Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Indulgence noun [ Latin indulgentia : confer French indulgence .]


1. The act of indulging or humoring; the quality of being indulgent; forbearance of restrain or control.

If I were a judge, that word indulgence should never issue from my lips.
Tooke.

They err, that through indulgence to others, or fondness to any sin in themselves, substitute for repentance anything less.
Hammond.

2. An indulgent act; favor granted; gratification.

If all these gracious indulgences are without any effect on us, we must perish in our own folly.
Rogers.

3. (R. C. Ch.) Remission of the temporal punishment due to sins, after the guilt of sin has been remitted by sincere repentance; absolution from the censures and public penances of the church. It is a payment of the debt of justice to God by the application of the merits of Christ and his saints to the contrite soul through the church. It is therefore believed to diminish or destroy for sins the punishment of purgatory.

Indulgence transitive verb To grant an indulgence to.

Indulgency noun Indulgence. Dryden.

Indulgent adjective [ Latin indulgens , -entis , present participle of indulgere : confer French indulgent . See Indulge .] Prone to indulge; yielding to the wishes, humor, or appetites of those under one's care; compliant; not opposing or restraining; tolerant; mild; favorable; not severe; as, an indulgent parent. Shak.

The indulgent censure of posterity.
Waller.

The feeble old, indulgent of their ease.
Dryden.

Indulgential adjective Relating to the indulgences of the Roman Catholic Church. Brevint.

Indulgently adverb In an indulgent manner; mildly; favorably. Dryden.

Indulger noun One who indulges. W. Montagu.

Indulgiate transitive verb To indulge. [ R.] Sandys.

Induline noun [ Perh. from ind igo.] (Chemistry) (a) Any one of a large series of aniline dyes, colored blue or violet, and represented by aniline violet. (b) A dark green amorphous dyestuff, produced by the oxidation of aniline in the presence of copper or vanadium salts; -- called also aniline black .

Indult, Indulto noun [ Latin indultum indulgence, favor, from indultus , past participle of indulgere : confer Italian indulto , French indult . See Indulge .]


1. A privilege or exemption; an indulgence; a dispensation granted by the pope.

2. (Spain) A duty levied on all importations.

Indument noun [ Latin indumentum a covering. See Indue , and confer Induement .] (Zoology) Plumage; feathers.

Induplicate adjective (Botany) (a) Having the edges bent abruptly toward the axis; -- said of the parts of the calyx or corolla in æstivation. (b) Having the edges rolled inward and then arranged about the axis without overlapping; - - said of leaves in vernation.

Induplicative adjective (Botany) (a) Having induplicate sepals or petals in æstivation. (b) Having induplicate leaves in vernation.

Indurance noun [ Obsolete] See Endurance .

Indurate adjective [ Latin induratus , past participle of indurare to harden. See Endure .]


1. Hardened; not soft; indurated. Tyndale.

2. Without sensibility; unfeeling; obdurate.

Indurate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Indurated ; present participle & verbal noun Indurating .]


1. To make hard; as, extreme heat indurates clay; some fossils are indurated by exposure to the air.

2. To make unfeeling; to deprive of sensibility; to render obdurate.

Indurate intransitive verb To grow hard; to harden, or become hard; as, clay indurates by drying, and by heat.

Indurated adjective Hardened; as, indurated clay; an indurated heart. Goldsmith.

Induration noun [ Confer French induration , Latin induratio hardness of heart.]


1. The act of hardening, or the process of growing hard.

2. State of being indurated, or of having become hard.

3. Hardness of character, manner, sensibility, etc.; obduracy; stiffness; want of pliancy or feeling.

A certain induration of character had arisen from long habits of business.
Coleridge.

Indusial adjective [ See Indusium .] Of, pertaining to, or containing, the petrified cases of the larvæ of certain insects.

Indusial limestone (Geol.) , a fresh- water limestone, largely composed of the agglomerated cases of caddice worms, or larvæ of caddice flies ( Phryganea ). It is found in Miocene strata of Auvergne, France, and some other localities.

Indusiate, Indusiated adjective (Botany) Furnished with an indusium.

Indusium noun ; plural Indusia (-ȧ). [ Latin , an under garment, from induere to put on: confer French indusie the covering of the seed spots of ferns.] (Botany) (a) A collection of hairs united so as to form a sort of cup, and inclosing the stigma of a flower. (b) The immediate covering of the fruit dots or sori in many ferns, usually a very thin scale attached by the middle or side to a veinlet. (c) A peculiar covering found in certain fungi.

Industrial adjective [ Confer French industriel , Late Latin industrialis . See Industry .] Consisting in industry; pertaining to industry, or the arts and products of industry; concerning those employed in labor, especially in manual labor, and their wages, duties, and rights.

The great ideas of industrial development and economic social amelioration.
M. Arnold.

Industrial exhibition , a public exhibition of the various industrial products of a country, or of various countries. -- Industrial school , a school for teaching one or more branches of industry; also, a school for educating neglected children, and training them to habits of industry.

Industrialism noun
1. Devotion to industrial pursuits; labor; industry. J. S. Mill.

2. The principles or policy applicable to industrial pursuits or organized labor.

Industrialism must not confounded with industriousness.
H. Spencer.

