Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Dirtily adverb In a dirty manner; foully; nastily; filthily; meanly; sordidly.
Dirtiness noun The state of being dirty; filthiness; foulness; nastiness; baseness; sordidness.
[ Compar. Dirtier
; superl. Dirtiest
.] 1. Defiled with dirt; foul; nasty; filthy; not clean or pure; serving to defile; as, dirty hands; dirty water; a dirty white. Spenser. 2. Sullied; clouded; -- applied to color. Locke. 3. Sordid; base; groveling; as, a dirty fellow.
The creature's at his dirty work again. Pope. 4. Sleety; gusty; stormy; as, dirty weather.
Storms of wind, clouds of dust, an angry, dirty sea. M. Arnold. Syn.
-- Nasty; filthy; foul. See Nasty
Dirty transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dirtied
; present participle & verbal noun Dirtying
.] 1. To foul; to make filthy; to soil; as, to dirty the clothes or hands. 2. To tarnish; to sully; to scandalize; -- said of reputation, character, etc.
[ Latin diruptio
, from dirumpere
. See Disrupt
Dis noun [ Latin ] The god Pluto. Shak.
(?; 258) . 1. A prefix from the Latin, whence French dés , or sometimes dé -, dis -. The Latin dis- appears as di- before b , d , g , l , m , n , r , v , becomes dif- before f , and either dis- or di- before j . It is from the same root as bis twice, and duo , English two . See Two , and confer Bi- , Di- , Dia- . Dis- denotes separation , a parting from , as in dis tribute, dis connect; hence it often has the force of a privative and negative, as in dis arm, dis oblige, dis agree. Also intensive, as in dis sever.
» Walker's rule of pronouncing this prefix is, that the s
ought always to be pronounced like z
, when the next syllable is accented and begins with "a flat mute [ b
], a liquid [ l
], or a vowel; as, disable
." Dr. Webster's example in disapproving of Walker's rule and pronouncing dis-
in only one ( disease
) of the above words, is followed by recent orthoëpists. See Disable
, and the other words, beginning with dis
-, in this Dictionary. 2. A prefix from Greek di`s- twice. See Di- .
; plural Disabilities 1. State of being disabled; deprivation or want of ability; absence of competent physical, intellectual, or moral power, means, fitness, and the like.
Grossest faults, or disabilities to perform what was covenanted. Milton.
Chatham refused to see him, pleading his disability . Bancroft. 2. Want of legal qualification to do a thing; legal incapacity or incompetency.
The disabilities of idiocy, infancy, and coverture. Abbott. Syn.
-- Weakness; inability; incompetence; impotence; incapacity; incompetency; disqualification. -- Disability
is an inherent want of power to perform the thing in question; disability
arises from some deprivation
or loss of the needed competency. One who becomes deranged is under a disability
of holding his estate; and one who is made a judge, of deciding in his own case. A man may decline an office on account of his inability
to discharge its duties; he may refuse to accept a trust or employment on account of some disability
prevents him from entering into such engagements.
Disable adjective Lacking ability; unable. [ Obsolete] "Our disable and unactive force." Daniel.
Disable transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disabled
; present participle & verbal noun Disabling
.] 1. To render unable or incapable; to destroy the force, vigor, or power of action of; to deprive of competent physical or intellectual power; to incapacitate; to disqualify; to make incompetent or unfit for service; to impair.
A Christian's life is a perpetual exercise, a wrestling and warfare, for which sensual pleasure disables him. Jer. Taylor.
And had performed it, if my known offense Milton.
Had not disabled me.
I have disabled mine estate. Shak. 2. (Law) To deprive of legal right or qualification; to render legally incapable.
An attainder of the ancestor corrupts the blood, and disables his children to inherit. Blackstone. 3. To deprive of that which gives value or estimation; to declare lacking in competency; to disparage; to undervalue.
[ Obsolete] "He disabled
my judgment." Shak. Syn.
-- To weaken; unfit; disqualify; incapacitate.
Disablement noun Deprivation of ability; incapacity. Bacon.
Disabuse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disabused
; present participle & verbal noun Disabusing
.] [ Prefix dis-
; confer French désabuser
.] To set free from mistakes; to undeceive; to disengage from fallacy or deception; to set right.
To undeceive and disabuse the people. South.
If men are now sufficiently enlightened to disabuse themselves or artifice, hypocrisy, and superstition, they will consider this event as an era in their history. J. Adams.
Disaccommodate transitive verb [ Prefix dis- + accommodate .] To put to inconvenience; to incommode. [ R.] Bp. Warburton.
Disaccommodation noun A state of being unaccommodated or unsuited. [ R.] Sir M. Hale.
Disaccord intransitive verb [ Confer French désaccorder to cause discord.] To refuse to assent. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Disaccord noun Disagreement. Pop. Sci. Monthly.
Disaccordant adjective Not accordant. Fabyan.
Disaccustom transitive verb [ Confer French désaccoutumer .] To destroy the force of habit in; to wean from a custom. Johnson.
Disacidify transitive verb To free from acid.
Disacknowledge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disacknowledged
; present participle & verbal noun Disacknowledging
.] To refuse to acknowledge; to deny; to disown.
[ Obsolete] South.
Disacquaint transitive verb
[ Prefix dis-
: confer Old French desacointier
.] To render unacquainted; to make unfamiliar.
While my sick heart Herrick.
With dismal smart
Is disacquainted never.
Disacquaintance noun Neglect of disuse of familiarity, or familiar acquaintance. [ Obsolete] South.
