Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Edge (ĕj) noun [ Middle English eg , egge , Anglo-Saxon ecg ; akin to Old High German ekka , German ecke , Icelandic & Swedish egg , Danish eg , and to Latin acies , Greek 'akh` point, Sanskrit açri edge. √1. Confer Egg , transitive verb , Eager , Ear spike of corn, Acute .]
1. The thin cutting side of the blade of an instrument; as, the edge of an ax, knife, sword, or scythe. Hence, figuratively, that which cuts as an edge does, or wounds deeply, etc.

He which hath the sharp sword with two edges .
Rev. ii. 12.

Slander,
Whose edge is sharper than the sword.
Shak.

2. Any sharp terminating border; a margin; a brink; extreme verge; as, the edge of a table, a precipice.

Upon the edge of yonder coppice.
Shak.

In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge
Of battle.
Milton.

Pursue even to the very edge of destruction.
Sir W. Scott.

3. Sharpness; readiness or fitness to cut; keenness; intenseness of desire.

The full edge of our indignation.
Sir W. Scott.

Death and persecution lose all the ill that they can have, if we do not set an edge upon them by our fears and by our vices.
Jer. Taylor.

4. The border or part adjacent to the line of division; the beginning or early part; as, in the edge of evening. "On the edge of winter." Milton.

Edge joint (Carp.) , a joint formed by two edges making a corner. -- Edge mill , a crushing or grinding mill in which stones roll around on their edges, on a level circular bed; -- used for ore, and as an oil mill. Called also Chilian mill . -- Edge molding (Architecture) , a molding whose section is made up of two curves meeting in an angle. -- Edge plane . (a) (Carp.) A plane for edging boards. (b) (Shoemaking) A plane for edging soles. -- Edge play , a kind of swordplay in which backswords or cutlasses are used, and the edge, rather than the point, is employed. -- Edge rail . (Railroad) (a) A rail set on edge; -- applied to a rail of more depth than width. (b) A guard rail by the side of the main rail at a switch. Knight. -- Edge railway , a railway having the rails set on edge. -- Edge stone , a curbstone. -- Edge tool . (a) Any tool or instrument having a sharp edge intended for cutting. (b) A tool for forming or dressing an edge; an edging tool. -- To be on edge , to be eager, impatient, or anxious. -- To set the teeth on edge , to cause a disagreeable tingling sensation in the teeth, as by bringing acids into contact with them. Bacon.

Edge transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Edged ; present participle & verbal noun Edging .]
1. To furnish with an edge as a tool or weapon; to sharpen.

To edge her champion's sword.
Dryden.

2. To shape or dress the edge of, as with a tool.

3. To furnish with a fringe or border; as, to edge a dress; to edge a garden with box.

Hills whose tops were edged with groves.
Pope.

4. To make sharp or keen, figuratively; to incite; to exasperate; to goad; to urge or egg on. [ Obsolete]

By such reasonings, the simple were blinded, and the malicious edged .
Hayward.

5. To move little by little or cautiously, as by pressing forward edgewise; as, edging their chairs forwards. Locke.

Edge intransitive verb
1. To move sideways; to move gradually; as, edge along this way.

2. To sail close to the wind.

I must edge up on a point of wind.
Dryden.

To edge away or To edge off (Nautical) , to increase the distance gradually from the shore, vessel, or other object. -- To edge down (Nautical) , to approach by slow degrees, as when a sailing vessel approaches an object in an oblique direction from the windward. -- To edge in , to get in edgewise; to get in by degrees. -- To edge in with , as with a coast or vessel (Nautical) , to advance gradually, but not directly, toward it.

Edgebone noun Same as Aitchbone .

Edgeless adjective Without an edge; not sharp; blunt; obtuse; as, an edgeless sword or weapon.

Edgelong adverb In the direction of the edge. [ Obsolete]

Three hundred thousand pieces have you stuck
Edgelong into the ground.
B. Jonson.

Edgeshot adjective (Carp.) Having an edge planed, -- said of a board. Knight.

Edgeways, Edgewise adverb With the edge towards anything; in the direction of the edge.

Glad to get in a word, as they say, edgeways .
Sir W. Scott.

Edging noun
1. That which forms an edge or border, as the fringe, trimming, etc., of a garment, or a border in a garden. Dryden.

