Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Dilettantish adjective Dilettanteish.

Dilettantism noun Same as Dilettanteism . F. Harrison.

Diligence noun [ French diligence , Latin diligentia .]
1. The quality of being diligent; carefulness; careful attention; -- the opposite of negligence .

2. Interested and persevering application; devoted and painstaking effort to accomplish what is undertaken; assiduity in service.

That which ordinary men are fit for, I am qualified in; and the best of me is diligence .
Shak.

3. (Scots Law) Process by which persons, lands, or effects are seized for debt; process for enforcing the attendance of witnesses or the production of writings.

To do one's diligence , give diligence , use diligence , to exert one's self; to make interested and earnest endeavor.

And each of them doth all his diligence
To do unto the festé reverence.
Chaucer.

Syn. -- Attention; industry; assiduity; sedulousness; earnestness; constancy; heed; heedfulness; care; caution. -- Diligence , Industry . Industry has the wider sense of the two, implying an habitual devotion to labor for some valuable end, as knowledge, property, etc. Diligence denotes earnest application to some specific object or pursuit, which more or less directly has a strong hold on one's interests or feelings. A man may be diligent for a time, or in seeking some favorite end, without meriting the title of industrious . Such was the case with Fox, while Burke was eminent not only for diligence , but industry ; he was always at work, and always looking out for some new field of mental effort.

The sweat of industry would dry and die,
But for the end it works to.
Shak.

Diligence and accuracy are the only merits which an historical writer ascribe to himself.
Gibbon.

Diligence noun [ French] A four-wheeled public stagecoach, used in France.

Diligency noun [ Latin diligentia .] Diligence; care; persevering endeavor. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Diligent adjective [ French diligent , Latin diligens , -entis , present participle of diligere , dilectum , to esteem highly, prefer; di- = dis- + legere to choose. See Legend .]
1. Prosecuted with careful attention and effort; careful; painstaking; not careless or negligent.

The judges shall make diligent inquisition.
Deut. xix. 18.

2. Interestedly and perseveringly attentive; steady and earnest in application to a subject or pursuit; assiduous; industrious.

Seest thou a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings.
Prov. xxii. 29.

Diligent cultivation of elegant literature.
Prescott.

Syn. -- Active; assiduous; sedulous; laborious; persevering; attentive; industrious.

Diligently adverb In a diligent manner; not carelessly; not negligently; with industry or assiduity.

Ye diligently keep commandments of the Lord your God.
Deut. vi. 17.

Dill (dĭl) noun [ AS dile ; akin to Dutch dille , Old High German tilli , German dill , dille , Swedish dill , Danish dild .] (Botany) An herb ( Peucedanum graveolens ), the seeds of which are moderately warming, pungent, and aromatic, and were formerly used as a soothing medicine for children; -- called also dillseed . Dr. Prior.

Dill transitive verb [ Middle English dillen , from dul dull, adjective ] To still; to calm; to soothe, as one in pain. [ Obsolete]

Dilling (dĭl"lĭng) noun A darling; a favorite. [ Obsolete]

Whilst the birds billing,
Each one with his dilling .
Drayton.

Dilluing (dĭl*lū"ĭng) noun (Min.) A process of sorting ore by washing in a hand sieve. [ Written also deluing .]

Dilly (dĭl"lȳ) noun [ Contr. from diligence .] A kind of stagecoach. "The Derby dilly ." J. H. Frere.

Dilly-dally intransitive verb [ See Dally .] To loiter or trifle; to waste time.

Dilogical adjective Ambiguous; of double meaning. [ Obsolete] T. Adams.

Dilogy noun ; plural Dilogies . [ Latin dilogia , Greek ..., from ... doubtful; di- = di`s- twice + ... to speak.] (Rhet.) An ambiguous speech; a figure in which a word is used an equivocal sense. [ R.]

Dilucid adjective [ Latin dilucidus , from dilucere to be light enough to distinguish objects apart. See Lucid .] Clear; lucid. [ Obsolete] Bacon. -- Di*lu"cid*ly , adverb [ Obsolete] -- Di`lu*cid"i*ty noun [ Obsolete]

Dilucidate transitive verb [ Latin dilucidatus , past participle of dilucidare .] To elucidate. [ Obsolete] Boyle.

