Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Anchylose transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Anchylosed
; present participle & verbal noun Anchylosing
.] [ Confer French ankyloser
.] To affect or be affected with anchylosis; to unite or consolidate so as to make a stiff joint; to grow together into one.
[ Spelt also ankylose
Anchylosis, Ankylosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ..., from ... to crook, stiffen, from ... crooked: confer French ankylose .]
1. (Medicine) Stiffness or fixation of a joint; formation of a stiff joint. Dunglison. 2. (Anat.) The union of two or more separate bones to from a single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in various animals.
Anchylotic adjective Of or pertaining to anchylosis.
[ Middle English auncien
, French ancien
, Late Latin antianus
, from Latin ante
before. See Ante-
.] 1. Old; that happened or existed in former times, usually at a great distance of time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to the times before the fall of the Roman empire; -- opposed to modern ; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient days.
Witness those ancient empires of the earth.
Gildas Albanius . . . much ancienter than his namesake surnamed the Wise. 2. Old; that has been of long duration; of long standing; of great age; as, an ancient forest; an ancient castle.
Remove not the ancient landmarks, which thy fathers have set.
Prov. xxii. 28.
An ancient man, strangely habited, asked for quarters. 3. Known for a long time, or from early times; -- opposed to recent or new ; as, the ancient continent.
A friend, perhaps, or an ancient acquaintance. 4. Dignified, like an aged man; magisterial; venerable.
He wrought but some few hours of the day, and then would he seem very grave and ancient . 5. Experienced; versed.
Though [ he] was the youngest brother, yet he was the most ancient in the business of the realm. 6. Former; sometime.
They mourned their ancient leader lost. Ancient demesne (Eng. Law)
, a tenure by which all manors belonging to the crown, in the reign of William the Conqueror, were held. The numbers, names, etc., of these were all entered in a book called Domesday Book .
-- Ancient lights (Law)
, windows and other openings which have been enjoined without molestation for more than twenty years. In England, and in some of the United States, they acquire a prescriptive right. Syn.
-- Old; primitive; pristine; antique; antiquated; old- fashioned; obsolete. -- Ancient
. -- Ancient
is opposed to modern
, and has antiquity; as, an ancient
institutions, systems of thought, etc. Antiquated
describes that which has gone out of use or fashion; as, antiquated
laws, rules, etc. Obsolete
is commonly used, instead of antiquated
, in reference to language, customs, etc.; as, an obsolete
word or phrase, an obsolete
is applied, in present usage, either to that which has come down from the ancients; as, an antique
cameo, bust, etc. ; or to that which is made to imitate some ancient work of art; as, an antique
temple. In the days of Shakespeare, antique
was often used for ancient
; as, "an antique
song," "an antique
Roman;" and hence, from singularity often attached to what is ancient, it was used in the sense of grotesque; as, "an oak whose antique
root peeps out; " and hence came our present word antic
, denoting grotesque or ridiculous. We usually apply both ancient
to things subject to gradual decay. We say, an old
man, an ancient
record; but never, the old
stars, an old
river or mountain. In general, however, ancient
is opposed to modern
, and old
, or recent
. When we speak of a thing that existed formerly, which has ceased to exist, we commonly use ancient
; as, ancient
heroes; and not old
heroes. But when the thing which began or existed in former times is still in existence, we use either ancient
; as, ancient
statues or paintings, or old
statues or paintings; ancient
authors, or old
authors, meaning books.
Ancient noun 1. plural Those who lived in former ages, as opposed to the moderns . 2. An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a person of influence.
The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof. 3. A senior; an elder; a predecessor.
Isa. iii. 14.
Junius and Andronicus . . . in Christianity . . . were his ancients . 4. plural (Eng. Law) One of the senior members of the Inns of Court or of Chancery. Council of Ancients (French Hist.)
, one of the two assemblies composing the legislative bodies in 1795. Brande.
[ Corrupted from ensign
.] 1. An ensign or flag.
More dishonorable ragged than an old-faced ancient . 2. The bearer of a flag; an ensign.
This is Othello's ancient , as I take it.
1. In ancient times. 2. In an ancient manner. [ R.]
Ancientness noun The quality of being ancient; antiquity; existence from old times.
Ancientry noun 1. Antiquity; what is ancient.
They contain not word of ancientry . 2. Old age; also, old people.
Wronging the ancientry . 3. Ancient lineage; ancestry; dignity of birth.
A gentleman of more ancientry than estate.
[ French ancienneté
, from ancien
. See Ancient
.] 1. Age; antiquity.
[ Obsolete] Martin. 2. Seniority.
Ancile noun [ Latin ] (Rom. Antiq.) The sacred shield of the Romans, said to have-fallen from heaven in the reign of Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.
[ Latin ancillaris
, from ancilla
a female servant.] Subservient or subordinate, like a handmaid; auxiliary.
The Convocation of York seems to have been always considered as inferior, and even ancillary , to the greater province.
Ancillary administration (Law) An administration subordinate to, and in aid of, the primary or principal administration of an estate.
Ancille noun [ Old French ancelle , Latin ancilla .] A maidservant; a handmaid. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ancipital, Ancipitous adjective [ Latin anceps , ancipitis , two-headed, double; an- for amb- on both sides + caput head.] (Botany) Two-edged instead of round; -- said of certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely also of leaves.
Ancistroid adjective [ Greek ...; ... a hook + ... shape.] Hook-shaped.
