Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Contraption noun A contrivance; a new-fangled device; -- used scornfully.
[ Colloq. or Dial.] -- Con*trap"tious adjective
We all remember some of the extraordinary contraptions which have been thus evolved and put upon the market. F. M. Ware.
[ Italian contrappunto
counterpoint. See Counterpoint
.] (Mus.) Pertaining to, or according to the rules of, counterpoint.
Contrapuntist noun [ Italian contrappuntista .] (Mus.) One skilled in counterpoint. Latin Mason.
Contraremonstrant noun One who remonstrates in opposition or answer to a remonstrant.
They did the synod wrong to make this distinction of contraremonstrants and remonstrants.
[ Late Latin contrarians
, present participle of contrariare
to oppose, from Latin contrarius
: confer French contrariant
, present participle of contrarier
to contradict. See Contrary
.] Contrary; opposed; antagonistic; inconsistent; contradictory.
The struggles of contrariant factions.
Contrariantly adverb Contrarily. [ Obsolete]
Contraries noun plural
[ Pl. of Contrary
] (Logic) Propositions which directly and destructively contradict each other, but of which the falsehood of one does not establish the truth of the other.
If two universals differ in quality, they are contraries ; as, every vine is a tree; no vine is a tree. These can never be both true together; but they may be both false.
; plural Contrarieties
. [ Latin contrarietas
: confer French contrariété
.] 1. The state or quality of being contrary; opposition; repugnance; disagreement; antagonism.
There is a contrariety between those things that conscience inclines to, and those that entertain the senses. 2. Something which is contrary to, or inconsistent with, something else; an inconsistency.
How can these contrarieties agree? Syn.
-- Inconsistency; discrepancy; repugnance.
Contrarily adverb In a contrary manner; in opposition; on the other side; in opposite ways.
Contrariness noun state or quality of being contrary; opposition; inconsistency; contrariety; perverseness; obstinacy.
[ Late Latin contrariosus
: confer Old French contrarios contralius
.] Showing contrariety; repugnant; perverse.
[ Archaic] Milton.
She flew contrarious in the face of God.
Contrariously adverb Contrarily; oppositely. Shak.
Contrariwise adverb 1. On the contrary; oppositely; on the other hand.
Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing; but contrariwise , blessing. 2. In a contrary order; conversely.
1 Pet. iii. 9.
Everything that acts upon the fluids must, at the same time, act upon the solids, and contrariwise .
Contrarotation noun Circular motion in a direction contrary to some other circular motion.
[ Middle English contrarie
, French contraire
, from Latin contrarius
, from contra
. See Contra-
.] 1. Opposite; in an opposite direction; in opposition; adverse; as, contrary winds.
And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me.
Lev. xxvi. 21.
We have lost our labor; they are gone a contrary way. 2. Opposed; contradictory; repugnant; inconsistent.
Fame, if not double-faced, is double mouthed,
And with contrary blast proclaims most deeds.
The doctrine of the earth's motion appeared to be contrary to the sacred Scripture. 3. Given to opposition; perverse; forward; wayward; as, a contrary disposition; a contrary child. 4. (Logic) Affirming the opposite; so opposed as to destroy each other; as, contrary propositions. Contrary motion (Mus.)
, the progression of parts in opposite directions, one ascending, the other descending. Syn.
-- Adverse; repugnant; hostile; inimical; discordant; inconsistent.
; plural Contraries 1. A thing that is of contrary or opposite qualities.
No contraries hold more antipathy 2. An opponent; an enemy.
Than I and such a knave.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 3. the opposite; a proposition, fact, or condition incompatible with another; as, slender proofs which rather show the contrary . See Converse , noun , 1. Locke. 4. (Logic) See Contraries . On the contrary
, in opposition; on the other hand. Swift.
-- To the contrary
, to an opposite purpose or intent; on the other side.
"They did it, not for want of instruction to the contrary
." Bp. Stillingfleet.
Contrary transitive verb
[ French contrarier
. See Contrary
] To contradict or oppose; to thwart.
