Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Herd adjective Haired. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Herd noun [ Middle English herd , heord , Anglo-Saxon heord ; akin to Old High German herta ,G. herde , Icelandic hjör... , Swedish hjord , Danish hiord , Goth. haírda ; confer Sanskrit çardha troop, host.]


1. A number of beasts assembled together; as, a herd of horses, oxen, cattle, camels, elephants, deer, or swine; a particular stock or family of cattle.

The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea.
Gray.

» Herd is distinguished from flock , as being chiefly applied to the larger animals. A number of cattle, when driven to market, is called a drove .

2. A crowd of low people; a rabble.

But far more numerous was the herd of such
Who think too little and who talk too much.
Dryden.

You can never interest the common herd in the abstract question.
Coleridge.

Herd's grass (Botany) , one of several species of grass, highly esteemed for hay. See under Grass .

Herd noun [ Middle English hirde , herde , heorde , Anglo-Saxon hirde , hyrde , heorde ; akin to German hirt , hirte , Old High German hirti , Icelandic hir ... ir , Swedish herde , Danish hyrde , Goth. haírdeis . See 2d Herd .] One who herds or assembles domestic animals; a herdsman; -- much used in composition; as, a shep herd ; a goat herd , and the like. Chaucer.

Herd intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Herded ; present participle & verbal noun Herding .] [ See 2d Herd .]
1. To unite or associate in a herd; to feed or run together, or in company; as, sheep herd on many hills.

2. To associate; to ally one's self with, or place one's self among, a group or company.

I'll herd among his friends, and seem
One of the number.
Addison.

3. To act as a herdsman or a shepherd. [ Scot.]

Herd transitive verb To form or put into a herd.

Herdbook noun A book containing the list and pedigrees of one or more herds of choice breeds of cattle; -- also called herd record , or herd register .

Herder noun A herdsman. [ R.]

Herderite noun [ Named after Baron von Herder , who discovered it.] (Min.) A rare fluophosphate of glucina, in small white crystals.

Herdess noun A shepherdess; a female herder. Sir P. Sidney. Chaucer.

Herdgroom noun A herdsman. [ Obsolete]

Herdic noun [ Named from Peter Herdic , the inventor.] A kind of low-hung cab.

Herdman, Herdsman noun ; plural -men The owner or keeper of a herd or of herds; one employed in tending a herd of cattle.

Herdswoman noun ; plural - women A woman who tends a herd. Sir W. Scott.

Here noun Hair. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Here pron.
1. See Her , their. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. Her; hers. See Her . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Here adverb [ Middle English her , Anglo-Saxon h...r ; akin to Old Saxon h...r , Dutch hier , Old High German hiar , German hier , Icelandic & Goth. h...r , Danish her , Swedish här ; from root of English he . See He .]
1. In this place; in the place where the speaker is; -- opposed to there .

He is not here , for he is risen.
Matt. xxviii. 6.

2. In the present life or state.

Happy here , and more happy hereafter.
Bacon.

3. To or into this place; hither. [ Colloq.] See Thither .

Here comes Virgil.
B. Jonson.

Thou led'st me here .
Byron.

4. At this point of time, or of an argument; now.

The prisoner here made violent efforts to rise.
Warren.

» Here , in the last sense, is sometimes used before a verb without subject; as, Here goes , for Now (something or somebody) goes; -- especially occurring thus in drinking healths. " Here's [ a health] to thee, Dick." Cowley.

Here and there , in one place and another; in a dispersed manner; irregularly. "Footsteps here and there ." Longfellow. -- It is neither, here nor there , it is neither in this place nor in that, neither in one place nor in another; hence, it is to no purpose, irrelevant, nonsense. Shak.

Here-at adverb At, or by reason of, this; as, he was offended hereat . Hooker.

Herea-bout, Hereabouts adverb
1. About this place; in this vicinity.

2. Concerning this. [ Obsolete]

Hereafter adverb [ Anglo-Saxon hēræfter .] In time to come; in some future time or state.

Hereafter he from war shall come.
Dryden.

Hereafter noun A future existence or state.

'Tis Heaven itself that points out an hereafter .
Addison.

Hereafterward adverb Hereafter. [ Obsolete]

Thou shalt hereafterward . . . come.
Chaucer.

Hereby adverb
1. By means of this.

And hereby we do know that we know him.
1 John ii. 3.

2. Close by; very near. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Hereditability noun State of being hereditable. Brydges.

Hereditable adjective [ Late Latin hereditabilis , from hereditare to inherit, from Latin hereditas heirship inheritance, heres heir: confer Old French hereditable . See Heir , and confer Heritable .]
1. Capable of being inherited. See Inheritable . Locke.

2. Qualified to inherit; capable of inheriting.

Hereditably adverb By inheritance. W. Tooke.

Hereditament noun [ Late Latin hereditamentum . See Hereditable .] (Law) Any species of property that may be inherited; lands, tenements, anything corporeal or incorporeal, real, personal, or mixed, that may descend to an heir. Blackstone.

» A corporeal hereditament is visible and tangible; an incorporeal hereditament is not in itself visible or tangible, being an hereditary right, interest, or obligation, as duty to pay rent, or a right of way.

Hereditarily adverb By inheritance; in an hereditary manner. Pope.

