Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Indiadem transitive verb To place or set in a diadem, as a gem or gems.

Indiaman noun ; plural Indiamen A large vessel in the India trade. Macaulay.

Indian adjective [ From India , and this from Indus , the name of a river in Asia, Latin Indus , Greek ..., OPers. Hindu , name of the land on the Indus, Sanskrit sindhu river, the Indus. Confer Hindoo .]


1. Of or pertaining to India proper; also to the East Indies, or, sometimes, to the West Indies.

2. Of or pertaining to the aborigines, or Indians, of America; as, Indian wars; the Indian tomahawk.

3. Made of maize or Indian corn; as, Indian corn, Indian meal, Indian bread, and the like. [ U.S.]

Indian bay (Botany) , a lauraceous tree ( Persea Indica ). -- Indian bean (Botany) , a name of the catalpa. -- Indian berry . (Botany) Same as Cocculus indicus . -- Indian bread . (Botany) Same as Cassava . -- Indian club , a wooden club, which is swung by the hand for gymnastic exercise. -- Indian cordage , cordage made of the fibers of cocoanut husk. -- Indian corn (Botany) , a plant of the genus Zea ( Z. Mays ); the maize, a native of America. See Corn , and Maize . -- Indian cress (Botany) , nasturtium. See Nasturtium , 2. -- Indian cucumber (Botany) , a plant of the genus Medeola ( M. Virginica ), a common in woods in the United States. The white rootstock has a taste like cucumbers. -- Indian currant (Botany) , a plant of the genus Symphoricarpus ( S. vulgaris ), bearing small red berries. -- Indian dye , the puccoon. -- Indian fig . (Botany) (a) The banyan. See Banyan . (b) The prickly pear. -- Indian file , single file; arrangement of persons in a row following one after another, the usual way among Indians of traversing woods, especially when on the war path. -- Indian fire , a pyrotechnic composition of sulphur, niter, and realgar, burning with a brilliant white light. -- Indian grass (Botany) , a coarse, high grass ( Chrysopogon nutans ), common in the southern portions of the United States; wood grass. Gray. -- Indian hemp . (Botany) (a) A plant of the genus Apocynum ( A. cannabinum ), having a milky juice, and a tough, fibrous bark, whence the name. The root it used in medicine and is both emetic and cathartic in properties. (b) The variety of common hemp ( Cannabis Indica ), from which hasheesh is obtained. -- Indian mallow (Botany) , the velvet leaf ( Abutilon Avicennæ ). See Abutilon . -- Indian meal , ground corn or maize. [ U.S.] -- Indian millet (Botany) , a tall annual grass ( Sorghum vulgare ), having many varieties, among which are broom corn, Guinea corn, durra, and the Chinese sugar cane. It is called also Guinea corn . See Durra . -- Indian ox (Zoology) , the zebu. - - Indian paint . See Bloodroot . -- Indian paper . See India paper , under India . -- Indian physic (Botany) , a plant of two species of the genus Gillenia ( G. trifoliata , and G. stipulacea ), common in the United States, the roots of which are used in medicine as a mild emetic; -- called also American ipecac , and bowman's root . Gray. -- Indian pink . (Botany) (a) The Cypress vine ( Ipomœa Quamoclit ); -- so called in the West Indies. (b) See China pink , under China . -- Indian pipe (Botany) , a low, fleshy herb ( Monotropa uniflora ), growing in clusters in dark woods, and having scalelike leaves, and a solitary nodding flower. The whole plant is waxy white, but turns black in drying. -- Indian plantain (Botany) , a name given to several species of the genus Cacalia , tall herbs with composite white flowers, common through the United States in rich woods. Gray. -- Indian poke (Botany) , a plant usually known as the white hellebore ( Veratrum viride ). -- Indian pudding , a pudding of which the chief ingredients are Indian meal, milk, and molasses. -- Indian purple . (a) A dull purple color. (b) The pigment of the same name, intensely blue and black. -- Indian red . (a) A purplish red earth or pigment composed of a silicate of iron and alumina, with magnesia. It comes from the Persian Gulf. Called also Persian red . (b) See Almagra . -- Indian rice (Botany) , a reedlike water grass. See Rice . -- Indian shot (Botany) , a plant of the genus Canna ( C. Indica ). The hard black seeds are as large as swan shot. See Canna . -- Indian summer , in the United States, a period of warm and pleasant weather occurring late in autumn. See under Summer . -- Indian tobacco (Botany) , a species of Lobelia . See Lobelia . -- Indian turnip (Botany) , an American plant of the genus Arisæma . A. triphyllum has a wrinkled farinaceous root resembling a small turnip, but with a very acrid juice. See Jack in the Pulpit , and Wake-robin . -- Indian wheat , maize or Indian corn. -- Indian yellow . (a) An intense rich yellow color, deeper than gamboge but less pure than cadmium. (b) See Euxanthin .

