Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fin-toed adjective (Zoology) Having toes connected by a membrane; palmiped; palmated; also, lobate.
Finner noun (Zoology) A finback whale.
Finnic adjective Of or pertaining to the Finns.
Finnikin noun (Zoology) A variety of pigeon, with a crest somewhat resembling the mane of a horse. [ Written also finikin .]
Finnish adjective Of or pertaining to Finland, to the Finns, or to their language. -- noun A Northern Turanian group of languages; the language of the Finns.
Finns noun plural ; sing. Finn . (Ethnol.) (a) Natives of Finland; Finlanders. (b) A branch of the Mongolian race, inhabiting Northern and Eastern Europe, including the Magyars, Bulgarians, Permians, Lapps, and Finlanders. [ Written also Fins .]
Finny adjective 1. (Zoology) Having, or abounding in, fins, as fishes; pertaining to fishes. 2. Abounding in fishes.
With patient angle trolls the finny deep. Goldsmoth.
[ Italian finocchio
fennel, Late Latin fenuclum
. See Fennel
.] (Botany) An umbelliferous plant ( Fœniculum dulce ) having a somewhat tuberous stem; sweet fennel. The blanched stems are used in France and Italy as a culinary vegetable.
Finos noun plural [ Spanish , plural, from fino fine.] Second best wool from Merino sheep. Gardner.
Finsen light [ After Prof. Niels R. Finsen (b. 1860), Danish physician.] (Medicine) Highly actinic light, derived from sunlight or from some form of electric lamp, used in the treatment of lupus and other cutaneous affections.
Fint 3d pers. sing. pr. of Find , for findeth .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
consonant, § 272) noun
[ Dan. & Norw. fiord
. See Frith
.] A narrow inlet of the sea, penetrating between high banks or rocks, as on the coasts of Norway and Alaska.
[ Written also fjord
Fiorin noun [ Confer Ir. fiothran a sort of grass.] (Botany) A species of creeping bent grass ( Agrostis alba ); -- called also fiorin grass .
Fiorite noun (Min.) A variety of opal occuring in the cavities of volcanic tufa, in smooth and shining globular and botryoidal masses, having a pearly luster; - - so called from Fiora , in Ischia.
Fioriture noun plural [ Italian , plural of fioritura a flowering.] (Mus.) Little flowers of ornament introduced into a melody by a singer or player.
Fippenny bit (? or ?). [ Corruption of five penny bit .] The Spanish half real, or one sixteenth of a dollar, - - so called in Pennsylvania and the adjacent States. [ Obsolete] » Before the act of Congress, Feb. 21, 1857, caused the adoption of decimal coins and the withdrawal of foreign coinage from circulation, this coin passed currently for 6¼ cents, and was called in New England a fourpence ha'penny or fourpence ; in New York a sixpence ; in Pennsylvania, Virginia, etc., a fip ; and in Louisiana, a picayune .
Fipple (fẽr) noun [ perh. from Latin fibula a clasp, a pin; confer Prov. English fible a stick used to stir pottage.] A stopper, as in a wind instrument of music. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Fir (fẽr) noun [ Danish fyr , fyrr ; akin to Swedish furu , Icelandic fura , Anglo-Saxon furh in furh wudu fir wood, German föhre , Old High German forha pine, vereh eih a sort of oak, Latin quercus oak.] (Botany) A genus ( Abies ) of coniferous trees, often of large size and elegant shape, some of them valued for their timber and others for their resin. The species are distinguished as the balsam fir , the silver fir , the red fir , etc. The Scotch fir is a Pinus . » Fir in the Bible means any one of several coniferous trees, including, cedar, cypress, and probably three species of pine. J. D. Hooker.
[ Middle English fir
; akin to Dutch vuur
, Old Saxon & Old High German fiur
, German feuer
, Icelandic fȳri
, Greek py^r
, and perhaps to Latin purus
pure, English pure
.] 1. The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of bodies; combustion; state of ignition.
» The form of fire
exhibited in the combustion of gases in an ascending stream or current is called flame
. Anciently, fire
, air, earth, and water were regarded as the four elements of which all things are composed. 2. Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a hearth, or in a stove or a furnace. 3. The burning of a house or town; a conflagration. 4. Anything which destroys or affects like fire. 5. Ardor of passion, whether love or hate; excessive warmth; consuming violence of temper.
he had fire in his temper. Atterbury. 6. Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and zeal.
And bless their critic with a poet's fire . Pope. 7. Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a star.
Stars, hide your fires . Shak.
As in a zodiac Milton. 8. Torture by burning; severe trial or affliction. 9. The discharge of firearms; firing; as, the troops were exposed to a heavy fire . Blue fire
representing the heavenly fires .
, Red fire
, Green fire (Pyrotech.)
, compositions of various combustible substances, as sulphur, niter, lampblack, etc., the flames of which are colored by various metallic salts, as those of antimony, strontium, barium, etc.
