Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Incle noun Same as Inkle .

Inclemency noun ; plural Inclemencies . [ Latin inclementia : confer French inclémence .]


1. The state or quality of being inclement; want of clemency; want of mildness of temper; unmercifulness; severity.

The inclemency of the late pope.
Bp. Hall.

2. Physical severity or harshness (commonly in respect to the elements or weather); roughness; storminess; rigor; severe cold, wind, rain, or snow.

The inclemencies of morning air.
Pope.

The rude inclemency of wintry skies.
Cowper.

Syn. -- Harshness; severity; cruelty; rigor; roughness; storminess; boisterousness.

Inclement adjective [ Latin inclemens ; prefix in- not + clemens mild: confer French inclément . See Clement .]


1. Not clement; destitute of a mild and kind temper; void of tenderness; unmerciful; severe; harsh.

2. Physically severe or harsh (generally restricted to the elements or weather); rough; boisterous; stormy; rigorously cold, etc.; as, inclement weather. Cowper.

The guard the wretched from the inclement sky.
Pope.

Teach us further by what means to shun
The inclement seasons, rain, ice, hail, and snow!
Milton.

Inclemently adverb In an inclement manner.

Inclinable adjective [ Latin inclinabilis . See Incline .]


1. Leaning; tending.

Likely and inclinable to fall.
Bentley.

2. Having a propensity of will or feeling; leaning in disposition; disposed; propense; as, a mind inclinable to truth.

Whatsoever other sins he may be inclinable to.
South.

The very constitution of a multitude is not so inclinable to save as to destroy.
Fuller.

Inclinableness noun The state or quality of being inclinable; inclination.

Inclination noun [ Latin inclinatio : confer French inclination .]
1. The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a leaning; as, an inclination of the head.

2. A direction or tendency from the true vertical or horizontal direction; as, the inclination of a column, or of a road bed.

3. A tendency towards another body or point.

4. (Geom.) The angle made by two lines or planes; as, the inclination of the plane of the earth's equator to the plane of the ecliptic is about 23° 28′; the inclination of two rays of light.

5. A leaning or tendency of the mind, feelings, preferences, or will; propensity; a disposition more favorable to one thing than to another; favor; desire; love.

A mere inclination to a thing is not properly a willing of that thing.
South.

How dost thou find the inclination of the people?
Shak.

6. A person or thing loved or admired. Sir W. Temple.

7. (Pharm.) Decantation, or tipping for pouring.

Inclination compass , an inclinometer. - - Inclination of an orbit (Astron.) , the angle which the orbit makes with the ecliptic. -- Inclination of the needle . See Dip of the needle , under Dip .

Syn. -- Bent; tendency; proneness; bias; proclivity; propensity; prepossession; predilection; attachment; desire; affection; love. See Bent , and confer Disposition .

Inclinatory adjective Having the quality of leaning or inclining; as, the inclinatory needle. -- In*clin"a*to*ri*ly adverb Sir T. Browne.

Incline intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inclined ; present participle & verbal noun Inclining .] [ Middle English inclinen , enclinen , Old French encliner , incliner , French incliner , Latin inclinare ; prefix in- in + clinare to bend, incline; akin to English lean . See Lean to incline.]


1. To deviate from a line, direction, or course, toward an object; to lean; to tend; as, converging lines incline toward each other; a road inclines to the north or south.

2. Fig.: To lean or tend, in an intellectual or moral sense; to favor an opinion, a course of conduct, or a person; to have a propensity or inclination; to be disposed.

Their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech.
Judges ix. 3.

Power finds its balance, giddy motions cease
In both the scales, and each inclines to peace.
Parnell.

3. To bow; to incline the head. Chaucer.

Syn. -- To lean; slope; slant; tend; bend.

Incline transitive verb
1. To cause to deviate from a line, position, or direction; to give a leaning, bend, or slope to; as, incline the column or post to the east; incline your head to the right.

Incline thine ear, O Lord, and hear.
Is. xxxvii. 17.

2. To impart a tendency or propensity to, as to the will or affections; to turn; to dispose; to influence.

Incline my heart unto thy testimonies.
Ps. cxix. 36.

Incline our hearts to keep this law.
Book of Com. Prayer.