2. The operation of shaping or dressing the edge of anything, as of a piece of metal.

Edging machine , a machine tool with a revolving cutter, for dressing edges, as of boards, or metal plates, to a pattern or templet.

Edgingly adverb Gradually; gingerly. [ R.]

Edgy adjective [ From Edge .]
1. Easily irritated; sharp; as, an edgy temper.

2. (Fine Arts) Having some of the forms, such as drapery or the like, too sharply defined. "An edgy style of sculpture." Hazlitt.

Edh noun The name of the Anglo- Saxon letter ð, capital form Ã?. It is sounded as "English th in a similar word: ōðer, other, dôð, doth." March.

Edibility noun Suitableness for being eaten; edibleness.

Edible adjective [ Latin edibilis , from edere to eat. See Eat .] Fit to be eaten as food; eatable; esculent; as, edible fishes. Bacon. -- noun Anything edible.

Edible bird's nest . See Bird's nest , 2. -- Edible crab (Zoology) , any species of crab used as food, esp. the American blue crab ( Callinectes hastatus ). See Crab . -- Edible frog (Zoology) , the common European frog ( Rana esculenta ), used as food. -- Edible snail (Zoology) , any snail used as food, esp. Helix pomatia and H. aspersa of Europe.

Edibleness noun Suitableness for being eaten.

Edict noun [ Latin edictum , from edicere , edictum , to declare, proclaim; e out + dicere to say: confer French édit . See Diction .] A public command or ordinance by the sovereign power; the proclamation of a law made by an absolute authority, as if by the very act of announcement; a decree; as, the edicts of the Roman emperors; the edicts of the French monarch.

It stands as an edict in destiny.
Shak.

Edict of Nantes (French Hist.) , an edict issued by Henry IV. ( A. D. 1598), giving toleration to Protestants. Its revocation by Louis XIV. ( A. D. 1685) was followed by terrible persecutions and the expatriation of thousands of French Protestants.

Syn. -- Decree; proclamation; law; ordinance; statute; rule; order; manifesti; command. See Law .

Edictal adjective Relating to, or consisting of, edicts; as, the Roman edictal law.

Edificant adjective [ Latin aedificans , -antis , present participle of aedificare . See Edify .] Building; constructing. [ R.] Dugard.

Edification noun [ Latin aedificatio : confer French édification . See Edify .]
1. The act of edifying, or the state of being edified; a building up, especially in a moral or spiritual sense; moral, intellectual, or spiritual improvement; instruction.

The assured edification of his church.
Bp. Hall.

Out of these magazines I shall supply the town with what may tend to their edification .
Addison.

2. A building or edifice. [ Obsolete] Bullokar.

Edificatory adjective Tending to edification. Bp. Hall.

Edifice noun [ Latin aedificium , from aedificare : confer French édifice . See Edify .] A building; a structure; an architectural fabric; -- chiefly applied to elegant houses, and other large buildings; as, a palace, a church, a statehouse.

Edificial adjective [ Latin aedificialis .] Pertaining to an edifice; structural.

Edifier noun
1. One who builds. [ Obsolete]

2. One who edifies, builds up, or strengthens another by moral or religious instruction.

Edify intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Edified ; present participle & verbal noun Edifying .] [ French édifier , Latin aedificare ; aedes a building, house, orig., a fireplace (akin to Greek ... to burn, Sanskrit idh to kindle, Old High German eit funeral pile, Anglo-Saxon ād , OIr. aed fire) + facere to make. See Fact , -fy .]
1. To build; to construct. [ Archaic]

There was a holy chapel edified .
Spenser.

2. To instruct and improve, especially in moral and religious knowledge; to teach.

It does not appear probable that our dispute [ about miracles] would either edify or enlighten the public.
Gibbon.

3. To teach or persuade. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Edify intransitive verb To improve. [ R.] Swift.

Edifying adjective Instructing; improving; as, an edifying conversation. -- Ed"i*fy`ing*ly , adverb -- Ed"i*fy`ing*ness , noun

Edile noun [ Latin aedilis : confer French édile . Confer Ædile .] (Rom. Antiq.) See Ædile .

Edileship noun The office of ædile. T. Arnold.

