Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Animadversive adjective Having the power of perceiving; percipient. [ Archaic] Glanvill.

I do not mean there is a certain number of ideas glaring and shining to the animadversive faculty.
Coleridge.

Animadvert intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Animadverted ; present participle & verbal noun Animadverting .] [ Latin animadvertere ; animus mind + advertere to turn to; ad to + vertere to turn.]
1. To take notice; to observe; -- commonly followed by that . Dr. H. More.

2. To consider or remark by way of criticism or censure; to express censure; -- with on or upon .

I should not animadvert on him . . . if he had not used extreme severity in his judgment of the incomparable Shakespeare.
Dryden.

3. To take cognizance judicially; to inflict punishment. [ Archaic] Grew.

Syn. -- To remark; comment; criticise; censure.

Animadverter noun One who animadverts; a censurer; also [ Obsolete], a chastiser.

Animal noun [ Latin , from anima breath, soul: confer French animal . See Animate .]
1. An organized living being endowed with sensation and the power of voluntary motion, and also characterized by taking its food into an internal cavity or stomach for digestion; by giving carbonic acid to the air and taking oxygen in the process of respiration; and by increasing in motive power or active aggressive force with progress to maturity.

2. One of the lower animals; a brute or beast, as distinguished from man; as, men and animals .

Animal adjective [ Confer French animal .]
1. Of or relating to animals; as, animal functions.

2. Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or spiritual part; as, the animal passions or appetites.

3. Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, animal food.

Animal magnetism . See Magnetism and Mesmerism . -- Animal electricity , the electricity developed in some animals, as the electric eel, torpedo, etc. -- Animal flower (Zoology) , a name given to certain marine animals resembling a flower, as any species of actinia or sea anemone, and other Anthozoa, hydroids, starfishes, etc. -- Animal heat (Physiol.) , the heat generated in the body of a living animal, by means of which the animal is kept at nearly a uniform temperature. -- Animal spirits . See under Spirit . -- Animal kingdom , the whole class of beings endowed with animal life. It embraces several subkingdoms, and under these there are Classes, Orders, Families, Genera, Species, and sometimes intermediate groupings, all in regular subordination, but variously arranged by different writers. The following are the grand divisions, or subkingdoms, and the principal classes under them, generally recognized at the present time: --


Vertebrata , including Mammalia or Mammals , Aves or Birds , Reptilia , Amphibia , Pisces or Fishes , Marsipobranchiata ( Craniota ); and Leptocardia ( Acrania ).

Tunicata , including the Thaliacea , and Ascidioidea or Ascidians .

Articulata or Annulosa , including Insecta , Myriapoda , Malacapoda , Arachnida , Pycnogonida , Merostomata , Crustacea ( Arthropoda ); and Annelida , Gehyrea ( Anarthropoda ).


Helminthes or Vermes , including Rotifera , Chætognatha , Nematoidea , Acanthocephala , Nemertina , Turbellaria , Trematoda , Cestoidea , Mesozea .

Molluscoidea , including Brachiopoda and Bryozoa .

Mollusca , including Cephalopoda , Gastropoda , Pteropoda , Scaphopoda , Lamellibranchiata or Acephala .

Echinodermata , including Holothurioidea , Echinoidea , Asterioidea , Ophiuroidea , and Crinoidea .

Cœlenterata , including Anthozoa or Polyps , Ctenophora , and Hydrozoa or Acalephs .

Spongiozoa or Porifera , including the sponges.


Protozoa , including Infusoria and Rhizopoda .

For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary.

Animalcular, Animalculine adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, animalcules. " Animalcular life." Tyndall.

Animalcule noun [ As if from a Latin animalculum , dim. of animal .]
1. A small animal, as a fly, spider, etc. [ Obsolete] Ray.

2. (Zoology) An animal, invisible, or nearly so, to the naked eye. See Infusoria .

» Many of the so-called animalcules have been shown to be plants, having locomotive powers something like those of animals. Among these are Volvox , the Desmidiacæ , and the siliceous Diatomaceæ .

Spermatic animalcules . See Spermatozoa .