3. To bend; to cause to stoop or bow; as, to incline the head or the body in acts of reverence or civility.

With due respect my body I inclined .
Dryden.

Incline noun An inclined plane; an ascent or descent; a grade or gradient; a slope.

Inclined past participle & adjective
1. Having a leaning or tendency towards, or away from, a thing; disposed or moved by wish, desire, or judgment; as, a man inclined to virtue. "Each pensively inclined ." Cowper.

2. (Math.) Making an angle with some line or plane; -- said of a line or plane.

3. (Botany) Bent out of a perpendicular position, or into a curve with the convex side uppermost.

Inclined plane . (Mech.) (a) A plane that makes an oblique angle with the plane of the horizon; a sloping plane. When used to produce pressure, or as a means of moving bodies, it is one of the mechanical powers, so called. (b) (Railroad & Canal) An inclined portion of track, on which trains or boats are raised or lowered from one level to another.

Incliner noun One who, or that which, inclines; specifically, an inclined dial.

Inclining adjective (Botany) Same as Inclined , 3.

Inclining noun
1. Inclination; disposition.

On the first inclining towards sleep.
Burke.

2. Party or side chosen; a following.

Both you of my inclining , and the rest.
Shak.

Inclinnometer noun [ Incline + -meter .] (Magnetism) An apparatus to determine the inclination of the earth's magnetic force to the plane of the horizon; -- called also inclination compass , and dip circle .

Inclip transitive verb To clasp; to inclose.

Whate'er the ocean pales, or sky inclips .
Shak.

Incloister transitive verb [ Prefix in- in + cloister : confer French encloîtrer . Confer Encloister .] To confine as in a cloister; to cloister. Lovelace.

Inclose transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inclosed ; present participle & verbal noun Inclosing .] [ See Enclose , and confer Include .] [ Written also enclose .]


1. To surround; to shut in; to confine on all sides; to include; to shut up; to encompass; as, to inclose a fort or an army with troops; to inclose a town with walls.

How many evils have inclosed me round!
Milton.

2. To put within a case, envelope, or the like; to fold (a thing) within another or into the same parcel; as, to inclose a letter or a bank note.

The inclosed copies of the treaty.
Sir W. Temple.

3. To separate from common grounds by a fence; as, to inclose lands. Blackstone.

4. To put into harness; to harness. [ Obsolete]

They went to coach and their horse inclose .
Chapman.

Incloser noun One who, or that which, incloses; one who fences off land from common grounds.

Inclosure noun [ See Inclose , Enclosure .] [ Written also enclosure .]


1. The act of inclosing; the state of being inclosed, shut up, or encompassed; the separation of land from common ground by a fence.

2. That which is inclosed or placed within something; a thing contained; a space inclosed or fenced up.

Within the inclosure there was a great store of houses.
Hakluyt.

3. That which incloses; a barrier or fence.

Breaking our inclosures every morn.
W. Browne.

Incloud transitive verb To envelop as in clouds; to darken; to obscure. Milton.

Include transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Included ; present participle & verbal noun Including .] [ Latin includere , inclusum ; prefix in- in + claudere to shut. See Close , and confer Enclose .]


1. To confine within; to hold; to contain; to shut up; to inclose; as, the shell of a nut includes the kernel; a pearl is included in a shell.

2. To comprehend or comprise, as a genus the species, the whole a part, an argument or reason the inference; to contain; to embrace; as, this volume of Shakespeare includes his sonnets; he was included in the invitation to the family; to and including page twenty-five.

The whole included race, his purposed prey.
Milton.

The loss of such a lord includes all harm.
Shak.

3. To conclude; to end; to terminate. [ Obsolete]

Come, let us go; we will include all jars
With triumphs, mirth, and rare solemnity.
Shak.

Syn. -- To contain; inclose; comprise; comprehend; embrace; involve.

Included adjective Inclosed; confined.

Included stamens (Botany) , such as are shorter than the floral envelopes, or are concealed within them.

Includible adjective Capable of being included.

Inclusa noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin inclusus , past participle of includere to shut in.] (Zoology) A tribe of bivalve mollusks, characterized by the closed state of the mantle which envelops the body. The ship borer ( Teredo navalis ) is an example.

