Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Anchylose transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Anchylosed ; present participle & verbal noun Anchylosing .] [ Confer French ankyloser .] To affect or be affected with anchylosis; to unite or consolidate so as to make a stiff joint; to grow together into one. [ Spelt also ankylose .] Owen.

Anchylosis, Ankylosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ..., from ... to crook, stiffen, from ... crooked: confer French ankylose .]
1. (Medicine) Stiffness or fixation of a joint; formation of a stiff joint. Dunglison.

2. (Anat.) The union of two or more separate bones to from a single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in various animals.

Anchylotic adjective Of or pertaining to anchylosis.

Ancient adjective [ Middle English auncien , French ancien , Late Latin antianus , from Latin ante before. See Ante- , pref .]
1. Old; that happened or existed in former times, usually at a great distance of time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to the times before the fall of the Roman empire; -- opposed to modern ; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient days.

Witness those ancient empires of the earth.

Gildas Albanius . . . much ancienter than his namesake surnamed the Wise.

2. Old; that has been of long duration; of long standing; of great age; as, an ancient forest; an ancient castle. "Our ancient bickerings." Shak.

Remove not the ancient landmarks, which thy fathers have set.
Prov. xxii. 28.

An ancient man, strangely habited, asked for quarters.

3. Known for a long time, or from early times; -- opposed to recent or new ; as, the ancient continent.

A friend, perhaps, or an ancient acquaintance.

4. Dignified, like an aged man; magisterial; venerable. [ Archaic]

He wrought but some few hours of the day, and then would he seem very grave and ancient .

5. Experienced; versed. [ Obsolete]

Though [ he] was the youngest brother, yet he was the most ancient in the business of the realm.

6. Former; sometime. [ Obsolete]

They mourned their ancient leader lost.

Ancient demesne (Eng. Law) , a tenure by which all manors belonging to the crown, in the reign of William the Conqueror, were held. The numbers, names, etc., of these were all entered in a book called Domesday Book . -- Ancient lights (Law) , windows and other openings which have been enjoined without molestation for more than twenty years. In England, and in some of the United States, they acquire a prescriptive right.

Syn. -- Old; primitive; pristine; antique; antiquated; old- fashioned; obsolete. -- Ancient , Antiquated , Obsolete , Antique , Antic , Old . -- Ancient is opposed to modern , and has antiquity; as, an ancient family, ancient landmarks, ancient institutions, systems of thought, etc. Antiquated describes that which has gone out of use or fashion; as, antiquated furniture, antiquated laws, rules, etc. Obsolete is commonly used, instead of antiquated , in reference to language, customs, etc.; as, an obsolete word or phrase, an obsolete expression. Antique is applied, in present usage, either to that which has come down from the ancients; as, an antique cameo, bust, etc. ; or to that which is made to imitate some ancient work of art; as, an antique temple. In the days of Shakespeare, antique was often used for ancient ; as, "an antique song," "an antique Roman;" and hence, from singularity often attached to what is ancient, it was used in the sense of grotesque; as, "an oak whose antique root peeps out; " and hence came our present word antic , denoting grotesque or ridiculous. We usually apply both ancient and old to things subject to gradual decay. We say, an old man, an ancient record; but never, the old stars, an old river or mountain. In general, however, ancient is opposed to modern , and old to new , fresh , or recent . When we speak of a thing that existed formerly, which has ceased to exist, we commonly use ancient ; as, ancient republics, ancient heroes; and not old republics, old heroes. But when the thing which began or existed in former times is still in existence, we use either ancient or old ; as, ancient statues or paintings, or old statues or paintings; ancient authors, or old authors, meaning books.

Ancient noun
1. plural Those who lived in former ages, as opposed to the moderns .

2. An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a person of influence.

The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof.
Isa. iii. 14.

3. A senior; an elder; a predecessor. [ Obsolete]

Junius and Andronicus . . . in Christianity . . . were his ancients .

4. plural (Eng. Law) One of the senior members of the Inns of Court or of Chancery.

Council of Ancients (French Hist.) , one of the two assemblies composing the legislative bodies in 1795. Brande.

Ancient noun [ Corrupted from ensign .]
1. An ensign or flag. [ Obsolete]

More dishonorable ragged than an old-faced ancient .

2. The bearer of a flag; an ensign. [ Obsolete]

This is Othello's ancient , as I take it.

Anciently adverb
1. In ancient times.

2. In an ancient manner. [ R.]

Ancientness noun The quality of being ancient; antiquity; existence from old times.

Ancientry noun
1. Antiquity; what is ancient.

They contain not word of ancientry .

2. Old age; also, old people. [ R.]

Wronging the ancientry .

3. Ancient lineage; ancestry; dignity of birth.

A gentleman of more ancientry than estate.

Ancienty noun [ French ancienneté , from ancien . See Ancient .]
1. Age; antiquity. [ Obsolete] Martin.

2. Seniority. [ Obsolete]

Ancile noun [ Latin ] (Rom. Antiq.) The sacred shield of the Romans, said to have-fallen from heaven in the reign of Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.

Ancillary adjective [ Latin ancillaris , from ancilla a female servant.] Subservient or subordinate, like a handmaid; auxiliary.

The Convocation of York seems to have been always considered as inferior, and even ancillary , to the greater province.

Ancillary administration (Law) An administration subordinate to, and in aid of, the primary or principal administration of an estate.

Ancille noun [ Old French ancelle , Latin ancilla .] A maidservant; a handmaid. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Ancipital, Ancipitous adjective [ Latin anceps , ancipitis , two-headed, double; an- for amb- on both sides + caput head.] (Botany) Two-edged instead of round; -- said of certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely also of leaves.