Animalculism noun [ Confer French animalculisme .] (Biol.) The theory which seeks to explain certain physiological and pathological phenomena by means of animalcules.

Animalculism noun (Biol.) The theory that the spermatozoön and not the ovum contains the whole of the embryo; spermatism; -- opposed to ovism .

Animalculist noun [ Confer French animalculiste .]
1. One versed in the knowledge of animalcules. Keith.

2. A believer in the theory of animalculism.

Animalculum noun ; plural Animalcula [ New Latin See Animalcule .] An animalcule.

» Animalculæ , as if from a Latin singular animalcula , is a barbarism.

Animalish adjective Like an animal.

Animalism noun [ Confer French animalisme .] The state, activity, or enjoyment of animals; mere animal life without intellectual or moral qualities; sensuality.

Animality noun [ Confer French animalité .] Animal existence or nature. Locke.

Animalization noun [ Confer French animalisation .]
1. The act of animalizing; the giving of animal life, or endowing with animal properties.

2. Conversion into animal matter by the process of assimilation. Owen.

Animalize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Animalized ; present participle & verbal noun Animalizing .] [ Confer French animaliser .]
1. To endow with the properties of an animal; to represent in animal form. Warburton.

2. To convert into animal matter by the processes of assimilation.

3. To render animal or sentient; to reduce to the state of a lower animal; to sensualize.

The unconscious irony of the Epicurean poet on the animalizing tendency of his own philosophy.
Coleridge.

Animally adverb Physically. G. Eliot.

Animalness noun Animality. [ R.]

Animastic adjective [ Latin anima breath, life.] Pertaining to mind or spirit; spiritual.

Animastic noun Psychology. [ Obsolete]

Animate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Animated ; present participle & verbal noun Animating .] [ Latin animatus , past participle of animare , from anima breath, soul; akin to animus soul, mind, Greek ... wind, Sanskrit an to breathe, live, Goth. us-anan to expire ( us- out), Icelandic önd breath, anda to breathe, Old High German ando anger. Confer Animal .]
1. To give natural life to; to make alive; to quicken; as, the soul animates the body.

2. To give powers to, or to heighten the powers or effect of; as, to animate a lyre. Dryden.

3. To give spirit or vigor to; to stimulate or incite; to inspirit; to rouse; to enliven.

The more to animate the people, he stood on high . . . and cried unto them with a loud voice.
Knolles.

Syn. -- To enliven; inspirit; stimulate; exhilarate; inspire; instigate; rouse; urge; cheer; prompt; incite; quicken; gladden.

Animate adjective [ Latin animatus , past participle ] Endowed with life; alive; living; animated; lively.

The admirable structure of animate bodies.
Bentley.

Animated adjective Endowed with life; full of life or spirit; indicating animation; lively; vigorous. " Animated sounds." Pope. " Animated bust." Gray. " Animated descriptions." Lewis.

Animatedly adverb With animation.

Animater noun One who animates. De Quincey.

Animating adjective Causing animation; life-giving; inspiriting; rousing. " Animating cries." Pope. -- An"i*ma`ting*ly , adverb

Animation noun [ Latin animatio , from animare .]
1. The act of animating, or giving life or spirit; the state of being animate or alive.

The animation of the same soul quickening the whole frame.
Bp. Hall.

Perhaps an inanimate thing supplies me, while I am speaking, with whatever I possess of animation .
Landor.

2. The state of being lively, brisk, or full of spirit and vigor; vivacity; spiritedness; as, he recited the story with great animation .

Suspended animation , temporary suspension of the vital functions, as in persons nearly drowned.

Syn. -- Liveliness; vivacity; spirit; buoyancy; airiness; sprightliness; promptitude; enthusiasm; ardor; earnestness; energy. See Liveliness .

Animative adjective Having the power of giving life or spirit. Johnson.

Animator noun [ Latin animare .] One who, or that which, animates; an animater. Sir T. Browne.

Animé adjective [ French, animated.] (Her.) Of a different tincture from the animal itself; -- said of the eyes of a rapacious animal. Brande & C.

