Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Discalceate transitive verb [ Latin discalceatus unshod; dis- + calceus shoe.] To pull off shoes or sandals from. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Discalceated adjective Deprived off shoes or sandals; unshod; discalced.
Discalceation noun The act of pulling off the shoes or sandals. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Discalced adjective Unshod; barefooted; -- in distinction from calced . "The foundation of houses of discalced friars." Cardinal Manning's St. Teresa.
Discamp transitive verb
[ See Decamp
.] To drive from a camp.
[ Obsolete] Holland.
Discandy intransitive verb To melt; to dissolve; to thaw. [ Obsolete]
Discapacitate transitive verb To deprive of capacity; to incapacitate. [ R.]
Discard transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Discarded
; present participle & verbal noun Discarding
.] 1. (Card Playing) To throw out of one's hand, as superfluous cards; to lay aside (a card or cards). 2. To cast off as useless or as no longer of service; to dismiss from employment, confidence, or favor; to discharge; to turn away.
They blame the favorites, and think it nothing extraordinary that the queen should . . . resolve to discard them. Swift. 3. To put or thrust away; to reject.
A man discards the follies of boyhood. I. Taylor. Syn.
-- To dismiss; displace; discharge; cashier.
Discard intransitive verb (Card Playing) To make a discard.
Discard noun (Card Playing) The act of discarding; also, the card or cards discarded.
Discardure noun Rejection; dismissal. [ R.] Hayter.
Discarnate adjective [ Latin dis- + carnatus fleshy, from caro , carnis , flesh.] Stripped of flesh. [ Obsolete] " Discarnate bones." Glanvill.
Discase transitive verb To strip; to undress. Shak.
Discede intransitive verb
[ Latin discedere
to yield.] To yield or give up; to depart.
I dare not discede from my copy a tittle. Fuller.
Discept intransitive verb
[ Latin disceptare
.] To debate; to discuss.
One dissertates, he is candid; R. Browning.
Two must discept , -- has distinguished.
[ Latin disceptatio
.] Controversy; disputation; discussion.
Verbose janglings and endless disceptations . Strype.
Disceptator noun [ Latin ] One who arbitrates or decides. [ R.] Cowley.
Discern transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Discerned
; present participle & verbal noun Discerning
.] [ French discerner
, Latin discernere
to separate, distinguish. See Certain
, and confer Discreet
.] 1. To see and identify by noting a difference or differences; to note the distinctive character of; to discriminate; to distinguish.
To discern such buds as are fit to produce blossoms. Boyle.
A counterfeit stone which thine eye can not discern from a right stone. Robynson (More's Utopia). 2. To see by the eye or by the understanding; to perceive and recognize; as, to discern a difference.
And [ I] beheld among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a young man void of understanding. Prov. vii. 7.
Our unassisted sight . . . is not acute enough to discern the minute texture of visible objects. Beattie.
I wake, and I discern the truth. Tennyson. Syn.
-- To perceive; distinguish; discover; penetrate; discriminate; espy; descry; detect. See Perceive
Discern intransitive verb 1. To see or understand the difference; to make distinction; as, to discern between good and evil, truth and falsehood.
More than sixscore thousand that cannot discern between their right hand their left. Jonah iv. 11. 2. To make cognizance.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Discernance noun Discernment. [ Obsolete]
Discerner noun One who, or that which, discerns, distinguishes, perceives, or judges; as, a discerner of truth, of right and wrong.
A great observer and discerner of men's natures. Clarendon.
[ Latin discernibilis
.] Capable of being discerned by the eye or the understanding; as, a star is discernible by the eye; the identity of difference of ideas is discernible by the understanding.
The effect of the privations and sufferings . . . was discernible to the last in his temper and deportment. Macaulay. Syn.
-- Perceptible; distinguishable; apparent; visible; evident; manifest.
Discernibleness noun The quality of being discernible.
