Coating Coat"ing noun 1. A coat or covering; a layer of any substance, as a cover or protection; as, the coating of a retort or vial. 2. Cloth for coats; as, an assortment of coatings .
Coatless Coat"less adjective Not wearing a coat; also, not possessing a coat.
Coax Coax transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Coaxed ; present participle & verbal noun Coaxing .] [ Confer Middle English cokes fool, a person easily imposed upon, W. coeg empty, foolish; French coquin knave, rogue.] To persuade by gentle, insinuating courtesy, flattering, or fondling; to wheedle; to soothe. Syn. -- To wheedle; cajole; flatter; persuade; entice.
Coax Coax noun A simpleton; a dupe. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Coaxation Co`ax·a"tion noun [ Greek ... the noise of frogs.] The act of croaking. [ R] Dr. H. More.
Coaxer Coax"er noun One who coaxes.
Coaxingly Coax"ing·ly adverb In a coaxing manner; by coaxing.
[ Confer Anglo-Saxon cop
, head, top, Dutch kop
, German kopf
, Late Latin cuppa
cup (cf. English brainpan
), and also W. cob
tuft, spider, cop
, top, summit, cobio
to thump. Confer Cop
] 1. The top or head of anything.
[ Obsolete] W. Gifford. 2. A leader or chief; a conspicuous person, esp. a rich covetous person.
All cobbing country chuffs, which make their bellies and their bags their god, are called rich cobs . 3. The axis on which the kernels of maize or indian corn grow.
[ U. S.] 4. (Zoology) A spider; perhaps from its shape; it being round like a head. 5. (Zoology) A young herring. B. Jonson. 6. (Zoology) A fish; -- also called miller's thumb . 7. A short-legged and stout horse, esp. one used for the saddle.
[ Eng.] 8. (Zoology) A sea mew or gull; esp., the black-backed gull ( Larus marinus ).
[ Written also cobb
.] 9. A lump or piece of anything, usually of a somewhat large size, as of coal, or stone. 10. A cobnut; as, Kentish cobs . See Cobnut .
[ Eng.] 11. Clay mixed with straw.
[ Prov. Eng.]
The poor cottager contenteth himself with cob for his walls, and thatch for his covering. 12. A punishment consisting of blows inflicted on the buttocks with a strap or a flat piece of wood. Wright. 13. A Spanish coin formerly current in Ireland, worth abiut 4s. 6d.
[ Obsolete] Wright. Cob coal
, coal in rounded lumps from the size of an egg to that of a football; -- called also cobbles . Grose.
-- Cob loaf
, a crusty, uneven loaf, rounded at top. Wright.
-- Cob money
, a kind of rudely coined gold and silver money of Spanish South America in the eighteenth century. The coins were of the weight of the piece of eight, or one of its aliquot parts.
Cob Cob transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cobbed ; present participle & verbal noun Cobbing .] 1. To strike [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 2. (Mining) To break into small pieces, as ore, so as to sort out its better portions. Raymond. 3. (Nautical) To punish by striking on the buttocks with a strap, a flat piece of wood, or the like.
Cobalt Co"balt (kō"bŏlt; 277, 74) noun [ German kobalt , probably from kobold , kobel , goblin, Middle High German kobolt ; perhaps akin to German koben pigsty, hut, Anglo-Saxon cofa room, cofgodas household gods, Icelandic kofi hut. If so, the ending - old stands for older -walt , -wald , being the same as -ald in English herald and the word would mean ruler or governor in a house , house spirit , the metal being so called by miners, because it was poisonous and troublesome. Confer Kobold , Cove , Goblin .] 1. (Chemistry) A tough, lustrous, reddish white metal of the iron group, not easily fusible, and somewhat magnetic. Atomic weight 59.1. Symbol Co. » It occurs in nature in combination with arsenic, sulphur, and oxygen, and is obtained from its ores, smaltite, cobaltite, asbolite, etc. Its oxide colors glass or any flux, as borax, a fine blue, and is used in the manufacture of smalt. It is frequently associated with nickel, and both are characteristic ingredients of meteoric iron. 2. A commercial name of a crude arsenic used as fly poison. Cobalt bloom . Same as Erythrite . -- Cobalt blue , a dark blue pigment consisting of some salt of cobalt, as the phosphate, ignited with alumina; -- called also cobalt ultramarine , and Thenard's blue . -- Cobalt crust , earthy arseniate of cobalt. -- Cobalt glance . (Min.) See Cobaltite . -- Cobalt green , a pigment consisting essentially of the oxides of cobalt and zinc; -- called also Rinman's green . -- Cobalt yellow (Chemistry) , a yellow crystalline powder, regarded as a double nitrite of cobalt and potassium.
