Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hereto adverb To this; hereunto. Hooker.
Heretoch, Heretog noun [ Anglo-Saxon heretoga , heretoha ; here army + teón to draw, lead; akin to Old Saxon heritogo , Old High German herizogo , German herzog duke.] (AS. Antiq.) The leader or commander of an army; also, a marshal. Blackstone.
Heretofore adverb Up to this time; hitherto; before; in time past. Shak.
Hereunto adverb Unto this; up to this time; hereto.
Hereupon adverb On this; hereon.
Herewith adverb With this.
Herie transitive verb
[ See Hery
.] To praise; to worship.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Heriot noun [ Anglo-Saxon heregeatu military equipment, heriot; here army + geatwe , plural, arms, equipments.] (Eng. Law) Formerly, a payment or tribute of arms or military accouterments, or the best beast, or chattel, due to the lord on the death of a tenant; in modern use, a customary tribute of goods or chattels to the lord of the fee, paid on the decease of a tenant. Blackstone. Bouvier. Heriot custom , a heriot depending on usage. -- Heriot service (Law) , a heriot due by reservation in a grant or lease of lands. Spelman. Blackstone.
Heriotable adjective Subject to the payment of a heriot. Burn.
Herisson noun [ French hérisson , prop., hedgehog.] (fort.) A beam or bar armed with iron spikes, and turning on a pivot; -- used to block up a passage.
Heritability noun The state of being heritable.
[ Old French héritable
. See Heritage
.] 1. Capable of being inherited or of passing by inheritance; inheritable. 2. Capable of inheriting or receiving by inheritance.
This son shall be legitimate and heritable . Sir M. Hale. Heritable rights (Scots Law)
, rights of the heir; rights to land or whatever may be intimately connected with land; realty. Jacob (Law Dict.).
[ Middle English heritage
, Old French heritage
, French héritage
, from hériter
to inherit, Late Latin heriditare
. See Hereditable
.] 1. That which is inherited, or passes from heir to heir; inheritance.
Part of my heritage , Shak. 2. (Script.) A possession; the Israelites, as God's chosen people; also, a flock under pastoral charge. Joel iii. 2. 1 Peter v. 3.
Which my dead father did bequeath to me.
[ Old French heritance
.] Heritage; inheritance.
Robbing their children of the heritance Southey.
Their fathers handed down
Heritor noun [ Confer Late Latin her...ator , from Latin heres an heir.] A proprietor or landholder in a parish. [ Scot.]
Herl noun (Zoology) Same as Harl , 2.
Herling, Hirling noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) The young of the sea trout. [ Prov. Eng.]
; plural Hermæ
. [ Latin ] See Hermes , 2.
Hermaphrodeity noun Hermaphrodism. B. Jonson.
[ Confer French hermaphrodisme
.] (Biol.) See Hermaphroditism .
Hermaphrodite noun [ Latin hermaphroditus , Greek ..., so called from the mythical story that Hermaphroditus , son of Hermes and Aphrodite, when bathing, became joined in one body with Salmacis, the nymph of a fountain in Caria: confer French hermaphrodite .] (Biol.) An individual which has the attributes of both male and female, or which unites in itself the two sexes; an animal or plant having the parts of generation of both sexes, as when a flower contains both the stamens and pistil within the same calyx, or on the same receptacle. In some cases reproduction may take place without the union of the distinct individuals. In the animal kingdom true hermaphrodites are found only among the invertebrates. See Illust. in Appendix, under Helminths .
Hermaphrodite adjective Including, or being of, both sexes; as, an hermaphrodite animal or flower. Hermaphrodite brig
. (Nautical) See under Brig . Totten.
Hermaphroditic, Hermaphroditical adjective (Biol.) Partaking of the characteristics of both sexes; characterized by hermaphroditism. -- Her*maph`ro*dit"ic*al*ly , adverb
Hermaphroditism noun (Biol.) The union of the two sexes in the same individual, or the combination of some of their characteristics or organs in one individual.