Edingtonite noun (Min.) A grayish white zeolitic mineral, in tetragonal crystals. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and baryta.

Edit transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Edited ; present participle & verbal noun Editing .] [ French éditer , or Latin editus , past participle of edere to give out, put forth, publish; e out + dare to give. See Date a point of time.] To superintend the publication of; to revise and prepare for publication; to select, correct, arrange, etc., the matter of, for publication; as, to edit a newspaper.

Philosophical treatises which have never been edited .
Enfield.

Edition noun [ Latin editio , from edere to publish; confer French édition . See Edit .]
1. A literary work edited and published, as by a certain editor or in a certain manner; as, a good edition of Chaucer; Chalmers' edition of Shakespeare.

2. The whole number of copies of a work printed and published at one time; as, the first edition was soon sold.

Édition de luxe [ French] See Luxe .

Editioner noun An editor. [ Obsolete]

Editor noun [ Latin , that which produces, from edere to publish: confer French éditeur .] One who edits; esp., a person who prepares, superintends, revises, and corrects a book, magazine, or newspaper, etc., for publication.

Editorial adjective Of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor; as, editorial labors; editorial remarks.

Editorial noun A leading article in a newspaper or magazine; an editorial article; an article published as an expression of the views of the editor.

Editorially adverb In the manner or character of an editor or of an editorial article.

Editorship noun The office or charge of an editor; care and superintendence of a publication.

Editress noun A female editor.

Edituate transitive verb [ Late Latin aedituatus , past participle of aedituare , from Latin aedituus a temple warden; aedes building, temple + tueri to guard.] To guard as a churchwarden does. [ Obsolete] J. Gregory.

Edomite noun One of the descendants of Esau or Edom, the brother of Jacob; an Idumean.

Edriophthalma noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek "edrai^os steadfast + 'ofqalmo`s the eye.] (Zoology) A group of Crustacea in which the eyes are without stalks; the Arthrostraca. [ Written also Edriophthalmata .]

Edriophthalmous adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the Edriophthalma.

Educability (ĕd`u*kȧ*bĭl"ĭ*tȳ) noun [ Confer French éducabilité .] Capability of being educated.

Educable (ĕd"u*kȧ*b'l; 135) adjective [ Confer French éducable .] Capable of being educated. "Men are educable ." M. Arnold.

Educate (-kāt) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Educated (- kā`tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Educating (-kā`tĭng).] [ Latin educatus , past participle of educare to bring up a child physically or mentally, to educate, from educere to lead forth, bring up (a child). See Educe .] To bring up or guide the powers of, as a child; to develop and cultivate, whether physically, mentally, or morally, but more commonly limited to the mental activities or senses; to expand, strengthen, and discipline, as the mind, a faculty, etc.; to form and regulate the principles and character of; to prepare and fit for any calling or business by systematic instruction; to cultivate; to train; to instruct; as, to educate a child; to educate the eye or the taste.

Syn. -- To develop; instruct; teach; inform; enlighten; edify; bring up; train; breed; rear; discipline; indoctrinate.

Educated adjective Formed or developed by education; as, an educated man.

Education noun [ Latin educatio ; confer French éducation .] The act or process of educating; the result of educating, as determined by the knowledge skill, or discipline of character, acquired; also, the act or process of training by a prescribed or customary course of study or discipline; as, an education for the bar or the pulpit; he has finished his education .

To prepare us for complete living is the function which education has to discharge.
H. Spenser.

Syn. -- Education , Instruction , Teaching , Training , Breeding . Education , properly a drawing forth , implies not so much the communication of knowledge as the discipline of the intellect, the establishment of the principles, and the regulation of the heart. Instruction is that part of education which furnishes the mind with knowledge. Teaching is the same, being simply more familiar. It is also applied to practice; as, teaching to speak a language; teaching a dog to do tricks. Training is a department of education in which the chief element is exercise or practice for the purpose of imparting facility in any physical or mental operation. Breeding commonly relates to the manners and outward conduct.

Educational adjective Of or pertaining to education. "His educational establishment." J. H. Newman.

Educationist noun One who is versed in the theories of, or who advocates and promotes, education.

Educative adjective [ Confer French éducatif .] Tending to educate; that gives education; as, an educative process; an educative experience.

Educator noun [ Latin ] One who educates; a teacher.