Indian noun
1. A native or inhabitant of India.

2. One of the aboriginal inhabitants of America; -- so called originally from the supposed identity of America with India.

Indianeer noun (Nautical) An Indiaman.

Indical adjective [ From Latin index , indicis , an index.] Indexical. [ R.] Fuller.

Indican noun [ See Indigo .]


1. (Chemistry) A glucoside obtained from woad (indigo plant) and other plants, as a yellow or light brown sirup. It has a nauseous bitter taste, and decomposes on drying. By the action of acids, ferments, etc., it breaks down into sugar and indigo. It is the source of natural indigo.

2. (Physiol. Chem.) An indigo-forming substance, found in urine, and other animal fluids, and convertible into red and blue indigo ( urrhodin and uroglaucin ). Chemically, it is indoxyl sulphate of potash, C 8 H 6 NSO 4 K, and is derived from the indol formed in the alimentary canal. Called also uroxanthin .

Indicant adjective [ Latin indicans , present participle indicare . See Indicate .] Serving to point out, as a remedy; indicating.

Indicant noun That which indicates or points out; as, an indicant of the remedy for a disease.

Indicate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Indicated ; present participle & verbal noun Indicating .] [ Latin indicatus , past participle of indicare to indicate; prefix in- in + dicare to proclaim; akin to dicere to say. See Diction , and confer Indict , Indite .]


1. To point out; to discover; to direct to a knowledge of; to show; to make known.

That turns and turns to indicate
From what point blows the weather.
Cowper.

2. (Medicine) To show or manifest by symptoms; to point to as the proper remedies; as, great prostration of strength indicates the use of stimulants.

3. (Machinery) To investigate the condition or power of, as of steam engine, by means of an indicator.

Syn. -- To show; mark; signify; denote; discover; evidence; evince; manifest; declare; specify; explain; exhibit; present; reveal; disclose; display.

Indicated adjective Shown; denoted; registered; measured.

Indicated power . See Indicated horse power , under Horse power .

Indication noun [ Latin indicatio : confer French indication .]


1. Act of pointing out or indicating.

2. That which serves to indicate or point out; mark; token; sign; symptom; evidence.

The frequent stops they make in the most convenient places are plain indications of their weariness.
Addison.

3. Discovery made; information. Bentley.

4. Explanation; display. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

5. (Medicine) Any symptom or occurrence in a disease, which serves to direct to suitable remedies.

Syn. -- Proof; demonstration; sign; token; mark; evidence; signal.

Indicative adjective [ Latin indicativus : confer French indicatif .]


1. Pointing out; bringing to notice; giving intimation or knowledge of something not visible or obvious.

That truth is productive of utility, and utility indicative of truth, may be thus proved.
Bp. Warburton.

2. (Fine Arts) Suggestive; representing the whole by a part, as a fleet by a ship, a forest by a tree, etc.

Indicative mood (Gram.) , that mood or form of the verb which indicates, that is, which simply affirms or denies or inquires; as, he writes ; he is not writing ; has the mail arrived ?

Indicative noun (Gram.) The indicative mood.

Indicatively adverb In an indicative manner; in a way to show or signify.

Indicator (ĭn"dĭ*kā`tẽr) noun [ Latin : confer French indicateur .]


1. One who, or that which, shows or points out; as, a fare indicator in a street car.

2. (Machinery) A pressure gauge; a water gauge, as for a steam boiler; an apparatus or instrument for showing the working of a machine or moving part ; as: (a) (Steam Engine) An instrument which draws a diagram showing the varying pressure in the cylinder of an engine or pump at every point of the stroke. It consists of a small cylinder communicating with the engine cylinder and fitted with a piston which the varying pressure drives upward more or less against the resistance of a spring. A lever imparts motion to a pencil which traces the diagram on a card wrapped around a vertical drum which is turned back and forth by a string connected with the piston rod of the engine. See Indicator card (below). (b) A telltale connected with a hoisting machine, to show, at the surface, the position of the cage in the shaft of a mine, etc.

3. (Mech.) The part of an instrument by which an effect is indicated, as an index or pointer.

4. (Zoology) Any bird of the genus Indicator and allied genera. See Honey guide , under Honey .

5. (Chemistry) That which indicates the condition of acidity, alkalinity, or the deficiency, excess, or sufficiency of a standard reagent, by causing an appearance, disappearance, or change of color, as in titration or volumetric analysis.

» The common indicators are litmus, tropæolin, phenol phthalein, potassic permanganate, etc.