-- Fire alarm (a) A signal given on the breaking out of a fire. (b) An apparatus for giving such an alarm.
-- Fire annihilator
, a machine, device, or preparation to be kept at hand for extinguishing fire by smothering it with some incombustible vapor or gas, as carbonic acid.
-- Fire balloon
. (a) A balloon raised in the air by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire placed in the lower part
. (b) A balloon sent up at night with fireworks which ignite at a regulated height. Simmonds.
-- Fire bar
, a grate bar.
-- Fire basket
, a portable grate; a cresset. Knight.
-- Fire beetle
. (Zoology) See in the Vocabulary.
-- Fire blast
, a disease of plants which causes them to appear as if burnt by fire.
-- Fire box
, the chamber of a furnace, steam boiler, etc., for the fire.
-- Fire brick
, a refractory brick, capable of sustaining intense heat without fusion, usually made of fire clay or of siliceous material, with some cementing substance, and used for lining fire boxes, etc.
-- Fire brigade
, an organized body of men for extinguished fires.
-- Fire bucket
. See under Bucket .
-- Fire bug
, an incendiary; one who, from malice or through mania, persistently sets fire to property; a pyromaniac.
[ U.S.] -- Fire clay
. See under Clay .
-- Fire company
, a company of men managing an engine in extinguishing fires.
-- Fire cross
. See Fiery cross .
[ Obsolete] Milton.
-- Fire damp
. See under Damp .
-- Fire dog
. See Firedog , in the Vocabulary.
-- Fire drill
. (a) A series of evolutions performed by fireman for practice
. (b) An apparatus for producing fire by friction, by rapidly twirling a wooden pin in a wooden socket; -- used by the Hindoos during all historic time, and by many savage peoples.
-- Fire eater
. (a) A juggler who pretends to eat fire. (b) A quarrelsome person who seeks affrays; a hotspur.
[ Colloq.] -- Fire engine
, a portable forcing pump, usually on wheels, for throwing water to extinguish fire.
-- Fire escape
, a contrivance for facilitating escape from burning buildings.
-- Fire gilding (Fine Arts)
, a mode of gilding with an amalgam of gold and quicksilver, the latter metal being driven off afterward by heat.
-- Fire gilt (Fine Arts)
, gold laid on by the process of fire gilding.
-- Fire insurance
, the act or system of insuring against fire; also, a contract by which an insurance company undertakes, in consideration of the payment of a premium or small percentage -- usually made periodically -- to indemnify an owner of property from loss by fire during a specified period.
-- Fire irons
, utensils for a fireplace or grate, as tongs, poker, and shovel.
-- Fire main
, a pipe for water, to be used in putting out fire.
-- Fire master (Mil)
, an artillery officer who formerly supervised the composition of fireworks.
-- Fire office
, an office at which to effect insurance against fire.
-- Fire opal
, a variety of opal giving firelike reflections.
-- Fire ordeal
, an ancient mode of trial, in which the test was the ability of the accused to handle or tread upon red-hot irons. Abbot.
-- Fire pan
, a pan for holding or conveying fire, especially the receptacle for the priming of a gun.
-- Fire plug
, a plug or hydrant for drawing water from the main pipes in a street, building, etc., for extinguishing fires.
-- Fire policy
, the writing or instrument expressing the contract of insurance against loss by fire.
-- Fire pot
. (a) (Mil.) A small earthen pot filled with combustibles, formerly used as a missile in war. (b) The cast iron vessel which holds the fuel or fire in a furnace. (c) A crucible. (d) A solderer's furnace.
-- Fire raft
, a raft laden with combustibles, used for setting fire to an enemy's ships.
-- Fire roll
, a peculiar beat of the drum to summon men to their quarters in case of fire.
-- Fire setting (Mining)
, the process of softening or cracking the working face of a lode, to facilitate excavation, by exposing it to the action of fire; -- now generally superseded by the use of explosives. Raymond.
-- Fire ship
, a vessel filled with combustibles, for setting fire to an enemy's ships.
-- Fire shovel
, a shovel for taking up coals of fire.
-- Fire stink
, the stench from decomposing iron pyrites, caused by the formation of sulphureted hydrogen. Raymond.
-- Fire surface
, the surfaces of a steam boiler which are exposed to the direct heat of the fuel and the products of combustion; heating surface.
-- Fire swab
, a swab saturated with water, for cooling a gun in action and clearing away particles of powder, etc. Farrow.
-- Fire teaser
, in England, the fireman of a steam emgine.
-- Fire water
, ardent spirits; -- so called by the American Indians.
-- Fire worship
, the worship of fire, which prevails chiefly in Persia, among the followers of Zoroaster, called Chebers , or Guebers , and among the Parsees of India.
-- Greek fire
. See under Greek .
-- On fire
, burning; hence, ardent; passionate; eager; zealous.
-- Running fire
, the rapid discharge of firearms in succession by a line of troops.
-- St. Anthony's fire
, erysipelas; -- an eruptive fever which St. Anthony was supposed to cure miraculously. Hoblyn.
