Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Filamentoid adjective [ Filament + -oid .] Like a filament.
Filamentous adjective [ Confer French filamenteux .] Like a thread; consisting of threads or filaments. Gray.
Filander noun (Zoology) A species of kangaroo ( Macropus Brunii ), inhabiting New Guinea.
Filanders noun plural [ French filandres , from Latin filum thread.] (Falconry) A disease in hawks, characterized by the presence of small threadlike worms, also of filaments of coagulated blood, from the rupture of a vein; -- called also backworm . Sir T. Browne.
Filar adjective [ Latin filum a thread.] Of or pertaining to a thread or line; characterized by threads stretched across the field of view; as, a filar microscope; a filar micrometer.
[ New Latin , from Latin filum
a thread.] (Zoology) A genus of slender, nematode worms of many species, parasitic in various animals. See Guinea worm .
1. (Zoology & Med.) Of, pertaining to, or caused by, filariæ and allied parasitic worms. 2. Straight, as if in a line; as, the filarial flight of birds.
Filariasis noun [ New Latin ] (Medicine) The presence of filariæ in the blood; infection with filariæ.
Filasse noun [ French, from fil thread, Latin filum .] Vegetable fiber, as jute or ramie, prepared for manufacture.
Filatory noun [ Late Latin filatorium place for spinning, from filare to spin, from Latin filum a thread.] A machine for forming threads. [ Obsolete] W. Tooke.
[ Late Latin filatura
, from filare
to spin: confer French filature
. See Filatory
.] 1. A drawing out into threads; hence, the reeling of silk from cocoons. Ure. 2. A reel for drawing off silk from cocoons; also, an establishment for reeling silk.
Filbert noun [ Perh. from fill + bread , as filling the bread or husk; confer German bartnuss (lit., bread nut) filbert; or perhaps named from a St. Philibert , whose day, Aug. 22, fell in the nutting season.] (Botany) The fruit of the Corylus Avellana or hazel. It is an oval nut, containing a kernel that has a mild, farinaceous, oily taste, agreeable to the palate. » In England filberts are usually large hazelnuts, especially the nuts from selected and cultivated trees. The American hazelnuts are of two other species. Filbert gall (Zoology) , a gall resembling a filbert in form, growing in clusters on grapevines. It is produced by the larva of a gallfly ( Cecidomyia ).
(fĭlch) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Filched
(fĭlcht); present participle & verbal noun Filching
.] [ Confer Anglo-Saxon feolan
to stick to, Old High German felhan
, to hide, Icelandic fela
, Goth. filhan
to hide, bury, Prov. English feal
to hide slyly, Middle English felen
.] To steal or take privily (commonly, that which is of little value); to pilfer.
Fain would they filch that little food away. Dryden.
But he that filches from me my good name, Shak.
Robs me of that which not enriches him,
And makes me poor indeed.
Filcher (fĭlch"ẽr) noun One who filches; a thief.
Filchingly adverb By pilfering or petty stealing.
[ French file
row (cf. Pr., Spanish , Portuguese , & Italian fila
), Late Latin fila
, from Latin filum
a thread. Confer Enfilade
.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row
; as: (a) (Mil) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; -- in contradistinction to rank , which designates a row of soldiers standing abreast; a number consisting the depth of a body of troops, which, in the ordinary modern formation, consists of two men, the battalion standing two deep, or in two ranks.
» The number of files
in a company describes its width, as the number of ranks does its depth; thus, 100 men in "fours deep" would be spoken of as 25 files
in 4 ranks. Farrow. (b) An orderly collection of papers, arranged in sequence or classified for preservation and reference; as, files of letters or of newspapers; this mail brings English files to the 15th instant. (c) The line, wire, or other contrivance, by which papers are put and kept in order.
It is upon a file with the duke's other letters. Shak. (d) A roll or list.
of all the gentry." Shak. 2. Course of thought; thread of narration.
Let me resume the file of my narration. Sir H. Wotton. File firing
, the act of firing by file, or each file independently of others.
