Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Anglo-Saxon clūt
a little cloth, piece of metal; confer Swedish klut
, Icelandic klūtr
a kerchief, or W. clwt
a clout, Gael. clud
.] 1. A cloth; a piece of cloth or leather; a patch; a rag.
His garments, nought but many ragged clouts ,
With thorns together pinned and patched was.
A clout upon that head where late the diadem stood. 2. A swadding cloth. 3. A piece; a fragment.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 4. The center of the butt at which archers shoot; -- probably once a piece of white cloth or a nail head.
A'must shoot nearer or he'll ne'er hit the clout . 5. An iron plate on an axletree or other wood to keep it from wearing; a washer. 6. A blow with the hand.
[ Low] Clout nail
, a kind of wrought-iron nail heaving a large flat head; -- used for fastening clouts to axletrees, plowshares, etc., also for studding timber, and for various purposes.
Clout transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Clouted
; present participle & verbal noun Clouting
.] [ Middle English clutien
, to patch. See Clout
] 1. To cover with cloth, leather, or other material; to bandage; patch, or mend, with a clout.
And old shoes and clouted upon their feet.
Josh. ix. 5.
Paul, yea, and Peter, too, had more skill in . . . clouting an old tent than to teach lawyers. 2. To join or patch clumsily.
If fond Bavius vent his clouted song. 3. To quard with an iron plate, as an axletree. 4. To give a blow to; to strike.
The . . . queen of Spain took off one of her chopines and clouted Olivarez about the noddle with it. 5. To stud with nails, as a timber, or a boot sole. Clouted cream
, clotted cream, i. e. , cream obtained by warming new milk. A. Philips.
» " Clouted
brogues" in Shakespeare and " clouted
shoon" in Milton have been understood by some to mean shoes armed with nails; by others, patched shoes.
[ From Clout
] Clumsy; awkward.
Rough-hewn, cloutery verses.
. Cleft. Spenser. Clove hitch (Nautical) See under Hitch .
-- Clove hook (Nautical)
, an iron two-part hook, with jaws overlapping, used in bending chain sheets to the clews of sails; -- called also clip hook . Knight.
[ Dutch kloof
. See Cleave
, transitive verb
] A cleft; a gap; a ravine; -- rarely used except as part of a proper name; as, Kaaterskill Clove ; Stone Clove .
[ Middle English clow
, from French clou
nail, clou de girofle
a clove, lit. nail of clove, from Latin clavus
nail, perhaps akin to clavis
key, English clavicle
. The clove was so called from its resemblance to a nail. So in Dutch kruidnagel
clove, lit. herb-nail
. Confer Cloy
.] A very pungent aromatic spice, the unexpanded flower bud of the clove tree ( Eugenia, or Caryophullus, aromatica ), a native of the Molucca Isles. Clove camphor
. (Chemistry) See Eugenin .
-- Clove gillyflower
, Clove pink (Botany)
, any fragrant self-colored carnation.
[ Anglo-Saxon clufe
an ear of corn, a clove of garlic; confer cleófan
to split, English cleave
.] 1. (Botany) One of the small bulbs developed in the axils of the scales of a large bulb, as in the case of garlic.
Developing, in the axils of its skales, new bulbs, of what gardeners call cloves . 2. A weight. A clove of cheese is about eight pounds, of wool, about seven pounds.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Cloven past participle & adjective from Cleave , transitive verb To show the cloven foot
, to reveal a devilish character, or betray an evil purpose, notwithstanding disguises, -- Satan being represented dramatically and symbolically as having cloven hoofs.
Cloven-footed, Cloven-hoofed adjective Having the foot or hoof divided into two parts, as the ox.
[ Middle English claver
, Anglo-Saxon clǣfre
; akin to LG. & Danish klever
, Dutch klaver
, German klee
, Swedish klöfver
.] (Botany) A plant of different species of the genus Trifolium ; as the common red clover, T. pratense , the white, T. repens , and the hare's foot, T. arvense . Clover weevil (Zoology) a small weevil ( Apion apricans ), that destroys the seeds of clover.
