Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Heracleonite noun (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Heracleon of Alexandria, a Judaizing Gnostic, in the early history of the Christian church.

Herakline noun [ Greek ... Hercules.] A picrate compound, used as an explosive in blasting.

Herald noun [ Middle English herald , heraud , Old French heralt , heraut , herault , French héraut , Late Latin heraldus , haraldus , from (assumed) Old High German heriwalto , hariwaldo , a (civil) officer who serves the army; hari , heri , army + waltan to manage, govern, German walten ; akin to English wield . See Harry , Wield .]
1. (Antiq.) An officer whose business was to denounce or proclaim war, to challenge to battle, to proclaim peace, and to bear messages from the commander of an army. He was invested with a sacred and inviolable character.

2. In the Middle Ages, the officer charged with the above duties, and also with the care of genealogies, of the rights and privileges of noble families, and especially of armorial bearings. In modern times, some vestiges of this office remain, especially in England. See Heralds' College (below), and King-at-Arms .

3. A proclaimer; one who, or that which, publishes or announces; as, the herald of another's fame. Shak.

4. A forerunner; a a precursor; a harbinger.

It was the lark, the herald of the morn.
Shak.

5. Any messenger. "My herald is returned." Shak.

Heralds' College , in England, an ancient corporation, dependent upon the crown, instituted or perhaps recognized by Richard III. in 1483, consisting of the three Kings-at- Arms and the Chester, Lancaster, Richmond, Somerset, Windsor, and York Heralds, together with the Earl Marshal. This retains from the Middle Ages the charge of the armorial bearings of persons privileged to bear them, as well as of genealogies and kindred subjects; -- called also College of Arms .

Herald transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Heralded ; present participle & verbal noun Heralding .] [ Confer Old French herauder , heraulder .] To introduce, or give tidings of, as by a herald; to proclaim; to announce; to foretell; to usher in. Shak.

Heraldic adjective [ Confer French héraldique .] Of or pertaining to heralds or heraldry; as, heraldic blazoning; heraldic language. T. Warton.

Heraldically adverb In an heraldic manner; according to the rules of heraldry.

Heraldry noun The art or office of a herald; the art, practice, or science of recording genealogies, and blazoning arms or ensigns armorial; also, of marshaling cavalcades, processions, and public ceremonies.

Heraldship noun The office of a herald. Selden.

Herapathite noun [ Named after Dr. Herapath , the discoverer.] (Chemistry) The sulphate of iodoquinine, a substance crystallizing in thin plates remarkable for their effects in polarizing light.

Heraud noun A herald. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Herb noun [ Middle English herbe , erbe , Old French herbe , erbe , French herbe , Latin herba ; perhaps akin to Greek forbh` food, pasture, fe`rbein to feed.]
1. A plant whose stem does not become woody and permanent, but dies, at least down to the ground, after flowering.

» Annual herbs live but one season; biennial herbs flower the second season, and then die; perennial herbs produce new stems year after year.

2. Grass; herbage.

And flocks
Grazing the tender herb .
Milton.

Herb bennet . (Botany) See Bennet . -- Herb Christopher (Botany) , an herb ( Actæa spicata ), whose root is used in nervous diseases; the baneberry. The name is occasionally given to other plants, as the royal fern, the wood betony, etc. -- Herb Gerard (Botany) , the goutweed; -- so called in honor of St. Gerard , who used to be invoked against the gout. Dr. Prior. -- Herb grace , or Herb of grace . (Botany) See Rue . -- Herb Margaret (Botany) , the daisy. See Marguerite . -- Herb Paris (Botany) , an Old World plant related to the trillium ( Paris quadrifolia ), commonly reputed poisonous. -- Herb Robert (Botany) , a species of Geranium ( G. Robertianum .)

Herb-woman noun ; plural Herb-women A woman that sells herbs.

Herbaceous adjective [ Latin herbaceus grassy. See Herb .] Of or pertaining to herbs; having the nature, texture, or characteristics, of an herb; as, herbaceous plants; an herbaceous stem.

Herbage noun [ French See Herb .]


1. Herbs collectively; green food beasts; grass; pasture. "Thin herbage in the plaims." Dryden.

2. (Law.) The liberty or right of pasture in the forest or in the grounds of another man. Blount.

Herbaged adjective Covered with grass. Thomson.

Herbal adjective Of or pertaining to herbs. Quarles.

Herbal noun
1. A book containing the names and descriptions of plants. Bacon.

2. A collection of specimens of plants, dried and preserved; a hortus siccus; an herbarium. Steele.

Herbalism noun The knowledge of herbs.