-- File leader
, the soldier at the front of any file, who covers and leads those in rear of him.
-- File marching
, the marching of a line two deep, when faced to the right or left, so that the front and rear rank march side by side. Brande & C.
-- Indian file
, or Single file
, a line of men marching one behind another; a single row.
-- On file
, preserved in an orderly collection.
-- Rank and file
. (a) The body of soldiers constituing the mass of an army, including corporals and privates. Wilhelm. (b) Those who constitute the bulk or working members of a party, society, etc., in distinction from the leaders.
File transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Filed
; present participle & verbal noun Filing
.] 1. To set in order; to arrange, or lay away, esp. as papers in a methodical manner for preservation and reverence; to place on file; to insert in its proper place in an arranged body of papers.
I would have my several courses and my dishes well filed . Beau. & Fl. 2. To bring before a court or legislative body by presenting proper papers in a regular way; as, to file a petition or bill. Burrill. 3. (Law) To put upon the files or among the records of a court; to note on (a paper) the fact date of its reception in court.
To file a paper, on the part of a party, is to place it in the official custody of the clerk. To file , on the part of the clerk, is to indorse upon the paper the date of its reception, and retain it in his office, subject to inspection by whomsoever it may concern. Burrill.
File intransitive verb
[ Confer French filer
.] (Mil.) To march in a file or line, as soldiers, not abreast, but one after another; -- generally with off . To file with
, to follow closely, as one soldier after another in file; to keep pace.
My endeavors Shak.
Have ever come too short of my desires,
Yet filed with my abilities.
[ Anglo-Saxon feól
; akin to Dutch viji
, Old High German fīla
, German feile
, Swedish fil
, Danish fiil
, confer Icelandic þēl
, Russian pila
, and Sanskrit piç
to cut out, adorn; perhaps akin to English paint
.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or teeth, made by indentation with a chisel, used for abrading or smoothing other substances, as metals, wood, etc.
» A file
differs from a rasp
in having the furrows made by straight cuts of a chisel, either single or crossed, while the rasp has coarse, single teeth, raised by the pyramidal end of a triangular punch. 2. Anything employed to smooth, polish, or rasp, literally or figuratively.
Mock the nice touches of the critic's file . Akenside. 3. A shrewd or artful person.
[ Slang] Fielding.
Will is an old file in spite of his smooth face. Thackeray. Bastard file
, Cross file
, etc. See under Bastard , Cross , etc.
-- Cross-cut file
, a file having two sets of teeth crossing obliquely.
-- File blank
, a steel blank shaped and ground ready for cutting to form a file.
-- File cutter
, a maker of files.
-- Second-cut file
, a file having teeth of a grade next finer than bastard.
-- Single-cut file
, a file having only one set of parallel teeth; a float.
-- Smooth file
, a file having teeth so fine as to make an almost smooth surface.
File transitive verb 1. To rub, smooth, or cut away, with a file; to sharpen with a file; as, to file a saw or a tooth. 2. To smooth or polish as with a file. Shak.
File your tongue to a little more courtesy. Sir W. Scott.
File transitive verb
[ Middle English fulen
, Anglo-Saxon f...lan
, from f...l foul. See Foul
, and confer Defile
, transitive verb
] To make foul; to defile.
All his hairy breast with blood was filed . Spenser.
For Banquo's issue have I filed my mind. Shak.
File closer (Mil.) A commissioned or noncommissioned officer posted in the rear of a line, or on the flank of a column, of soldiers, to rectify mistakes and insure steadiness and promptness in the ranks.
Filefish noun (Zoology) Any plectognath fish of the genera Monacanthus , Alutera , balistes , and allied genera; -- so called on account of the roughly granulated skin, which is sometimes used in place of sandpaper.
Filer noun One who works with a file.
[ Latin filialis
, from filius
daughter; akin to e. female
. Confer Fitz
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a son or daughter; becoming to a child in relation to his parents; as, filial obedience. 2. Bearing the relation of a child.
