Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fish noun [ French fiche peg, mark, from fisher to fix.] A counter, used in various games.
; plural Fishes
, or collectively
. [ Middle English fisch
, Anglo-Saxon fisc
; akin to Dutch visch
, Old Saxon & Old High German fisk
, German fisch
, Icelandic fiskr
, Swedish & Danish fisk
, Goth. fisks
, Latin piscis
, Ir. iasg
. Confer Piscatorial
. In some cases, such as fish
plate, this word has probably been confused with fish
, from French fiche
a peg.] 1. A name loosely applied in popular usage to many animals of diverse characteristics, living in the water. 2. (Zoology) An oviparous, vertebrate animal usually having fins and a covering scales or plates. It breathes by means of gills, and lives almost entirely in the water. See Pisces .
» The true fishes include the Teleostei (bony fishes), Ganoidei, Dipnoi, and Elasmobranchii or Selachians (sharks and skates). Formerly the leptocardia and Marsipobranciata were also included, but these are now generally regarded as two distinct classes, below the fishes. 3. plural The twelfth sign of the zodiac; Pisces. 4. The flesh of fish, used as food. 5. (Nautical) (a) A purchase used to fish the anchor. (b) A piece of timber, somewhat in the form of a fish, used to strengthen a mast or yard.
is used adjectively or as part of a compound word; as, fish
-bellied. Age of Fishes
. See under Age , noun , 8.
-- Fish ball
, fish (usually salted codfish) shared fine, mixed with mashed potato, and made into the form of a small, round cake.
[ U.S.] -- Fish bar
. Same as Fish plate (below).
-- Fish beam (Mech.)
, a beam one of whose sides (commonly the under one) swells out like the belly of a fish. Francis.
-- Fish crow (Zoology)
, a species of crow ( Corvus ossifragus ), found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It feeds largely on fish.
-- Fish culture
, the artifical breeding and rearing of fish; pisciculture.
-- Fish davit
. See Davit .
-- Fish day
, a day on which fish is eaten; a fast day.
-- Fish duck (Zoology)
, any species of merganser.
-- Fish fall
, the tackle depending from the fish davit, used in hauling up the anchor to the gunwale of a ship.
-- Fish garth
, a dam or weir in a river for keeping fish or taking them easily.
- - Fish glue
. See Isinglass .
-- Fish joint
, a joint formed by a plate or pair of plates fastened upon two meeting beams, plates, etc., at their junction; -- used largely in connecting the rails of railroads.
-- Fish kettle
, a long kettle for boiling fish whole.
-- Fish ladder
, a dam with a series of steps which fish can leap in order to ascend falls in a river.
-- Fish line
, or Fishing line
, a line made of twisted hair, silk, etc., used in angling.
-- Fish louse (Zoology)
, any crustacean parasitic on fishes, esp. the parasitic Copepoda, belonging to Caligus , Argulus , and other related genera. See Branchiura .
-- Fish maw (Zoology)
, the stomach of a fish; also, the air bladder, or sound.
-- Fish meal
, fish desiccated and ground fine, for use in soups, etc.
-- Fish oil
, oil obtained from the bodies of fish and marine animals, as whales, seals, sharks, from cods' livers, etc.
-- Fish owl (Zoology)
, a fish-eating owl of the Old World genera Scotopelia and Ketupa , esp. a large East Indian species ( K. Ceylonensis ).
-- Fish plate
, one of the plates of a fish joint.
-- Fish pot
, a wicker basket, sunk, with a float attached, for catching crabs, lobsters, etc.
-- Fish pound
, a net attached to stakes, for entrapping and catching fish; a weir.
[ Local, U.S.] Bartlett.
-- Fish slice
, a broad knife for dividing fish at table; a fish trowel.
-- Fish slide
, an inclined box set in a stream at a small fall, or ripple, to catch fish descending the current. Knight.
-- Fish sound
, the air bladder of certain fishes, esp. those that are dried and used as food, or in the arts, as for the preparation of isinglass.
-- Fish story
, a story which taxes credulity; an extravagant or incredible narration.
[ Colloq. U.S.] Bartlett.
-- Fish strainer
. (a) A metal colander, with handles, for taking fish from a boiler. (b) A perforated earthenware slab at the bottom of a dish, to drain the water from a boiled fish.
-- Fish trowel
, a fish slice.
-- Fish weir or wear
, a weir set in a stream, for catching fish.
-- Neither fish nor flesh
(Fig.), neither one thing nor the other.