Disacryl noun [ Prefix dis- (Gr. di`s- twice) + acr olein + -yl .] (Chemistry) A white amorphous substance obtained as a polymeric modification of acrolein.
Disadorn transitive verb To deprive of ornaments. Congreve.
Disadvance transitive verb & i. [ Prefix dis- + advance : confer Old French desavancier .] To draw back, or cause to draw back. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Confer French désavantage
.] 1. Deprivation of advantage; unfavorable or prejudicial quality, condition, circumstance, or the like; that which hinders success, or causes loss or injury.
I was brought here under the disadvantage of being unknown by sight to any of you. Burke.
Abandoned by their great patron, the faction henceforward acted at disadvantage . Palfrey. 2. Loss; detriment; hindrance; prejudice to interest, fame, credit, profit, or other good.
They would throw a construction on his conduct, to his disadvantage before the public. Bancroft. Syn.
-- Detriment; injury; hurt; loss; damage.
Disadvantage transitive verb [ Confer French désavantager .] To injure the interest of; to be detrimental to.
Disadvantageable adjective Injurious; disadvantageous. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ Confer French désavantageux
.] Attended with disadvantage; unfavorable to success or prosperity; inconvenient; prejudicial; -- opposed to advantageous ; as, the situation of an army is disadvantageous for attack or defense.
Even in the disadvantageous position in which he had been placed, he gave clear indications of future excellence. Prescott.
Disadventure noun [ Prefix dis- + adventure : confer Old French desaventure .] Misfortune; mishap. [ Obsolete] Sir W. Raleigh.
Disadventurous adjective Unprosperous; unfortunate. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Disadvise transitive verb To advise against; to dissuade from. [ R.] Boyle.
Disaffect transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disaffected
; present participle & verbal noun Disaffecting
.] 1. To alienate or diminish the affection of; to make unfriendly or less friendly; to fill with discontent and unfriendliness.
They had attempted to disaffect and discontent his majesty's late army. Clarendon. 2. To disturb the functions of; to disorder.
It disaffects the bowels. Hammond. 3. To lack affection for; to be alienated from, or indisposed toward; to dislike.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Disaffected adjective Alienated in feeling; not wholly loyal. J. H. Newman. -- Dis`af*fect"ed*ly , adverb -- Dis`af*fect"ed*ness , noun
Disaffection noun 1. State of being disaffected; alienation or want of affection or good will, esp. toward those in authority; unfriendliness; dislike.
In the making laws, princes must have regard to . . . the affections and disaffections of the people. Jer. Taylor. 2. Disorder; bad constitution.
[ R.] Wiseman. Syn.
-- Dislike; disgust; discontent; unfriendliness; alienation; disloyalty; hostility.
Disaffectionate adjective Not disposed to affection; unfriendly; disaffected. [ R.] Blount.
Disaffirm transitive verb
1. To assert the contrary of; to contradict; to deny; -- said of that which has been asserted. 2. (Law) To refuse to confirm; to annul, as a judicial decision, by a contrary judgment of a superior tribunal.
1. The act of disaffirming; denial; negation. 2. (Law) Overthrow or annulment by the decision of a superior tribunal; as, disaffirmance of judgment.
Disaffirmation noun The act of disaffirming; negation; refutation.
Disafforest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disafforested
; present participle & verbal noun Disafforesting
.] [ Prefix dis-
: confer Old French desaforester
.] (Eng. Law) To reduce from the privileges of a forest to the state of common ground; to exempt from forest laws.
By charter 9 Henry III. many forests were disafforested . Blackstone.
Disaggregate transitive verb To destroy the aggregation of; to separate into component parts, as an aggregate mass.
Disaggregation noun [ Confer French désagrégation .] The separation of an aggregate body into its component parts.
Disagree intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disagreed
; present participle & verbal noun Disageeing
.] [ Prefix dis-
: confer French désagréer
to displease.] 1. To fail to accord; not to agree; to lack harmony; to differ; to be unlike; to be at variance.
They reject the plainest sense of Scripture, because it seems to disagree with what they call reason. Atterbury. 2. To differ in opinion; to hold discordant views; to be at controversy; to quarrel.
Who shall decide, when doctors disagree ? Pope. 3. To be unsuited; to have unfitness; as, medicine sometimes disagrees with the patient; food often disagrees with the stomach or the taste.
» Usually followed by with
, sometimes by to
, rarely by from
; as, I disagree
to your proposal. Syn.
-- To differ; vary; dissent.
[ Confer French désagréable
.] 1. Not agreeable, conformable, or congruous; contrary; unsuitable.
Preach you truly the doctrine which you have received, and each nothing that is disagreeable thereunto. Udall. 2. Exciting repugnance; offensive to the feelings or senses; displeasing; unpleasant.
That which is disagreeable to one is many times agreeable to another, or disagreeable in a less degree. Wollaston.
Disagreeableness noun The state or quality of being; disagreeable; unpleasantness.
Disagreeably adverb In a disagreeable manner; unsuitably; offensively.
Disagreeance noun Disagreement. [ Obsolete]
Disagreement noun [ Confer French désagrément disagreeable circumstance, disagreeableness.]
1. The state of disagreeing; a being at variance; dissimilitude; diversity. 2. Unsuitableness; unadaptedness. [ R.] 3. Difference of opinion or sentiment. 4. A falling out, or controversy; difference. Syn. -- Difference; diversity; dissimilitude; unlikeness; discrepancy; variance; dissent; misunderstanding; dissension; division; dispute; jar; wrangle; discord.
Disagreer noun One who disagrees. Hammond.
Disalliege transitive verb To alienate from allegiance. [ Obsolete & R.] Milton.