Cobaltic Co·balt"ic adjective [ Confer French cobaltique .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cobalt; -- said especially of those compounds in which cobalt has higher valence; as, cobaltic oxide. Luteo-cobaltic compounds (Chemistry) , an extensive series of complex yellow compounds of ammonia and cobaltic salts. -- Roseo-cobaltic compounds (Chemistry) , an extensive series of complex red compounds of cobalt and ammonia. Modifications of these are the purpureo-cobaltic compounds .
Cobaltiferous Co`balt·if"er·ous adjective [ Cobalt + -ferous .] (Min.) Containing cobalt.
Cobaltine, Cobaltite Co"balt·ine, Co"balt·ite noun (Min.) A mineral of a nearly silver-white color, composed of arsenic, sulphur, and cobalt.
Cobaltous Co·balt"ous adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cobalt; -- said esp. of cobalt compounds in which the metal has its lower valence. Cobaltous chloride , a crystalline compound, CoCl 2 , of a pale rose color when hydrous, blue when dehydrated. Its solution is used for a sympathetic ink, the writing being nearly colorless when dried in the air, owing to absorbed moisture, and becoming bright blue when warmed.
Cobbing Cob"bing adjective Haughty; purse-proud. See Cob , noun , 2. [ Obsolete] Withals (1608).
Cobble Cob"ble noun A fishing boat. See Coble .
Cobble Cob"ble noun [ From Cob a lump. See Cob , noun , 9, and confer Copple , Copplestone .] 1. A cobblestone. "Their slings held cobbles round." Fairfax. 2. plural Cob coal. See under Cob .
Cobble Cob"ble transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cobbled ; present participle & verbal noun Cobbling .] [ Old French cobler , copler , to join or knit together, couple, French coupler , Latin copulare to couple, join. Confer Couple , noun & transitive verb ] 1. To make or mend coarsely; to patch; to botch; as, to cobble shoes. Shak. "A cobbled saddle." Thackeray. 2. To make clumsily. " Cobbled rhymes." Dryden. 3. To pave with cobblestones.
Cobbler Cob"bler noun 1. A mender of shoes. Addison. 2. A clumsy workman. Shak. 3. A beverage. See Sherry cobbler , under Sherry . Cobbler fish (Zoology) , a marine fish ( Blepharis crinitus ) of the Atlantic. The name alludes to its threadlike fin rays.
Cobblestone Cob"ble·stone` noun A large pebble; a rounded stone not too large to be handled; a small boulder; -- used for paving streets and for other purposes.
Cobby Cob"by adjective [ From Cob , noun ] 1. Headstrong; obstinate. [ Obsolete] Brockett. 2. Stout; hearty; lively. [ Obsolete]
Cobelligerent Co`bel·lig"er·ent adjective Carrying on war in conjunction with another power.
Cobelligerent Co`bel·lig"er·ent noun A nation or state that carries on war in connection with another.
Cobia Co"bi·a noun (Zoology) An oceanic fish of large size ( Elacate canada ); the crabeater; -- called also bonito , cubbyyew , coalfish , and sergeant fish .
Cobiron Cob"i`ron noun [ From Cob the top.] An andiron with a knob at the top. Bacon.
Cobishop Co`bish"op noun A joint or coadjutant bishop. Ayliffe.
Coble Co"ble noun [ Anglo-Saxon cuopel ; confer W. ceubal skiff, ferryboat.] A flat-floored fishing boat with a lug sail, and a drop rudder extending from two to four feet below the keel. It was originally used on the stormy coast of Yorkshire, England.
Cobnut Cob"nut` noun 1. (Com.) A large roundish variety of the cultivated hazelnut. 2. A game played by children with nuts.
Coboose Co·boose" noun See Caboose .
Cobourg Co"bourg noun [ Named from the town of Coburg in Germany.] A thin worsted fabric for women's dresses.