Animé noun [ French animé animated (from the insects that are entrapped in it); or native name.] A resin exuding from a tropical American tree ( Hymenæa courbaril ), and much used by varnish makers. Ure.

Animism noun [ Confer French animisme , from Latin anima soul. See Animate .]
1. The doctrine, taught by Stahl, that the soul is the proper principle of life and development in the body.

2. The belief that inanimate objects and the phenomena of nature are endowed with personal life or a living soul; also, in an extended sense, the belief in the existence of soul or spirit apart from matter. Tylor.

Animist noun [ Confer French animiste .] One who maintains the doctrine of animism.

Animistic adjective Of or pertaining to animism. Huxley. Tylor.

Animose, Animous adjective [ Latin animosus , from animus soul, spirit, courage.] Full of spirit; hot; vehement; resolute. [ Obsolete] Ash.

Animoseness noun Vehemence of temper. [ Obsolete]

Animosity noun ; plural Animosities [ French animosité , from Latin animositas . See Animose , Animate , transitive verb ]
1. Mere spiritedness or courage. [ Obsolete] Skelton.

Such as give some proof of animosity , audacity, and execution, those she [ the crocodile] loveth.
Holland.

2. Violent hatred leading to active opposition; active enmity; energetic dislike. Macaulay.

Syn. -- Enmity; hatred; opposition. -- Animosity , Enmity . Enmity be dormant or concealed; animosity is active enmity, inflamed by collision and mutual injury between opposing parties. The animosities which were continually springing up among the clans in Scotland kept that kingdom in a state of turmoil and bloodshed for successive ages. The animosities which have been engendered among Christian sects have always been the reproach of the church.

Such [ writings] as naturally conduce to inflame hatreds and make enmities irreconcilable.
Spectator.

[ These] factions . . . never suspended their animosities till they ruined that unhappy government.
Hume.

Animus noun ; plural Animi [ Latin , mind.] Animating spirit; intention; temper.

nimus furandi [ Latin ] (Law) , intention of stealing.

Anion noun [ Greek ..., neut. ..., present participle of ... to go up; ... up + ... to go.] (Chemistry) An electro- negative element, or the element which, in electro-chemical decompositions, is evolved at the anode; -- opposed to cation . Faraday.

Anise (ăn"ĭs) noun [ Middle English anys , French anis , Latin anisum , anethum , from Greek 'a`nison , 'a`nhqon .]
1. (Botany) An umbelliferous plant ( Pimpinella anisum ) growing naturally in Egypt, and cultivated in Spain, Malta, etc., for its carminative and aromatic seeds.

2. The fruit or seeds of this plant.

Aniseed noun The seed of the anise; also, a cordial prepared from it. "Oil of aniseed ." Brande & C.

Anisette noun [ French] A French cordial or liqueur flavored with anise seeds. De Colange.

Anisic adjective Of or derived from anise; as, anisic acid; anisic alcohol.

Anisocoria noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... + ... pupil.] (Medicine) Inequality of the pupils of the eye.

Anisodactyla, Anisodactyls noun plural [ New Latin anisodactyla , from Greek 'a`nisos unequal ( 'an priv. + 'i`sos equal) + da`ktylos finger.] (Zoology) (a) A group of herbivorous mammals characterized by having the hoofs in a single series around the foot, as the elephant, rhinoceros, etc. (b) A group of perching birds which are anisodactylous.

Anisodactylous adjective (Zoology) Characterized by unequal toes, three turned forward and one backward, as in most passerine birds.

Anisol noun [ Anis ic + - ol .] (Chemistry) Methyl phenyl ether, C 6 H 5 OCH 3 , got by distilling anisic acid or by the action of methide on potassium phenolate.

Anisomeric adjective [ Greek ... unequal + ... part.] (Chemistry) Not isomeric; not made of the same components in the same proportions.

Anisomerous adjective [ See Anisomeric .] (Botany) Having the number of floral organs unequal, as four petals and six stamens.

Anisometric adjective [ Greek 'an priv. + English isometric .] Not isometric; having unsymmetrical parts; -- said of crystals with three unequal axes. Dana.