Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Filipendulous adjective [ Latin filum a thread + pendulus hanging, from pend...re to hang.] (Botany) Suspended by, or strung upon, a thread; -- said of tuberous swellings in the middle or at the extremities of slender, threadlike rootlets.
; plural Filipinos
. [ Spanish ] A native of the Philippine Islands, specif. one of Spanish descent or of mixed blood.
Then there are Filipinos , -- "children of the country," they are called, -- who are supposed to be pure-blooded descendants of Spanish settlers. But there are few of them without some touch of Chinese or native blood. The Century.
[ See Thill
.] One of the thills or shafts of a carriage. Mortimer. Fill horse
, a thill horse. Shak.
Fill transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Filled
; present participle & verbal noun Filling
.] [ Middle English fillen
, Anglo-Saxon fyllan
, from full
full; akin to Dutch vullen
, German füllen
, Icelandic fylla
, Swedish fylla
, Danish fylde
, Goth. fulljan
. See Full
] 1. To make full; to supply with as much as can be held or contained; to put or pour into, till no more can be received; to occupy the whole capacity of.
The rain also filleth the pools. Ps. lxxxiv. 6.
Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. Anf they filled them up to the brim. John ii. 7. 2. To furnish an abudant supply to; to furnish with as mush as is desired or desirable; to occupy the whole of; to swarm in or overrun.
And God blessed them, saying. Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas. Gen. i. 22.
The Syrians filled the country. 1 Kings xx. 27. 3. To fill or supply fully with food; to feed; to satisfy.
Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude? Matt. xv. 33.
Things that are sweet and fat are more filling . Bacon. 4. To possess and perform the duties of; to officiate in, as an incumbent; to occupy; to hold; as, a king fills a throne; the president fills the office of chief magistrate; the speaker of the House fills the chair. 5. To supply with an incumbent; as, to fill an office or a vacancy. A. Hamilton. 6. (Nautical) (a) To press and dilate, as a sail; as, the wind filled the sails. (b) To trim (a yard) so that the wind shall blow on the after side of the sails. 7. (Civil Engineering) To make an embankment in, or raise the level of (a low place), with earth or gravel. To fill in
, to insert; as, he filled in the figures.
-- To fill out
, to extend or enlarge to the desired limit; to make complete; as, to fill out a bill.
-- To fill up
, to make quite full; to fill to the brim or entirely; to occupy completely; to complete.
"The bliss that fills up
all the mind." Pope.
"And fill up
that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ." Col. i. 24.
Fill intransitive verb 1. To become full; to have the whole capacity occupied; to have an abundant supply; to be satiated; as, corn fills well in a warm season; the sail fills with the wind. 2. To fill a cup or glass for drinking.
Give me some wine; fill full. Shak. To back and fill
. See under Back
, intransitive verb
-- To fill up
, to grow or become quite full; as, the channel of the river fills up with sand.
[ Anglo-Saxon fyllo
. See Fill
, transitive verb
] A full supply, as much as supplies want; as much as gives complete satisfaction.
"Ye shall eat your fill
." Lev. xxv. 19.
I'll bear thee hence, where I may weep my fill . Shak.
Fill noun That which fills; filling; specif., an embankment, as in railroad construction, to fill a hollow or ravine; also, the place which is to be filled.
Filled cheese An inferior kind of cheese made from skim milk with a fatty "filling," such as oleomargarine or lard, to replace the fat removed in the cream.
Filler noun One who, or that which, fills; something used for filling.
'T is mere filler , to stop a vacancy in the hexameter. Dryden.
They have six diggers to four fillers , so as to keep the fillers always at work. Mortimer.
[ From 1st Fill
.] A thill horse.
[ Prov. Eng.]
1. (Paint.) A composition, as of powdered silica and oil, used to fill the pores and grain of wood before applying paint, varnish, etc. 2. (Forestry) Any standing tree or standard higher than the surrounding coppice in the form of forest known as coppice under standards . Chiefly used in the pl .
[ Middle English filet
, from Old French filet
thread, fillet of meat, dim. of fil
a thread, from Latin filum
. See Fille
a row.] 1. A little band, especially one intended to encircle the hair of the head.
