Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Amygdaloid, Amygdaloidal adjective
1. Almond-shaped. 2. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, the rock amygdaloid.
[ Latin am
ylum starch + -yl
. Confer Amidin
.] (Chemistry) A hydrocarbon radical, C 5 H 11 , of the paraffine series found in amyl alcohol or fusel oil, etc.
Amyl alcohol (Org. Chem.) Any of eight isomeric liquid compounds, C 5 H 11 OH; ordinarily, a mixture of two of these forming a colorless liquid with a peculiar cough-exciting odor and burning taste, the chief constituent of fusel oil. It is used as a source of amyl compounds, such as amyl acetate, amyl nitrite, etc.
Amyl nitrite A yellowish oily volatile liquid, C 5 H 11 NO 2 , used in medicine as a heart stimulant and a vasodilator. The inhalation of its vapor instantly produces flushing of the face.
[ Latin amylum
starch, Greek .... See Amidin
.] Pertaining to starch; of the nature of starch; starchy.
Amylate noun (Chemistry) A compound of the radical amyl with oxygen and a positive atom or radical.
Amylene noun (Chemistry) One of a group of metameric hydrocarbons, C 5 H 10 , of the ethylene series. The colorless, volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture of different members of the group.
Amylic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, amyl; as, amylic ether. Amylic alcohol (Chemistry) , one of the series of alcohols, a transparent, colorless liquid, having a peculiar odor. It is the hydroxide of amyl. -- Amylic fermentation (Chemistry) , a process of fermentation in starch or sugar in which amylic alcohol is produced. Gregory.
[ Latin amyl
um starch + New Latin bacter
ium. See Bacterium
.] (Biol.) A microörganism ( Bacillus amylobacter ) which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction. Sternberg.
Amylogen noun [ Amylum + -gen .] (Chemistry) That part of the starch granule or granulose which is soluble in water.
Amylogenesis noun [ Amylum + genesis .] The formation of starch.
1. Of or pert. to amylogen. 2. Forming starch; -- applied specif. to leucoplasts.
Amyloid (ăm"ȳ*loid) noun
1. A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance. 2. (Medicine) The substance deposited in the organs in amyloid degeneration.
Amyloid, Amyloidal adjective [ Latin amylum starch + -oid .] Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike. Amyloid degeneration (Medicine) , a diseased condition of various organs of the body, produced by the deposit of an albuminous substance, giving a blue color with iodine and sulphuric acid; - - called also waxy or lardaceous degeneration .
Amylolysis noun [ Amylum + Greek ... a loosing.] (Chemistry) The conversion of starch into soluble products, as dextrins and sugar, esp. by the action of enzymes. -- Am`y*lo*lyt"ic adjective
Amylolytic adjective [ Greek ... starch + ... solvent; ... to dissolve.] (Physiol.) Effecting the conversion of starch into soluble dextrin and sugar; as, an amylolytic ferment. Foster.
Amylometer noun [ Amylum + -meter .] Instrument for determining the amount of starch in a substance.
Amyloplastic adjective [ Amylum + -plastic .] Starch-forming; amylogenic.
Amylopsin noun [ Amylum + Greek ... appearance.] (Physiol. Chem.) The diastase of the pancreatic juice.
Amylose noun (Chemistry) One of the starch group (C 6 H 10 O 5 )n of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin, dextrin, cellulose, etc.
Amyous (ăm"ĭ*ŭs) adjective [ Greek 'a`myos .] (Medicine) Wanting in muscle; without flesh.
(ăm"ĭs) noun Same as Amice , a hood or cape.
(ăn). [ Anglo-Saxon ān
one, the same word as the numeral. See One
, and confer A
.] This word is properly an adjective , but is commonly called the indefinite article . It is used before nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one , or any , but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as "twice an hour," "once an age," a shilling an ounce (see 2d A , 2), it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to each , every .
is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound; as, an
hour. It in also often used before h sounded
, when the accent of the word falls on the second syllable; as, an
heroic deed. Many writers use a
in such positions. Anciently an
was used before consonants as well as vowels.
[ Shortened from and
, Middle English an
, sometimes and if
, in introducing conditional clauses, like Icelandic enda
if, the same word as and
. Prob. and
was originally pleonastic before the conditional clause.] If; -- a word used by old English authors. Shak.
