Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Hesperetin noun (Chemistry) A white, crystalline substance having a sweetish taste, obtained by the decomposition of hesperidin, and regarded as a complex derivative of caffeic acid.

Hesperian adjective [ Latin hesperius , from hesperus the evening star, Greek ... evening, ... ... the evening star. Confer Vesper .] Western; being in the west; occidental. [ Poetic] Milton.

Hesperian noun A native or an inhabitant of a western country. [ Poetic] J. Barlow.

Hesperian adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to a family of butterflies called Hesperidæ , or skippers. -- noun Any one of the numerous species of Hesperidæ ; a skipper.

Hesperid adjective & noun (Zoology) Same as 3d Hesperian .

Hesperidene noun [ See Hesperidium .] (Chemistry) An isomeric variety of terpene from orange oil.

Hesperides noun plural [ Latin , from Greek ....]


1. (Class. Myth.) The daughters of Hesperus, or Night (brother of Atlas), and fabled possessors of a garden producing golden apples, in Africa, at the western extremity of the known world. To slay the guarding dragon and get some of these apples was one of the labors of Hercules. Called also Atlantides .

2. The garden producing the golden apples.

It not love a Hercules,
Still climbing trees in the Hesperides ?
Shak.

Hesperidin noun [ See Hesperidium .] (Chemistry) A glucoside found in ripe and unripe fruit (as the orange), and extracted as a white crystalline substance.

Hesperidium noun [ New Latin So called in allusion to the golden apples of the Hesperides. See Hesperides .] (Botany) A large berry with a thick rind, as a lemon or an orange.

Hesperornis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... western + ..., ..., a bird.] (Paleon.) A genus of large, extinct, wingless birds from the Cretaceous deposits of Kansas, belonging to the Odontornithes. They had teeth, and were essentially carnivorous swimming ostriches. Several species are known. See Illust. in Append.

Hesperus noun [ Latin See Hesper .]
1. Venus when she is the evening star; Hesper.

2. Evening. [ Poetic]

The Sun was sunk, and after him the Star
Of Hesperus .
Milton.

Hessian adjective Of or relating to Hesse, in Germany, or to the Hessians.

Hessian boots , or Hessians , boot of a kind worn in England, in the early part of the nineteenth century, tasseled in front. Thackeray. -- Hessian cloth , or Hessians , a coarse hempen cloth for sacking. -- Hessian crucible . See under Crucible . -- Hessian fly (Zoology) , a small dipterous fly or midge ( Cecidomyia destructor ). Its larvæ live between the base of the lower leaves and the stalk of wheat, and are very destructive to young wheat; -- so called from the erroneous idea that it was brought into America by the Hessian troops, during the Revolution.

Hessian noun
1. A native or inhabitant of Hesse.

2. A mercenary or venal person. [ U. S.]

» This use is a relic of the patriot hatred of the Hessian mercenaries who served with the British troops in the Revolutionary War.

3. plural See Hessian boots and cloth , under Hessian , adjective

Hessite noun [ After H. Hess .] (Min.) A lead-gray sectile mineral. It is a telluride of silver.

Hest noun [ Anglo-Saxon h...s , from h...tan to call, bid. See Hight , and confer Behest .] Command; precept; injunction. [ Archaic] See Behest . "At thy hest ." Shak.

Let him that yields obey the victor's hest .
Fairfax.

Yet I thy hest will all perform, at full.
Tennyson.

Hestern, Hesternal adjective [ Latin hesternus ; akin to heri yesterday.] Pertaining to yesterday. [ Obsolete] See Yester , adjective Ld. Lytton.

Hesychast noun [ Greek ... hermit, from ... to be still or quiet, from ... still, calm.] One of a mystical sect of the Greek Church in the fourteenth century; a quietist. Brande & C.

Hetairism, Hetarism noun [ Greek ... a companion, a concubine, fem. of ... a comrade.] A supposed primitive state of society, in which all the women of a tribe were held in common. H. Spencer. -- Het`a*ris"tic adjective

Hetchel transitive verb Same as Hatchel .

Hete transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Hete , later Het .] Variant of Hote . [ Obsolete]

But one avow to greate God I hete .
Chaucer.

Heterœcious adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ... house.] (Botany) Passing through the different stages in its life history on an alternation of hosts, as the common wheat-rust fungus ( Puccinia graminis ), and certain other parasitic fungi; -- contrasted with autœcious . -- Het`er*œ"cism noun

Heteracanth adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ... a spine.] (Zoology) Having the spines of the dorsal fin unsymmetrical, or thickened alternately on the right and left sides.

