Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Contrabass noun (Mus.) Double bass; -- applied to any instrument of the same deep range as the stringed double bass; as, the contrabass ophicleide; the contrabass tuba or bombardon.
[ Italian contrabasso
.] (Mus.) The largest kind of bass viol. See Violone .
(kŏn*trăkt") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contracted
; present participle & verbal noun Contracting
.] [ Latin contractus
, past participle of contrahere
to contract; con-
to draw: confer French contracter
. See Trace
, and confer Contract
] 1. To draw together or nearer; to reduce to a less compass; to shorten, narrow, or lessen; as, to contract one's sphere of action.
In all things desuetude doth contract and narrow our faculties. 2. To draw together so as to wrinkle; to knit.
Dr. H. More.
Thou didst contract and purse thy brow. 3. To bring on; to incur; to acquire; as, to contract a habit; to contract a debt; to contract a disease.
Each from each contract new strength and light.
Such behavior we contract by having much conversed with persons of high station. 4. To enter into, with mutual obligations; to make a bargain or covenant for.
We have contracted an inviolable amity, peace, and lague with the aforesaid queen.
Many persons . . . had contracted marriage within the degrees of consanguinity . . . prohibited by law. 5. To betroth; to affiance.
The truth is, she and I, long since contracted , 6. (Gram.) To shorten by omitting a letter or letters or by reducing two or more vowels or syllables to one. Syn.
Are now so sure, that nothing can dissolve us.
-- To shorten; abridge; epitomize; narrow; lessen; condense; reduce; confine; incur; assume.
(kŏn*trăkt") intransitive verb 1. To be drawn together so as to be diminished in size or extent; to shrink; to be reduced in compass or in duration; as, iron contracts in cooling; a rope contracts when wet.
Years contracting to a moment. 2. To make an agreement; to covenant; to agree; to bargain; as, to contract for carrying the mail.
Contract (kŏn"trăkt) adjective Contracted; as, a contract verb. Goodwin.
Contract (kŏn*trăkt") adjective [ Latin contractus , past participle ] Contracted; affianced; betrothed. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Latin contractus
, from contrahere
: confer French contrat
, formerly also contract
.] 1. (Law) The agreement of two or more persons, upon a sufficient consideration or cause, to do, or to abstain from doing, some act; an agreement in which a party undertakes to do, or not to do, a particular thing; a formal bargain; a compact; an interchange of legal rights. Wharton. 2. A formal writing which contains the agreement of parties, with the terms and conditions, and which serves as a proof of the obligation. 3. The act of formally betrothing a man and woman.
This is the the night of the contract . Syn.
-- Covenant; agreement; compact; stipulation; bargain; arrangement; obligation. See Covenant
1. The sweating system. 2. The system of employing convicts by selling their labor (to be performed inside the prison) at a fixed price per day to contractors who are allowed to have agents in the prison to superintend the work.
Contract tablet (Babylonian & Assyrian Antiq.) A clay tablet on which was inscribed a contract, for safe keeping. Such tablets were inclosed in an outer case (often called the envelope ), on which was inscribed a duplicate of the inscription on the inclosed tablet.
(kŏn*trăkt"ĕd) adjective 1. Drawn together; shrunken; wrinkled; narrow; as, a contracted brow; a contracted noun. 2. Narrow; illiberal; selfish; as, a contracted mind; contracted views. 3. Bargained for; betrothed; as, a contracted peace.
Inquire me out contracted bachelors.
Contractedness noun The state of being contracted; narrowness; meanness; selfishness.
Contractibility noun Capability of being contracted; quality of being contractible; as, the contractibility and dilatability of air. Arbuthnot.
Contractible adjective Capable of contraction.
Small air bladders distable and contractible .
Contractibleness noun Contractibility.
[ Confer French contractile
.] tending to contract; having the power or property of contracting, or of shrinking into shorter or smaller dimensions; as, the contractile tissues.
The heart's contractile force.
Each cilium seems to be composed of contractile substance. Contractile vacuole (Zoology)
, a pulsating cavity in the interior of a protozoan, supposed to be excretory in function. There may be one, two, or more.
1. The quality or property by which bodies shrink or contract. 2. (Physiol.) The power possessed by the fibers of living muscle of contracting or shortening. » When subject to the will, as in the muscles of locomotion, such power is called voluntary contractility ; when not controlled by the will, as in the muscles of the heart, it is involuntary contractility .
Contraction noun [ Latin contractio : confer French contraction .]
1. The act or process of contracting, shortening, or shrinking; the state of being contracted; as, contraction of the heart, of the pupil of the eye, or of a tendon; the contraction produced by cold. 2. (Math.) The process of shortening an operation. 3. The act of incurring or becoming subject to, as liabilities, obligation, debts, etc.; the process of becoming subject to; as, the contraction of a disease. 4. Something contracted or abbreviated, as a word or phrase; -- as, plenipo for plenipotentiary ; crim. con. for criminal conversation , etc. 5. (Gram.) The shortening of a word, or of two words, by the omission of a letter or letters, or by reducing two or more vowels or syllables to one; as, ne'er for never ; can't for can not ; don't for do not ; it's for it is . 6. A marriage contract. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Contractive adjective Tending to contract; having the property or power or power of contracting.
Contractor noun [ Latin ] One who contracts; one of the parties to a bargain; one who covenants to do anything for another; specifically, one who contracts to perform work on a rather large scale, at a certain price or rate, as in building houses or making a railroad.