Discernibly adverb In a manner to be discerned; perceptibly; visibly. Hammond.
Discerning adjective Acute; shrewd; sagacious; sharp-sighted. Macaulay.
Discerningly adverb In a discerning manner; with judgment; judiciously; acutely. Garth.
[ Confer French discernement
.] 1. The act of discerning. 2. The power or faculty of the mind by which it distinguishes one thing from another; power of viewing differences in objects, and their relations and tendencies; penetrative and discriminate mental vision; acuteness; sagacity; insight; as, the errors of youth often proceed from the want of discernment . Syn.
-- Judgment; acuteness; discrimination; penetration; sagacity; insight. -- Discernment
is keenness and accuracy of mental vision; penetration
is the power of seeing deeply into a subject in spite of everything that intercepts the view; discrimination
is a capacity of tracing out minute distinctions and the nicest shades of thought. A discerning
man is not easily misled; one of a penetrating
mind sees a multitude of things which escape others; a discriminating
judgment detects the slightest differences.
Discerp transitive verb [ Latin discerpere , discerptum ; dis- + carpere to pluck.]
1. To tear in pieces; to rend. [ R.] Stukeley. 2. To separate; to disunite. [ R.] Bp. Hurd.
Discerpibility, Discerptibility noun Capability or liableness to be discerped. [ R.] Wollaston.
Discerpible, Discerptible adjective
[ See Discerp
.] Capable of being discerped.
Discerption noun [ Latin discerptio .] The act of pulling to pieces, or of separating the parts. Bp. Hall.
Discerptive adjective Tending to separate or disunite parts. Encys. Dict.
[ Latin discessio
, from discedere
. See Discede
Discharge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Discharged
; present participle & verbal noun Discharging
.] [ Middle English deschargen
, Old French deschargier
, French décharger
; prefix des-
) + chargier
, French charger
. See Charge
.] 1. To relieve of a charge, load, or burden; to empty of a load or cargo; to unburden; to unload; as, to discharge a vessel. 2. To free of the missile with which anything is charged or loaded; to let go the charge of; as, to discharge a bow, catapult, etc.; especially, said of firearms, -- to fire off; to shoot off; also, to relieve from a state of tension, as a Leyden jar.
The galleys also did oftentimes, out of their prows, discharge their great pieces against the city. Knolles.
Feeling in other cases discharges itself in indirect muscular actions. H. Spencer. 3. To of something weighing upon or impeding over one, as a debt, claim, obligation, responsibility, accusation, etc.; to absolve; to acquit; to clear.
Discharged of business, void of strife. Dryden.
In one man's fault discharge another man of his duty. L'Estrange. 4. To relieve of an office or employment; to send away from service; to dismiss.
Discharge the common sort Shak.
With pay and thanks.
Grindal . . . was discharged the government of his see. Milton. 5. To release legally from confinement; to set at liberty; as, to discharge a prisoner. 6. To put forth, or remove, as a charge or burden; to take out, as that with which anything is loaded or filled; as, to discharge a cargo. 7. To let fly, as a missile; to shoot.
They do discharge their shot of courtesy. Shak. 8. To set aside; to annul; to dismiss.
We say such an order was " discharged on appeal." Mozley & W.
The order for Daly's attendance was discharged . Macaulay. 9. To throw off the obligation of, as a duty or debt; to relieve one's self of, by fulfilling conditions, performing duty, trust, and the like; hence, to perform or execute, as an office, or part.
Had I a hundred tongues, a wit so large Dryden. 10. To send away (a creditor) satisfied by payment; to pay one's debt or obligation to.
As could their hundred offices discharge .
If he had Shak. 11. To give forth; to emit or send out; as, a pipe discharges water; to let fly; to give expression to; to utter; as, to discharge a horrible oath. 12. To prohibit; to forbid.
The present money to discharge the Jew.
[ Scot. Obsolete] Sir W. Scott. Discharging arch (Architecture)
, an arch over a door, window, or other opening, to distribute the pressure of the wall above. See Illust. of Lintel .
