Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Incenser noun One who instigates or incites.

Incension noun [ Latin incensio . See Incense to inflame.] The act of kindling, or the state of being kindled or on fire. Bacon.

Incensive adjective Tending to excite or provoke; inflammatory. Barrow.

Incensor noun [ Latin ] A kindler of anger or enmity; an inciter.

Incensory noun ; plural Incensories . [ Late Latin incensorium : confer French encensoir . See 2d Incense , and confer Censer .] The vessel in which incense is burned and offered; a censer; a thurible. [ R.] Evelyn.

Incensurable adjective [ Prefix in- not + censurable : confer French incensurable .] Not censurable. Dr. T. Dwight. -- In*cen"sur*a*bly , adverb

Incenter noun (Geom.) The center of the circle inscribed in a triangle.

Incentive adjective [ Latin incentivus , from incinere to strike up or set the tune; prefix in- + canere to sing. See Enchant , Chant .]


1. Inciting; encouraging or moving; rousing to action; stimulative.

Competency is the most incentive to industry.
Dr. H. More.

2. Serving to kindle or set on fire. [ R.]

Part incentive reed
Provide, pernicious with one touch of fire.
Milton.

Incentive noun [ Latin incentivum .] That which moves or influences the mind, or operates on the passions; that which incites, or has a tendency to incite, to determination or action; that which prompts to good or ill; motive; spur; as, the love of money, and the desire of promotion, are two powerful incentives to action.

The greatest obstacles, the greatest terrors that come in their way, are so far from making them quit the work they had begun, that they rather prove incentives to them to go on in it.
South.

Syn. -- Motive; spur; stimulus; incitement; encouragement; inducement; influence.

Incentively adverb Incitingly; encouragingly.

Inception noun [ Latin inceptio , from incipere to begin; prefix in- in + capere to take. See Capable .]


1. Beginning; commencement; initiation. Bacon.

Marked with vivacity of inception , apathy of progress, and prematureness of decay.
Rawle.

2. Reception; a taking in. [ R.] Poe.

Inceptive adjective Beginning; expressing or indicating beginning; as, an inceptive proposition; an inceptive verb, which expresses the beginning of action; -- called also inchoative . -- In*cep"tive*ly , adverb

Inceptive noun An inceptive word, phrase, or clause.

Inceptor noun [ Latin ]
1. A beginner; one in the rudiments. Johnson.

2. One who is on the point of taking the degree of master of arts at an English university. Walton.

Inceration noun [ Latin incerare to smear with wax; prefix in- in + cerare to wax, from cera wax: confer French incération .] The act of smearing or covering with wax. B. Jonson.

Incerative adjective Cleaving or sticking like wax. Cotgrave.

Incertain noun [ Prefix in- not + certain : confer French incertain , Latin incertus . See Certain .] Uncertain; doubtful; unsteady. -- In*cer"tain*ly , adverb

Very questionable and of uncertain truth.
Sir T. Browne.

Incertainty noun Uncertainty. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Incertitude noun [ Confer French incertitude , Late Latin incertitudo , from Latin incertus . See Incertain .] Uncertainty; doubtfulness; doubt.

The incertitude and instability of this life.
Holland.

He fails . . . from mere incertitude or irresolution.
I. Taylor.

Incertum adjective Doubtful; not of definite form.

Opus incertum (Anc. Arch.) , a kind of masonry employed in building walls, in which the stones were not squared nor laid in courses; rubblework.

Incessable adjective [ Latin incessabilis ; prefix in- not + cessare to cease.] Unceasing; continual. [ Obsolete] Shelton. -- In*ces"sa*bly , adverb [ Obsolete]

Incessancy noun [ From Incessant .] The quality of being incessant; unintermitted continuance; unceasingness. Dr. T. Dwight.

Incessant adjective [ Latin incessans , -antis ; prefix in- not + cessare to cease: confer French incessant . See Cease .] Continuing or following without interruption; unceasing; unitermitted; uninterrupted; continual; as, incessant clamors; incessant pain, etc.

Against the castle gate,
. . . Which with incessant force and endless hate,
They batter'd day and night and entrance did await.
Spenser.

Syn. -- Unceasing; uninterrupted; unintermitted; unremitting; ceaseless; continual; constant; perpetual.

Incessantly adverb Unceasingly; continually. Shak.

Incession noun [ Latin incedere , incessum , to walk.] Motion on foot; progress in walking. [ Obsolete]

The incession or local motion of animals.
Sir T. Browne.

Incest noun [ French inceste , Latin incestum unchastity, incest, from incestus unchaste; prefix in- not + castus chaste. See Chaste .] The crime of cohabitation or sexual commerce between persons related within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law. Shak.

