Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Allanite noun [ From T. Allan , who first distinguished it as a species.] (min.) A silicate containing a large amount of cerium. It is usually black in color, opaque, and is related to epidote in form and composition.
[ Confer French allantoïque
.] Pertaining to, or contained in, the allantois. Allantoic acid
. (Chemistry) See Allantoin .
Allantoid, Allantoidal adjective [ Greek ... shaped like a sausage; ... sausage + ... form.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the allantois.
Allantoidea noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) The division of Vertebrata in which the embryo develops an allantois. It includes reptiles, birds, and mammals.
Allantoin noun (Chemistry) A crystalline, transparent, colorless substance found in the allantoic liquid of the fetal calf; -- formerly called allantoic acid and amniotic acid .
Allantois, Allantoid noun . (Anat.) A membranous appendage of the embryos of mammals, birds, and reptiles, -- in mammals serving to connect the fetus with the parent; the urinary vesicle.
Allatrate intransitive verb
[ Latin allatrare
. See Latrate
.] To bark as a dog.
[ Obsolete] Stubbes.
Allay transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Allayed
; present participle & verbal noun Allaying
.] [ Middle English alaien
, to lay down, put down, humble, put an end to, Anglo-Saxon ālecgan
(cf. Goth. us-
, German er-
, orig. meaning out
) + lecgan
to lay; but confused with old forms of allege
. See Lay
.] 1. To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm; as, to allay popular excitement; to allay the tumult of the passions. 2. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate; as, to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity.
It would allay the burning quality of that fell poison. Syn.
-- To alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease; abate; subdue; destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet. See Alleviate
Allay transitive verb To diminish in strength; to abate; to subside. "When the rage allays ." Shak.
Allay noun Alleviation; abatement; check. [ Obsolete]
Allay noun Alloy. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Allay transitive verb To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate. [ Archaic] Fuller.
Allayer noun One who, or that which, allays.
Allayment noun An allaying; that which allays; mitigation.
The like allayment could I give my grief.
Allecret noun [ Old French alecret , halecret , hallecret .] A kind of light armor used in the sixteenth century, esp. by the Swiss. Fairholt.
Allect transitive verb [ Latin allectare , freq. of allicere , allectum .] To allure; to entice. [ Obsolete]
Allectation noun [ Latin allectatio .] Enticement; allurement. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Allective adjective [ Late Latin allectivus .] Alluring. [ Obsolete]
Allective noun Allurement. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Alledge transitive verb See Allege .
[ Obsolete] » This spelling, corresponding to abridge
, was once the prevailing one.
[ Latin allegatio
, from allegare
, to send a message, cite; later, to free by giving reasons; ad
to send, commission. Confer Allege
.] 1. The act of alleging or positively asserting. 2. That which is alleged, asserted, or declared; positive assertion; formal averment
I thought their allegation but reasonable. 3. (Law) A statement by a party of what he undertakes to prove, -- usually applied to each separate averment; the charge or matter undertaken to be proved.
(ăl*lĕj") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Alleged
(-lĕjd"); present participle & verbal noun Alleging
.] [ Middle English aleggen
to bring forward as evidence, Old French esligier
to buy, prop. to free from legal difficulties, from an assumed Late Latin exlitigare
; Latin ex
to quarrel, sue (see Litigate
). The word was confused with Latin allegare
), and lex
law. Confer Allay
.] 1. To bring forward with positiveness; to declare; to affirm; to assert; as, to allege a fact. 2. To cite or quote; as, to allege the authority of a judge.
[ Archaic] 3. To produce or urge as a reason, plea, or excuse; as, he refused to lend, alleging a resolution against lending. Syn.
-- To bring forward; adduce; advance; assign; produce; declare; affirm; assert; aver; predicate.
Allege transitive verb
[ See Allay
.] To alleviate; to lighten, as a burden or a trouble.
[ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Allegeable adjective Capable of being alleged or affirmed.
The most authentic examples allegeable in the case.
Allegeance noun Allegation. [ Obsolete]
Allegement noun Allegation.
With many complaints and allegements .
Alleger noun One who affirms or declares.
Allegge transitive verb See Alegge and Allay .
Alleghenian adjective Also Al`le*gha"ni*an (Biogeography) Pertaining to or designating the humid division of the Transition zone extending across the northern United States from New England to eastern Dakota, and including also most of Pennsylvania and the mountainous region as far south as northern Georgia.
1. Of or pertaining to the Allegheny Mountains, or the region where they are situated. Also Al"le*gha`ny 2. [ From the Allegheny River, Pennsylvania.] (Geol.) Pertaining to or designating a subdivision of the Pennsylvanian coal measure.
[ Middle English alegeaunce
; prefix a-
+ Old French lige
. The meaning was influenced by Latin ligare
to bind, and even by lex
, legis, law. See Liege
.] 1. The tie or obligation, implied or expressed, which a subject owes to his sovereign or government; the duty of fidelity to one's king, government, or state. 2. Devotion; loyalty; as, allegiance to science. Syn.
-- Loyalty; fealty. -- Allegiance
. These words agree in expressing the general idea of fidelity and attachment to the "powers that be." Allegiance
is an obligation to a ruling power. Loyalty
is a feeling or sentiment towards such power. Allegiance
may exist under any form of government, and, in a republic, we generally speak of allegiance
to the government, to the state, etc. In well conducted monarchies, loyalty
is a warm-hearted feeling of fidelity and obedience to the sovereign. It is personal in its nature; and hence we speak of the loyalty
of a wife to her husband, not of her allegiance
. In cases where we personify, loyalty
is more commonly the word used; as, loyalty
to the constitution; loyalty
to the cause of virtue; loyalty
to truth and religion, etc.
