Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Contriturate transitive verb To triturate; to pulverize. [ R.]
Contrivable adjective Capable of being contrived, planned, invented, or devised.
A perpetual motion may seem easily contrivable .
Contrivance noun 1. The act or faculty of contriving, inventing, devising, or planning.
The machine which we are inspecting demonstrates, by its construction, contrivance and design. Contrivance must have had a contriver. 2. The thing contrived, invented, or planned; disposition of parts or causes by design; a scheme; plan; artifice; arrangement.
Government is a contrivance of human wisdom to provide for human wants. Syn.
-- Device; plan; scheme; invention; machine; project; design; artifice; shift. See Device
(kŏn*trīv") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contrived
; present participle & verbal noun Contriving
.] [ Middle English contriven
, to invent, Old French controver
to find. See Troubadour
.] To form by an exercise of ingenuity; to devise; to invent; to design; to plan.
What more likely to contrive this admirable frame of the universe than infinite wisdom.
neither do thou imagine that I shall contrive aught against his life. Syn.
-- To invent; discover; plan; design; project; plot; concert; hatch.
Contrive intransitive verb To make devices; to form designs; to plan; to scheme; to plot.
The Fates with traitors do contrive .
Thou hast contrived against th very life
Of the defendant.
Contrivement noun Contrivance; invention; arrangement; design; plan.
Consider the admirable contrivement and artifice of this great fabric.
Active to meet their contrivements .
Sir G. Buck.
Contriver noun One who contrives, devises, plans, or schemas. Swift.
[ French contrôle
a counter register, contr. from contr- rôle
) + rôle
roll, catalogue. See Counter
, and confer Counterroll
.] 1. A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or check another account or register; a counter register.
[ Obsolete] Johnson. 2. That which serves to check, restrain, or hinder; restraint.
"Speak without control
." Dryden. 3. Power or authority to check or restrain; restraining or regulating influence; superintendence; government; as, children should be under parental control .
The House of Commons should exercise a control over all the departments of the executive administration. Board of control
. See under Board .
Control transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Controlled
; present participle & verbal noun Controlling
.] [ French contrôler
, from contrôle
.] [ Formerly written comptrol
.] 1. To check by a counter register or duplicate account; to prove by counter statements; to confute.
This report was controlled to be false. 2. To exercise restraining or governing influence over; to check; to counteract; to restrain; to regulate; to govern; to overpower.
Give me a staff of honor for mine age,
But not a scepter to control the world.
I feel my virtue struggling in my soul: Syn.
But stronger passion does its power control .
-- To restrain; rule; govern; manage; guide; regulate; hinder; direct; check; curb; counteract; subdue.
1. (Machinery) The complete apparatus used to control a mechanism or machine in operation, as a flying machine in flight; specifically (Aëronautics) , the mechanism controlling the rudders and ailerons. 2. (Climatology) Any of the physical factors determining the climate of any particular place, as latitude,distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
Controllability noun Capability of being controlled; controllableness.
Controllable adjective Capable of being controlled, checked, or restrained; amenable to command.
Passion is the drunkeness of the mind, and, therefore, . . . not always controllable by reason.
Controllableness noun Capability of being controlled.
[ From control
, transitive verb : confer French contrôleur
.] 1. One who, or that which, controls or restraines; one who has power or authority to regulate or control; one who governs.
The great controller of our fate 2. An officer appointed to keep a counter register of accounts, or to examine, rectify, or verify accounts.
Deigned to be man, and lived in low estate.
[ More commonly written controller
.] 3. (Nautical) An iron block, usually bolted to a ship's deck, for controlling the running out of a chain cable. The links of the cable tend to drop into hollows in the block, and thus hold fast until disengaged.
1. (Electricity) Any electric device for controlling a circuit or system; specif.: (a) An electromagnet, excited by the main current, for throwing a regulator magnet into or out of circuit in an automatic device for constant current regulation. (b) A kind of multiple switch for gradually admitting the current to, or shutting it off from, an electric motor; as, a car controller for an electric railway car. 2. (Machinery) A lever controlling the speed of an engine; -- applied esp. to the lever governing a throttle valve, as of a steam or gasoline engine, esp. on an automobile.
Controllership noun The office of a controller.
Controlment noun 1. The power or act of controlling; the state of being restrained; control; restraint; regulation; superintendence.
You may do it without controlment . 2. Opposition; resistance; hostility.
Here have we war for war, and blood for blood,
Controlment for controlment.
Controversal adjective 1. Turning or looking opposite ways.
The temple of Janus, with his two controversal faces. 2. Controversial.
[ Obsolete] Boyle.
Controversary adjective Controversial. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Controverse noun [ Confer French controverse .] Controversy. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Controverse transitive verb [ Latin controversari , from controversus turned against, disputed.] To dispute; to controvert. [ Obsolete] " Controversed causes." Hooker.
Controverser noun A disputant. [ Obsolete]
[ Confer Late Latin controversialis
.] Relating to, or consisting of, controversy; disputatious; polemical; as, controversial divinity.
Whole libraries of controversial books.
Controversialist noun One who carries on a controversy; a disputant.
He [ Johnson] was both intellectually and morally of the stuff of which controversialists are made.
Controversially adverb In a controversial manner.
Controversion noun Act of controverting; controversy. [ Obsolete] Hooker.