Fish intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fished
; present participle & verbal noun Fishing
.] 1. To attempt to catch fish; to be employed in taking fish, by any means, as by angling or drawing a net. 2. To seek to obtain by artifice, or indirectly to seek to draw forth; as, to fish for compliments.
Any other fishing question. Sir W. Scott.
Fish transitive verb
[ Middle English fischen
, Anglo-Saxon fiscian
; akin to German fischen
, Old High German fisc...n
, Goth. fisk...n
. See Fish
the animal.] 1. To catch; to draw out or up; as, to fish up an anchor. 2. To search by raking or sweeping. Swift. 3. To try with a fishing rod; to catch fish in; as, to fish a stream. Thackeray. 4. To strengthen (a beam, mast, etc.), or unite end to end (two timbers, railroad rails, etc.) by bolting a plank, timber, or plate to the beam, mast, or timbers, lengthwise on one or both sides. See Fish joint , under Fish , noun To fish the anchor
. (Nautical) See under Anchor .
Fish-bellied adjective Bellying or swelling out on the under side; as, a fish-bellied rail. Knight.
Fish-tackle noun A tackle or purchase used to raise the flukes of the anchor up to the gunwale. The block used is called the fish-block .
Fish-tail adjective Like the of a fish; acting, or producing something, like the tail of a fish. Fish-tail burner , a gas burner that gives a spreading flame shaped somewhat like the tail of a fish. -- Fish-tail propeller (Steamship) , a propeller with a single blade that oscillates like the tail of a fish when swimming.
Fisher noun [ Anglo-Saxon fiscere .]
1. One who fishes. 2. (Zoology) A carnivorous animal of the Weasel family ( Mustela Canadensis ); the pekan; the "black cat."
; plural Fishermen 1. One whose occupation is to catch fish. 2. (Nautical) A ship or vessel employed in the business of taking fish, as in the cod fishery.
; plural Fisheries 1. The business or practice of catching fish; fishing. Addison. 2. A place for catching fish. 3. (Law) The right to take fish at a certain place, or in particular waters. Abbott.
Fishful adjective Abounding with fish. [ R.] "My fishful pond." R. Carew.
Fishgig noun A spear with barbed prongs used for harpooning fish. Knight.
Fishhawk noun (Zoology) The osprey ( Pandion haliaëtus ), found both in Europe and America; -- so called because it plunges into the water and seizes fishes in its talons. Called also fishing eagle , and bald buzzard .
1. A hook for catching fish. 2. (Nautical) A hook with a pendant, to the end of which the fish-tackle is hooked. Dana.
Fishify transitive verb To change to fish. [ R.] Shak.
Fishiness noun The state or quality of being fishy or fishlike. Pennant.
1. The act, practice, or art of one who fishes. 2. A fishery. Spenser.
[ From Fishing
] Pertaining to fishing; used in fishery; engaged in fishing; as, fishing boat; fishing tackle; fishing village. Fishing fly
, an artificial fly for fishing.
-- Fishing line
, a line used in catching fish.
-- Fishing net
, a net of various kinds for catching fish; including the bag net, casting net, drag net, landing net, seine, shrimping net, trawl, etc.
-- Fishing rod
, a long slender rod, to which is attached the line for angling.
-- Fishing smack
, a sloop or other small vessel used in sea fishing.
-- Fishing tackle
, apparatus used in fishing, as hook, line, rod, etc.
-- Fishing tube (Micros.)
, a glass tube for selecting a microscopic object in a fluid.
Fishlike adjective Like fish; suggestive of fish; having some of the qualities of fish.
A very ancient and fishlike smell. Shak.
Fishmonger noun A dealer in fish.
Fishskin noun 1. The skin of a fish (dog fish, shark, etc.) 2. (Medicine) See Ichthyosis .
Fishwife noun A fishwoman.
; plural Fishwomen A woman who retails fish.
1. Consisting of fish; fishlike; having the qualities or taste of fish; abounding in fish. Pope. 2. Extravagant, like some stories about catching fish; improbable; also, rank or foul. [ Colloq.]
Fisk intransitive verb
[ Confer Swedish fjeska
to bustle about.] To run about; to frisk; to whisk.
He fisks abroad, and stirreth up erroneous opinions. Latimer.
Fissigemmation noun [ Latin fissus (past participle of findere to split) + English gemmation .] (Biol.) A process of reproduction intermediate between fission and gemmation.
[ Latin fissilis
, from fissus
, past participle of findere
to split. See Fissure
.] Capable of being split, cleft, or divided in the direction of the grain, like wood, or along natural planes of cleavage, like crystals.
This crystal is a pellucid, fissile stone. Sir I. Newton.