And thus the filial Godhead answering spoke. Milton.
Filially adverb In a filial manner.
Filiate transitive verb To adopt as son or daughter; to establish filiation between. [ R.] Southey.
[ Late Latin filiatio
, from Latin filius
son: confer French filiation
. See Filial
.] 1. The relationship of a son or child to a parent, esp. to a father.
The relation of paternity and filiation . Sir M. Hale. 2. (Law) The assignment of a bastard child to some one as its father; affiliation. Smart.
1. Descent from, or as if from, a parent; relationship like that of a son; as, to determine the filiation of a language. 2. One that is derived from a parent or source; an offshoot; as, the filiations are from a common stock.
[ Gael. feileadhbeag
, i. e.
, little kilt; feileadh
kilt + beag
little, small; confer filleadh
a plait, fold.] Same as Kilt .
[ Written also philibeg
[ Spanish flibuster
, corrupted from English freebooter
. See Freebooter
.] A lawless military adventurer, especially one in quest of plunder; a freebooter; -- originally applied to buccaneers infesting the Spanish American coasts, but introduced into common English to designate the followers of Lopez in his expedition to Cuba in 1851, and those of Walker in his expedition to Nicaragua, in 1855.
Filibuster intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fillibustered
; present participle & verbal noun Filibustering
.] 1. To act as a filibuster, or military freebooter. Bartlett. 2. To delay legislation, by dilatory motions or other artifices.
[ political cant or slang, U.S.] Bartlett.
Filibusterism noun The characteristics or practices of a filibuster. Bartlett.
Filical adjective Belonging to the Filices , r ferns.
Filicic adjective [ Latin filix , -icis , a fern.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, ferns; as, filicic acid.
Filicide noun [ Latin filius son, filia daughter + caedere to kill.] The act of murdering a son or a daughter; also, parent who commits such a murder.
Filiciform adjective [ Latin filix , -icis , fern + -form : confer French filiciforme ] Shaped like a fern or like the parts of a fern leaf. Smart.
Filicoid adjective [ Latin filix , -icis , fern + -oid : confer French filicoiïde .] (Botany) Fernlike, either in form or in the nature of the method of reproduction.
Filicoid noun (Botany) A fernlike plant. Lindley.
Filiety noun [ Latin filietas .] The relation of a son to a father; sonship; -- the correlative of paternity . J. S. Mill.
Filiferous adjective [ Latin filum a thread + -ferous .] Producing threads. Carpenter.
[ Latin filum
thread + -form
: confer French filiforme
.] Having the shape of a thread or filament; as, the filiform papillæ of the tongue; a filiform style or peduncle. See Illust . of AntennÆ .
Filigrain, Filigrane noun
[ Spanish filigrana
(cf. Italian filigrana
, English filigrane
), from Latin filum
a thread + granum
grain. See File
a row, and Grain
, and confer Filigree
With her head . . . touches the crown of filigrane . Longfellow.
Filigraned adjective See Filigreed .
Filigree noun [ Corrupted from filigrane .] Ornamental work, formerly with grains or breads, but now composed of fine wire and used chiefly in decorating gold and silver to which the wire is soldered, being arranged in designs frequently of a delicate and intricate arabesque pattern.
Filigree adjective Relating to, composed of, or resembling, work in filigree; as, a filigree basket. Hence: Fanciful; unsubstantial; merely decorative.
You ask for reality, not fiction and filigree work. J. C. Shairp.
Filigreed adjective Adorned with filigree. Tatler.
Filing noun A fragment or particle rubbed off by the act of filing; as, iron filings .
Filioque noun (Eccl. Hist.) The Latin for, "and from the Son," equivalent to et filio , inserted by the third council of Toledo ( a.d. 589) in the clause qui ex Patre procedit (who proceedeth from the Father) of the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed ( a.d. 381), which makes a creed state that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Son as well as from the Father. Hence, the doctrine itself (not admitted by the Eastern Church).