Dilucidation noun [ Latin dilucidatio .] The act of making clear. [ Obsolete] Boyle.

Diluent adjective [ Latin diluens , present participle diluere . See Dilute .] Diluting; making thinner or weaker by admixture, esp. of water. Arbuthnot.

Diluent noun
1. That which dilutes.

2. (Medicine) An agent used for effecting dilution of the blood; a weak drink.

There is no real diluent but water.
Arbuthnot.

Dilute transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Diluted ; present participle & verbal noun Diluting .] [ Latin dilutus , past participle of diluere to wash away, dilute; di- = dis- + luere , equiv. to lavare to wash, lave. See Lave , and confer Deluge .]
1. To make thinner or more liquid by admixture with something; to thin and dissolve by mixing.

Mix their watery store.
With the chyle's current, and dilute it more.
Blackmore.

2. To diminish the strength, flavor, color, etc., of, by mixing; to reduce, especially by the addition of water; to temper; to attenuate; to weaken.

Lest these colors should be diluted and weakened by the mixture of any adventitious light.
Sir I. Newton.

Dilute intransitive verb To become attenuated, thin, or weak; as, it dilutes easily.

Dilute adjective [ Latin dilutus , past participle ] Diluted; thin; weak.

A dilute and waterish exposition.
Hopkins.

Diluted adjective Reduced in strength; thin; weak. -- Di*lut"ed*ly , adverb

Diluteness noun The quality or state of being dilute. Bp. Wilkins.

Diluter noun One who, or that which, dilutes or makes thin, more liquid, or weaker.

Dilution noun [ Confer French dilution .] The act of diluting, or the state of being diluted. Arbuthnot.

Diluvial adjective [ Latin diluvialis . from diluvium .]
1. Of or pertaining to a flood or deluge, esp. to the great deluge in the days of Noah; diluvian.

2. (Geol.) Effected or produced by a flood or deluge of water; -- said of coarse and imperfectly stratified deposits along ancient or existing water courses. Similar unstratified deposits were formed by the agency of ice. The time of deposition has been called the Diluvian epoch .

Diluvialist noun One who explains geological phenomena by the Noachian deluge. Lyell.

Diluvian adjective [ Confer French diluvien .] Of or pertaining to a deluge, esp. to the Noachian deluge; diluvial; as, of diluvian origin. Buckland.

Diluviate intransitive verb [ Latin diluviare .] To run as a flood. [ Obsolete] Sir E. Sandys.

Diluvium noun ; plural English Diluviums , Latin Diluvia . [ Latin diluvium . See Dilute , Deluge .] (Geol.) A deposit of superficial loam, sand, gravel, stones, etc., caused by former action of flowing waters, or the melting of glacial ice.

» The accumulation of matter by the ordinary operation of water is termed alluvium .

Dim adjective [ Compar. Dimmer ; superl. Dimmest .] [ Anglo-Saxon dim ; akin to OFries. dim , Icelandic dimmr : confer Middle High German timmer , timber ; of uncertain origin.]
1. Not bright or distinct; wanting luminousness or clearness; obscure in luster or sound; dusky; darkish; obscure; indistinct; overcast; tarnished.

The dim magnificence of poetry.
Whewell.

How is the gold become dim !
Lam. iv. 1.

I never saw
The heavens so dim by day.
Shak.

Three sleepless nights I passed in sounding on,
Through words and things, a dim and perilous way.
Wordsworth.

2. Of obscure vision; not seeing clearly; hence, dull of apprehension; of weak perception; obtuse.

Mine eye also is dim by reason of sorrow.
Job xvii. 7.

The understanding is dim .
Rogers.

» Obvious compounds: dim -eyed; dim -sighted, etc.

Syn. -- Obscure; dusky; dark; mysterious; imperfect; dull; sullied; tarnished.

Dim transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Dimmed ; present participle & verbal noun Dimming .]
1. To render dim, obscure, or dark; to make less bright or distinct; to take away the luster of; to darken; to dull; to obscure; to eclipse.

A king among his courtiers, who dims all his attendants.
Dryden.