Fissilingual adjective [ Latin fissus (past participle of findere to split) + English lingual .] (Zoology) Having the tongue forked.
Fissilinguia noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin fissus (past participle o f findere to split) + lingua tongue.] (Zoology) A group of Lacertilia having the tongue forked, including the common lizards. [ Written also Fissilingues .]
Fissility noun Quality of being fissile.
[ Latin fissio
. See Fissure
.] 1. A cleaving, splitting, or breaking up into parts. 2. (Biol.) A method of asexual reproduction among the lowest (unicellular) organisms by means of a process of self-division, consisting of gradual division or cleavage of the into two parts, each of which then becomes a separate and independent organisms; as when a cell in an animal or plant, or its germ, undergoes a spontaneous division, and the parts again subdivide. See Segmentation , and Cell division , under Division . 3. (Zoology) A process by which certain coral polyps, echinoderms, annelids, etc., spontaneously subdivide, each individual thus forming two or more new ones. See Strobilation .
[ Latin fissus
(past participle of findere
to split) + palma
palm.] (Zoology) Semipalmate and loboped, as a grebe's foot. See Illust. under Aves .
Fissipara noun plural
[ New Latin See Fissiparous
.] (Zoology) Animals which reproduce by fission.
[ See Fissiparous
.] (Biol.) Reproduction by spontaneous fission.
Fissiparity noun (Biol.) Quality of being fissiparous; fissiparism.
[ Latin fissus
(past participle of findere
to split) + parere
to bring forth: confer French fissipare
.] (Biol.) Reproducing by spontaneous fission. See Fission .
Fissipation noun (Biol.) Reproduction by fission; fissiparism.
Fissiped noun (Zoology) One of the Fissipedia.
Fissiped, Fissipedal adjective
[ Confer French fissipède
.] (Zoology) Having the toes separated to the base. [ See Aves .]
Fissipedia noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin fissus (past participle of findere to cleave) + pes , pedis , a foot.] (Zoology) A division of the Carnivora, including the dogs, cats, and bears, in which the feet are not webbed; -- opposed to Pinnipedia .
Fissirostral adjective [ Confer French fissirostre .] (Zoology) Having the bill cleft beyond the horny part, as in the case of swallows and goatsuckers.
Fissirostres noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin fissus (past participle of findere to cleave) + rostrum beak.] (Zoology) A group of birds having the bill deeply cleft.
Fissural adjective Pertaining to a fissure or fissures; as, the fissural pattern of a brain.
Fissuration noun (Anat.) The act of dividing or opening; the state of being fissured.
[ Latin fissura
, from findere
, to cleave, split; akin to English bite
: confer French fissure
.] A narrow opening, made by the parting of any substance; a cleft; as, the fissure of a rock. Cerebral fissures (Anat.)
, the furrows or clefts by which the surface of the cerebrum is divided; esp., the furrows first formed by the infolding of the whole wall of the cerebrum.
-- Fissure needle (Surg.)
, a spiral needle for catching together the gaping lips of wounds. Knight.
-- Fissure of rolando (Anat.)
, the furrow separating the frontal from the parietal lobe in the cerebrum.
-- Fissure of Sylvius (Anat.)
, a deep cerebral fissure separating the frontal from the temporal lobe. See Illust. under Brain .
-- Fissure vein (Mining)
, a crack in the earth's surface filled with mineral matter. Raymond.
Fissure transitive verb To cleave; to divide; to crack or fracture.
Fissurella noun [ New Latin , dim. of Latin fissura a fissure.] (Zoology) A genus of marine gastropod mollusks, having a conical or limpetlike shell, with an opening at the apex; -- called also keyhole limpet .
[ Middle English fist
, Anglo-Saxon fȳst
; akin to Dutch vuist
, Old High German fūst
, German faust
, and probably to Latin pugnus
, Greek pygmh`
with the fist. Confer Pugnacious
.] 1. The hand with the fingers doubled into the palm; the closed hand, especially as clinched tightly for the purpose of striking a blow.
Who grasp the earth and heaven with my fist . Herbert. 2. The talons of a bird of prey.
More light than culver in the falcon's fist . Spenser. 3. (print.) the index mark [ »], used to direct special attention to the passage which follows. Hand over fist (Nautical)
, rapidly; hand over hand.
Fist transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fisted
; present participle & verbal noun Fisting
.] 1. To strike with the fist. Dryden. 2. To gripe with the fist.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
[ From Fist
.] Pertaining to boxing, or to encounters with the fists; puglistic; as, fistic exploits; fistic heroes.