Industrially adverb With reference to industry.

Industrious adjective [ Latin industrius , industriosus : confer French industrieux . See Industry .]


1. Given to industry; characterized by diligence; constantly, regularly, or habitually occupied; busy; assiduous; not slothful or idle; -- commonly implying devotion to lawful and useful labor.

Frugal and industrious men are commonly friendly to the established government.
Sir W. Temple.

2. Steadily and perseveringly active in a particular pursuit or aim; as, he was negligent in business, but industrious in pleasure; an industrious mischief maker.

Industrious to seek out the truth of all things.
Spenser.

-- In*dus"tri*ous*ly , adverb -- In*dus"tri*ous*ness , noun

Industry noun ; plural Industries . [ Latin industria , confer industrius diligent; of uncertain origin: confer French industrie .]


1. Habitual diligence in any employment or pursuit, either bodily or mental; steady attention to business; assiduity; -- opposed to sloth and idleness ; as, industry pays debts, while idleness or despair will increase them.

We are more industrious than our forefathers, because in the present times the funds destined for the maintenance of industry are much greater in proportion to those which are likely to be employed in the maintenance of idleness, than they were two or three centuries ago.
A. Smith.

2. Any department or branch of art, occupation, or business; especially, one which employs much labor and capital and is a distinct branch of trade; as, the sugar industry ; the iron industry ; the cotton industry .

3. (Polit. Econ.) Human exertion of any kind employed for the creation of value, and regarded by some as a species of capital or wealth; labor.

Syn. -- Diligence; assiduity; perseverance; activity; laboriousness; attention. See Diligence .

Indutive adjective [ Latin indutus , past participle of induere to put on. See Indue .] (Botany) Covered; -- applied to seeds which have the usual integumentary covering.

Induviate adjective (Botany) Covered with induviæ, as the upper part of the trunk of a palm tree.

Induviæ noun plural [ Latin , clothes, from induere to put on. See Indue .] (Botany) Persistent portions of a calyx or corolla; also, leaves which do not disarticulate from the stem, and hence remain for a long time.

Indwell transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Indwelt ; present participle & verbal noun Indwelling .] To dwell in; to abide within; to remain in possession.

The Holy Ghost became a dove, not as a symbol, but as a constantly indwelt form.
Milman.

Indweller noun An inhabitant. Spenser.

Indwelling noun Residence within, as in the heart.

The personal indwelling of the Spirit in believers.
South.

Inearth transitive verb To inter. [ R.] Southey.

Inebriant adjective [ Latin inebrians , present participle of inebriare . See Inebriate .] Intoxicating.

Inebriant noun Anything that intoxicates, as opium, alcohol, etc.; an intoxicant. Smart.

Inebriate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inebriated ; present participle & verbal noun Inebriating .] [ Latin inebriatus , past participle of inebriare ; prefix in- in + ebriare to make drunk, from ebrius drunk. See Ebriety .]


1. To make drunk; to intoxicate.

The cups
That cheer but not inebriate .
Cowper.

2. Fig.: To disorder the senses of; to exhilarate or elate as if by spirituous drink; to deprive of sense and judgment; also, to stupefy.

The inebriating effect of popular applause.
Macaulay.

Inebriate intransitive verb To become drunk. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Inebriate adjective [ Latin inebriatus , past participle ] Intoxicated; drunk; habitually given to drink; stupefied.

Thus spake Peter, as a man inebriate and made drunken with the sweetness of this vision, not knowing what he said.
Udall.

Inebriate noun One who is drunk or intoxicated; esp., an habitual drunkard; as, an asylum for inebriates .

Some inebriates have their paroxysms of inebriety.
E. Darwin.

Inebriation noun [ Latin inebriatio .] The condition of being inebriated; intoxication; figuratively, deprivation of sense and judgment by anything that exhilarates, as success. Sir T. Browne.

Preserve him from the inebriation of prosperity.
Macaulay.

Syn. -- See Drunkenness .

Inebriety noun [ See Inebriate , Ebriety .] Drunkenness; inebriation. E. Darwin.

Inebrious adjective Intoxicated, or partially so; intoxicating. [ R.] T. Brown.

Inedible adjective [ Late Latin inedibilis . See In- not, and Edible .] Not edible; not fit for food. -- In*ed`i*bil"i*ty noun

Inedited adjective Not edited; unpublished; as, an inedited manuscript. T. Warton.

Inée noun [ French] An arrow poison, made from an apocynaceous plant ( Strophanthus hispidus ) of the Gaboon country; -- called also onaye .

Ineffability noun [ Latin ineffabilitas : confer French ineffabilité .] The quality or state of being ineffable; ineffableness; unspeakableness.

Ineffable adjective [ Latin ineffabilis : confer French ineffable . See In- not, and Effable , Fame .] Incapable of being expressed in words; unspeakable; unutterable; indescribable; as, the ineffable joys of heaven.

Contentment with our lot . . . will diffuse ineffable contentment over the soul.
Beattie.

Ineffableness noun The quality or state of being ineffable or unutterable; unspeakableness.

Ineffably adverb In a manner not to be expressed in words; unspeakably. Milton.