Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Disassimilation noun (Physics) The decomposition of complex substances, within the organism, into simpler ones suitable only for excretion, with evolution of energy, -- a normal nutritional process the reverse of assimilation; downward metabolism.
The breaking down of already existing chemical compounds into simpler ones, sometimes called disassimilation . Martin.
Disassimilative adjective (Physiol.) Having power to disassimilate; of the nature of disassimilation.
Disassimilative processes constitute a marked feature in the life of animal cells. McKendrick.
Disassociate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disassociated
; present participle & verbal noun Disassociating
.] To disconnect from things associated; to disunite; to dissociate. Florio.
[ French désastre
; prefix dés-
) + astre
star, from Latin astrum
; a word of astrological origin. See Aster
.] 1. An unpropitious or baleful aspect of a planet or star; malevolent influence of a heavenly body; hence, an ill portent.
Disasters in the sun. Shak. 2. An adverse or unfortunate event, esp. a sudden and extraordinary misfortune; a calamity; a serious mishap.
But noble souls, through dust and heat, Longfellow. Syn.
Rise from disaster and defeat
-- Calamity; misfortune; mishap; mischance; visitation; misadventure; ill luck. See Calamity
Disaster transitive verb
1. To blast by the influence of a baleful star. [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney. 2. To bring harm upon; to injure. [ R.] Thomson.
Disasterly adverb Disastrously. [ Obsolete] Drayton.
[ Confer French désastreux
. See Disaster
.] 1. Full of unpropitious stellar influences; unpropitious; ill- boding.
The moon Milton. 2. Attended with suffering or disaster; very unfortunate; calamitous; ill-fated; as, a disastrous day; a disastrous termination of an undertaking.
In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds.
Wherein I spake of most disastrous chances. Shak.
Disattire transitive verb [ Prefix dis- + attire : confer Old French desatirier .] To unrobe; to undress. Spenser.
Disaugment transitive verb To diminish. [ R.]
Disauthorize transitive verb To deprive of credit or authority; to discredit. [ R.] W. Wotton.
Disavaunce transitive verb
[ Confer Disadvance
.] To retard; to repel; to do damage to.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Disaventurous adjective Misadventurous; unfortunate. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Disavouch transitive verb
[ Prefix dis-
. Confer Disavow
.] To disavow.
[ R.] Daniel.
Disavow transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disavowed
; present participle & verbal noun Disavowing
.] [ French désavouer
; prefix dés-
-) + avouer
to avow. See Avow
, and confer Disavouch
.] 1. To refuse strongly and solemnly to own or acknowledge; to deny responsibility for, approbation of, and the like; to disclaim; to disown; as, he was charged with embezzlement, but he disavows the crime.
A solemn promise made and disavowed . Dryden. 2. To deny; to show the contrary of; to disprove.
Yet can they never Ford.
Toss into air the freedom of my birth,
Or disavow my blood Plantagenet's.
Disavowal noun The act of disavowing, disclaiming, or disowning; rejection and denial.
An earnest disavowal of fear often proceeds from fear. Richardson.
Disavowance noun Disavowal. [ Obsolete] South.
Disavower noun One who disavows.
Disavowment noun Disavowal. [ R.] Wotton.
Disband transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disbanded
; present participle & verbal noun Disbanding
.] [ Prefix dis-
: confer Old French desbander
, French débander
, to unbind, unbend. See Band
, and confer Disbend
.] 1. To loose the bands of; to set free; to disunite; to scatter; to disperse; to break up the organization of; especially, to dismiss from military service; as, to disband an army.
They disbanded themselves and returned, every man to his own dwelling. Knolles. 2. To divorce.
And therefore . . . she ought to be disbanded . Milton.
Disband intransitive verb To become separated, broken up, dissolved, or scattered; especially, to quit military service by breaking up organization.
When both rocks and all things shall disband . Herbert.
Human society would in a short space disband . Tillotson.
Disbandment noun The act of disbanding.
Disbar transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disbarred
; present participle & verbal noun Disbarring
.] (Law) To expel from the bar, or the legal profession; to deprive (an attorney, barrister, or counselor) of his status and privileges as such. Abbott.
Disbark transitive verb
[ Prefix dis-
a small ship: confer Old French desbarquer
, French débarquer
. Confer Debark
.] To disembark. Pope.