Hermeneutic, Hermeneutical adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to interpret: confer French herméneutique .] Unfolding the signification; of or pertaining to interpretation; exegetical; explanatory; as, hermeneutic theology, or the art of expounding the Scriptures; a hermeneutic phrase.
Hermeneutically adverb According to the principles of interpretation; as, a verse of Scripture was examined hermeneutically .
Hermeneutics noun [ Greek ... (sc. ...).] The science of interpretation and explanation; exegesis; esp., that branch of theology which defines the laws whereby the meaning of the Scriptures is to be ascertained. Schaff- Herzog Encyc.
[ Latin , from Greek ....] 1. (Myth.) See Mercury .
» Hermes Trismegistus
[ Greek 'Ermh^s trisme`gistos
, lit., Hermes thrice greatest] was a late name of Hermes, especially as identified with the Egyptian god Thoth. He was the fabled inventor of astrology and alchemy. 2. (Archæology) Originally, a boundary stone dedicated to Hermes as the god of boundaries, and therefore bearing in some cases a head, or head and shoulders, placed upon a quadrangular pillar whose height is that of the body belonging to the head, sometimes having feet or other parts of the body sculptured upon it. These figures, though often representing Hermes, were used for other divinities, and even, in later times, for portraits of human beings. Called also herma . See Terminal statue , under Terminal .
Hermetic, Hermetical adjective
[ French hermétique
. See Note under Hermes
, 1.] 1. Of, pertaining to, or taught by, Hermes Trismegistus; as, hermetic philosophy. Hence: Alchemical; chemic.
"Delusions of the hermetic
The alchemists, as the people were called who tried to make gold, considered themselves followers of Hermes, and often called themselves Hermetic philosophers. A. B. Buckley. 2. Of or pertaining to the system which explains the causes of diseases and the operations of medicine on the principles of the hermetic philosophy, and which made much use, as a remedy, of an alkali and an acid; as, hermetic medicine. 3. Made perfectly close or air-tight by fusion, so that no gas or spirit can enter or escape; as, an hermetic seal. See Note under Hermetically . Hermetic art
-- Hermetic books
. (a) Books of the Egyptians, which treat of astrology. (b) Books which treat of universal principles, of the nature and orders of celestial beings, of medicine, and other topics.
1. In an hermetical manner; chemically. Boyle. 2. By fusion, so as to form an air-tight closure. » A vessel or tube is hermetically sealed when it is closed completely against the passage of air or other fluid by fusing the extremity; -- sometimes less properly applied to any air-tight closure.
[ Middle English ermite
, French hermite
, Latin eremita
, Greek ..., from ... lonely, solitary. Confer Eremite
.] 1. A person who retires from society and lives in solitude; a recluse; an anchoret; especially, one who so lives from religious motives.
He had been Duke of Savoy, and after a very glorious reign, took on him the habit of a hermit , and retired into this solitary spot. Addison. 2. A beadsman; one bound to pray for another.
[ Obsolete] "We rest your hermits
." Shak. Hermit crab (Zoology)
, a marine decapod crustacean of the family Paguridæ . The species are numerous, and belong to many genera. Called also soldier crab . The hermit crabs usually occupy the dead shells of various univalve mollusks. See Illust. of Commensal .
-- Hermit thrush (Zoology)
, an American thrush ( Turdus Pallasii ), with retiring habits, but having a sweet song.
-- Hermit warbler (Zoology)
, a California wood warbler ( Dendroica occidentalis ), having the head yellow, the throat black, and the back gray, with black streaks.
Hermit noun (Cookery) A spiced molasses cooky, often containing chopped raisins and nuts.
[ Middle English hermitage
, French hermitage
. See Hermit
.] 1. The habitation of a hermit; a secluded residence.
Some forlorn and naked hermitage , Shak. 2.
Remote from all the pleasures of the world.
[ French Vin de l'Hermitage
.] A celebrated French wine, both white and red, of the Department of Drôme.