Now set the sun, and twilight dimmed the ways.
Cowper.

2. To deprive of distinct vision; to hinder from seeing clearly, either by dazzling or clouding the eyes; to darken the senses or understanding of.

Her starry eyes were dimmed with streaming tears.
C. Pitt.

Dim intransitive verb To grow dim. J. C. Shairp.

Dimble noun [ Prob. orig., a cavity, and the same word as dimple . See Dimple .] A bower; a dingle. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Dime noun [ French dîme tithe, Old French disme , from Latin decimus the tenth, from decem ten. See Decimal .] A silver coin of the United States, of the value of ten cents; the tenth of a dollar.

Dime novel , a novel, commonly sensational and trashy, which is sold for a dime, or ten cents.

Dimension noun [ Latin dimensio , from dimensus , past participle of dimetiri to measure out; di- = dis- + metiri to measure: confer French dimension . See Measure .]
1. Measure in a single line, as length, breadth, height, thickness, or circumference; extension; measurement; -- usually, in the plural, measure in length and breadth, or in length, breadth, and thickness; extent; size; as, the dimensions of a room, or of a ship; the dimensions of a farm, of a kingdom.

Gentlemen of more than ordinary dimensions .
W. Irving.

Space of dimension , extension that has length but no breadth or thickness; a straight or curved line. - - Space of two dimensions , extension which has length and breadth, but no thickness; a plane or curved surface. -- Space of three dimensions , extension which has length, breadth, and thickness; a solid. -- Space of four dimensions , as imaginary kind of extension, which is assumed to have length, breadth, thickness, and also a fourth imaginary dimension. Space of five or six, or more dimensions is also sometimes assumed in mathematics.

2. Extent; reach; scope; importance; as, a project of large dimensions .

3. (Math.) The degree of manifoldness of a quantity; as, time is quantity having one dimension ; volume has three dimensions , relative to extension.

4. (Alg.) A literal factor, as numbered in characterizing a term. The term dimensions forms with the cardinal numbers a phrase equivalent to degree with the ordinal; thus, a 2 b 2 c is a term of five dimensions , or of the fifth degree.

5. plural (Physics ) The manifoldness with which the fundamental units of time, length, and mass are involved in determining the units of other physical quantities. Thus, since the unit of velocity varies directly as the unit of length and inversely as the unit of time, the dimensions of velocity are said to be length ÷ time ; the dimensions of work are mass × (length) 2 ÷ (time) 2 ; the dimensions of density are mass ÷ (length) 3 .

Dimension lumber , Dimension scantling , or Dimension stock (Carp.) , lumber for building, etc., cut to the sizes usually in demand, or to special sizes as ordered. -- Dimension stone , stone delivered from the quarry rough, but brought to such sizes as are requisite for cutting to dimensions given.

Dimensional adjective Pertaining to dimension.

Dimensioned adjective Having dimensions. [ R.]

Dimensionless adjective Without dimensions; having no appreciable or noteworthy extent. Milton.

Dimensity noun Dimension. [ R.] Howell.

Dimensive adjective Without dimensions; marking dimensions or the limits.

Who can draw the soul's dimensive lines?
Sir J. Davies.

Dimera noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek di- = di`s- twice + ... part.] (Zoology) (a) A division of Coleoptera, having two joints to the tarsi. (b) A division of the Hemiptera, including the aphids.

Dimeran noun (Zoology) One of the Dimera.

Dimerous adjective [ Greek di- = di`s- twice + ... part.] Composed of, or having, two parts of each kind.

» A dimerous flower has two sepals, two petals, two stamens, and two pistils.

Dimeter adjective [ Latin dimeter , Greek ...; di- = di`s- twice + ... measure.] Having two poetical measures or meters. -- noun A verse of two meters.

Dimethyl noun [ Prefix di- + methyl .] (Chemistry) Ethane; -- sometimes so called because regarded as consisting of two methyl radicals. See Ethane .

Dimetric adjective [ See Dimeter , adjective ] (Crystallog.) Same as Tetragonal . Dana.

Dimication noun [ Latin dimicatio , from dimicare to fight.] A fight; contest. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.