Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Dim-sighted adjective Having dim sight; lacking perception. -- Dim"-sight`ed*ness , noun
[ Latin dimidiatus
, past participle of dimidiare
to halve, from dimidius
half. See Demi-
.] 1. Divided into two equal parts; reduced to half in shape or form. 2. (Biol.) (a) Consisting of only one half of what the normal condition requires; having the appearance of lacking one half; as, a dimidiate leaf, which has only one side developed. (b) Having the organs of one side, or half, different in function from the corresponding organs on the other side; as, dimidiate hermaphroditism.
Dimidiate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dimidiated
; present participle & verbal noun Dimidiating
.] 1. To divide into two equal parts.
[ Obsolete] Cockeram. 2. (Her.) To represent the half of; to halve.
Dimidiation noun [ Latin dimidiatio .] The act of dimidiating or halving; the state of being dimidiate.
Diminish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Diminished
; present participle & verbal noun Diminishing
.] [ Prefix di-
(= Latin dis-
) + minish
: confer Latin diminuere
, French diminuer
, Middle English diminuen
. See Dis-
, and Minish
.] 1. To make smaller in any manner; to reduce in bulk or amount; to lessen; -- opposed to augment or increase .
Not diminish , but rather increase, the debt. Barrow. 2. To lessen the authority or dignity of; to put down; to degrade; to abase; to weaken.
This doth nothing diminish their opinion. Robynson (More's Utopia).
I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations. Ezek. xxix. 15.
O thou . . . at whose sight all the stars Milton. 3. (Mus.) To make smaller by a half step; to make (an interval) less than minor; as, a diminished seventh. 4. To take away; to subtract.
Hide their diminished heads.
Neither shall ye diminish aught from it. Deut. iv. 2. Diminished column
, one whose upper diameter is less than the lower.
, or Diminishing
, a scale of gradation used in finding the different points for drawing the spiral curve of the volute. Gwilt.
-- Diminishing rule (Architecture)
, a board cut with a concave edge, for fixing the entasis and curvature of a shaft.
-- Diminishing stile (Architecture)
, a stile which is narrower in one part than in another, as in many glazed doors. Syn.
-- To decrease; lessen; abate; reduce; contract; curtail; impair; degrade. See Decrease
Diminish intransitive verb To become or appear less or smaller; to lessen; as, the apparent size of an object diminishes as we recede from it.
Diminishable adjective Capable of being diminished or lessened.
Diminisher noun One who, or that which, diminishes anything. Clerke (1637).
Diminishingly adverb In a manner to diminish.
Diminishment noun Diminution. [ R.] Cheke.
Diminuendo adverb [ Italian , present participle of diminuere to diminish.] (Mus.) In a gradually diminishing manner; with abatement of tone; decrescendo; -- expressed on the staff by Dim ., or Dimin ., or the sign.
[ Latin diminuens
, present participle of diminuere
. See Diminish
.] Lessening. Bp. Sanderson.
Diminutal adjective Indicating or causing diminution. Earle.
Diminute adjective Small; diminished; diminutive. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Diminutely adverb Diminutively. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin diminutio
, or perhaps rather deminutio
: confer French diminution
. See Diminish
.] 1. The act of diminishing, or of making or becoming less; state of being diminished; reduction in size, quantity, or degree; -- opposed to augmentation or increase . 2. The act of lessening dignity or consideration, or the state of being deprived of dignity; a lowering in estimation; degradation; abasement.
The world's opinion or diminution of me. Eikon Basilike.
Nor thinks it diminution to be ranked Philips. 3. (Law) Omission, inaccuracy, or defect in a record. 4. (Mus.) In counterpoint, the imitation of, or reply to, a subject, in notes of half the length or value of those the subject itself. Syn.
In military honor next.
-- Decrease; decay; abatement; reduction; deduction; decrement.
Diminutival adjective Indicating diminution; diminutive. " Diminutival forms" [ of words]. Earle. -- noun A diminutive. Earle.
[ Confer Latin deminutivus
, French diminutif
.] 1. Below the average size; very small; little. 2. Expressing diminution; as, a diminutive word. 3. Tending to diminish.
Diminutive of liberty. Shaftesbury.
Diminutive noun 1. Something of very small size or value; an insignificant thing.
Such water flies, diminutives of nature. Shak. 2. (Gram.) A derivative from a noun, denoting a small or a young object of the same kind with that denoted by the primitive; as, gosling , eaglet , lambkin .
Babyisms and dear diminutives . Tennyson.
» The word sometimes denotes a derivative verb which expresses a diminutive or petty form of the action, as scribble
Diminutively adverb In a diminutive manner.
Diminutiveness noun The quality of being diminutive; smallness; littleness; minuteness.
[ Latin dimissio
. See Dimit
, and confer Dismission
.] Leave to depart; a dismissing.
[ Obsolete] Barrow.
[ Latin dimissorius
: confer French dimissoire
. See Dimit
.] Sending away; dismissing to another jurisdiction; granting leave to depart. Letters dimissory (Eccl.)
, letters given by a bishop dismissing a person who is removing into another diocese, and recommending him for reception there. Hook.
Dimit transitive verb
[ Latin dimittere
to send away, le... go; di- = dis-
to send. See Dismiss
.] To dismiss, let go, or release.
