Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Greek ta` o'ikonomika`
, equiv. to "h o'ikonomi`a
. See Economic
.] 1. The science of household affairs, or of domestic management. 2. Political economy; the science of the utilities or the useful application of wealth or material resources. See Political economy , under Political .
"In politics and economics
." V. Knox.
Economist noun [ Confer French économiste .]
1. One who economizes, or manages domestic or other concerns with frugality; one who expends money, time, or labor, judiciously, and without waste. " Economists even to parsimony." Burke. 2. One who is conversant with political economy; a student of economics.
Economization noun The act or practice of using to the best effect. [ R.] H. Spenser.
(e*kŏn"o*mīz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Economized
; present participle & verbal noun Economizing
.] [ Confer French économiser
.] To manage with economy; to use with prudence; to expend with frugality; as, to economize one's income.
[ Written also economise
Expenses in the city were to be economized . Jowett (Thucyd. ).
Calculating how to economize time. W. Irving.
Economize intransitive verb To be prudently sparing in expenditure; to be frugal and saving; as, to economize in order to grow rich. [ Written also economise .] Milton.
1. One who, or that which, economizes. 2. Specifically: (Steam Boilers) An arrangement of pipes for heating feed water by waste heat in the gases passing to the chimney.
; plural Economies
. [ French économie
, Latin oeconomia
household management, from Greek o'ikonomi`a
, from o'ikono`mos
one managing a household; o'i^kos
house (akin to Latin vicus
village, English vicinity
) + no`mos
usage, law, rule, from ne`mein
to distribute, manage. See Vicinity
.] 1. The management of domestic affairs; the regulation and government of household matters; especially as they concern expense or disbursement; as, a careful economy .
Himself busy in charge of the household economies . Froude. 2. Orderly arrangement and management of the internal affairs of a state or of any establishment kept up by production and consumption; esp., such management as directly concerns wealth; as, political economy . 3. The system of rules and regulations by which anything is managed; orderly system of regulating the distribution and uses of parts, conceived as the result of wise and economical adaptation in the author, whether human or divine; as, the animal or vegetable economy ; the economy of a poem; the Jewish economy .
The position which they [ the verb and adjective] hold in the general economy of language. Earle.
In the Greek poets, as also in Plautus, we shall see the economy . . . of poems better observed than in Terence. B. Jonson.
The Jews already had a Sabbath, which, as citizens and subjects of that economy , they were obliged to keep. Paley. 4. Thrifty and frugal housekeeping; management without loss or waste; frugality in expenditure; prudence and disposition to save; as, a housekeeper accustomed to economy but not to parsimony. Political economy
. See under Political . Syn.
avoids all waste and extravagance, and applies money to the best advantage; frugality
cuts off indulgences, and proceeds on a system of saving. The latter conveys the idea of not using or spending superfluously, and is opposed to lavishness
is usually applied to matters of consumption, and commonly points to simplicity of manners; parsimony
is frugality carried to an extreme, involving meanness of spirit, and a sordid mode of living. Economy
is a virtue, and parsimony
I have no other notion of economy than that it is the parent to liberty and ease. Swift.
The father was more given to frugality , and the son to riotousness [ luxuriousness]. Golding.
Écorché noun [ French] (Fine Arts) A manikin, or image, representing an animal, especially man, with the skin removed so that the muscles are exposed for purposes of study.
Écossaise noun [ French] (Mus.) A dancing tune in the Scotch style.
Ecostate adjective [ Prefix e- + costate .] (Botany) Having no ribs or nerves; -- said of a leaf.
Écoute noun [ French, a listening place.] (Mil.) One of the small galleries run out in front of the glacis. They serve to annoy the enemy's miners.
Ecphasis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to speak out.] (Rhet.) An explicit declaration.
Ecphonema noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a thing called out, from ... to cry out; 'ek out + ... voice.] (Rhet.) A breaking out with some interjectional particle.
[ See Ecphonema
.] A mark (!) used to indicate an exclamation. G. Brown.
[ New Latin , from Greek .... See Ecphonema
.] (Rhet.) An animated or passionate exclamation.
The feelings by the ecphonesis are very various. Gibbs.
Ecphractic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to open; 'ek out + ... to block up: confer French ecphractique .] (Medicine) Serving to dissolve or attenuate viscid matter, and so to remove obstructions; deobstruent. -- noun An ecphractic medicine. Harvey.
Écrasement noun [ French] (Surg.) The operation performed with an écraseur.
Écraseur noun [ French, from écraser to crush.] (Surg.) An instrument intended to replace the knife in many operations, the parts operated on being severed by the crushing effect produced by the gradual tightening of a steel chain, so that hemorrhage rarely follows.
Écru adjective [ French, from Latin crudus raw.] Having the color or appearance of unbleached stuff, as silk, linen, or the like.
; plural Ecstasies
. [ French extase
, Latin ecstasis
, from Greek ..., from ... to put out of place, derange; ... = 'ek
out + ... to set, stand. See Ex-
, and Stand
.] [ Also written extasy
.] 1. The state of being beside one's self or rapt out of one's self; a state in which the mind is elevated above the reach of ordinary impressions, as when under the influence of overpowering emotion; an extraordinary elevation of the spirit, as when the soul, unconscious of sensible objects, is supposed to contemplate heavenly mysteries.