Cobra Co"bra noun See Copra .
Cobra Co"bra noun The cobra de capello.
Cobra de capello Co"bra de ca·pel"lo [ Portuguese , serpent of the hood.] (Zoology) The hooded snake ( Naia tripudians ), a highly venomous serpent inhabiting India.
Cobstone Cob"stone` noun Cobblestone. [ Prov. Eng.]
Cobswan Cob"swan` noun A large swan. B. Jonson.
Cobwall Cob"wall` noun [ Cob clay mixed with straw + wall .] A wall made of clay mixed with straw.
Cobweb Cob"web` noun
a spider + web
.] 1. The network spread by a spider to catch its prey. 2. A snare of insidious meshes designed to catch the ignorant and unwary.
I can not but lament thy splendid wit 3. That which is thin and unsubstantial, or flimsy and worthless; rubbish.
Entangled in the cobwebs of the schools.
The dust and cobwebs of that uncivil age. 4. (Zoology) The European spotted flycatcher. Cobweb lawn
Sir P. Sidney.
, a fine linen, mentioned in 1640 as being in pieces of fifteen yards. Beck. Draper's Dict.
Such a proud piece of cobweb lawn .
Beau. & Fl.
-- Cobweb micrometer
, a micrometer in which threads of cobweb are substituted for wires.
Cobwebbed Cob"webbed` adjective Abounding in cobwebs. "The cobwebbed cottage." Young.
Cobwebby Cob"web`by adjective Abounding in cobwebs, or any fine web; resembling a cobweb.
Cobwork Cob"work` adjective Built of logs, etc., laid horizontally, with the ends dovetailed together at the corners, as in a log house; in marine work, often surrounding a central space filled with stones; as, a cobwork dock or breakwater.
Cobæa Co·bæ"a (ko*bē"ȧ) noun [ Named after Dutch Cobo , a Spanish botanist.] A genus of climbing plants, native of Mexico and South America. C. scandens is a conservatory climber with large bell-shaped flowers.
Coca Co"ca noun [ Spanish , from native name.] The dried leaf of a South American shrub ( Erythroxylon Coca ). In med., called Erythroxylon . » Coca leaves resemble tea leaves in size, shape, and odor, and are chewed (with an alkali) by natives of Peru and Bolivia to impart vigor in prolonged exertion, or to sustain strength in absence of food. Mexican coca , an American herb ( Richardsonia scabra ), yielding a nutritious fodder. Its roots are used as a substitute for ipecacuanha.
Cocagne Coc·agne" noun [ French cocagne , pays de cocagne ; of uncertian origin, confer Prov. French couque cake, Catal. coca , Latin coquere to cook; as if the houses in this country were covered with cakes. Confer Cook , Cockney .] 1. An imaginary country of idleness and luxury. 2. The land of cockneys; cockneydom; -- a term applied to London and its suburbs. Smart.
Cocaine Co"ca·ine noun (Chemistry) A powerful alkaloid, C 17 H 21 NO 4 , obtained from the leaves of coca. It is a bitter, white, crystalline substance, and is remarkable for producing local insensibility to pain.
Cocainism Co·ca"in·ism noun (Medicine) A morbid condition produced by the habitual and excessive use of cocaine. -- Co*ca"in*ist , noun
Cocainize Co·ca"in·ize transitive verb To treat or anæsthetize with cocaine. -- Co*ca`in*i*za"tion noun
Cocciferous Coc·cif"er·ous adjective [ Latin coccum a berry + -ferous . See Coccus .] Bearing or producing berries; bacciferous; as, cocciferous trees or plants.
Coccinella Coc`ci·nel"la noun [ New Latin , from Latin coccineus scarlet-colored. See Cochoneal .] (Zoology) A genus of small beetles of many species. They and their larvæ feed on aphids or plant lice, and hence are of great benefit to man. Also called ladybirds and ladybugs .
Coccobacterium Coc`co·bac·te"ri·um noun
; plural Coccobacteria
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a grain + New Latin bacterium
. So called from its round shape.] (Biol.) One of the round variety of bacteria, a vegetable organism, generally less than a thousandth of a millimeter in diameter.
Coccolite Coc"co·lite noun [ Greek ... a grain, seed + -lite : confer French coccalite .] (Min.) A granular variety of pyroxene, green or white in color.
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