[ Prob. from Greek ... of double thread, dimity; di-
twice + ... a thread of the warp; probably through Dutch diemet
, of French dimite
. Confer Samite
.] A cotton fabric employed for hangings and furniture coverings, and formerly used for women's under-garments. It is of many patterns, both plain and twilled, and occasionally is printed in colors.
Dimly adverb In a dim or obscure manner; not brightly or clearly; with imperfect sight.
Dimmish, Dimmy adjective Somewhat dim; as, dimmish eyes. " Dimmy clouds." Sir P. Sidney.
[ Anglo-Saxon dimness
.] 1. The state or quality ... being dim; lack of brightness, clearness, or distinctness; dullness; obscurity. 2. Dullness, or want of clearness, of vision or of intellectual perception. Dr. H. More. Syn.
-- Darkness; obscurity; gloom. See Darkness
[ Greek ... two-formed; di`s-
twice (see Di-
) + ... form.] (Crystallog.) Either one of the two forms of a dimorphous substance; as, calcite and aragonite are dimorphs .
Dimorphic adjective Having the property of dimorphism; dimorphous.
[ Confer French dimorphisme
.] 1. (Biol.) Difference of form between members of the same species, as when a plant has two kinds of flowers, both hermaphrodite (as in the partridge berry), or when there are two forms of one or both sexes of the same species of butterfly.
Dimorphism is the condition of the appearance of the same species under two dissimilar forms. Darwin. 2. (Crystallog.) Crystallization in two independent forms of the same chemical compound, as of calcium carbonate as calcite and aragonite.
Dimorphous adjective [ Confer French dimorphe .]
1. (Biol.) Characterized by dimorphism; occurring under two distinct forms, not dependent on sex; dimorphic. 2. (Crystallog.) Crystallizing under two forms fundamentally different, while having the same chemical composition.
[ Prob. a nasalized dim. of dip
. See Dip
, and confer Dimble
.] 1. A slight natural depression or indentation on the surface of some part of the body, esp. on the cheek or chin. Milton.
The dimple of her chin. Prior. 2. A slight indentation on any surface.
The garden pool's dark surface . . . Wordsworth.
Breaks into dimples small and bright.
Dimple intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dimpled
; present participle & verbal noun Dimpling
.] To form dimples; to sink into depressions or little inequalities.
And smiling eddies dimpled on the main. Dryden.
Dimple transitive verb To mark with dimples or dimplelike depressions. Shak.
Dimplement noun The state of being dimpled, or marked with gentle depressions.
The ground's most gentle dimplement . Mrs. Browning.
Dimply adjective Full of dimples, or small depressions; dimpled; as, the dimply pool. Thomson.
Dimya, Dimyaria noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... = ... + ... to close.] (Zoology) An order of lamellibranchiate mollusks having an anterior and posterior adductor muscle, as the common clam. See Bivalve .
Dimyarian adjective (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the Dimya. -- noun One of the Dimya.
Dimyary adjective & noun (Zoology) Same as Dimyarian .
[ Anglo-Saxon dyne
; akin to Icelandic dynr
, and to Anglo-Saxon dynian
to resound, Icelandic dynja
to pour down like hail or rain; confer Sanskrit dhuni
roaring, a torrent, dhvan
to sound. Confer Dun
to ask payment.] Loud, confused, harsh noise; a loud, continuous, rattling or clanging sound; clamor; roar.
Think you a little din can daunt mine ears? Shak.
He knew the battle's din afar. Sir W. Scott.
The dust and din and steam of town. Tennyson.
Din transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dinned
; present participle & verbal noun Dinning
.] [ Anglo-Saxon dynian
. See Din
] 1. To strike with confused or clanging sound; to stun with loud and continued noise; to harass with clamor; as, to din the ears with cries. 2. To utter with a din; to repeat noisily; to ding.
This hath been often dinned in my ears. Swift. To din into
, to fix in the mind of another by frequent and noisy repetitions. Sir W. Scott.
Din intransitive verb To sound with a din; a ding.
The gay viol dinning in the dale. A. Seward.
dinaphthyl noun [ Prefix di- + naphthyl ene.] (Chemistry) A colorless, crystalline hydrocarbon, C 20 H 14 , obtained from naphthylene, and consisting of a doubled naphthylene radical.
[ Arabic dīnār
, from Greek dhna`rion
, from Latin denarius
. See Denier
.] 1. A petty money of accounts of Persia. 2. An ancient gold coin of the East.
(dīn) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dined
(dīnd); present participle & verbal noun Dining
.] [ French dîner
, Old French disner
, Late Latin disnare
, contr. from an assumed disjunare
+ an assumed junare
) to fast, for Latin jejunare
, from jejunus
fasting. See Jejune
, and confer Dinner
.] To eat the principal regular meal of the day; to take dinner.
Now can I break my fast, dine , sup, and sleep. Shak. To dine with Duke Humphrey
, to go without dinner; -- a phrase common in Elizabethan literature, said to be from the practice of the poor gentry, who beguiled the dinner hour by a promenade near the tomb of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, in Old Saint Paul's.
Dine transitive verb 1. To give a dinner to; to furnish with the chief meal; to feed; as, to dine a hundred men.
A table massive enough to have dined Johnnie Armstrong and his merry men. Sir W. Scott. 2. To dine upon; to have to eat.
[ Obsolete] "What will ye dine
Diner noun One who dines.