-- St. Elmo's fire
. See under Saint Elmo .
-- To set on fire
, to inflame; to kindle.
-- To take fire
, to begin to burn; to fly into a passion.
Fire transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fired
; present participle & verbal noun Fring
.] 1. To set on fire; to kindle; as, to fire a house or chimney; to fire a pile. 2. To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln; as, to fire pottery. 3. To inflame; to irritate, as the passions; as, to fire the soul with anger, pride, or revenge.
Love had fired my mind. Dryden. 4. To animate; to give life or spirit to; as, to fire the genius of a young man. 5. To feed or serve the fire of; as, to fire a boiler. 6. To light up as if by fire; to illuminate.
[ The sun] fires the proud tops of the eastern pines. Shak. 7. To cause to explode; as, to fire a torpedo; to disharge; as, to fire a musket or cannon; to fire cannon balls, rockets, etc. 8. To drive by fire.
Till my bad angel fire my good one out. Shak. 9. (Far.) To cauterize. To fire up
, to light up the fires of, as of an engine.
Fire intransitive verb To fire up , to grow irritated or angry. "He . . . fired up , and stood vigorously on his defense." Macaulay.
1. To take fire; to be kindled; to kindle. 2. To be irritated or inflamed with passion. 3. To discharge artillery or firearms; as, they fired on the town.
Fire beetle (Zoology) A very brilliantly luminous beetle ( Pyrophorus noctilucus ), one of the elaters, found in Central and South America; -- called also cucujo . The name is also applied to other species. See Firefly .
Fire-fanged adjective [ Fire + fanged seized.] Injured as by fire; burned; -- said of manure which has lost its goodness and acquired an ashy hue in consequence of heat generated by decomposition.
Fire-new adjective Fresh from the forge; bright; quite new; brand-new. Charles reade.
Your fire-new stamp of honor is scarce current. Shak.
Firearm (-ärm`) noun A gun, pistol, or any weapon from which a shot is discharged by the force of an explosive substance, as gunpowder.
Fireback noun (Zoology) One of several species of pheasants of the genus Euplocamus , having the lower back a bright, fiery red. They inhabit Southern Asia and the East Indies.
Fireball noun (a) (Mil.) A ball filled with powder or other combustibles, intended to be thrown among enemies, and to injure by explosion; also, to set fire to their works and light them up, so that movements may be seen. (b) A luminous meteor, resembling a ball of fire passing rapidly through the air, and sometimes exploding.
Fireball noun Ball, or globular, lightning.
Firebare noun A beacon. [ Obsolete] Burrill.
Firebird noun (Zoology) The Baltimore oriole.
Fireboard noun A chimney board or screen to close a fireplace when not in use.
Firebote noun (O. Eng. Law) An allowance of fuel. See Bote .
1. A piece of burning wood. L'Estrange. 2. One who inflames factions, or causes contention and mischief; an incendiary. Bacon.
Firecracker noun See Cracker ., noun , 3.
Firecrest noun (Zoology) A small European kinglet ( Regulus ignicapillus ), having a bright red crest; -- called also fire-crested wren .
Firedog noun A support for wood in a fireplace; an andiron.
[ Anglo-Saxon fȳrdraca
fire + draca
a dragon. See Fire
, and Drake
a dragon.] [ Obsolete] 1. A fiery dragon. Beau. & Fl. 2. A fiery meteor; an ignis fatuus; a rocket. 3. A worker at a furnace or fire. B. Jonson.
Firefish noun (Zoology) A singular marine fish of the genus Pterois , family Scorpænidæ , of several species, inhabiting the Indo-Pacific region. They are usually red, and have very large spinose pectoral and dorsal fins.
Fireflaire noun [ Fire + Prov. English flaire a ray.] (Zoology) A European sting ray of the genus Trygon ( T. pastinaca ); -- called also fireflare and fiery flaw .
Fireflame noun (Zoology) The European band fish ( Cepola rubescens ).
; plural Fireflies (Zoology) Any luminous winged insect, esp. luminous beetles of the family Lampyridæ .
» The common American species belong to the genera Photinus
, in which both sexes are winged. The name is also applied to luminous species of Elateridæ
. See Fire beetle
Fireless adjective Destitute of fire.
Firelock noun An old form of gunlock, as the flintlock, which ignites the priming by a spark; perhaps originally, a matchlock. Hence, a gun having such a lock.
; plural Firemen
n). 1. A man whose business is to extinguish fires in towns; a member of a fire company. 2. A man who tends the fires, as of a steam engine; a stocker.
Fireplace noun The part a chimney appropriated to the fire; a hearth; -- usually an open recess in a wall, in which a fire may be built.
Fireproof adjective Proof against fire; incombustible.
Fireproofing noun The act or process of rendering anything incombustible; also, the materials used in the process.
Firer noun One who fires or sets fire to anything; an incendiary. [ R.] R. Carew.