Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Dichroscopic adjective Pertaining to the dichroscope, or to observations with it.
1. An ornamenting in squares or cubes. 2. Gambling with dice. J. R. Green.
Dickcissel noun (Zoology) The American black-throated bunting ( Spiza Americana ).
Dickens noun or interj.
[ Perh. a contr. of the dim. devilkins
.] The devil.
[ A vulgar euphemism.]
I can not tell what the dickens his name is. Shak.
[ Also daker
; akin to Icelandic dekr
, Danish deger
, German decher
; all probably from Late Latin dacra
, the number ten, akin to Latin decuria
a division consisting of ten, from decem
ten. See Ten
.] 1. The number or quantity of ten, particularly ten hides or skins; a dakir; as, a dicker of gloves.
A dicker of cowhides. Heywood. 2. A chaffering, barter, or exchange, of small wares; as, to make a dicker .
For peddling dicker , not for honest sales. Whittier.
Dicker intransitive verb & t. To negotiate a dicker; to barter. [ U.S.] "Ready to dicker . and to swap." Cooper.
1. A hat; esp., in U. S., a stiff hat or derby; in Eng., a straw hat. [ Slang] 2. One of various animals ; specif.: (a) A donkey. (b) Any small bird; -- called also dickey bird . [ Colloq.] (c) The hedge sparrow. [ Dial. Eng.] (d) The haddock. 3. In a carriage: (a) A seat for the driver; -- called also dickey box . (b) A seat at the back for servants.
Dickey, Dicky noun
1. A seat behind a carriage, for a servant. 2. A false shirt front or bosom. 3. A gentleman's shirt collar. [ Local, U. S.]
[ Greek di-
twice + ... to incline.] (Crystallog.) Having two of the intersections between the three axes oblique. See Crystallization .
Diclinous adjective [ Greek ... = ... bed.] Having the stamens and pistils in separate flowers. Gray.
Dicoccous adjective [ Greek di- = di`s- twice + ... grain, seed.] (Botany) Composed of two coherent, one-seeded carpels; as, a dicoccous capsule.
Dicotyledon (di*kŏt`ĭ*lē"dŭn) noun [ Prefix di- + cotyledon .] (Botany) A plant whose seeds divide into two seed lobes, or cotyledons, in germinating.
Dicotyledonous (-lĕd"ŭn*ŭs) adjective (Botany) Having two cotyledons or seed lobes; as, a dicotyledonous plant.
Dicrotal, Dicrotous adjective [ Greek ... a double beating.] Dicrotic.
Dicrotic adjective [ Greek ... = ... to knock, beat.] (Physiol.) (a) Of or pertaining to dicrotism; as, a dicrotic pulse. (b) Of or pertaining to the second expansion of the artery in the dicrotic pulse; as, the dicrotic wave.
Dicrotism noun (Physiol.) A condition in which there are two beats or waves of the arterial pulse to each beat of the heart.
Dicta noun plural
[ Latin ] See Dictum .
Dictamen noun [ Late Latin , from dictare to dictate.] A dictation or dictate. [ R.] Falkland.
[ Latin See Dittany
.] (Botany) A suffrutescent, D. Fraxinella (the only species), with strong perfume and showy flowers. The volatile oil of the leaves is highly inflammable.
Dictaphone noun [ Dicta te + -phone , as in telephone .] A form of phonographic recorder and reproducer adapted for use in dictation, as in business.
Dictate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dictated
; present participle & verbal noun Dictating
.] [ Latin dictatus
, past participle of dictare
, freq. of dicere
to say. See Diction
, and confer Dight
.] 1. To tell or utter so that another may write down; to inspire; to compose; as, to dictate a letter to an amanuensis.
The mind which dictated the Iliad. Wayland.
Pages dictated by the Holy Spirit. Macaulay. 2. To say; to utter; to communicate authoritatively; to deliver (a command) to a subordinate; to declare with authority; to impose; as, to dictate the terms of a treaty; a general dictates orders to his troops.
Whatsoever is dictated to us by God must be believed. Watts. Syn.
-- To suggest; prescribe; enjoin; command; point out; urge; admonish.
Dictate intransitive verb 1. To speak as a superior; to command; to impose conditions (on).
Who presumed to dictate to the sovereign. Macaulay. 2. To compose literary works; to tell what shall be written or said by another.
Sylla could not skill of letters, and therefore knew not how to dictate . Bacon.
[ Latin dictatum
. See Dictate
, transitive verb
] A statement delivered with authority; an order; a command; an authoritative rule, principle, or maxim; a prescription; as, listen to the dictates of your conscience; the dictates of the gospel.
I credit what the Grecian dictates say. Prior. Syn.
-- Command; injunction; direction suggestion; impulse; admonition.
[ Latin dictatio
.] 1. The act of dictating; the act or practice of prescribing; also that which is dictated.
It affords security against the dictation of laws. Paley. 2. The speaking to, or the giving orders to, in an overbearing manner; authoritative utterance; as, his habit, even with friends, was that of dictation .