-- Clover worm (Zoology)
, the larva of a small moth ( Asopia costalis ), often very destructive to clover hay.
-- In clover
, in very pleasant circumstances; fortunate. [ Colloq.] -- Sweet clover
. See Meliot .
Clovered adjective Covered with growing clover.
Flocks thick nibbling through the clovered vale.
[ See 3d Clove
, and Gillyflower
.] Spice clove.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Confer Icelandic klunni
a clumsy, boorish fellow, North Fries. klönne
clown, dial. Swedish klunn
log, Danish klunt
log, block, and English clump
, noun ] 1. A man of coarse nature and manners; an awkward fellow; an ill-bred person; a boor. Sir P. Sidney. 2. One who works upon the soil; a rustic; a churl.
The clown , the child of nature, without guile. 3. The fool or buffoon in a play, circus, etc.
The clown shall make those laugh whose lungs are tickle o'the sere.
Clown intransitive verb To act as a clown; -- with it .
Beshrew me, he clowns it properly indeed.
Clownage noun Behavior or manners of a clown; clownery. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Clownery (-ẽr*ȳ) noun Clownishness. L'Estrange.
Clownish adjective Of or resembling a clown, or characteristic of a clown; ungainly; awkward. " Clownish hands." Spenser. " Clownish mimic." Prior. -- Clown"ish*ly , adverb Syn. -- Coarse; rough; clumsy; awkward; ungainly; rude; uncivil; ill-bred; boorish; rustic; untutored.
Clownishness noun The manners of a clown; coarseness or rudeness of behavior.
That plainness which the alamode people call clownishness .
(kloi) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cloyed
(kloid); present participle & verbal noun Cloying
.] [ Middle English cloer
to nail up, French clouer
, from Old French clo
nail, French clou
, from Latin clavus
nail. Confer 3d Clove
.] 1. To fill or choke up; to stop up; to clog.
The duke's purpose was to have cloyed the harbor by sinking ships, laden with stones. 2. To glut, or satisfy, as the appetite; to satiate; to fill to loathing; to surfeit.
[ Who can] cloy the hungry edge of appetite
By bare imagination of a feast?
He sometimes cloys his readers instead of satisfying. 3. To penetrate or pierce; to wound.
Which, with his cruel tusk, him deadly cloyed .
He never shod horse but he cloyed him. 4. To spike, as a cannon.
[ Obsolete] Johnson. 5. To stroke with a claw.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Cloyless adjective That does not cloy. Shak.
Cloyment noun Satiety. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Confer Icelandic klubba
, club, klumbufōir
a clubfoot, SW. klubba
club, Danish klump
a club, German klumpen
club, and English clump
.] 1. A heavy staff of wood, usually tapering, and wielded with the hand; a weapon; a cudgel.
But make you ready your stiff bats and clubs ; 2.
Rome and her rats are at the point of battle.
[ Confer the Spanish name bastos,
and Spanish baston
staff, club.] Any card of the suit of cards having a figure like the trefoil or clover leaf. ( plural ) The suit of cards having such figure. 3. An association of persons for the promotion of some common object, as literature, science, politics, good fellowship, etc.; esp. an association supported by equal assessments or contributions of the members.
At wine, in clubs , of art, of politics.
He [ Goldsmith] was one of the nine original members of that celebrated fraternity which has sometimes been called the Literary Club , but which has always disclaimed that epithet, and still glories in the simple name of the Club . 4. A joint charge of expense, or any person's share of it; a contribution to a common fund.
They laid down the club .
We dined at a French house, but paid ten shillings for our part of the club . Club law
, government by violence; lynch law; anarchy. Addison. - Club moss (Botany)
, an evergreen mosslike plant, much used in winter decoration. The best know species is Lycopodium clavatum , but other Lycopodia are often called by this name. The spores form a highly inflammable powder.
-- Club root (Botany)
, a disease of cabbages, by which the roots become distorted and the heads spoiled.
-- Club topsail (Nautical)
, a kind of gaff topsail, used mostly by yachts having a fore-and-aft rig. It has a short "club" or "jack yard" to increase its spread.