Contracture noun [ Latin contractura a drawing together.] (Medicine) A state of permanent rigidity or contraction of the muscles, generally of the flexor muscles.
[ Prefix contra-
: confer French contrdance
. Confer Country-dance
.] A dance in which the partners are arranged face to face, or in opposite lines.
Contradict transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contradicted
; present participle & verbal noun Contradicting
.] [ Latin contradictus
, past participle of contradicere
to speak against; contra
to speak. See Diction
.] 1. To assert the contrary of; to oppose in words; to take issue with; to gainsay; to deny the truth of, as of a statement or a speaker; to impugn.
Dear Duff, I prithee, contradict thyself,
And say it is not so.
The future can not contradict the past. 2. To be contrary to; to oppose; to resist.
No truth can contradict another truth.
A greater power than we can contradict
Hath thwarted our intents.
Contradict intransitive verb To oppose in words; to gainsay; to deny, or assert the contrary of, something.
They . . . spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.
Acts xiii. 45.
Contradictable adjective Capable of being contradicted.
Contradicter noun one who contradicts. Swift.
[ Latin contradictio
answer, objection: confer French contradiction
.] 1. An assertion of the contrary to what has been said or affirmed; denial of the truth of a statement or assertion; contrary declaration; gainsaying.
His fair demands 2. Direct opposition or repugnancy; inconsistency; incongruity or contrariety; one who, or that which, is inconsistent.
Shall be accomplished without contradiction .
can he make deathless death? That were to make
Strange contradiction .
We state our experience and then we come to a manly resolution of acting in contradiction to it.
Both parts of a contradiction can not possibly be true.
Of contradictions infinite the slave. Principle of contradiction (Logic)
, the axiom or law of thought that a thing cannot be and not be at the same time, or a thing must either be or not be, or the same attribute can not at the same time be affirmed and and denied of the same subject.
It develops itself in three specific forms which have been called the "Three Logical Axioms." First
, "A is A." Second
, "A is not Not-A" Third
, "Everything is either A or Not-A."
Contradictional adjective Contradictory; inconsistent; opposing. [ R.] Milton.
1. Filled with contradictions; inconsistent. [ Obsolete] 2. Inclined to contradict or cavil [ Obsolete] Sharp. -- Con`tra*dic"tious*ness , noun Norris.
Contradictive adjective Contradictory; inconsistent. -- Con`tra*dict"ive*ly , adverb
Contradictor noun [ Latin ] A contradicter.
Contradictorily adverb In a contradictory manner. Sharp.
Contradictoriness noun The quality of being contradictory; opposition; inconsistency. J. Whitaker.
[ Late Latin contradictorius
: confer French contradictoire
.] 1. Affirming the contrary; implying a denial of what has been asserted; also, mutually contradicting; inconsistent.
assertions." South. 2. Opposing or opposed; repugnant.
Schemes . . . contradictory to common sense.
; plural Contradictories 1. A proposition or thing which denies or opposes another; contrariety.
It is common with princes to will contradictories . 2. plural (Logic) propositions with the same terms, but opposed to each other both in quality and quantity.
Contradistinct adjective Distinguished by opposite qualities. J. Goodwin.
Contradistinction noun Distinction by contrast.
That there are such things as sins of infirmity in contradistinction to those of presumption is not to be questioned.
Contradistinctive adjective having the quality of contradistinction; distinguishing by contrast. -- Con`tra*dis*tinc"tive , noun
Contradistinguish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contradistinguished
; present participle & verbal noun Contradistinguishing
.] To distinguish by a contrast of opposite qualities.
These are our complex ideas of soul and body, as contradistinguished .
Contrafagetto noun [ Italian ] (Mus.) The double bassoon, an octave deeper than the bassoon.
Contrafissure noun (Medicine) A fissure or fracture on the side opposite to that which received the blow, or at some distance from it. Coxe.
[ Latin contrahens
, present participle See Contract
.] Entering into covenant; contracting; as, contrahent parties.
[ Obsolete] Mede.
Contraindicant noun (Medicine) Something, as a symptom, indicating that the usual mode of treatment is not to be followed. Burke.
Contraindicate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contraindicated
; present participle & verbal noun Contraindicating
.] (Medicine) To indicate, as by a symptom, some method of treatment contrary to that which the general tenor of the case would seem to require.
Contraindicating symptoms must be observed.
Contraindication noun (med.) An indication or symptom which forbids the method of treatment usual in such cases.
[ Italian , from contra
. See Alto
.] (Mus.) (a) The part sung by the highest male or lowest female voices; the alto or counter tenor. (b) the voice or singer performing this part; as, her voice is a contralto ; she is a contralto .
» The usual range of the contralto voice is from G, below middle C, to the C above that; though exceptionally it embraces two octaves.
Contralto adjective (Mus.) Of or pertaining to a contralto, or to the part in music called contralto; as, a contralto voice.
[ Confer Countermure
.] (fort.) An outer wall.
[ Obsolete] Chambers.
[ Confer Counternatural
.] Opposed to or against nature; unnatural.
[ R.] Bp. Rust.
Contraplex adjective [ Contra- + -plex as in du plex .] (Teleg.) Pertaining to the sending of two messages in opposite directions at the same time.
Contraposition noun [ Prefix contra- + position : confer f. conterposition .]
1. A placing over against; opposite position. [ Obsolete] F. Potter. 2. (Logic) A so-called immediate inference which consists in denying the original subject of the contradictory predicate; e.g. : Every S is P; therefore, no Not-P is S.