Indicator card , the figure drawn by an engine indicator, by means of which the working of the engine can be investigated and its power calculated. The Illustration shows one form of indicator card, from a steam engine, together with scales by which the pressure of the steam above or below that of the atmosphere, corresponding to any position of the engine piston in its stroke, can be measured. Called also indicator diagram . - - Indicator telegraph , a telegraph in which the signals are the deflections of a magnetic needle, as in the trans- Atlantic system.

Indicatory (ĭn"dĭ*kȧ*to*rȳ; 277) adjective Serving to show or make known; showing; indicative; signifying; implying.

Indicatrix noun [ New Latin ] (Geom. of Three Dimensions) A certain conic section supposed to be drawn in the tangent plane to any surface, and used to determine the accidents of curvature of the surface at the point of contact. The curve is similar to the intersection of the surface with a parallel to the tangent plane and indefinitely near it. It is an ellipse when the curvature is synclastic, and an hyperbola when the curvature is anticlastic.

Indicavit noun [ Latin , he has indicated.] (Eng. Law) A writ of prohibition against proceeding in the spiritual court in certain cases, when the suit belongs to the common-law courts. Wharton (Law Dict. ).

Indice noun [ French indice indication, index. See Index .] Index; indication. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Indices noun plural See Index .

Indicia noun plural [ Latin , plural of indicium , from index an index.] (Law) Discriminating marks; signs; tokens; indications; appearances. Burrill.

Indicible adjective [ French] Unspeakable. [ Obsolete]

Indicolite noun [ Latin indicum indigo + -lite : confer French indicolithe .] (Min.) A variety of tourmaline of an indigo-blue color.

Indict (-dīt") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Indicted (- dīt"ĕd); present participle & verbal noun Indicting .] [ Middle English enditen . See Indite .]


1. To write; to compose; to dictate; to indite. [ Obsolete]

2. To appoint publicly or by authority; to proclaim or announce. [ Obsolete]

I am told shall have no Lent indicted this year.
Evelyn.

3. (Law) To charge with a crime, in due form of law, by the finding or presentment of a grand jury; to find an indictment against; as, to indict a man for arson. It is the peculiar province of a grand jury to indict , as it is of a house of representatives to impeach .

Indictable adjective Capable of being, or liable to be, indicted; subject to indictment; as, an indictable offender or offense.

Indictee noun (Law) A person indicted.

Indicter noun One who indicts.

Indiction noun [ Latin indictio : confer French indiction . See Indict , Indite .]


1. Declaration; proclamation; public notice or appointment. [ Obsolete] " Indiction of a war." Bacon.

Secular princes did use to indict, or permit the indiction of, synods of bishops.
Jer. Taylor.

2. A cycle of fifteen years.

» This mode of reckoning time is said to have been introduced by Constantine the Great, in connection with the payment of tribute. It was adopted at various times by the Greek emperors of Constantinople, the popes, and the parliaments of France. Through the influence of the popes, it was extensively used in the ecclesiastical chronology of the Middle Ages. The number of indictions was reckoned at first from 312 adjective d. , but since the twelfth century it has been reckoned from the birth of Christ. The papal indiction is the only one ever used at the present day. To find the indiction and year of the indiction by the first method, subtract 312 from the given year a.d. , and divide by 15; by the second method, add 3 to the given year a.d. , and the divide by 15. In either case, the quotient is the number of the current indiction, and the remainder the year of the indiction. See Cycle of indiction , under Cycle .

Indictive adjective [ Latin indictivus . See Indict .] Proclaimed; declared; public. Kennet.

Indictment noun [ Confer Inditement .]


1. The act of indicting, or the state of being indicted.

2. (Law) The formal statement of an offense, as framed by the prosecuting authority of the State, and found by the grand jury.

» To the validity of an indictment a finding by the grand jury is essential, while an information rests only on presentation by the prosecuting authority.

3. An accusation in general; a formal accusation.

Bill of indictment . See under Bill .

Indictor noun (Law) One who indicts. Bacon.

Indies noun plural A name designating the East Indies, also the West Indies.

Our king has all the Indies in his arms.
Shak.

Indifference noun [ Latin indifferentia similarity, want of difference: confer French indifférence .]


1. The quality or state of being indifferent, or not making a difference; want of sufficient importance to constitute a difference; absence of weight; insignificance.

2. Passableness; mediocrity.

3. Impartiality; freedom from prejudice, prepossession, or bias.

He . . . is far from such indifference and equity as ought and must be in judges which he saith I assign.
Sir T. More.

4. Absence of anxiety or interest in respect to what is presented to the mind; unconcernedness; as, entire indifference to all that occurs.

Indifference can not but be criminal, when it is conversant about objects which are so far from being of an indifferent nature, that they are highest importance.
Addison.