Controversor noun A controverser. [ Obsolete]
; plural Controversies
. [ Latin controversia
, from controversus
turned against, disputed; contro-
, past participle of vertere
to turn. See Verse
.] 1. Contention; dispute; debate; discussion; agitation of contrary opinions.
This left no room for controversy about the title.
A dispute is commonly oral, and a controversy in writing. 2. Quarrel; strife; cause of variance; difference.
The Lord hath a controversy with the nations. 3. A suit in law or equity; a question of right.
Jer. xxv. 31.
When any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment. Syn.
2 Sam. xv. 2.
-- Dispute; debate; disputation; disagreement; altercation; contention; wrangle; strife; quarrel.
Controvert transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Controverted
; present participle & verbal noun Controverting
.] [ See Controversy
.] To make matter of controversy; to dispute or oppose by reasoning; to contend against in words or writings; to contest; to debate.
Some controverted points had decided according to the sense of the best jurists.
Controverter noun One who controverts; a controversial writer; a controversialist.
Some controverters in divinity are like swaggerers in a tavern.
Controvertible adjective Capable of being controverted; disputable; admitting of question. -- Con`tro*ver"ti*bly , adverb
Controvertist noun One skilled in or given to controversy; a controversialist.
How unfriendly is the controvertist to the discernment of the critic!
Contubernal, Contubernial adjective
[ Latin contubernalis
a tent companion, from contubernium
tent companionship.] Living or messing together; familiar; in companionship.
Humble folk ben Christes friends: they ben contubernial with the Lord, thy King.
[ Latin contumax
. See Contumacy
.] 1. Exhibiting contumacy; contemning authority; obstinate; perverse; stubborn; disobedient.
There is another very, efficacious method for subding the most obstinate, contumacious sinner . 2. (Law) Willfully disobedient to the summous or prders of a court. Blackstone. Syn.
-- Stubborn; obstinate; obdurate; disobedient; perverse; unyielding; headstrong. -- Con`tu*ma"cious*ly
; plural Contumacies
. [ Latin contumacia
, from contumax
, insolent; probably akin to contemnere
to despise: confer French contumace
. Confer Contemn
.] 1. Stubborn perverseness; pertinacious resistance to authority.
The bishop commanded him . . . to be thrust into the stocks for his manifest and manifold contumacy . 2. (Law) A willful contempt of, and disobedience to, any lawful summons, or to the rules and orders of court, as a refusal to appear in court when legally summoned. Syn.
-- Stubbornness; perverseness; obstinacy.
[ Latin contumeliosus
.] 1. Exhibiting contumely; rudely contemptuous; insolent; disdainful.
Scoffs, and scorns, and contumelious taunts.
Curving a contumelious lip. 2. Shameful; disgraceful.
[ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ Latin contumelia
, probably akin to contemnere
to despise: confer Old French contumelie
. Confer Contumacy
.] Rudeness compounded of haughtiness and contempt; scornful insolence; despiteful treatment; disdain; contemptuousness in act or speech; disgrace.
The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely .
Nothing aggravates tyranny so much as contumely .
Contuse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Contused
; present participle & verbal noun Contusing
.] [ Latin contusus
, past participle of contundere
to beat, crush; con-
to beat, akin to Sanskrit tud
) to strike, Goth. stautan
. See Stutter
.] 1. To beat, pound, or bray together.
Roots, barks, and seeds contused together. 2. To bruise; to injure or disorganize a part without breaking the skin. Contused wound
, a wound attended with bruising.
Contusion noun [ Latin contusio : confer French contusion .]
1. The act or process of beating, bruising, or pounding; the state of being beaten or bruised. 2. (Medicine) A bruise; an injury attended with more or less disorganization of the subcutaneous tissue and effusion of blood beneath the skin, but without apparent wound.
[ Origin unknown.] 1. A kind of riddle based upon some fanciful or fantastic resemblance between things quite unlike; a puzzling question, of which the answer is or involves a pun.
Or pun ambiguous, or conundrum quaint. 2. A question to which only a conjectural answer can be made.
Do you think life is long enough to let me speculate on conundrums like that?
[ New Latin conurus
, from Greek ... a cone + ... tail. The name alludes to the tapering tail.] (Zoology) An American parrakeet of the genus Conurus . Many species are known. See Parrakeet .
[ Latin , a cone.] 1. A cone. 2. (Zoology) A Linnean genus of mollusks having a conical shell. See Cone , noun , 4.
Conusable adjective Cognizable; liable to be tried or judged. [ Obsolete] Bp. Barlow.
Convalesce intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Convalesced
; present participle & verbal noun Convalescing
.] [ Latin convalscere
to grow strong, v. incho. of valere
to be strong. See Vallant
.] To recover health and strength gradually, after sickness or weakness; as, a patient begins to convalesce .
Convalesced adjective Convalescent.
He found the queen somewhat convalesced .
Convalescence, Convalescency noun [ Latin convalescentia : confer French convalescence .] The recovery of heath and strength after disease; the state of a body renewing its vigor after sickness or weakness; the time between the subsidence of a disease and complete restoration to health.
Convalescent adjective [ Latin convalescens , -entis , present participle: confer French convalescent .]
1. Recovering from sickness or debility; partially restored to health or strength. 2. Of or pertaining to convalescence.
Convalescent noun One recovering from sickness.