Inclusion noun [ Latin inclusio : confer French inclusion . See Include .]


1. The act of including, or the state of being included; limitation; restriction; as, the lines of inclusion of his policy. Sir W. Temple.

2. (Min.) A foreign substance, either liquid or solid, usually of minute size, inclosed in the mass of a mineral.

Inclusive adjective [ Confer French inclusif .]


1. Inclosing; encircling; surrounding.

The inclusive verge
Of golden metal that must round my brow.
Shak.

2. Comprehending the stated limit or extremes; as, from Monday to Saturday inclusive , that is, taking in both Monday and Saturday; -- opposed to exclusive .

Inclusively adverb In an inclusive manner.

Incoach transitive verb To put a coach.

Incoact, Incoacted adjective [ Latin incoactus ; prefix in- not + coactus forced. See Coact .] Not compelled; unconstrained. [ Obsolete] Coles.

Incoagulable adjective Not coagulable.

Incoalescence noun The state of not coalescing.

Incocted adjective [ Confer Concoct .] Raw; indigestible. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Incoercible adjective [ Prefix in- not + coercible : confer French incoercible .]


1. Not to be coerced; incapable of being compelled or forced.

2. (Physics) Not capable of being reduced to the form of a liquid by pressure; -- said of any gas above its critical point; -- also particularly of oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and carbon monoxide, formerly regarded as incapable of liquefaction at any temperature or pressure.

3. (Physics) That can note be confined in, or excluded from, vessels, like ordinary fluids, gases, etc.; -- said of the imponderable fluids, heat, light, electricity, etc.

Incoexistence noun The state of not coexisting. [ Obsolete] Locke.

Incog adverb Incognito. [ Colloq.]

Depend upon it -- he'll remain incog .
Addison.

Incogitable adjective [ Latin incogitabilis ; prefix in- not + cogitabilis cogitable.] Not cogitable; inconceivable. Sir T. More.

Incogitance, Incogitancy noun [ Latin incogitantia .] Want of thought, or of the power of thinking; thoughtlessness; unreasonableness.

'T is folly and incogitancy to argue anything, one way or the other, from the designs of a sort of beings with whom we so little communicate.
Glanvill.

Incogitant adjective [ Latin incogitans ; prefix in- not + cogitans , present participle of cogitare to think. See Cogitate .] Thoughtless; inconsiderate. [ R.] Milton.

Men are careless and incogitant .
J. Goodman.

Incogitantly adverb In an incogitant manner.

Incogitative adjective Not cogitative; not thinking; wanting the power of thought; as, a vegetable is an incogitative being. Locke.

Incogitativity noun The quality of being incogitative; want of thought or of the power of thinking. Wollaston.

Incognita noun [ See Incognito .]


1. A woman who is unknown or in disguise.

2. The state of being in disguise; -- said of a woman.

Incognitant adjective Ignorant. [ Obsolete]

Incognito adjective or adverb [ Italian incognito , masc., incognita , fem., Latin incognitus unknown; prefix in- not + cognitus known, past participle of cognoscere : confer French incognito , from It . See Cognition .] Without being known; in disguise; in an assumed character, or under an assumed title; -- said esp. of great personages who sometimes adopt a disguise or an assumed character in order to avoid notice.

'T was long ago
Since gods come down incognito .
Prior.

The prince royal of Persia came thither incognito .
Tatler.

Incognito noun ; plural Incognitos . [ See Incognito , adjective ]


1. One unknown or in disguise, or under an assumed character or name.

2. The assumption of disguise or of a feigned character; the state of being in disguise or not recognized.

His incognito was endangered.
Sir W. Scott.

Incognizable adjective Not cognizable; incapable of being recognized, known, or distinguished. H. Spenser.

The Lettish race, not a primitive stock of the Slavi, but a distinct branch, now become incognizable .
Tooke.

Incognizance noun Failure to cognize, apprehended, or notice.

This incognizance may be explained.
Sir W. Hamilton.

Incognizant adjective Not cognizant; failing to apprehended or notice.

Of the several operations themselves, as acts of volition, we are wholly incognizant .
Sir W. Hamilton.