Heterarchy noun [ Hetero- + -archy .] The government of an alien. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Heterauxesis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... the other + ... growth.] (Botany) Unequal growth of a cell, or of a part of a plant.

Hetero- [ Greek "e`teros other.] A combining form signifying other , other than usual , different ; as, hetero clite, hetero dox, hetero gamous.

Heterocarpism noun [ Hetero- + Greek ... fruit.] (Botany) The power of producing two kinds of reproductive bodies, as in Amphicarpæa , in which besides the usual pods, there are others underground.

Heterocarpous adjective (Botany) Characterized by heterocarpism.

Heterocephalous adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ... head.] (Botany) Bearing two kinds of heads or capitula; -- said of certain composite plants.

Heterocera noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... other + ... horn.] (Zoology) A division of Lepidoptera, including the moths, and hawk moths, which have the antennæ variable in form.

Heterocercal adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ... tail.] (Anat.) Having the vertebral column evidently continued into the upper lobe of the tail, which is usually longer than the lower one, as in sharks.

Heterocercy noun [ Hetero- + Greek ... a tail.] (Anat.) Unequal development of the tail lobes of fishes; the possession of a heterocercal tail.

Heterochromous adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ... color.] (Botany) Having the central florets of a flower head of a different color from those of the circumference.

Heterochronism, Heterochrony noun [ Greek ... of different times; ... other + ... time.] (Biol.) In evolution, a deviation from the typical sequence in the formation of organs or parts.

Heteroclite adjective [ Latin heteroclitus , Greek ...; ... other + ... to lean, incline, inflect: confer French hétéroclite .] Deviating from ordinary forms or rules; irregular; anomalous; abnormal.

Heteroclite noun
1. (Gram.) A word which is irregular or anomalous either in declension or conjugation, or which deviates from ordinary forms of inflection in words of a like kind; especially, a noun which is irregular in declension.

2. Any thing or person deviating from the common rule, or from common forms. Howell.

Heteroclitic, Heteroclitical adjective [ See Heteroclite .] Deviating from ordinary forms or rules; irregular; anomalous; abnormal.

Heteroclitous adjective Heteroclitic. [ Obsolete]

Heterocyst noun [ Hetero- + cyst .] (Botany) A cell larger than the others, and of different appearance, occurring in certain algæ related to nostoc.

Heterodactyl adjective (Zoology) Heterodactylous. -- noun One of the Heterodactylæ.

Heterodactylous adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ... a toe.] (Zoology) Having the first and second toes turned backward, as in the trogons.

Heterodactylæ noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... other + ... a finger.] (Zoology) A group of birds including the trogons.

Heterodont adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ..., ... a tooth.] (Anat.) Having the teeth differentiated into incisors, canines, and molars, as in man; -- opposed to homodont .

Heterodont noun (Zoology) Any animal with heterodont dentition.

Heterodox adjective [ Greek ...; ... other + ... opinion; confer French hétérodoxe .]
1. Contrary to, or differing from, some acknowledged standard, as the Bible, the creed of a church, the decree of a council, and the like; not orthodox; heretical; -- said of opinions, doctrines, books, etc., esp. upon theological subjects.

Raw and indigested, heterodox , preaching.
Strype.

2. Holding heterodox opinions, or doctrines not orthodox; heretical; -- said of persons. Macaulay.

-- Het"er*o*dox`ly , adverb -- Het"er*o*dox`ness , noun

Heterodox noun An opinion opposed to some accepted standard. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Heterodoxal adjective Not orthodox. Howell.

Heterodoxy noun [ Greek ...: confer French hétérodoxie .] An opinion or doctrine, or a system of doctrines, contrary to some established standard of faith, as the Scriptures, the creed or standards of a church, etc.; heresy. Bp. Bull.

Heterodromous adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ... to run.]
1. (Botany) Having spirals of changing direction. Gray.

2. (Mech.) Moving in opposite directions; -- said of a lever, pulley, etc., in which the resistance and the actuating force are on opposite sides of the fulcrum or axis.

Heterogamous adjective [ Hetero- + Greek ga`mos marriage: confer French hétérogame .] (Bot. & Biol.) (a) The condition of having two or more kinds of flowers which differ in regard to stamens and pistils, as in the aster. (b) Characterized by heterogamy.

Hetæra He*tai"ra noun ; plural -ræ . [ New Latin See Hetairism .] (Gr. Antiq.) A female paramour; a mistress, concubine, or harlot. -- He*tæ"ric , He*tai"ric adjective