Ancome (ăn"kŭm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon ancuman , oncuman , to come.] A small ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow. [ Obsolete] Boucher.
; Latin plural Ancones
[ Latin , from Greek 'agkw`n
the bent arm, elbow; any hook or bend.] (Anat.) The olecranon, or the elbow. Ancon sheep (Zoology)
, a breed of sheep with short crooked legs and long back. It originated in Massachusetts in 1791; -- called also the otter breed .
Ancon, Ancone noun
[ See Ancon
, above.] (Architecture) (a) The corner or quoin of a wall, cross-beam, or rafter.
[ Obsolete] Gwilt. (b) A bracket supporting a cornice; a console.
Anconal, Anconeal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the ancon or elbow. "The olecranon on anconeal process." Flower.
Anconeus noun [ New Latin , from Latin ancon elbow.] (Anat.) A muscle of the elbow and forearm.
Anconoid adjective Elbowlike; anconal.
Ancony noun [ Origin unknown.] (Iron Work) A piece of malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the middle, but unwrought at the ends.
[ Anglo-Saxon and
; akin to Old Saxon endi
, Icelandic enda
, Old High German anti
, German und
, Dutch en
, OD. ende
. Cf, An
.] 1. A particle which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.
(a) It is sometimes used emphatically; as, "there are women and
women," that is, two very different sorts of women. (b) By a rhetorical figure, notions, one of which is modificatory of the other, are connected by and
; as, "the tediousness and
process of my travel," that is, the tedious process, etc.; "thy fair and outward
character," that is, thy outwardly fair character, Schmidt's Shak. Lex. 2. In order to; -- used instead of the infinitival to , especially after try , come , go .
At least to try and teach the erring soul. 3. It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive.
When that I was and a little tiny boy. 4. If; though. See An , conj.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
As they will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast their eggs. And so forth
, and others; and the rest; and similar things; and other things or ingredients. The abbreviation, etc. ( et cetera ), or &c. , is usually read and so forth .
Andabatism noun [ Latin andabata a kind of Roman gladiator, who fought hoodwinked.] Doubt; uncertainty. [ Obsolete] Shelford.
Andalusite noun (Min.) A silicate of aluminium, occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in Andalusia, Spain.
Andante adjective [ Italian andante , present participle of andare to go.] (Mus.) Moving moderately slow, but distinct and flowing; quicker than larghetto, and slower than allegretto. -- noun A movement or piece in andante time.
Andantino adjective [ Italian , dim. of andante .] (Mus.) Rather quicker than andante; between that allegretto. » Some, taking andante in its original sense of "going," and andantino as its diminutive, or "less going," define the latter as slower than andante .
Andarac noun [ A corruption of sandarac .] Red orpiment. Coxe.
Andean adjective Pertaining to the Andes.
Andesine noun (Min.) A kind of triclinic feldspar found in the Andes .
Andesite noun (Min.) An eruptive rock allied to trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar, with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene.
Andine adjective Andean; as, Andine flora.
Andiron noun [ Middle English anderne , aunderne , aundyre , Old French andier , French landier , from Late Latin andena , andela , anderia , of unknown origin. The Eng. was probably confused with brand-iron , Anglo-Saxon brand- īsen .] A utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons .
Andrœcium noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + ... house.] (bot.) The stamens of a flower taken collectively.
[ Greek 'anh`r
, man + ...: confer French andranatomie
. See Anatomy
.] The dissection of a human body, especially of a male; androtomy. Coxe.
Androcephalous adjective [ Greek ..., ..., man + ... head.] Having a human head (upon an animal's body), as the Egyptian sphinx.
Androdiœcious, -diecious adjective [ Greek ..., ..., man + English diœcious .] (Botany) Having perfect and staminate flowers on different plants. -- An`dro*di*œ"cism , -di*e"cism noun
1. An hermaphrodite. 2. (Botany) An androgynous plant. Whewell.
Androgynous, Androgynal adjective
[ Latin androgynus
, Greek ...; 'anh`r
, man + gynh`
woman: confer French androgyne
.] 1. Uniting both sexes in one, or having the characteristics of both; being in nature both male and female; hermaphroditic. Owen.
The truth is, a great mind must be androgynous . 2. (Botany) Bearing both staminiferous and pistilliferous flowers in the same cluster.
Androgyny, Androgynism noun Union of both sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism.
Android (ăn"droid), An*droi"des (ăn*droi"dēz) noun [ Greek 'androeidh`s of man's form; 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + e'i^dos form.] A machine or automaton in the form of a human being.
Android adjective Resembling a man.
Andromeda noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia. When bound to a rock and exposed to a sea monster, she was delivered by Perseus.]
1. (Astron.) A northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical Andromeda. 2. (bot.) A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern climates, of which the original species was found growing on a rock surrounded by water.
Andromede, Andromed noun (Astron.) A meteor appearing to radiate from a point in the constellation Andromeda, -- whence the name. » A shower of these meteors takes place every year on November 27th or 28th. The Andromedes are also called Bielids , as they are connected with Biela's comet and move in its orbit.
Andron noun [ Latin andron , Greek ..., from 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man.] (Gr. & Rom. Arch.) The apartment appropriated for the males. This was in the lower part of the house.
Andropetalous adjective [ Greek 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + ... leaf.] (Botany) Produced by the conversion of the stamens into petals, as double flowers, like the garden ranunculus. Brande.
Androphagi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ...; 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + ... to eat.] Cannibals; man-eaters; anthropophagi. [ R.]