Herbalist noun One skilled in the knowledge of plants; a collector of, or dealer in, herbs, especially medicinal herbs.

Herbar noun An herb. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Herbarian noun A herbalist.

Herbarist noun A herbalist. [ Obsolete]

Herbarium noun ; plural English Herbariums , Latin Herbaria . [ Late Latin , from Latin herba . See Herb , and confer Arbor , Herbary .]
1. A collection of dried specimens of plants, systematically arranged. Gray.

2. A book or case for preserving dried plants.

Herbarize transitive verb See Herborize .

Herbary noun [ See Herbarium .] A garden of herbs; a cottage garden. T. Warton.

Herber noun [ Old French herbier , Late Latin herbarium . See Herbarium .] A garden; a pleasure garden. [ Obsolete] "Into an herber green." Chaucer.

Herbergage noun [ See Harborage .] Harborage; lodging; shelter; harbor. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Herbergeour noun [ See Harbinger .] A harbinger. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Herbergh, Herberwe noun [ See Harbor .] A harbor. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Herbescent adjective [ Latin herbescens , present participle of herbescere .] Growing into herbs.

Herbid adjective [ Latin herbidus .] Covered with herbs. [ Obsolete] Bailey.

Herbiferous adjective [ Herb + -ferous : confer French herbifére .] Bearing herbs or vegetation.

Herbist noun A herbalist.

Herbivora noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin herba herb + vorare to devour.] (Zoology) An extensive division of Mammalia. It formerly included the Proboscidea, Hyracoidea, Perissodactyla, and Artiodactyla, but by later writers it is generally restricted to the two latter groups (Ungulata). They feed almost exclusively upon vegetation.

Herbivore noun [ Confer French herbivore .] (Zoology) One of the Herbivora. P. H. Gosse.

Herbivorous adjective (Zoology) Eating plants; of or pertaining to the Herbivora.

Herbless adjective Destitute of herbs or of vegetation. J. Warton.

Herblet noun A small herb. Shak.

Herborist noun [ French herboriste .] A herbalist. Ray.

Herborization noun [ French herborisation .]
1. The act of herborizing.

2. The figure of plants in minerals or fossils.

Herborize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Herborized ; present participle & verbal noun Herborizing .] [ French herboriser , for herbariser , from Latin herbarium . See Hebrarium .] To search for plants, or new species of plants, with a view to classifying them.

He herborized as he traveled.
W. Tooke.

Herborize transitive verb To form the figures of plants in; -- said in reference to minerals. See Arborized .

Herborized stones contain fine mosses.
Fourcroy (Trans.)

Herborough noun [ See Harborough , and Harbor .] A harbor. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Herbose, Herbous adjective [ Latin herbosus : confer French herbeux .] Abounding with herbs. "Fields poetically called herbose ." Byrom.

Herby adjective Having the nature of, pertaining to, or covered with, herbs or herbage. " Herby valleys." Chapman.

Hercogamous adjective [ Greek ... a fence + ... marriage.] (Botany) Not capable of self- fertilization; -- said of hermaphrodite flowers in which some structural obstacle forbids autogamy.

Herculean adjective [ Latin herculeus , from Hercules : confer French herculéen . See Hercules .]


1. Requiring the strength of Hercules; hence, very great, difficult, or dangerous; as, an Herculean task.

2. Having extraordinary strength or size; as, Herculean limbs. " Herculean Samson." Milton.

Hercules noun
1. (Gr. Myth.) A hero, fabled to have been the son of Jupiter and Alcmena, and celebrated for great strength, esp. for the accomplishment of his twelve great tasks or "labors."

2. (Astron.) A constellation in the northern hemisphere, near Lyra.

Hercules' beetle (Zoology) , any species of Dynastes , an American genus of very large lamellicorn beetles, esp. D. hercules of South America, which grows to a length of six inches. -- Hercules' club . (Botany) (a) An ornamental tree of the West Indies ( Zanthoxylum Clava-Herculis ), of the same genus with the prickly ash. (b) A variety of the common gourd ( Lagenaria vulgaris ). Its fruit sometimes exceeds five feet in length. (c) The Angelica tree. See under Angelica . -- Hercules powder , an explosive containing nitroglycerin; -- used for blasting.

Hercynian adjective [ Latin Hercynia silva, Hercynius saltus, the Hercynian forest; confer Greek ... ....] Of or pertaining to an extensive forest in Germany, of which there are still portions in Swabia and the Hartz mountains.