Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Ebullioscope noun [ Latin ebullire to boil up + -scope .] (Physics Chem.) An instrument for observing the boiling point of liquids, especially for determining the alcoholic strength of a mixture by the temperature at which it boils.
[ French ébullition
, Latin ebullitio
, from ebullire
. See Ebullient
.] 1. A boiling or bubbling up of a liquid; the motion produced in a liquid by its rapid conversion into vapor. 2. Effervescence occasioned by fermentation or by any other process which causes the liberation of a gas or an aëriform fluid, as in the mixture of an acid with a carbonated alkali.
[ Formerly written bullition
.] 3. A sudden burst or violent display; an outburst; as, an ebullition of anger or ill temper.
Eburin noun A composition of dust of ivory or of bone with a cement; -- used for imitations of valuable stones and in making moldings, seals, etc. Knight.
[ Latin eburnus
of ivory, from ebur
ivory: confer French éburnation
. See Ivory
.] (Medicine) A condition of bone cartilage occurring in certain diseases of these tissues, in which they acquire an unnatural density, and come to resemble ivory.
[ Latin eburneus
, from ebur
ivory. See Ivory
.] Made of or relating to ivory.
Eburnification noun [ Latin eburnus of ivory (fr. ebur ivory) + facere to make.] The conversion of certain substances into others which have the appearance or characteristics of ivory.
Eburnine adjective Of or pertaining to ivory. "[ She] read from tablet eburnine ." Sir W. Scott.
Ecardines noun plural
[ New Latin , from Latin e
out, without + cardo
a hinge.] (Zoology) An order of Brachiopoda; the Lyopomata. See Brachiopoda .
Écarté noun [ French, prop. from écarter to reject, discard.] A game at cards, played usually by two persons, in which the players may discard any or all of the cards dealt and receive others from the pack.
Écarté noun [ French, propast participle p. from écarter to reject, discard.] A game at cards for two persons, with 32 cards, ranking K, Q, J, A, 10, 9, 8, 7. Five cards are dealt each player, and the 11th turned as trump. Five points constitute a game.
Ecaudate adjective [ Prefix e- + caudate .]
1. (Botany) Without a tail or spur. 2. (Zoology) Tailless.
[ New Latin , from Greek .... See Ecbole
.] (Botany) A genus of cucurbitaceous plants consisting of the single species Ecballium agreste (or Elaterium ), the squirting cucumber. Its fruit, when ripe, bursts and violently ejects its seeds, together with a mucilaginous juice, from which elaterium, a powerful cathartic medicine, is prepared.
Ecbasis noun [ Latin , from Greek ... a going out, issue, or event; ... out + ... to go.] (Rhet.) A figure in which the orator treats of things according to their events consequences.
[ See Ecbasis
.] (Gram.) Denoting a mere result or consequence, as distinguished from telic , which denotes intention or purpose; thus the phrase ... ..., if rendered " so that it was fulfilled," is ecbatic; if rendered " in order that it might be." etc., is telic.
Ecbole noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a throwing out, a digression, from ... to throw out; ... out of + ... to throw.] (Rhet.) A digression in which a person is introduced speaking his own words.
[ See Ecbole
.] (Medicine) A drug, as ergot, which by exciting uterine contractions promotes the expulsion of the contents of the uterus.
Ecboline noun [ Greek ... a throwing out; ... out + ... to throw.] (Chemistry) An alkaloid constituting the active principle of ergot; -- so named from its power of producing abortion.
Eccaleobion noun [ Greek ... to call out (... out of + ... to call) + ... life.] A contrivance for hatching eggs by artificial heat.
Ecce homo [ Latin , behold the man. See John xix. 5.] (Paint.) A picture which represents the Savior as given up to the people by Pilate, and wearing a crown of thorns.
[ French excentrique
, formerly also spelled eccentrique
, from Late Latin eccentros
out of the center, eccentric, Greek ...; ... out of + ... center. See Ex-
, and Center
, and confer Excentral
.] 1. Deviating or departing from the center, or from the line of a circle; as, an eccentric or elliptical orbit; pertaining to deviation from the center or from true circular motion. 2. Not having the same center; -- said of circles, ellipses, spheres, etc., which, though coinciding, either in whole or in part, as to area or volume, have not the same center; -- opposed to concentric . 3. (Machinery) Pertaining to an eccentric; as, the eccentric rod in a steam engine. 4. Not coincident as to motive or end.
His own ends, which must needs be often eccentric to those of his master. Bacon. 5. Deviating from stated methods, usual practice, or established forms or laws; deviating from an appointed sphere or way; departing from the usual course; irregular; anomalous; odd; as, eccentric conduct.
"This brave and eccentric
young man." Macaulay.
He shines eccentric , like a comet's blaze. Savage. Eccentric anomaly
. (Astron.) See Anomaly .
-- Eccentric chuck (Machinery)
, a lathe chuck so constructed that the work held by it may be altered as to its center of motion, so as to produce combinations of eccentric combinations of eccentric circles.
-- Eccentric gear
. (Machinery) (a) The whole apparatus, strap, and other parts, by which the motion of an eccentric is transmitted, as in the steam engine. (b) A cogwheel set to turn about an eccentric axis used to give variable rotation.
-- Eccentric hook or gab
, a hook-shaped journal box on the end of an eccentric rod, opposite the strap.
-- Eccentric rod
, the rod that connects as eccentric strap with any part to be acted upon by the eccentric.
-- Eccentric sheave
, or Eccentric pulley
, an eccentric.