I was advised not to contrary the king.
Contrast intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contrasted
; present participle & verbal noun Contrasting
.] [ French contraster
, Late Latin contrastare
to resist, withstand, from Latin contra + stare
to stand. See Stand
.] To stand in opposition; to exhibit difference, unlikeness, or opposition of qualities.
The joints which divide the sandstone contrast finely with the divisional planes which separate the basalt into pillars.
Contrast transitive verb 1. To set in opposition, or over against, in order to show the differences between, or the comparative excellences and defects of; to compare by difference or contrariety of qualities; as, to contrast the present with the past. 2. (Fine Arts) To give greater effect to, as to a figure or other object, by putting it in some relation of opposition to another figure or object.
the figures of the groups must not be all on side . . . but must contrast each other by their several position.
[ French contraste
: confer Italian contrasto
.] 1. The act of contrasting, or the state of being contrasted; comparison by contrariety of qualities.
place the prospect of the soul 2. Opposition or dissimilitude of things or qualities; unlikeness, esp. as shown by juxtaposition or comparison.
In sober contrast with reality.
The contrasts and resemblances of the seasons. 3. (Fine Arts) The opposition of varied forms, colors, etc., which by such juxtaposition more vividly express each other's peculiarities. Fairholt.
Contrastimulant adjective Counteracting the effects of stimulants; relating to a course of medical treatment based on a theory of contrastimulants. -- noun (Medicine) An agent which counteracts the effect of a stimulant.
[ See Contra-
.] Having cogs or teeth projecting parallel to the axis, instead of radiating from it.
[ R.] Contrate wheel
. See Crown wheel .
[ Confer Counter tenor
.] (Mus.) Counter tenor; contralto.
[ Prefix contra-
: confer French contrevallation
. Confer Countervallation
.] (Fort.) A trench guarded with a parapet, constructed by besiegers, to secure themselves and check sallies of the besieged.
Contravene transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contravened
; present participle & verbal noun Contravening
.] [ Late Latin contravenire
; Latin contra + venire
to come: confer French contrevenir
. See Come
.] 1. To meet in the way of opposition; to come into conflict with; to oppose; to contradict; to obstruct the operation of; to defeat.
So plain a proposition . . . was not likely to be contravened . 2. To violate; to nullify; to be inconsistent with; as, to contravene a law.
Laws that place the subjects in such a state contravene the first principles of the compact of authority. Syn.
-- To contradict; set aside; nullify; defeat; cross; obstruct; baffle; thwart.
Contravener noun One who contravenes.
[ Confer French contravention
.] The act of contravening; opposition; obstruction; transgression; violation.
Warrants in contravention of the acts of Parliament.
In contravention of all his marriage stipulations.
Contraversion noun A turning to the opposite side; antistrophe. Congreve.
Contrayerva noun [ Spanish contrayerba , literally, a counter herb, hence, an antidote for poison, from l. contra + herba herb.] (Botany) A species of Dorstenia ( D. Contrayerva ), a South American plant, the aromatic root of which is sometimes used in medicine as a gentle stimulant and tonic.
Contrecoup noun [ French, from contre (L. contra ) + coup a blow.] (med.) A concussion or shock produced by a blow or other injury, in a part or region opposite to that at which the blow is received, often causing rupture or disorganisation of the parts affected.
[ Confer French contredanse
(fr. English Country-dance
). ] 1. (a) A dance in which the partners are arranged face to face, or in opposite lines. (b) The quadrille.
[ Obsolete] 2. (Music) A piece of music in the rhythm of such a dance.
[ French, from contre
) + temps
time, from Latin tempus
.] An unexpected and untoward accident; something inopportune or embarrassing; a hitch.
In this unhappy contretemps .
Contributable adjective Capable of being contributed.
Contributary adjective 1. Contributory.
[ R.] 2. Tributary; contributing.
It was situated on the Ganges, at the place where this river received a contributary stream.
D'Anville (Trans. ).