Syn. -- Carelessness; negligence; unconcern; apathy; insensibility; coldness; lukewarmness.

Indifferency noun Absence of interest in, or influence from, anything; unconcernedness; equilibrium; indifferentism; indifference. Gladstone.

To give ourselves to a detestable indifferency or neutrality in this cause.
Fuller.

Moral liberty . . . does not, after all, consist in a power of indifferency , or in a power of choosing without regard to motives.
Hazlitt.

Indifferent adjective [ French indifférent , Latin indifferens . See In- not, and Different .]


1. Not making a difference; having no influence or preponderating weight; involving no preference, concern, or attention; of no account; without significance or importance.

Dangers are to me indifferent .
Shak.

Everything in the world is indifferent but sin.
Jer. Taylor.

His slightest and most indifferent acts . . . were odious in the clergyman's sight.
Hawthorne.

2. Neither particularly good, not very bad; of a middle state or quality; passable; mediocre.

The staterooms are in indifferent order.
Sir W. Scott.

3. Not inclined to one side, party, or choice more than to another; neutral; impartial.

Indifferent in his choice to sleep or die.
Addison.

4. Feeling no interest, anxiety, or care, respecting anything; unconcerned; inattentive; apathetic; heedless; as, to be indifferent to the welfare of one's family.

It was a law of Solon, that any person who, in the civil commotions of the republic, remained neuter, or an indifferent spectator of the contending parties, should be condemned to perpetual banishment.
Addison.

5. (Law) Free from bias or prejudice; impartial; unbiased; disinterested.

In choice of committees for ripening business for the counsel, it is better to choose indifferent persons than to make an indifferency by putting in those that are strong on both sides.
Bacon.

Indifferent tissue (Anat.) , the primitive, embryonic, undifferentiated tissue, before conversion into connective, muscular, nervous, or other definite tissue.

Indifferent adverb To a moderate degree; passably; tolerably. [ Obsolete] "News indifferent good." Shak.

Indifferentism noun [ Confer French indifférentisme .]


1. State of indifference; want of interest or earnestness; especially, a systematic apathy regarding what is true or false in religion or philosophy; agnosticism.

The indifferentism which equalizes all religions and gives equal rights to truth and error.
Cardinal Manning.

2. (Metaph.) Same as Identism .

3. (R. C. Ch.) A heresy consisting in an unconcern for any particular creed, provided the morals be right and good. Gregory XVI.

Indifferentist noun One governed by indifferentism.

Indifferently adverb In an indifferent manner; without distinction or preference; impartially; without concern, wish, affection, or aversion; tolerably; passably.

That they may truly and indifferently minister justice, to the punishment of wickedness and vice, and to the maintenance of thy true religion, and virtue.
Book of Com. Prayer [ Eng. Ed. ]

Set honor in one eye and death i' the other,
And I will look on both indifferently .
Shak.

I hope it may indifferently entertain your lordship at an unbending hour.
Rowe.

Indifulvin noun [ Indi can + Latin fulvus reddish yellow.] (Chemistry) A reddish resinous substance, obtained from indican.

Indifuscin noun [ Indi can + Latin fuscus dusky.] (Chemistry) A brown amorphous powder, obtained from indican.

Indigeen noun Same as Indigene . Darwin.

Indigence noun [ Latin indigentia : confer French indigence . See Indigent .] The condition of being indigent; want of estate, or means of comfortable subsistence; penury; poverty; as, helpless indigence . Cowper.

Syn. -- Poverty; penury; destitution; want; need; privation; lack. See Poverty .

Indigency noun Indigence.

New indigencies founded upon new desires.
South.

Indigene noun [ Latin indigena : confer French indigène . See Indigenous .] One born in a country; an aboriginal animal or plant; an autochthon. Evelyn. Tylor.

Indigenous adjective [ Latin indigenus , indigena , from OL. indu (fr. in in) + the root of Latin gignere to beget, bear. See In , and Gender .]


1. Native; produced, growing, or living, naturally in a country or climate; not exotic; not imported.

Negroes were all transported from Africa and are not indigenous or proper natives of America.
Sir T. Browne.

In America, cotton, being indigenous , is cheap.
Lion Playas.

2. Native; inherent; innate.

Joy and hope are emotions indigenous to the human mind.
I. Taylor.

Indigent adjective [ Latin indigent , Latin indigens , past participle of indigere to stand in need of, from OL. indu (fr. in- in) + Latin egere to be needy, to need.]


1. Wanting; void; free; destitute; -- used with of . [ Obsolete] Bacon.

2. Destitute of property or means of comfortable subsistence; needy; poor; in want; necessitous.

Indigent faint souls past corporal toil.
Shak.

Charity consists in relieving the indigent .
Addison.

Indigently adverb In an indigent manner.