A belt her waist, a fillet binds her hair. Pope. 2. (Cooking) A piece of lean meat without bone; sometimes, a long strip rolled together and tied.
» A fillet
of beef is the under side of the sirlom; also called tenderloin
. A fillet
of veal or mutton is the fleshy part of the thigh. A fillet
of fish is a slice of flat fish without bone. " Fillet
of a fenny snake." Shak. 3. A thin strip or ribbon; esp.: (a) A strip of metal from which coins are punched. (b) A strip of card clothing. (c) A thin projecting band or strip. 4. (Machinery) A concave filling in of a reëntrant angle where two surfaces meet, forming a rounded corner. 5. (Architecture) A narrow flat member; especially, a flat molding separating other moldings; a reglet; also, the space between two flutings in a shaft. See Illust. of Base , and Column . 6. (Her.) An ordinary equaling in breadth one fourth of the chief, to the lowest portion of which it corresponds in position. 7. (Mech.) The thread of a screw. 8. A border of broad or narrow lines of color or gilt. 9. The raised molding about the muzzle of a gun. 10. Any scantling smaller than a batten. 11. (Anat.) A fascia; a band of fibers; applied esp. to certain bands of white matter in the brain. 12. (Man.) The loins of a horse, beginning at the place where the hinder part of the saddle rests. Arris fillet
. See under Arris .
Fillet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Filleted
; present participle & verbal noun Filleting
.] To bind, furnish, or adorn with a fillet.
1. (Architecture) The protecting of a joint, as between roof and parapet wall, with mortar, or cement, where flashing is employed in better work. 2. The material of which fillets are made; also, fillets, collectively.
Fillibeg noun A kilt. See Filibeg .
Filling noun 1. That which is used to fill a cavity or any empty space, or to supply a deficiency; as, filling for a cavity in a tooth, a depression in a roadbed, the space between exterior and interior walls of masonry, the pores of open-grained wood, the space between the outer and inner planks of a vessel, etc. 2. The woof in woven fabrics. 3. (Brewing) Prepared wort added to ale to cleanse it. Back filling
. (Architecture) See under Back , adjective
Fillip transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Filliped
; present participle & verbal noun Filliping
.] [ For filp
. Confer Flippant
.] 1. To strike with the nail of the finger, first placed against the ball of the thumb, and forced from that position with a sudden spring; to snap with the finger.
me o' the head." Shak. 2. To snap; to project quickly.
The use of the elastic switch to fillip small missiles with. Tylor.
Fillip noun 1. A jerk of the finger forced suddenly from the thumb; a smart blow. 2. Something serving to rouse or excite.
I take a glass of grog for a filip . Dickens.
Fillister noun Fillister screw had , a short cylindrical screw head, having a convex top.
1. The rabbet on the outer edge of a sash bar to hold the glass and the putty. Knight. 2. A plane for making a rabbet.
; plural Fillies
. [ Confer Icelandic fylia
foal. See Foal
.] 1. (Zoology) A female foal or colt; a young mare. Confer Colt , Foal .
Neighing in likeness of a filly foal. Shak. 2. A lively, spirited young girl.
[ Colloq.] Addison.
[ Anglo-Saxon film
skin, from fell
skin; akin to fylmen
membrane, OFries. filmene
skin. See Fell
skin.] 1. A thin skin; a pellicle; a membranous covering, causing opacity; hence, any thin, slight covering.
He from thick films shall purge the visual ray. Pope. 2. A slender thread, as that of a cobweb.
Her whip of cricket's bone, the lash of film . Shak.
Film transitive verb To cover with a thin skin or pellicle.
It will but skin and film the ulcerous place. Shak.
Film noun (Photog.) The layer, usually of gelatin or collodion, containing the sensitive salts of photographic plates; also, the flexible sheet of celluloid or the like on which this layer is sometimes mounted. Celluloid film (Photog.) , a thin flexible sheet of celluloid, coated with a sensitized emulsion of gelatin, and used as a substitute for photographic plates. -- Cut film (Photog.) , a celluloid film cut into pieces suitable for use in a camera.
Filminess noun State of being filmy.
Filmy adjective Composed of film or films.
Whose filmy cord should bind the struggling fly. Dryden.