Ancistroid adjective [ Greek ...; ... a hook + ... shape.] Hook-shaped.

Ancle noun See Ankle .

Ancome (ăn"kŭm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon ancuman , oncuman , to come.] A small ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow. [ Obsolete] Boucher.

Ancon (ăn"kŏm) noun ; Latin plural Ancones [ Latin , from Greek 'agkw`n the bent arm, elbow; any hook or bend.] (Anat.) The olecranon, or the elbow.

Ancon sheep (Zoology) , a breed of sheep with short crooked legs and long back. It originated in Massachusetts in 1791; -- called also the otter breed .

Ancon, Ancone noun [ See Ancon , above.] (Architecture) (a) The corner or quoin of a wall, cross-beam, or rafter. [ Obsolete] Gwilt. (b) A bracket supporting a cornice; a console.

Anconal, Anconeal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the ancon or elbow. "The olecranon on anconeal process." Flower.

Anconeus noun [ New Latin , from Latin ancon elbow.] (Anat.) A muscle of the elbow and forearm.

Anconoid adjective Elbowlike; anconal.

Ancony noun [ Origin unknown.] (Iron Work) A piece of malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the middle, but unwrought at the ends.

And conj. [ Anglo-Saxon and ; akin to Old Saxon endi , Icelandic enda , Old High German anti , enti , inti , unti , German und , Dutch en , OD. ende . Cf, An if, Ante- .]
1. A particle which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.

(a) It is sometimes used emphatically; as, "there are women and women," that is, two very different sorts of women.

(b) By a rhetorical figure, notions, one of which is modificatory of the other, are connected by and ; as, "the tediousness and process of my travel," that is, the tedious process, etc.; "thy fair and outward character," that is, thy outwardly fair character, Schmidt's Shak. Lex.

2. In order to; -- used instead of the infinitival to , especially after try , come , go .

At least to try and teach the erring soul.

3. It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive.

When that I was and a little tiny boy.

4. If; though. See An , conj. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

As they will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast their eggs.

And so forth , and others; and the rest; and similar things; and other things or ingredients. The abbreviation, etc. ( et cetera ), or &c. , is usually read and so forth .

Andabatism noun [ Latin andabata a kind of Roman gladiator, who fought hoodwinked.] Doubt; uncertainty. [ Obsolete] Shelford.

Andalusite noun (Min.) A silicate of aluminium, occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in Andalusia, Spain.

Andante adjective [ Italian andante , present participle of andare to go.] (Mus.) Moving moderately slow, but distinct and flowing; quicker than larghetto, and slower than allegretto. -- noun A movement or piece in andante time.

Andantino adjective [ Italian , dim. of andante .] (Mus.) Rather quicker than andante; between that allegretto.

» Some, taking andante in its original sense of "going," and andantino as its diminutive, or "less going," define the latter as slower than andante .

Andarac noun [ A corruption of sandarac .] Red orpiment. Coxe.

Andean adjective Pertaining to the Andes.

Andesine noun (Min.) A kind of triclinic feldspar found in the Andes .

Andesite noun (Min.) An eruptive rock allied to trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar, with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene.

Andine adjective Andean; as, Andine flora.

Andiron noun [ Middle English anderne , aunderne , aundyre , Old French andier , French landier , from Late Latin andena , andela , anderia , of unknown origin. The Eng. was probably confused with brand-iron , Anglo-Saxon brand- īsen .] A utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons .

Andrœcium noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + ... house.] (bot.) The stamens of a flower taken collectively.

Andranatomy noun [ Greek 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + ...: confer French andranatomie . See Anatomy , Androtomy .] The dissection of a human body, especially of a male; androtomy. Coxe.

Androcephalous adjective [ Greek ..., ..., man + ... head.] Having a human head (upon an animal's body), as the Egyptian sphinx.

Androdiœcious, -diecious adjective [ Greek ..., ..., man + English diœcious .] (Botany) Having perfect and staminate flowers on different plants. -- An`dro*di*œ"cism , -di*e"cism noun

Androgyne noun
1. An hermaphrodite.

2. (Botany) An androgynous plant. Whewell.

Androgynous, Androgynal adjective [ Latin androgynus , Greek ...; 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + gynh` woman: confer French androgyne .]
1. Uniting both sexes in one, or having the characteristics of both; being in nature both male and female; hermaphroditic. Owen.

The truth is, a great mind must be androgynous .

2. (Botany) Bearing both staminiferous and pistilliferous flowers in the same cluster.

Androgyny, Androgynism noun Union of both sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism.

Android (ăn"droid), An*droi"des (ăn*droi"dēz) noun [ Greek 'androeidh`s of man's form; 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + e'i^dos form.] A machine or automaton in the form of a human being.

Android adjective Resembling a man.

Andromeda noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia. When bound to a rock and exposed to a sea monster, she was delivered by Perseus.]
1. (Astron.) A northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical Andromeda.

2. (bot.) A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern climates, of which the original species was found growing on a rock surrounded by water.

Andromede, Andromed noun (Astron.) A meteor appearing to radiate from a point in the constellation Andromeda, -- whence the name.

» A shower of these meteors takes place every year on November 27th or 28th. The Andromedes are also called Bielids , as they are connected with Biela's comet and move in its orbit.

Andron noun [ Latin andron , Greek ..., from 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man.] (Gr. & Rom. Arch.) The apartment appropriated for the males. This was in the lower part of the house.

Andropetalous adjective [ Greek 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + ... leaf.] (Botany) Produced by the conversion of the stamens into petals, as double flowers, like the garden ranunculus. Brande.

Androphagi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ...; 'anh`r , 'andro`s , man + ... to eat.] Cannibals; man-eaters; anthropophagi. [ R.]