Nay, an thou dalliest, then I am thy foe. An if
, and if; if.
An 't An it , that is, and it or if it . See An , conj.
[ Greek 'ana`
(used distributively).] (Medicine) Of each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana (or, contracted, aa ), ... ij., that is, of wine and honey, each, two ounces.
An apothecary with a . . . long bill of anas .
Ana- [ Greek 'ana` on; in comp. , on, up, upwards.] A prefix in words from the Greek, denoting up , upward , throughout , backward , back , again , anew .
[ Latin anabaptismus
, Greek 'anabaptismo`s
: confer French anabaptisme
. See Anabaptize
.] The doctrine of the Anabaptists.
Anabaptist noun [ Late Latin anabaptista , from Greek as if 'anabaptisth`s : confer French anabaptiste .] A name sometimes applied to a member of any sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized in infancy. » In church history, the name Anabaptists usually designates a sect of fanatics who greatly disturbed the peace of Germany, the Netherlands, etc., in the Reformation period. In more modern times the name has been applied to those who do not regard infant baptism as real and valid baptism.
Anabaptistic, Anabaptistical adjective Relating or attributed to the Anabaptists, or their doctrines. Milton. Bp. Bull.
Anabaptistry noun The doctrine, system, or practice, of Anabaptists.
Thus died this imaginary king; and Anabaptistry was suppressed in Munster.
Anabaptize transitive verb
[ Greek ..., from ... again + ... to baptize. See Baptize
.] To rebaptize; to rechristen; also, to rename.
[ R.] Whitlock.
Anabas noun [ Greek ..., past participle of ... to advance.] (Zoology) A genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long out of water, and of making their way on land for considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing fishes.
[ Greek ..., from ... to go up; ... up + ... to go.] 1. A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by Xenophon in his work called "The Anabasis."
The anabasis of Napoleon. 2. (Medicine) The first period, or increase, of a disease; augmentation.
Anabatic adjective [ Greek ....] Pertaining to anabasis; as, an anabatic fever. [ Obsolete]
Anabolic adjective [ Greek ... something heaped up; ... + ... a stroke.] (Physiol.) Pertaining to anabolism; an anabolic changes, or processes, more or less constructive in their nature.
Anabolism noun (Physiol.) The constructive metabolism of the body, as distinguished from katabolism .
stomosing + branch
.] A branch of a river that reënters, or anastomoses with, the main stream; also, less properly, a branch which loses itself in sandy soil.
Such branches of a river as after separation reunite, I would term anastomosing branches; or, if a word might be coined, anabranches , and the islands they form branch islands. Col. Jackson.
Anacœnosis noun [ Greek ..., from ..., to communicate; ... up + ... to make common, ... common.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their opinion on the point in debate. Walker.
[ Greek ... to bend back; ... back + ... to bend.] Reflecting of reflected; as, an anacamptic sound (and echo).
» The word was formerly applied to that part of optics which treats of reflection; the same as what is now called catoptric
. See Catoptrics
Anacamptically adverb By reflection; as, echoes are sound produced anacamptically . Hutton.
1. The science of reflected light, now called catoptrics . 2. The science of reflected sounds.
Anacanthini, Anacanths noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek 'an priv. + ... thorny, from ... thorn.] (Zoology) A group of teleostean fishes destitute of spiny fin-rays, as the cod.
Anacanthous adjective Spineless, as certain fishes.
Anacardiaceous adjective (Botany) Belonging to, or resembling, a family, or order, of plants of which the cashew tree is the type, and the species of sumac are well known examples.
Anacardic adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, the cashew nut; as, anacardic acid.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... similar to + ... heart; -- the fruit of this plant being thought to resemble the heart of a bird.] (Botany) A genus of plants including the cashew tree. See Cashew .
[ Greek ..., from ... to cleanse upward, i. e.
, by vomiting; ... + .... See Cathartic
.] (Medicine) Producing vomiting or expectoration.
-- noun An anacathartic medicine; an expectorant or an emetic.
Anacharis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... up + ... grace.] (Botany) A fresh-water weed of the frog's-bit family ( Hydrocharidaceæ ), native to America. Transferred to England it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also waterweed and water thyme .