-- Eccentric strap
, the ring, operating as a journal box, that encircles and receives motion from an eccentric; -- called also eccentric hoop . Syn.
-- Irregular; anomalous; singular; odd; peculiar; erratic; idiosyncratic; strange; whimsical.
Eccentric noun Back eccentric , the eccentric that reverses or backs the valve gear and the engine. -- Fore eccentric , the eccentric that imparts a forward motion to the valve gear and the engine.
1. A circle not having the same center as another contained in some measure within the first. 2. One who, or that which, deviates from regularity; an anomalous or irregular person or thing. 3. (Astron.) (a) In the Ptolemaic system, the supposed circular orbit of a planet about the earth, but with the earth not in its center. (b) A circle described about the center of an elliptical orbit, with half the major axis for radius. Hutton. 4. (Machinery) A disk or wheel so arranged upon a shaft that the center of the wheel and that of the shaft do not coincide. It is used for operating valves in steam engines, and for other purposes. The motion derived is precisely that of a crank having the same throw.
Eccentrically adverb In an eccentric manner.
Drove eccentrically here and there. Lew Wallace.
; plural Eccentricities
. [ Confer French excentricité
.] 1. The state of being eccentric; deviation from the customary line of conduct; oddity. 2. (Math.) The ratio of the distance between the center and the focus of an ellipse or hyperbola to its semi-transverse axis. 3. (Astron.) The ratio of the distance of the center of the orbit of a heavenly body from the center of the body round which it revolves to the semi-transverse axis of the orbit. 4. (Mech.) The distance of the center of figure of a body, as of an eccentric, from an axis about which it turns; the throw.
Ecchymose transitive verb (Medicine) To discolor by the production of an ecchymosis, or effusion of blood, beneath the skin; -- chiefly used in the passive form; as, the parts were much ecchymosed .
; plural Ecchymoses
[ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to extravasate; ... out of + ... to pour.] (Medicine) A livid or black and blue spot, produced by the extravasation or effusion of blood into the areolar tissue from a contusion.
Ecchymotic adjective Pertaining to ecchymosis.
Eccle noun (Zoology) The European green woodpecker; -- also called ecall , eaquall , yaffle . [ Prov. Eng.]
; plural Ecclesiæ
[ Latin , from Greek ....] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) The public legislative assembly of the Athenians. 2. (Eccl.) A church, either as a body or as a building.
Ecclesial adjective Ecclesiastical. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Ecclesiarch noun [ Late Latin ecclesiarcha , from Greek ... church + ... to rule: confer French ecclésiarque .] An official of the Eastern Church, resembling a sacrist in the Western Church.
1. An ecclesiastic. Chaucer. 2. The Apocryphal book of Ecclesiasticus. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin , from Greek ... a preacher. See Ecclesiastic
] One of the canonical books of the Old Testament.
[ Latin ecclesiasticus
, Greek ..., from ... an assembly of citizens called out by the crier; also, the church, from ... called out, from ... to call out; ... out + ... to call. See Ex-
, and Hale
, transitive verb
.] Of or pertaining to the church. See Ecclesiastical .
Ecclesiastic noun A person in holy orders, or consecrated to the service of the church and the ministry of religion; a clergyman; a priest.
From a humble ecclesiastic , he was subsequently preferred to the highest dignities of the church. Prescott.
[ See Ecclesiastical
] Of or pertaining to the church; relating to the organization or government of the church; not secular; as, ecclesiastical affairs or history; ecclesiastical courts.
Every circumstance of ecclesiastical order and discipline was an abomination. Cowper. Ecclesiastical commissioners for England
, a permanent commission established by Parliament in 1836, to consider and report upon the affairs of the Established Church.
-- Ecclesiastical courts
, courts for maintaining the discipline of the Established Church; -- called also Christian courts .
[ Eng.] -- Ecclesiastical law
, a combination of civil and canon law as administered in ecclesiastical courts.
[ Eng.] -- Ecclesiastical modes (Mus.)
, the church modes, or the scales anciently used.
-- Ecclesiastical States
, the territory formerly subject to the Pope of Rome as its temporal ruler; -- called also States of the Church .
Ecclesiastically adverb In an ecclesiastical manner; according ecclesiastical rules.
Ecclesiasticism noun Strong attachment to ecclesiastical usages, forms, etc.
Ecclesiasticus noun [ Latin ] A book of the Apocrypha.
Ecclesiological adjective Belonging to ecclesiology.
Ecclesiologist noun One versed in ecclesiology.
Ecclesiology noun [ Ecclesia + -logy .] The science or theory of church building and decoration.
Eccritic noun [ Greek ... secretive, from ... to choose out.] (Medicine) A remedy which promotes discharges, as an emetic, or a cathartic.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... out + ... skin.] (Anat.) See Ecteron .
-- Ec`der*on"ic adjective
; plural Ecdyses
. [ New Latin , from Greek 'e`kdysis
a getting out, from 'ekdy`ein
, to put off; 'ek
out + dy`ein
to enter.] (Biol.) The act of shedding, or casting off, an outer cuticular layer, as in the case of serpents, lobsters, etc.; a coming out; as, the ecdysis of the pupa from its shell; exuviation.
Ecgonine noun [ Greek 'e`kgonos sprung from.] (Chemistry) A colorless, crystalline, nitrogenous base, obtained by the decomposition of cocaine.
[ French] A small chamber or place of protection for a sentinel, usually in the form of a projecting turret, or the like. See Castle .
Eche (ēsh" e ) adjective or adjective pron. Each. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.