Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fire-set noun A set of fire irons, including, commonly, tongs, shovel, and poker.
Fireside noun A place near the fire or hearth; home; domestic life or retirement.
Firestone noun [ Anglo-Saxon fȳrstān flint; fȳr fire + stān stone.]
1. Iron pyrites, formerly used for striking fire; also, a flint. 2. A stone which will bear the heat of a furnace without injury; -- especially applied to the sandstone at the top of the upper greensand in the south of England, used for lining kilns and furnaces. Ure.
Firetail noun (Zoology) The European redstart; -- called also fireflirt . [ prov. Eng.]
Firewarden noun An officer who has authority to direct in the extinguishing of fires, or to order what precautions shall be taken against fires; -- called also fireward .
Fireweed noun (Botany) (a) An American plant ( Erechthites hiercifolia ), very troublesome in spots where brushwood has been burned. (b) The great willow-herb ( Epilobium spicatum ).
Firewood noun Wood for fuel.
Firework noun 1. A device for producing a striking display of light, or a figure or figures in plain or colored fire, by the combustion of materials that burn in some peculiar manner, as gunpowder, sulphur, metallic filings, and various salts. The most common feature of fireworks is a paper or pasteboard tube filled with the combustible material. A number of these tubes or cases are often combined so as to make, when kindled, a great variety of figures in fire, often variously colored. The skyrocket is a common form of firework . The name is also given to various combustible preparations used in war.
[ 1913 Webster] 2. plural A pyrotechnic exhibition.
[ Obsolete in the sing.]
Night before last, the Duke of Richmond gave a firework . Walpole.
Fireworm noun (Zoology) The larva of a small tortricid moth which eats the leaves of the cranberry, so that the vines look as if burned; -- called also cranberry worm .
Firing noun Firing iron , an instrument used in cauterizing.
1. The act of discharging firearms. 2. The mode of introducing fuel into the furnace and working it. Knight. 3. The application of fire, or of a cautery. Dunglison. 4. The process of partly vitrifying pottery by exposing it to intense heat in a kiln. 5. Fuel; firewood or coal. [ Obsolete] Mortimer.
Firing pin In the breech mechanism of a firearm, the pin which strikes the head of the cartridge and explodes it.
Firk transitive verb
[ Confer Middle English ferken
to proceed, hasten, Anglo-Saxon fercian
to bring, assist; perhaps akin to faran
to go, English fare
.] To beat; to strike; to chastise.
I'll fer him, and firk him, and ferret him. Shak.
Firk intransitive verb To fly out; to turn out; to go off.
A wench is a rare bait, with which a man
No sooner's taken but he straight firks mad.B.Jonson.
Firk noun A freak; trick; quirk. [ Obsolete] Ford.
[ From Anglo-Saxon feówer
four (or an allied word, perhaps Dutch or Danish) + -kin
. See Four
.] 1. A varying measure of capacity, usually being the fourth part of a barrel; specifically, a measure equal to nine imperial gallons.
[ Eng.] 2. A small wooden vessel or cask of indeterminate size, -- used for butter, lard, etc.
[ Scot., the fourth part of a boll of grain, from a word equiv. to English four + lot
part, portion. See Firkin
.] A dry measure formerly used in Scotland; the fourth part of a boll of grain or meal. The Linlithgow wheat firlot was to the imperial bushel as 998 to 1000; the barley firlot as 1456 to 1000. Brande & C.
[ Compar. Firmer
; superl. Firmest
.] [ Middle English ferme
, French ferme
, from Latin firmus
; confer Sanskrit dharman
support, law, order, dh...
to hold fast, carry. Confer Farm
.] 1. Fixed; hence, closely compressed; compact; substantial; hard; solid; -- applied to the matter of bodies; as, firm flesh; firm muscles, firm wood. 2. Not easily excited or disturbed; unchanging in purpose; fixed; steady; constant; stable; unshaken; not easily changed in feelings or will; strong; as, a firm believer; a firm friend; a firm adherent.
Under spread ensigns, moving nigh, in slow Milton.
But firm battalion.
By one man's firm obediency fully tried. Milton. 3. Solid; -- opposed to fluid ; as, firm land. 4. Indicating firmness; as, a firm tread; a firm countenance. Syn.
-- Compact; dense; hard; solid; stanch; robust; strong; sturdly; fixed; steady; resolute; constant.
[ Italian firma
the (firm, sure, or confirming) signature or subscription, or Portuguese firma
signature, firm, confer Spanish firma
signature; all from Latin firmus
, adj., firm. See Firm
] The name, title, or style, under which a company transacts business; a partnership of two or more persons; a commercial house; as, the firm of Hope & Co.
Firm transitive verb
[ Middle English fermen
to make firm, French fermer
, from Latin firmare
to make firm. See Firm
] 1. To fix; to settle; to confirm; to establish.
And Jove has firmed it with an awful nod. Dryden. 2. To fix or direct with firmness.
He on his card and compass firms his eye. Spenser.
[ Latin firmamentum
, from firmare
to make firm: confer French firmament
. See Firm
, v. & adjective
] 1. Fixed foundation; established basis.
Custom is the . . . firmament of the law. Jer. Taylor. 2. The region of the air; the sky or heavens.
And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. Gen. i. 6.
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament . Gen. i. 14.
» In Scripture, the word denotes an expanse, a wide extent; the great arch or expanse over out heads, in which are placed the atmosphere and the clouds, and in which the stars appear
to be placed, and are really
seen. 3. (Old Astron.) The orb of the fixed stars; the most rmote of the celestial spheres.
Firmamental adjective Pertaining to the firmament; celestial; being of the upper regions. Dryden.
; plural Firmans or
. [ Pers. fermān
.] In Turkey and some other Oriental countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order or grant; -- generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to insure him protection and assistance.