Hereditary adjective [ Latin hereditarius , from hereditas heirship, inheritance, from heres heir: confer French héréditaire . See Heir .]
1. Descended, or capable of descending, from an ancestor to an heir at law; received or passing by inheritance, or that must pass by inheritance; as, an hereditary estate or crown.

2. Transmitted, or capable of being transmitted, as a constitutional quality or condition from a parent to a child; as, hereditary pride, bravery, disease.

Syn. -- Ancestral; patrimonial; inheritable.

Heredity noun [ Latin hereditas heirship.] (Biol.) Hereditary transmission of the physical and psychical qualities of parents to their offspring; the biological law by which living beings tend to repeat their characteristics in their descendants. See Pangenesis .

Hereford noun One of a breed of cattle originating in Herefordshire, England. The Herefords are good working animals, and their beef-producing quality is excellent.

Herehence adverb From hence. [ Obsolete]

Herein adverb [ Anglo-Saxon h...rinne .] In this.

Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit.
John xv. 8.

Hereinafter adverb In the following part of this (writing, document, speech, and the like).

Hereinbefore adverb In the preceding part of this (writing, document, book, etc.).

Hereinto adverb Into this. Hooker.

Heremit, Heremite noun [ See Hermit .] A hermit. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Heremitical adjective Of or pertaining to a hermit; solitary; secluded from society. Pope.

Heren adjective Made of hair. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Hereof adverb Of this; concerning this; from this; hence.

Hereof comes it that Prince Harry is valiant.
Shak.

Hereon adverb On or upon this; hereupon.

Hereout adverb Out of this. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Heresiarch noun [ Latin haeresiarcha , Greek ...; ... heresy + ... leader, ... to lead: confer French hérésiarque .] A leader in heresy; the chief of a sect of heretics. Bp. Stillingfleet.

Heresiarchy noun A chief or great heresy. [ R.]

The book itself [ the Alcoran] consists of heresiarchies against our blessed Savior.
Sir T. Herbert.

Heresiographer noun [ See Heresiography .] One who writes on heresies.

Heresiography noun [ Greek ... heresy + -graphy : confer French hérésiographie .] A treatise on heresy.

Heresy noun ; plural Heresies . [ Middle English heresie , eresie , Old French heresie , iresie , French hérésie , Latin haeresis , Greek ... a taking, a taking for one's self, choosing, a choice, a sect, a heresy, from ... to take, choose.]


1. An opinion held in opposition to the established or commonly received doctrine, and tending to promote a division or party, as in politics, literature, philosophy, etc.; -- usually, but not necessarily, said in reproach.

New opinions
Divers and dangerous, which are heresies ,
And, not reformed, may prove pernicious.
Shak.

After the study of philosophy began in Greece, and the philosophers, disagreeing amongst themselves, had started many questions . . . because every man took what opinion he pleased, each several opinion was called a heresy ; which signified no more than a private opinion, without reference to truth or falsehood.
Hobbes.

2. (Theol.) Religious opinion opposed to the authorized doctrinal standards of any particular church, especially when tending to promote schism or separation; lack of orthodox or sound belief; rejection of, or erroneous belief in regard to, some fundamental religious doctrine or truth; heterodoxy.

Doubts 'mongst divines, and difference of texts,
From whence arise diversity of sects,
And hateful heresies by God abhor'd.
Spenser.

Deluded people! that do not consider that the greatest heresy in the world is a wicked life.
Tillotson.

3. (Law) An offense against Christianity, consisting in a denial of some essential doctrine, which denial is publicly avowed, and obstinately maintained.

A second offense is that of heresy , which consists not in a total denial of Christianity, but of some its essential doctrines, publicly and obstinately avowed.
Blackstone.

» "When I call dueling, and similar aberrations of honor, a moral heresy , I refer to the force of the Greek ..., as signifying a principle or opinion taken up by the will for the will's sake, as a proof or pledge to itself of its own power of self- determination, independent of all other motives." Coleridge.

Heretic noun [ Latin haereticus , Greek ... able to choose, heretical, from ... to take, choose: confer French hérétique . See Heresy .]
1. One who holds to a heresy; one who believes some doctrine contrary to the established faith or prevailing religion.

A man that is an heretic , after the first and second admonition, reject.
Titus iii. 10.

2. (R. C. Ch.) One who having made a profession of Christian belief, deliberately and pertinaciously refuses to believe one or more of the articles of faith "determined by the authority of the universal church." Addis & Arnold.

Syn. -- Heretic , Schismatic , Sectarian . A heretic is one whose errors are doctrinal, and usually of a malignant character, tending to subvert the true faith. A schismatic is one who creates a schism , or division in the church, on points of faith, discipline, practice, etc., usually for the sake of personal aggrandizement. A sectarian is one who originates or is an ardent adherent and advocate of a sect , or distinct organization, which separates from the main body of believers.

Heretical adjective Containing heresy; of the nature of, or characterized by, heresy.

Heretically adverb In an heretical manner.

Hereticate transitive verb [ Late Latin haereticatus , past participle of haereticare .] To decide to be heresy or a heretic; to denounce as a heretic or heretical. Bp. Hall.

And let no one be minded, on the score of my neoterism, to hereticate me.
Fitzed. Hall.

Heretification noun The act of hereticating or pronouncing heretical. London Times.