Spiritual incest . (Eccl. Law) (a) The crime of cohabitation committed between persons who have a spiritual alliance by means of baptism or confirmation. (b) The act of a vicar, or other beneficiary, who holds two benefices, the one depending on the collation of the other.

Incesttuous adjective [ Latin incestuosus : confer French incestueux .] Guilty of incest; involving, or pertaining to, the crime of incest; as, an incestuous person or connection. Shak.

Ere you reach to this incestuous love,
You must divine and human rights remove.
Dryden.

-- In*cest"tu*ous*ly , adverb -- In*cest"tu*ous*ness , noun

Inch noun [ Gael. inis .] An island; -- often used in the names of small islands off the coast of Scotland, as in Inch colm, Inch keith, etc. [ Scot.]

Inch noun [ Middle English inche , unche , Anglo-Saxon ynce , Latin uncia the twelfth part, inch, ounce. See Ounce a weight.]


1. A measure of length, the twelfth part of a foot, commonly subdivided into halves, quarters, eights, sixteenths, etc., as among mechanics. It was also formerly divided into twelve parts, called lines , and originally into three parts, called barleycorns , its length supposed to have been determined from three grains of barley placed end to end lengthwise. It is also sometimes called a prime (′), composed of twelve seconds (′′), as in the duodecimal system of arithmetic.

12 seconds (′′) make 1 inch or prime. 12 inches or primes (′) make 1 foot.
B. Greenleaf.

» The meter, the accepted scientific standard of length, equals 39.37 inches; the inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters. See Metric system , and Meter .

2. A small distance or degree, whether of time or space; hence, a critical moment.

Beldame, I think we watched you at an inch .
Shak.

By inches , by slow degrees, gradually. -- Inch of candle . See under Candle . -- Inches of pressure , usually, the pressure indicated by so many inches of a mercury column, as on a steam gauge. -- Inch of water . See under Water . -- Miner's inch , (Hydraulic Mining) , a unit for the measurement of water. See Inch of water , under Water .

Inch transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inched ; present participle & verbal noun Inching .]


1. To drive by inches, or small degrees. [ R.]

He gets too far into the soldier's grace
And inches out my master.
Dryden.

2. To deal out by inches; to give sparingly. [ R.]

Inch intransitive verb To advance or retire by inches or small degrees; to move slowly.

With slow paces measures back the field,
And inches to the walls.
Dryden.

Inch adjective Measuring an inch in any dimension, whether length, breadth, or thickness; -- used in composition; as, a two- inch cable; a four- inch plank.

Inch stuff , boards, etc., sawed one inch thick.

Inchamber transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inchambered ; present participle & verbal noun Inchambering .] [ Prefix in- in + chamber : confer Old French enchambrer .] To lodge in a chamber. [ R.] Sherwood.

Inchangeability noun Unchangeableness. [ Obsolete] Kenrick.

Inchant transitive verb See Enchant .

Incharitable adjective [ Confer French incharitable .] Uncharitable; unfeeling. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Incharity noun [ Confer French incharité .] Want of charity. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.

Inchase transitive verb See Enchase .

Inchastity noun [ Prefix in- not + chastity : confer French inchasteté .] Unchastity. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Inched adjective Having or measuring (so many) inches; as, a four- inched bridge. Shak.

Inchest transitive verb To put into a chest.

Inchipin noun See Inchpin .

Inchmeal noun [ See Meal a part, and confer Piecemeal .] A piece an inch long.

By inchmeal , by small degrees; by inches. Shak.

Inchmeal adverb Little by little; gradually.

Inchoate adjective [ Latin inchoatus , better incohatus , past participle of incohare to begin.] Recently, or just, begun; beginning; partially but not fully in existence or operation; existing in its elements; incomplete. -- In"cho*ate*ly , adverb

Neither a substance perfect, nor a substance inchoate .
Raleigh.

Inchoate transitive verb To begin. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.

Inchoation noun [ Latin inchoatio , incohatio .] Act of beginning; commencement; inception.

The setting on foot some of those arts, in those parts, would be looked on as the first inchoation of them.
Sir M. Hale.

It is now in actual progress, from the rudest inchoation to the most elaborate finishing.
I. Taylor.

Inchoative adjective [ Latin inchoativus , incohativus : confer French inchoatif .] Expressing or pertaining to a beginning; inceptive; as, an inchoative verb. "Some inchoative or imperfect rays." W. Montagu. -- noun An inchoative verb. See Inceptive .

Inchpin noun [ Written also inchipin , inche-pinne , inne-pinne .] [ Confer Gael. inne , innidh , bowel, entrail.] The sweetbread of a deer. Cotgrave.

Inchworm noun (Zoology) The larva of any geometrid moth. See Geometrid .