Contribute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contributed
; present participle & verbal noun Contributing
.] [ Latin contributus
, past participle of contribuere
to bring together, to add; con-
to grant, impart. See Tribute
.] To give or grant i common with others; to give to a common stock or for a common purpose; to furnish or suply in part; to give (money or other aid) for a specified object; as, to contribute food or fuel for the poor.
England contributes much more than any other of the allies.
Contribute intransitive verb 1. To give a part to a common stock; to lend assistance or aid, or give something, to a common purpose; to have a share in any act or effect.
We are engaged in war; the secretary of state calls upon the colonies to contribute . 2. To give or use one's power or influence for any object; to assist.
These men also contributed to obstruct the progress of wisdom.
[ Latin contributio
: confer French contribution
.] 1. The act of contributing. 2. That which is contributed; -- either the portion which an individual furnishes to the common stock, or the whole which is formed by the gifts of individuals.
A certain contribution for the poor saints which are at jerusalem.
Rom. xv. 26.
Aristotle's actual contributions to the physical sciences. 3. (Mil.) An irregular and arbitrary imposition or tax leved on the people of a town or country.
These sums, . . . and the forced contributions paid by luckless peasants, enabled him to keep his straggling troops together. 4. (Law) Payment, by each of several jointly liable, of a share in a loss suffered or an amount paid by one of their number for the common benefit.
Contribution plan (Life Insurance) A plan of distributing surplus by giving to each policy the excess of premiums and interest earned thereon over the expenses of management, cost of insurance, and the policy value at the date of computation. This excess is called the contribution of the policy.
Contributional adjective Pertaining to, or furnishing, a contribution.
Contributive adjective Contributing, or tending to contribute. Fuller.
Contributor noun One who, or that which, contributes; specifically, one who writes articles for a newspaper or magazine.
Contributory adjective Contributing to the same stock or purpose; promoting the same end; bringing assistance to some joint design, or increase to some common stock; contributive. Milton.
Bonfires of contributory wood. Contributory negligence (Law)
, negligence by an injured party, which combines with the negligence of the injurer in producing the injury, and which bars recovery when it is the proximate cause of the injury. Wharton.
; plural Contributories One who contributes, or is liable to be called upon to contribute, as toward the discharge of a common indebtedness. Abbott.
Contrist transitive verb
[ Confer French contrister
. See Contristate
.] To make sad.
To deject and contrist myself.
Contristate transitive verb & i. [ Latin contristatus , past participle of contristare to sadden; con- + tristis sad.] To make sorrowful. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ Latin contritus
bruised, past participle of contrere
to grind, bruise; con-
to rub, grind: confer French contrit
.] 1. Thoroughly bruised or broken.
[ Obsolete] 2. Broken down with grief and penitence; deeply sorrowful for sin because it is displeasing to God; humbly and thoroughly penitent.
A contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Ps. li. 17.
Be penitent, and for thy fault contrite . Syn.
-- Penitent; repentant; humble; sorrowful.
Contrite noun A contrite person. Hooker.
Contrite v. In a contrite manner.
Contriteness noun Deep sorrow and penitence for sin; contrition.
[ French contrition
, Latin contritio
.] 1. The act of grinding or ribbing to powder; attrition; friction; rubbing.
The breaking of their parts into less parts by contrition . 2. The state of being contrite; deep sorrow and repentance for sin, because sin is displeasing to God; humble penitence; through repentance.
Sir I. Newton.
My future days shall be one whole contrition . Syn.
-- repentance; penitence; humiliation; compunction; self-reproach; remorse. -- Contrition
. -- Contrition
is deep sorrow and self-condemnation, with through repetance for sin because it is displeasing to God, and implies a feeling of love toward God. Attrition
is sorrow for sin, or imperfect repentance produced by fear of punishment or a sense of the baseness of sin. Repentance
is a penitent renunciation of, and turning from, sin; thorough repentance produces a new life. Repentance
is often used as synonymous with contrition
. See Compunction