Disbarment noun Act of disbarring.
Disbase transitive verb
[ Confer Debase
.] To debase or degrade.
Nor you nor your house were so much as spoken of before I disbased myself. B. Jonson.
Disbecome transitive verb To misbecome. [ Obsolete] Massinger.
Disbelief noun The act of disbelieving;; a state of the mind in which one is fully persuaded that an opinion, assertion, or doctrine is not true; refusal of assent, credit, or credence; denial of belief.
Our belief or disbelief of a thing does not alter the nature of the thing. Tillotson.
No sadder proof can be given by a man of his own littleness that disbelief in great men. Carlyle. Syn.
-- Distrust; unbelief; incredulity; doubt; skepticism. -- Disbelief
is a mere failure to admit; disbelief
is a positive rejection. One may be an unbeliever
in Christianity from ignorance or want of inquiry; a unbeliever
has the proofs before him, and incurs the guilt of setting them aside. Unbelief
is usually open to conviction; disbelief
is already convinced as to the falsity of that which it rejects. Men often tell a story in such a manner that we regard everything they say with unbelief
. Familiarity with the worst parts of human nature often leads us into a disbelief
in many good qualities which really exist among men.
Disbelieve transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disbelieved
; present participle & verbal noun Disbelieving
.] Not to believe; to refuse belief or credence to; to hold not to be true or actual.
Assertions for which there is abundant positive evidence are often disbelieved , on account of what is called their improbability or impossibility. J. S. Mill.
Disbeliever noun One who disbelieves, or refuses belief; an unbeliever. Specifically, one who does not believe the Christian religion. I. Watts.
Disbench transitive verb
1. To drive from a bench or seat. [ R.] Shak. 2. (Eng. Law) To deprive (a bencher) of his privileges. Mozley & W.
Disbend transitive verb To unbend. [ Obsolete] Stirling.
Disbind transitive verb
[ Confer Disband
.] To unbind; to loosen.
[ Obsolete] Mede.
Disblame transitive verb [ Middle English desblamen , Old French desblasmer ; prefix des- (L. dis- ) + blasmer , French blâmer , to blame.] To clear from blame. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Disbodied adjective Disembodied. [ R.]
Disboscation noun [ Prefix dis- + French bosquet grove.] Converting forest land into cleared or arable land; removal of a forest. Sir W. Scott.
Disbowel transitive verb
[ See Bowel
, transitive verb
] To disembowel.
[ R.] Spenser.
Disbranch transitive verb
[ See Branch
] To divest of a branch or branches; to tear off. Shak.
Disbud transitive verb
[ See Bud
] (Hort.) To deprive of buds or shoots, as for training, or economizing the vital strength of a tree.
Disburden transitive verb
[ See Burden
, transitive verb
] [ Confer Disburthen
.] To rid of a burden; to free from a load borne or from something oppressive; to unload; to disencumber; to relieve.
He did it to disburden a conscience. Feltham.
My mediations . . . will, I hope, be more calm, being thus disburdened . Hammond. Syn.
-- To unload; unburden; discharge; free.
Disburden intransitive verb To relieve one's self of a burden; to ease the mind. Milton.
Disburgeon transitive verb To strip of burgeons or buds; to disbud. [ R.] Holland.
Disburse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disbursed
; present participle & verbal noun Disbursing
.] [ Old French desbourser
, French débourser
; prefix des-
) + bourse
purse. See Burse
, and confer Dispurse
.] To pay out; to expend; -- usually from a public fund or treasury.
The duty of collecting and disbursing his revenues. Macaulay. Disbursing officer
, an officer in any department of the public service who is charged with the duty of paying out public money.
[ Confer French déboursement
.] 1. The act of disbursing or paying out.
The disbursement of the public moneys. U. S. Statutes. 2. That which is disbursed or paid out; as, the annual disbursements exceed the income.
Disburser noun One who disburses money.
Disburthen transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disburthened
; present participle & verbal noun Disburthening
.] [ Confer Disburden
.] To disburden; to relieve of a load.
[ See Disk
.] A flat round plate
; (Biol.) A circular structure either in plants or animals; as, a blood disc , a germinal disc , etc. Same as Disk .
Discage transitive verb To uncage. [ R.] Tennyson.
Discal adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, a disk; as, discal cells.