Hear me, recreant, on thine allegiance hear me!
So spake the Seraph Abdiel, faithful found, . . .
Unshaken, unseduced, unterrified,
His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal.
Allegiant adjective Loyal. Shak.
Allegoric, Allegorical adjective
[ French allégorique
, Latin allegorius
, from Greek .... See Allegory
.] Belonging to, or consisting of, allegory; of the nature of an allegory; describing by resemblances; figurative.
Allegorical being . . . that kind of language which says one thing, but means another.
Allegorist noun [ Confer French allegoriste .] One who allegorizes; a writer of allegory. Hume.
Allegorization noun The act of turning into allegory, or of understanding in an allegorical sense.
Allegorize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Allegorized
; present participle & verbal noun Allegorizing
.] [ Confer F. allégoriser
, from Latin allegorizare
.] 1. To form or turn into allegory; as, to allegorize the history of a people. 2. To treat as allegorical; to understand in an allegorical sense; as, when a passage in a writer may understood literally or figuratively, he who gives it a figurative sense is said to allegorize it.
Allegorize transitive verb To use allegory. Holland.
Allegorizer noun One who allegorizes, or turns things into allegory; an allegorist.
; plural Allegories
[ Latin allegoria
, Greek ..., description of one thing under the image of another; ... other + ... to speak in the assembly, harangue, ... place of assembly, from ... to assemble: confer French allégorie
.] 1. A figurative sentence or discourse, in which the principal subject is described by another subject resembling it in its properties and circumstances. The real subject is thus kept out of view, and we are left to collect the intentions of the writer or speaker by the resemblance of the secondary to the primary subject. 2. Anything which represents by suggestive resemblance; an emblem. 3. (Paint. & Sculpt.) A figure representation which has a meaning beyond notion directly conveyed by the object painted or sculptured. Syn.
-- Metaphor; fable. -- Allegory
. "An allegory
differs both from fable and parable
, in that the properties of persons are fictitiously represented as attached to things, to which they are as it were transferred. . . . A figure of Peace and Victory crowning some historical personage is an allegory
. "I am the Vine, ye are the branches" [ John xv. 1-6
] is a spoken allegory
. In the parable
there is no transference of properties. The parable
of the sower [ Matt. xiii. 3-23
] represents all things as according to their proper nature. In the allegory
quoted above the properties of the vine and the relation of the branches are transferred to the person of Christ and His apostles and disciples." C. J. Smith.
is a prolonged metaphor. Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" and Spenser's "Faërie Queene" are celebrated examples of the allegory
Allegresse noun [ French allégresse , from Latin alacer sprightly.] Joy; gladsomeness.
Allegretto adjective [ Italian , dim. of allegro .] (Mus.) Quicker than andante , but not so quick as allegro . -- noun A movement in this time.
[ Italian , merry, gay, from Latin alacer
lively. Confer Aleger
.] (Mus.) Brisk, lively.
-- noun An allegro movement; a quick, sprightly strain or piece.
[ Greek ... of one another + Greek ... form.] (Biol.) One of the pure unit characters commonly existing singly or in pairs in the germ cells of Mendelian hybrids, and exhibited in varying proportion among the organisms themselves. Allelomorphs which under certain circumstances are themselves compound are called hypallelomorphs . See Mendel's law .
-- Al*le`lo*mor"phic adjective
As we know that the several unit characters are of such a nature that any one of them is capable of independently displacing or being displaced by one or more alternative characters taken singly, we may recognize this fact by naming such characters allelomorphs . Bateson.
Alleluia, Alleluiah noun
[ Latin alleluia
, Greek ..., from Hebrew hallēlū-yāh
. See Hallelujah
.] An exclamation signifying Praise ye Jehovah . Hence: A song of praise to God. See Hallelujah , the commoner form.
I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia .
Rev. xix. 1.
Allemande noun [ French, from allemand German.]
1. (Mus.) A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in the reign of Louis XIV.; - - now mostly found in suites of pieces, like those of Bach and Handel. 2. A figure in dancing.
Allenarly adverb [ All + anerly singly, from ane one.] Solely; only. [ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
[ For ealra
, the Anglo-Saxon gen. plural of eal
all.] Same as Alder , of all.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Allerion noun [ French alérion , Late Latin alario a sort of eagle; of uncertain origin.] (Her.) Am eagle without beak or feet, with expanded wings. Burke.
Alleviate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Alleviated
; present participle & verbal noun Alleviating
.] [ Late Latin alleviare
, from Latin ad
light. See Alegge
.] 1. To lighten or lessen the force or weight of.
Should no others join capable to alleviate the expense.
Those large bladders . . . conduce much to the alleviating of the body [ of flying birds]. 2. To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ; -- opposed to aggravate .
The calamity of the want of the sense of hearing is much alleviated by giving the use of letters. 3. To extenuate; to palliate.
He alleviates his fault by an excuse. Syn.
-- To lessen; diminish; soften; mitigate; assuage; abate; relieve; nullify; allay. -- To Alleviate
. These words have in common the idea of relief from some painful state; and being all figurative, they differ in their application, according to the image under which this idea is presented. Alleviate
supposes a load which is lightened or taken off; as, to alleviate
one's cares. Mitigate
supposes something fierce which is made mild; as, to mitigate
one's anguish. Assuage
supposes something violent which is quieted; as, to assuage
one's sorrow. Allay
supposes something previously excited, but now brought down; as, to allay
one's suffering or one's thirst. To alleviate
the distresses of life; to mitigate
the fierceness of passion or the violence of grief; to assuage
angry feeling; to allay