[ Written also firmaun
Firmer-chisel noun A chisel, thin in proportion to its width. It has a tang to enter the handle instead of a socket for receiving it. Knight.
[ Latin firmitudo
. See Firm
.] Strength; stability.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Firmity noun [ Latin firmitas .] Strength; firmness; stability. [ Obsolete] Chillingworth.
Firmless adjective 1. Detached from substance.
Does passion still the firmless mind control? Pope. 2. Infirm; unstable.
Firmly adverb In a firm manner.
Firmness noun The state or quality of being firm. Syn.
belongs to the will, and constancy
to the affections and principles; the former prevents us from yielding, and the latter from fluctuating. Without firmness
a man has no character; "without constancy
," says Addison, "there is neither love, friendship, nor virtue in the world."
Firms noun plural
[ From Firm
] (Architecture) The principal rafters of a roof, especially a pair of rafters taken together.
Firring noun (Architecture) See Furring .
Firry adjective Made of fir; abounding in firs.
In firry woodlands making moan. Tennyson.
[ Middle English first
, Anglo-Saxon fyrst
; akin to Icelandic fyrstr
, Swedish & Danish förste
, Old High German furist
, German fürst
prince; a superlatiye form of English for
. See For
, and confer Formeer
.] 1. Preceding all others of a series or kind; the ordinal of one; earliest; as, the first day of a month; the first year of a reign. 2. Foremost; in front of, or in advance of, all others. 3. Most eminent or exalted; most excellent; chief; highest; as, Demosthenes was the first orator of Greece. At first blush
. See under Blush .
-- At first hand
, from the first or original source; without the intervention of any agent.
It is the intention of the person to reveal it at first hand , by way of mouth, to yourself. Dickens.
-- First coat (Plastering)
, the solid foundation of coarse stuff, on which the rest is placed; it is thick, and crossed with lines, so as to give a bond for the next coat.
-- First day
, Sunday; -- so called by the Friends.
-- First floor
. (a) The ground floor.
[ U.S.] (b) The floor next above the ground floor.
[ Eng.] -- First fruit or fruits
. (a) The fruits of the season earliest gathered. (b) (Feudal Law) One year's profits of lands belonging to the king on the death of a tenant who held directly from him. (c) (Eng. Eccl. Law) The first year's whole profits of a benefice or spiritual living. (d) The earliest effects or results.
See, Father, what first fruits on earth are sprung Milton.
From thy implanted grace in man!
-- First mate
, an officer in a merchant vessel next in rank to the captain.
-- First name
, same as Christian name . See under Name , noun
-- First officer (Nautical)
, in the merchant service, same as First mate (above).
-- First sergeant (Mil.)
, the ranking non-commissioned officer in a company; the orderly sergeant. Farrow.
-- First watch (Nautical)
, the watch from eight to twelve at midnight; also, the men on duty during that time.
-- First water
, the highest quality or purest luster; -- said of gems, especially of diamond and pearls. Syn.
-- Primary; primordial; primitive; primeval; pristine; highest; chief; principal; foremost.
First adverb Before any other person or thing in time, space, rank, etc.; -- much used in composition with adjectives and participles.
Adam was first formed, then Eve. 1 Tim. ii. 13. At first
, At the first
, at the beginning or origin.
-- First or last
, at one time or another; at the beginning or end.
And all are fools and lovers first or last . Dryden.
First noun (Mus.) The upper part of a duet, trio, etc., either vocal or instrumental; -- so called because it generally expresses the air, and has a preëminence in the combined effect.
First-class adjective Of the best class; of the highest rank; in the first division; of the best quality; first-rate; as, a first-class telescope. First-class car or First-class railway carriage , any passenger car of the highest regular class, and intended for passengers who pay the highest regular rate; -- distinguished from a second-class car .
First-hand adjective Obtained directly from the first or original source; hence, without the intervention of an agent.
One sphere there is . . . where the apprehension of him is first-hand and direct; and that is the sphere of our own mind. J. Martineau.
First-rate adjective Of the highest excellence; preëminent in quality, size, or estimation.
Our only first-rate body of contemporary poetry is the German. M. Arnold.
Hermocrates . . . a man of first-rate ability. Jowett (Thucyd).
First-rate noun (Nautical) A war vessel of the highest grade or the most powerful class.
Firstborn adjective First brought forth; first in the order of nativity; eldest; hence, most excellent; most distinguished or exalted.
+ - ling
.] 1. The first produce or offspring; -- said of animals, especially domestic animals; as, the firstlings of his flock. Milton. 2. The thing first thought or done.
The very firstlings of my heart shall be Shak.
The firstlings of my hand.
Firstling adjective Firstborn.
All the firstling males. Deut. xv. 19.
Firstly adverb In the first place; before anything else; -- sometimes improperly used for first .
[ Scot. See Frith
.] (geog.) An arm of the sea; a frith.
[ French fisc
, from Latin fiscus
basket, money basket, treasury; probably akin to fascis
bundle. See Fasces
.] A public or state treasury. Burke.
[ French fiscal
, Latin fiscalis
, from fiscus
. See Fisc
.] Pertaining to the public treasury or revenue.
The fiscal arreangements of government. A>Hamilton.
1. The income of a prince or a state; revenue; exhequer. [ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. A treasurer. H. Swinburne. 3. A public officer in Scotland who prosecutes in petty criminal cases; -- called also procurator fiscal . 4. The solicitor in Spain and Portugal; the attorney-general.
Fisetic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to fustet or fisetin.
Fisetin noun [ German fisett holz a species of fustic.] (Chemistry) A yellow crystalline substance extracted from fustet, and regarded as its essential coloring principle; -- called also fisetic acid .