Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Anatifæ
[ New Latin , contr. from anatifera
. See Anatiferous
.] (Zoology) An animal of the barnacle tribe, of the genus Lepas , having a fleshy stem or peduncle; a goose barnacle. See Cirripedia .
» The term Anatifæ
, in the plural, is often used for the whole group of pedunculated cirripeds.
Anatifer noun (Zoology) Same as Anatifa .
[ Latin anas
, a duck + -ferous
.] (Zoology) Producing ducks; -- applied to Anatifæ , under the absurd notion of their turning into ducks or geese. See Barnacle .
Anatine adjective [ Latin anatinus , from anas , anatis , a duck.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the ducks; ducklike.
Anatocism noun [ Latin anatocismus , Greek ...; ... again + ... to lend on interest.] (Law) Compound interest. [ R.] Bouvier.
Anatomic, Anatomical adjective
[ Latin anatomicus
, Greek ...: confer French anatomique
. See Anatomy
.] Of or relating to anatomy or dissection; as, the anatomic art; anatomical observations. Hume.
Anatomically adverb In an anatomical manner; by means of dissection.
[ Confer French anatomisme
.] 1. The application of the principles of anatomy, as in art.
The stretched and vivid anatomism of their [ i. e. , the French ] great figure painters . 2. The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all the phenomena of the organism or of animal life.
The London Spectator.
Anatomist noun [ Confer French anatomiste .] One who is skilled in the art of anatomy, or dissection.
Anatomization noun The act of anatomizing.
Anatomize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Anatomized
; present participle & verbal noun Anatomizing
.] [ Confer French anatomiser
.] 1. To dissect; to cut in pieces, as an animal vegetable body, for the purpose of displaying or examining the structure and use of the several parts. 2. To discriminate minutely or carefully; to analyze.
If we anatomize all other reasonings of this nature, we shall find that they are founded on the relation of cause and effect.
Anatomizer noun A dissector.
; plural Anatomies
[ French anatomie
, Latin anatomia
, Greek ... dissection, from ... to cut up; ... + ... to cut.] 1. The art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their situation, structure, and economy; dissection. 2. The science which treats of the structure of organic bodies; anatomical structure or organization.
Let the muscles be well inserted and bound together, according to the knowledge of them which is given us by anatomy .
» "Animal anatomy" is sometimes called zomy
; "vegetable anatomy," phytotomy
; "human anatomy," anthropotomy
. Comparative anatomy compares the structure of different kinds and classes of animals. 3. A treatise or book on anatomy. 4. The act of dividing anything, corporeal or intellectual, for the purpose of examining its parts; analysis; as, the anatomy of a discourse. 5. A skeleton; anything anatomized or dissected, or which has the appearance of being so.
The anatomy of a little child, representing all parts thereof, is accounted a greater rarity than the skeleton of a man in full stature.
They brought one Pinch, a hungry, lean-faced villain,
A mere anatomy .
Anatreptic adjective [ overturning, from ... to turn up or over; ... + ... too turn.] Overthrowing; defeating; -- applied to Plato's refutative dialogues. Enfield.
[ French anatron
, Spanish anatron
, from Arabic al- natrūn
. See Natron
.] [ Obsolete] 1. Native carbonate of soda; natron. 2. Glass gall or sandiver. 3. Saltpeter. Coxe. Johnson.
Anatropal, Anatropous adjective [ Greek ... up + ... to turn.] (Botany) Having the ovule inverted at an early period in its development, so that the chalaza is as the apparent apex; -- opposed to orthotropous . Gray.
Anbury, Ambury noun [ Anglo-Saxon ampre , ompre , a crooked swelling vein: confer Prov. English amper a tumor with inflammation. Confer the first syllable in agnail , and berry a fruit.]
1. (Far.) A soft tumor or bloody wart on horses or oxen. 2. A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; -- called also fingers and toes .
[ Middle English ancestre
, also ancessour
; the first forms from Old French ancestre
, French ancêtre
, from the Latin nom. antessor
one who goes before; the last form from Old French ancessor
, from Latin acc. antecessorem
, from antecedere
to go before; ante
before + cedere
to go. See Cede
, and confer Antecessor
.] 1. One from whom a person is descended, whether on the father's or mother's side, at any distance of time; a progenitor; a fore father. 2. (Biol.) An earlier type; a progenitor; as, this fossil animal is regarded as the ancestor of the horse. 3. (Law) One from whom an estate has descended; -- the correlative of heir .
Ancestorial adjective Ancestral. Grote.
Ancestorially adverb With regard to ancestors.
Ancestral adjective Of, pertaining to, derived from, or possessed by, an ancestor or ancestors; as, an ancestral estate. " Ancestral trees." Hemans.
Ancestress noun A female ancestor.
[ Confer Old French ancesserie
. See Ancestor
.] 1. Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth or honorable descent.
Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious, but an ill one more contemptible. 2. A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent.
[ Middle English anker
, Anglo-Saxon ancor
, Latin ancora
, sometimes spelt anchora
, from Greek 'a`gkyra
, akin to English angle
: confer French ancre
. See Angle
] 1. A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the ship in a particular station.
» The common anchor consists of a straight bar called a shank
, having at one end a transverse bar called a stock
, above which is a ring for the cable, and at the other end the crown
, from which branch out two or more arms
, forming with the shank a suitable angle to enter the ground. Formerly the largest and strongest anchor was the sheet anchor
(hence, Fig., best hope or last refuge), called also waist anchor
. Now the bower
and the sheet anchor
are usually alike. Then came the best bower
and the small bower
(so called from being carried on the bows). The stream anchor
is one fourth the weight of the bower anchor. Kedges
or kedge anchors
are light anchors used in warping. 2. Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that of a ship's anchor, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold the core of a mold in place. 3. Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on which we place dependence for safety.
Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul. 4. (Her.) An emblem of hope. 5. (Architecture) (a) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building together. (b) Carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor or arrowhead; -- a part of the ornaments of certain moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or egg-and- anchor (called also egg-and-dart , egg-and-tongue ) ornament. 6. (Zoology) One of the anchor-shaped spicules of certain sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain Holothurians, as in species of Synapta . Anchor ice
Hebrew vi. 19.
. See under Ice .
-- Anchor ring
. (Math.) Same as Annulus , 2 (b).
-- Anchor stock (Nautical)
, the crossbar at the top of the shank at right angles to the arms.
-- The anchor comes home
, when it drags over the bottom as the ship drifts.
-- Foul anchor
, the anchor when it hooks, or is entangled with, another anchor, or with a cable or wreck, or when the slack cable entangled.
-- The anchor is acockbill
, when it is suspended perpendicularly from the cathead, ready to be let go.
-- The anchor is apeak
, when the cable is drawn in do tight as to bring to ship directly over it.
-- The anchor is atrip
, or aweigh
, when it is lifted out of the ground.
-- The anchor is awash
, when it is hove up to the surface of the water.
-- At anchor
-- To back an anchor
, to increase the holding power by laying down a small anchor ahead of that by which the ship rides, with the cable fastened to the crown of the latter to prevent its coming home.
-- To cast anchor
, to drop or let go an anchor to keep a ship at rest.
-- To cat the anchor
, to hoist the anchor to the cathead and pass the ring- stopper.
-- To fish the anchor
, to hoist the flukes to their resting place (called the bill-boards), and pass the shank painter.
-- To weigh anchor
, to heave or raise the anchor so as to sail away.
Anchor transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Anchored
; present participle & verbal noun Anchoring
.] [ Confer French ancrer
.] 1. To place at anchor; to secure by an anchor; as, to anchor a ship. 2. To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to anchor the cables of a suspension bridge.
Till that my nails were anchored in thine eyes.
Anchor intransitive verb 1. To cast anchor; to come to anchor; as, our ship (or the captain) anchored in the stream. 2. To stop; to fix or rest.
My invention . . . anchors on Isabel.
[ Middle English anker
, Anglo-Saxon ancra
, from Latin anachoreta
. See Anchoret
.] An anchoret.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Anchor escapement (Horol.) (a) The common recoil escapement. (b) A variety of the lever escapement with a wide impulse pin.
Anchor light (Nautical) The lantern shown at night by a vessel at anchor. International rules of the road require vessels at anchor to carry from sunset to sunrise a single white light forward if under 150 feet in length, and if longer, two such lights, one near the stern and one forward.
Anchor shot (Billiards) A shot made with the object balls in an anchor space.
Anchor space (Billiards) In the balk-line game, any of eight spaces, 7 inches by 3½, lying along a cushion and bisected transversely by a balk line. Object balls in an anchor space are treated as in balk.
Anchor watch (Nautical) A detail of one or more men who keep watch on deck at night when a vessel is at anchor.
1. The hold or grip of an anchor, or that to which it holds. 2. Hence: Firm hold: security.
Anchorable adjective Fit for anchorage.
1. The act of anchoring, or the condition of lying at anchor. 2. A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a hold for an anchor. 3. The set of anchors belonging to a ship. 4. Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge. 5. Something on which one may depend for security; ground of trust. 6. A toll for anchoring; anchorage duties. Johnson.
Anchorage noun Abode of an anchoret.
Anchorate adjective Anchor- shaped.
1. Held by an anchor; at anchor; held safely; as, an anchored bark; also, shaped like an anchor; forked; as, an anchored tongue. 2. (Her.) Having the extremities turned back, like the flukes of an anchor; as, an anchored cross. [ Sometimes spelt ancred .]
Anchoress noun A female anchoret.
And there, a saintly anchoress , she dwelt.
Anchoret, Anchorite noun
[ French anachorète
, Latin anachoreta
, from Greek ..., from ... to go back, retire; ... + ... to give place, retire, ... place; perhaps akin to Sanskrit hā
to leave. Confer Anchor
a hermit.] One who renounces the world and secludes himself, usually for religious reasons; a hermit; a recluse.
[ Written by some authors anachoret
Our Savior himself . . . did not choose an anchorite's or a monastic life, but a social and affable way of conversing with mortals.
Anchoretic, Anchoretical adjective [ Confer Greek ....] Pertaining to an anchoret or hermit; after the manner of an anchoret.
Anchoretish adjective Hermitlike.
Anchoretism noun The practice or mode of life of an anchoret.
Anchoritess noun An anchoress. [ R.]
Anchorless adjective Without an anchor or stay. Hence: Drifting; unsettled.
Anchovy (ăn*chō"vȳ) noun [ Spanish anchoa , anchova , or Portuguese anchova , probably of Iberian origin, and lit. a dried or pickled fish, from Bisc. antzua dry: confer Dutch anchovis , French anchois .] (Zoology) A small fish, about three inches in length, of the Herring family ( Engraulis encrasicholus ), caught in vast numbers in the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. The name is also applied to several allied species.
Anchovy pear (ăn*chō"vȳ pâr`). (Botany) A West Indian fruit like the mango in taste, sometimes pickled; also, the tree ( Grias cauliflora ) bearing this fruit.
Anchusin noun [ Latin anchusa the plant alkanet, Greek ....] (Chemistry) A resinoid coloring matter obtained from alkanet root.