-- Discharging piece
, Discharging strut (Architecture)
, a piece set to carry thrust or weight to a solid point of support.
-- Discharging rod (Electricity)
, a bent wire, with knobs at both ends, and insulated by a glass handle. It is employed for discharging a Leyden jar or an electrical battery. See Discharger . Syn.
-- See Deliver
Discharge intransitive verb To throw off or deliver a load, charge, or burden; to unload; to emit or give vent to fluid or other contents; as, the water pipe discharges freely.
The cloud, if it were oily or fatty, would not discharge . Bacon.
[ Confer French décharge
. See Discharge
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of discharging; the act of relieving of a charge or load; removal of a load or burden; unloading; as, the discharge of a ship; discharge of a cargo. 2. Firing off; explosive removal of a charge; explosion; letting off; as, a discharge of arrows, of artillery. 3. Act of relieving of something which oppresses or weighs upon one, as an obligation, liability, debt, accusation, etc.; acquittance; as, the discharge of a debtor. 4. Act of removing, or getting rid of, an obligation, liability, etc.; fulfillment, as by the payment of a debt, or the performance of a trust or duty.
Indefatigable in the discharge of business . Motley.
Nothing can absolve us from the discharge of those duties. L'Estrange. 5. Release or dismissal from an office, employment, etc.; dismission; as, the discharge of a workman by his employer. 6. Legal release from confinement; liberation; as, the discharge of a prisoner. 7. The state of being discharged or relieved of a debt, obligation, office, and the like; acquittal.
Too secure of our discharge Milton. 8. That which discharges or releases from an obligation, liability, penalty, etc., as a price of ransom, a legal document.
Death, who sets all free, Milton. 9. A flowing or issuing out; emission; vent; evacuation; also, that which is discharged or emitted; as, a rapid discharge of water from the pipe.
Hath paid his ransom now and full discharge .
The hemorrhage being stopped, the next occurrence is a thin serous discharge . S. Sharp. Charge and discharge
. (Equity Practice) See under Charge , noun
-- Paralytic discharge (Physiol.)
, the increased secretion from a gland resulting from the cutting of all of its nerves.
Discharge transitive verb (Textile Dyeing & Printing) To bleach out or to remove or efface, as by a chemical process; as, to discharge the color from a dyed fabric in order to form light figures on a dark ground.
Discharge noun (Electricity) The equalization of a difference of electric potential between two points. The character of the discharge is mostly determined by the nature of the medium through which it takes place, the amount of the difference of potential, and the form of the terminal conductors on which the difference exists. The discharge may be alternating, continuous, brush, connective, disruptive, glow, oscillatory, stratified, etc.
Discharger noun One who, or that which, discharges. Specifically, in electricity, an instrument for discharging a Leyden jar, or electrical battery, by making a connection between the two surfaces; a discharging rod.
Dischevele adjective Disheveled. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dischurch transitive verb To deprive of status as a church, or of membership in a church. Bp. Hall.
Discide transitive verb [ Latin discidere ; dis- + caedere to cut.] To divide; to cleave in two. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Disciferous adjective [ Disc- + -ferous .] Bearing disks.
Discifloral, Disciflorous adjective
[ See Disk
, and Floral
.] (Botany) Bearing the stamens on a discoid outgrowth of the receptacle; -- said of a subclass of plants. Confer Calycifloral .
Disciform adjective Discoid.
Discina noun [ New Latin , from Latin discus disk, Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of Branchiopoda, having a disklike shell, attached by one valve, which is perforated by the peduncle.
Discinct adjective [ Latin discinctus , past participle of discingere to ungird; dis- + cingere to gird.] Ungirded; loosely dressed. [ R.] Sir W. Scott.
Discind transitive verb [ Latin discindere ; dis- + scindere to cut, split.] To part; to divide. [ Obsolete] Boyle.