Filoplumaceous adjective (Zoology) Having the structure of a filoplume.
Filoplume noun [ Latin filum a thread ... pluma a soft feather.] (Zoology) A hairlike feather; a father with a slender scape and without a web in most or all of its length.
Filose adjective [ Latin filum a thread.] Terminating in a threadlike process.
Filoselle noun [ French, floss silk.] A kind of silk thread less glossy than floss, and spun from coarser material. It is much used in embroidery instead of floss.
[ French, from Latin filius
. See Filial
.] Son; -- sometimes used after a French proper name to distinguish a son from his father, as, Alexandre Dumas, fils .
[ French filtre
, the same word as feutre
felt, Late Latin filtrum
, felt, fulled wool, this being used for straining liquors. See Feuter
.] Any porous substance, as cloth, paper, sand, or charcoal, through which water or other liquid may passed to cleanse it from the solid or impure matter held in suspension; a chamber or device containing such substance; a strainer; also, a similar device for purifying air. Filter bed
, a pond, the bottom of which is a filter composed of sand gravel.
-- Filter gallery
, an underground gallery or tunnel, alongside of a stream, to collect the water that filters through the intervening sand and gravel; -- called also infiltration gallery .
Filter transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Filtered
; present participle & verbal noun Filtering
] [ Confer French filter
. See Filter
, and confer Filtrate
.] To purify or defecate, as water or other liquid, by causing it to pass through a filter. Filtering paper
, or Filter paper
, a porous unsized paper, for filtering.
Filter intransitive verb To pass through a filter; to percolate.
[ Middle English filthe
, Anglo-Saxon f...lð
, from fūl
foul; akin to Old High German fūlida
. See Foul
, and confer File
.] 1. Foul matter; anything that soils or defiles; dirt; nastiness. 2. Anything that sullies or defiles the moral character; corruption; pollution.
To purify the soul from the dross and filth of sensual delights. Tillotson. Filth disease (Medicine)
, a disease supposed to be due to pollution of the soil or water.
Filthily adverb In a filthy manner; foully.
Filthiness noun 1. The state of being filthy.
Let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit. 2 Cor. vii. 1. 2. That which is filthy, or makes filthy; foulness; nastiness; corruption; pollution; impurity.
Carry forth the filthiness out of the holy place. 2 Chron. xxix. 5.
[ Compar. Filthier
; superl. Filthiest
.] Defiled with filth, whether material or moral; nasty; dirty; polluted; foul; impure; obscene.
"In the filthy
-mantled pool." Shak.
He which is filthy let him be filthy still. Rev. xxii. 11. Syn.
-- Nasty; foul; dirty; squalid; unclean; sluttish; gross; vulgar; licentious. See Nasty
Filtrate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Filtrated
; present participle & verbal noun Filtrating
. ] [ Confer Late Latin filtrare
. See Filter
.] To filter; to defecate; as liquid, by straining or percolation. Arbuthnot.
Filtrate noun That which has been filtered; the liquid which has passed through the filter in the process of filtration.
Filtration noun [ Confer French filtration .] The act or process of filtering; the mechanical separation of a liquid from the undissolved particles floating in it.
Fimble noun , or Fim"ble hemp` (fĭm"b'l hĕmp`). [ Corrupted from female hemp .] Light summer hemp, that bears no seed.
; plural Fimbriæ
. [ Latin , fringe. See Fringle
.] (Anat.) (a) plural A fringe, or fringed border. (b) A band of white matter bordering the hippocampus in the brain.
-- Fim"bri*al adjective
[ Latin fimbriatus
fibrous, fringed, from fimbria
fiber, fringe. See Fringe
.] Having the edge or extremity bordered by filiform processes thicker than hairs; fringed; as, the fimbriate petals of the pink; the fimbriate end of the Fallopian tube.
Fimbriate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fimbriated
; present participle & verbal noun Fimbriating
.] To hem; to fringe. Fuller.
1. Having a fringed border; fimbriate. 2. (Her.) Having a very narrow border of another tincture; -- said esp. of an ordinary or subordinary.
1. Fringed; jagged; fimbriate. 2. (Zoology) fringed, on one side only, by long, straight hairs, as the antennæ of certain insects.