(klŭb) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Clubbed
(klŭbd); present participle & verbal noun Clubbing
.] 1. To beat with a club. 2. (Mil.) To throw, or allow to fall, into confusion.
To club a battalion implies a temporary inability in the commanding officer to restore any given body of men to their natural front in line or column. 3. To unite, or contribute, for the accomplishment of a common end; as, to club exertions. 4. To raise, or defray, by a proportional assesment; as, to club the expense. To club a musket (Mil.)
, to turn the breach uppermost, so as to use it as a club.
Club intransitive verb 1. To form a club; to combine for the promotion of some common object; to unite.
Till grosser atoms, tumbling in the stream 2. To pay on equal or proportionate share of a common charge or expense; to pay for something by contribution.
Of fancy, madly met, and clubbed into a dream.
The owl, the raven, and the bat, 3. (Nautical) To drift in a current with an anchor out.
Clubbed for a feather to his hat.
Club-rush noun (Botany) A rushlike plant, the reed mace or cat-tail, or some species of the genus Scirpus . See Bulrush .
Club-shaped adjective Enlarged gradually at the end, as the antennæ of certain insects.
Clubbable adjective Suitable for membership in a club; sociable. [ Humorous.] G. W. Curtis.
Clubbed adjective Shaped like a club; grasped like, or used as, a club. Skelton.
1. One who clubs. 2. A member of a club. [ R.] Massinger.
1. Rude; clownish. [ Obsolete] 2. Disposed to club together; as, a clubbish set.
Clubbist noun A member of a club; a frequenter of clubs. [ R.] Burke.
1. A large, heavy fist. 2. A coarse, brutal fellow. [ Obsolete] Mir. for Mag.
Clubfisted adjective Having a large fist. Howell.
Clubfoot noun [ Club + foot .] (Medicine) A short, variously distorted foot; also, the deformity, usually congenital, which such a foot exhibits; talipes.
Clubfooted adjective Having a clubfoot.
Clubhand noun (Medicine) A short, distorted hand; also, the deformity of having such a hand.
Clubhaul transitive verb (Nautical) To put on the other tack by dropping the lee anchor as soon as the wind is out of the sails (which brings the vessel's head to the wind), and by cutting the cable as soon as she pays off on the other tack. Clubhauling is attempted only in an exigency.
Clubhouse noun A house occupied by a club.
Clubroom noun The apartment in which a club meets. Addison.
Cluck intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Clucked
; p pr. & verbal noun Clucking
.] [ Anglo-Saxon cloccian
; confer Dutch klokken
, German glucken
, LG. klukken
, Danish klukke
; all probably of imitative origin.] To make the noise, or utter the call, of a brooding hen. Ray.
Cluck transitive verb To call together, or call to follow, as a hen does her chickens.
She, poor hen, fond of no second brood,
Has clucked three to the wars.
Cluck noun 1. The call of a hen to her chickens. 2. A click. See 3d Click , 2.
Clucking noun The noise or call of a brooding hen.
[ See Clew
] A ball of thread; a thread or other means of guidance. Same as Clew .
You have wound a goodly clue .
This clue once found unravels all the rest.
Serve as clues to guide us into further knowledge.
Clum (klŭm) interj. Silence; hush. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Clumber (klŭm"bẽr) noun [ Named from the estate of the Duke of Newcastle.] (Zoology) A kind of field spaniel, with short legs and stout body, which, unlike other spaniels, hunts silently.
[ Confer Dutch klomp
lump, German klump
, Danish klump
, Swedish klump
; perhaps akin to Latin globus
, English globe
. Confer Club
.] 1. An unshaped piece or mass of wood or other substance. 2. A cluster; a group; a thicket.
A clump of shrubby trees. 3. The compressed clay of coal strata. Brande & C.
Clump transitive verb To arrange in a clump or clumps; to cluster; to group. Blackmore.
Clump intransitive verb To tread clumsily; to clamp. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Clumper transitive verb
[ Confer German klümpern
to clod. See Clump
] To form into clumps or masses.
Vapors . . . clumpered in balls of clouds.
Dr. H. More.