Hermitary noun [ Confer Late Latin hermitorium , eremitorium .] A cell annexed to an abbey, for the use of a hermit. Howell.
Hermitess noun A female hermit. Coleridge.
Hermitical adjective Pertaining to, or suited for, a hermit. Coventry.
Hermodactyl noun [ New Latin hermodactylus , lit., Hermes' finger; from Greek ... Hermes + ... finger.] (med.) A heart-shaped bulbous root, about the size of a finger, brought from Turkey, formerly used as a cathartic.
Hermogenian noun (Eccl. Hist.) A disciple of Hermogenes , an heretical teacher who lived in Africa near the close of the second century. He held matter to be the fountain of all evil, and that souls and spirits are formed of corrupt matter.
Hern noun (Zoology) A heron; esp., the common European heron. "A stately hern ." Trench.
Hernani noun A thin silk or woolen goods, for women's dresses, woven in various styles and colors.
[ Anglo-Saxon hyrne
.] A corner.
Lurking in hernes and in lanes blind. Chaucer.
, Latin Herniæ
. [ Latin ] (Medicine) A protrusion, consisting of an organ or part which has escaped from its natural cavity, and projects through some natural or accidental opening in the walls of the latter; as, hernia of the brain, of the lung, or of the bowels. Hernia of the abdominal viscera in most common. Called also rupture . Strangulated hernia
, a hernia so tightly compressed in some part of the channel through which it has been protruded as to arrest its circulation, and produce swelling of the protruded part. It may occur in recent or chronic hernia, but is more common in the latter.
Hernial adjective Of, or connected with, hernia.
Herniotomy noun [ Hernia + Greek ... to cut.] (Medicine) A cutting for the cure or relief of hernia; celotomy.
Hernshaw noun Heronshaw. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
; plural Heroes
. [ French héros
, Latin heros
, Greek ....] 1. (Myth.) An illustrious man, supposed to be exalted, after death, to a place among the gods; a demigod, as Hercules. 2. A man of distinguished valor or enterprise in danger, or fortitude in suffering; a prominent or central personage in any remarkable action or event; hence, a great or illustrious person.
Each man is a hero and oracle to somebody. Emerson. 3. The principal personage in a poem, story, and the like, or the person who has the principal share in the transactions related; as Achilles in the Iliad, Ulysses in the Odyssey, and Æneas in the Æneid.
The shining quality of an epic hero . Dryden. Hero worship
, extravagant admiration for great men, likened to the ancient worship of heroes.
Hero worship exists, has existed, and will forever exist, universally among mankind. Carlyle.
Herodian noun (Jewish Hist.) One of a party among the Jews, composed of partisans of Herod of Galilee. They joined with the Pharisees against Christ.
Herodiones noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a heron.] (Zoology) A division of wading birds, including the herons, storks, and allied forms. Called also Herodii . -- He*ro`di*o"nine adjective
Heroess noun A heroine. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
Heroic adjective [ French héroïque , Latin heroïcus , Greek ....] Heroic Age , the age when the heroes, or those called the children of the gods, are supposed to have lived. -- Heroic poetry , that which celebrates the deeds of a hero; epic poetry. -- Heroic treatment or remedies (Medicine) , treatment or remedies of a severe character, suited to a desperate case. -- Heroic verse (Pros.) , the verse of heroic or epic poetry, being in English, German, and Italian the iambic of ten syllables; in French the iambic of twelve syllables; and in classic poetry the hexameter. Syn. -- Brave; intrepid; courageous; daring; valiant; bold; gallant; fearless; enterprising; noble; magnanimous; illustrious.
1. Of or pertaining to, or like, a hero; of the nature of heroes; distinguished by the existence of heroes; as, the heroic age; an heroic people; heroic valor. 2. Worthy of a hero; bold; daring; brave; illustrious; as, heroic action; heroic enterprises. 3. (Sculpture & Painting) Larger than life size, but smaller than colossal; -- said of the representation of a human figure.