[ Latin ] 1. One who dictates; one who prescribes rules and maxims authoritatively for the direction of others. Locke. 2. One invested with absolute authority; especially, a magistrate created in times of exigence and distress, and invested with unlimited power.
Invested with the authority of a dictator , nay, of a pope, over our language. Macaulay.
[ Confer French dictatorial
.] 1. Pertaining or suited to a dictator; absolute.
Military powers quite dictatorial . W. Irving. 2. Characteristic of a dictator; imperious; dogmatical; overbearing; as, a dictatorial tone or manner.
Dictatorian adjective Dictatorial. [ Obsolete]
Dictatorship noun The office, or the term of office, of a dictator; hence, absolute power.
Dictatory adjective [ Latin dictatorius .] Dogmatical; overbearing; dictatorial. Milton.
Dictatress noun A woman who dictates or commands.
Earth's chief dictatress , ocean's mighty queen. Byron.
Dictatrix noun [ Latin ] A dictatress.
Dictature noun [ Latin dictatura : confer French dictature .] Office of a dictator; dictatorship. [ R.] Bacon.
[ Latin dicto
a saying, a word, from dicere
, to say; akin to dicare
to proclaim, and to English teach
: confer French diction
. See Teach
, and confer Benison
.] Choice of words for the expression of ideas; the construction, disposition, and application of words in discourse, with regard to clearness, accuracy, variety, etc.; mode of expression; language; as, the diction of Chaucer's poems.
His diction blazes up into a sudden explosion of prophetic grandeur. De Quincey. Syn.
relates both to language and thought; diction
, to language only; phraseology
, to the mechanical structure of sentences, or the mode in which they are phrased
. The style
of Burke was enriched with all the higher graces of composition; his diction
was varied and copious; his phraseology
, at times, was careless and cumbersome. " Diction
is a general term applicable alike to a single sentence or a connected composition. Errors in grammar, false construction, a confused disposition of words, or an improper application of them, constitute bad diction
; but the niceties, the elegancies, the peculiarities, and the beauties of composition, which mark the genius and talent of the writer, are what is comprehended under the name of style
Dictionalrian noun A lexicographer. [ R.]
; plural Dictionaries
. [ Confer French dictionnaire
. See Diction
.] 1. A book containing the words of a language, arranged alphabetically, with explanations of their meanings; a lexicon; a vocabulary; a wordbook.
I applied myself to the perusal of our writers; and noting whatever might be of use to ascertain or illustrate any word or phrase, accumulated in time the materials of a dictionary . Johnson. 2. Hence, a book containing the words belonging to any system or province of knowledge, arranged alphabetically; as, a dictionary of medicine or of botany; a biographical dictionary .
Dictograph noun [ Latin dictum a thing said + English -graph .] A telephonic instrument for office or other similar use, having a sound-magnifying device enabling the ordinary mouthpiece to be dispensed with. Much use has been made of it for overhearing, or for recording, conversations for the purpose of obtaining evidence for use in litigation. » The makers of this instrument spell it dictograph .
, English Dictums
. [ Latin , neuter of dictus
, past participle of dicere
to say. See Diction
, and confer Ditto
.] 1. An authoritative statement; a dogmatic saying; an apothegm.
A class of critical dicta everywhere current. M. Arnold. 2. (Law) (a) A judicial opinion expressed by judges on points that do not necessarily arise in the case, and are not involved in it. (b) (French Law) The report of a judgment made by one of the judges who has given it. Bouvier. (c) An arbitrament or award.
Dictyogen noun [ Greek ... a net + -gen .] (Botany) A plant with net-veined leaves, and monocotyledonous embryos, belonging to the class Dictyogenæ , proposed by Lindley for the orders Dioscoreaceæ , Smilaceæ , Trilliaceæ , etc.
Dicyanide noun [ Prefix di- + cyan ogen.] (Chemistry) A compound of a binary type containing two cyanogen groups or radicals; -- called also bicyanide .
Dicyemata noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek di- = di`s- twice + ... an embryo.] (Zoology) An order of worms parasitic in cephalopods. They are remarkable for the extreme simplicity of their structure. The embryo exists in two forms.
Dicyemid adjective (Zoology) Like or belonging to the Dicyemata. -- noun One of the Dicyemata.
Dicynodont noun [ Greek di- = di`s- twice + ... dog + 'odoy`s , 'odo`ntos , tooth.] (Paleon.) One of a group of extinct reptiles having the jaws armed with a horny beak, as in turtles, and in the genus Dicynodon , supporting also a pair of powerful tusks. Their remains are found in triassic strata of South Africa and India.
Didactic noun A treatise on teaching or education. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Didactic, Didactical adjective
[ Greek ..., from ... to teach; akin to Latin docere
to teach: confer French didactique
. See Docile
.] Fitted or intended to teach; conveying instruction; preceptive; instructive; teaching some moral lesson; as, didactic essays.
writings." Jer. Taylor.
The finest didactic poem in any language. Macaulay.
Didactically adverb In a didactic manner.
Didacticism noun The didactic method or system.
Didacticity noun Aptitude for teaching. Hare.
Didactics noun The art or science of teaching.