.

The power of the mind to decompose its conceptions, and to recombine the elements of them at its pleasure, is called its faculty of imagination .
I. Taylor.

The business of conception is to present us with an exact transcript of what we have felt or perceived. But we have moreover a power of modifying our conceptions, by combining the parts of different ones together, so as to form new wholes of our creation. I shall employ the word imagination to express this power.
Stewart.

3. The power to recombine the materials furnished by experience or memory, for the accomplishment of an elevated purpose; the power of conceiving and expressing the ideal.

The lunatic, the lover, and the poet
Are of imagination all compact . . .
The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,
Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven,
And as imagination bodies forth
The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen
Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing
A local habitation and a name.
Shak.

4. A mental image formed by the action of the imagination as a faculty; a conception; a notion. Shak.

Syn. -- Conception; idea; conceit; fancy; device; origination; invention; scheme; design; purpose; contrivance. -- Imagination , Fancy . These words have, to a great extent, been interchanged by our best writers, and considered as strictly synonymous. A distinction, however, is now made between them which more fully exhibits their nature. Properly speaking, they are different exercises of the same general power -- the plastic or creative faculty. Imagination consists in taking parts of our conceptions and combining them into new forms and images more select, more striking, more delightful, more terrible, etc., than those of ordinary nature. It is the higher exercise of the two. It creates by laws more closely connected with the reason; it has strong emotion as its actuating and formative cause; it aims at results of a definite and weighty character. Milton's fiery lake, the debates of his Pandemonium, the exquisite scenes of his Paradise, are all products of the imagination. Fancy moves on a lighter wing; it is governed by laws of association which are more remote, and sometimes arbitrary or capricious. Hence the term fanciful , which exhibits fancy in its wilder flights. It has for its actuating spirit feelings of a lively, gay, and versatile character; it seeks to please by unexpected combinations of thought, startling contrasts, flashes of brilliant imagery, etc. Pope's Rape of the Lock is an exhibition of fancy which has scarcely its equal in the literature of any country. -- "This, for instance, Wordsworth did in respect of the words ‘imagination' and ‘fancy.' Before he wrote, it was, I suppose, obscurely felt by most that in ‘imagination' there was more of the earnest, in ‘fancy' of the play of the spirit; that the first was a loftier faculty and gift than the second; yet for all this words were continually, and not without loss, confounded. He first, in the preface to his Lyrical Ballads, rendered it henceforth impossible that any one, who had read and mastered what he has written on the two words, should remain unconscious any longer of the important difference between them." Trench.

The same power, which we should call fancy if employed on a production of a light nature, would be dignified with the title of imagination if shown on a grander scale.
C. J. Smith.

Imaginational adjective Pertaining to, involving, or caused by, imagination.

Imaginationalism noun Idealism. J. Grote.

Imaginative adjective [ French imaginatif .]
1. Proceeding from, and characterized by, the imagination, generally in the highest sense of the word.

In all the higher departments of imaginative art, nature still constitutes an important element.
Mure.

2. Given to imagining; full of images, fancies, etc.; having a quick imagination; conceptive; creative.

Milton had a highly imaginative , Cowley a very fanciful mind.
Coleridge.

3. Unreasonably suspicious; jealous. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

-- Im*ag"i*na*tive*ly , adverb -- Im*ag"i*na*tive*ness , noun

Imagine transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Imagined ; present participle & verbal noun Imagining .] [ French imaginer , Latin imaginari , past participle imaginatus , from imago image. See Image .]
1. To form in the mind a notion or idea of; to form a mental image of; to conceive; to produce by the imagination.

In the night, imagining some fear,
How easy is a bush supposed a bear!
Shak.

2. To contrive in purpose; to scheme; to devise; to compass; to purpose. See Compass , transitive verb , 5.

How long will ye imagine mischief against a man?
Ps. lxii. 3.

3. To represent to one's self; to think; to believe. Shak.

Syn. -- To fancy; conceive; apprehend; think; believe; suppose; opine; deem; plan; scheme; devise.

Imagine intransitive verb
1. To form images or conceptions; to conceive; to devise.

2. To think; to suppose.

My sister is not so defenseless left
As you imagine .
Milton.

Imaginer noun One who forms ideas or conceptions; one who contrives. Bacon.

Imaginous adjective Imaginative. [ R.] Chapman.

Imago noun ; plural Imagoes . [ Latin See Image .]
1. An image.

2. (Zoology) The final adult, and usually winged, state of an insect. See Illust. of Ant- lion , and Army worm .

Imam I*man" I*maum" noun [ Arabic imām .]
1. Among the Mohammedans, a minister or priest who performs the regular service of the mosque.

2. A Mohammedan prince who, as a successor of Mohammed, unites in his person supreme spiritual and temporal power.

Imaret noun [ Turk., from Arabic 'imāra .] A lodging house for Mohammedan pilgrims. Moore.

Imbalm transitive verb See Embalm .

Imban transitive verb To put under a ban. [ R.] Barlow.

Imband transitive verb To form into a band or bands. " Imbanded nations." J. Barlow.

Imbank transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Imbanked ; present participle & verbal noun Imbanking .] [ Prefix im- in + bank . Confer Embank .] To inclose or defend with a bank or banks. See Embank .

Imbankment noun The act of surrounding with a bank; a bank or mound raised for defense, a roadway, etc.; an embankment. See Embankment .

Imbannered adjective Having banners.

Imbar transitive verb To bar in; to secure. [ Obsolete]

To imbar their crooked titles.
Shak.

Imbargo noun See Embargo .

Imbark intransitive verb & t. See Embark .