Like a mad prophet in an ecstasy . Dryden.
This is the very ecstasy of love. Shak. 2. Excessive and overmastering joy or enthusiasm; rapture; enthusiastic delight.
He on the tender grass Milton. 3. Violent distraction of mind; violent emotion; excessive grief of anxiety; insanity; madness.
Would sit, and hearken even to ecstasy .
That unmatched form and feature of blown youth Shak.
Blasted with ecstasy .
Our words will but increase his ecstasy . Marlowe. 4. (Medicine) A state which consists in total suspension of sensibility, of voluntary motion, and largely of mental power. The body is erect and inflexible; the pulsation and breathing are not affected. Mayne.
Ecstasy transitive verb To fill ecstasy, or with rapture or enthusiasm.
The most ecstasied order of holy . . . spirits. Jer. Taylor.
[ Greek ..., from ...: confer French extatique
. See Ecstasy
] 1. Pertaining to, or caused by, ecstasy or excessive emotion; of the nature, or in a state, of ecstasy; as, ecstatic gaze; ecstatic trance.
This ecstatic fit of love and jealousy. Hammond. 2. Delightful beyond measure; rapturous; ravishing; as, ecstatic bliss or joy.
Ecstatic noun An enthusiast. [ R.] Gauden.
1. Ecstatic. Bp. Stillingfleet. 2. Tending to external objects. [ R.] Norris.
Ecstatically adverb Rapturously; ravishingly.
Ect-, Ecto- [ Greek ... outside.] A combining form signifying without , outside , external .
Ectad adverb [ Ect- + Latin ad towards.] (Anat.) Toward the outside or surface; -- opposed to entad . B. G. Wilder.
[ See Ect-
.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the surface; outer; -- opposed to ental . B. G. Wilder.
[ New Latin See Ectasis
.] (Medicine) A dilatation of a hollow organ or of a canal.
Ectasis noun [ Latin , from Greek ...; 'ek out + ... to stretch.] (Pros.) The lengthening of a syllable from short to long.
Ectental adjective [ Greek ... outside + ... inside.] (Biol.) Relating to, or connected with, the two primitive germ layers, the ectoderm and ectoderm; as, the " ectental line" or line of juncture of the two layers in the segmentation of the ovum. C. S. Minot.
[ See Ect-
.] (Anat.) The external layer of the skin and mucous membranes; epithelium; ecderon.
-- Ec`ter*on"ic adjective
Ectethmoid adjective [ Ect- + ethmoid .] (Anat.) External to the ethmoid; prefrontal.
Ecthlipsis noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to squeeze out.]
1. The dropping out or suppression from a word of a consonant, with or without a vowel. 2. (Lat. Pros.) The elision of a final m , with the preceding vowel, before a word beginning with a vowel.
; plural Ecthorea
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... to leap out; ek
out + ..., ..., to leap, dart.] (Zoology) The slender, hollow thread of a nettling cell or cnida. See Nettling cell .
[ Written also ecthoræum
; plural Ecthymata
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... pimple, from ... to break out.] (Medicine) A cutaneous eruption, consisting of large, round pustules, upon an indurated and inflamed base. Dunglison.
Ectoblast noun [ Ecto- + Greek ... bud, germ.] (Biol.) (a) The outer layer of the blastoderm; the epiblast; the ectoderm. (b) The outer envelope of a cell; the cell wall. Agassiz.
; plural Ectobronchia
. [ New Latin See Ecto-
, and Bronchia
.] (Anat.) One of the dorsal branches of the main bronchi in the lungs of birds.
Ectocuneriform, Ectocuniform noun
.] (Anat.) One of the bones of the tarsus. See Cuneiform .
Ectocyst noun [ Ecto- + Greek ... bladder.] (Zoology) The outside covering of the Bryozoa.
+ - derm
.] (Biol.) (a) The outer layer of the blastoderm; epiblast. (b) The external skin or outer layer of an animal or plant, this being formed in an animal from the epiblast. See Illust. of Blastoderm .
Ectodermal, Ectodermic adjective (Biol.) Of or relating to the ectoderm.
Ectolecithal adjective [ Ecto- + Greek ... the yolk of an egg.] (Biol.) Having the food yolk, at the commencement of segmentation, in a peripheral position, and the cleavage process confined to the center of the egg; as, ectolecithal ova.
Ectomere noun [ Ecto- + - mere .] (Biol.) The more transparent cells, which finally become external, in many segmenting ova, as those of mammals.
Ectoparasite noun (Zoology) Any parasite which lives on the exterior of animals; -- opposed to endoparasite . -- Ec`to*par`a*sit"ic adjective
Ectopia noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'ek out + ... place.] (Medicine) A morbid displacement of parts, especially such as is congenial; as, ectopia of the heart, or of the bladder.
Ectopic adjective (Medicine) Out of place; congenitally displaced; as, an ectopic organ.
Ectoplasm noun [ Ecto- + Greek ... form.] (Biol.) (a) The outer transparent layer of protoplasm in a developing ovum. (b) The outer hyaline layer of protoplasm in a vegetable cell. (c) The ectosarc of protozoan.
Ectoplastic adjective [ Ecto- + Greek ... to mold.] Pertaining to, or composed of, ectoplasm.