Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Alforja noun [ Also alfarga , alforge .] [ Spanish ] A saddlebag. [ Spanish Amer.]
Alfresco adverb & adjective [ Italian al fresco in or on the fresh.] In the open-air. Smollett.
; plural Algæ
[ Latin , seaweed.] (Botany) A kind of seaweed; plural the class of cellular cryptogamic plants which includes the black, red, and green seaweeds, as kelp, dulse, sea lettuce, also marine and fresh water confervæ, etc.
Algal adjective , (Botany) Pertaining to, or like, algæ.
[ Spanish algarroba
, from Arabic al-kharr...bah
. Confer Carob
.] (Botany) (a) The Carob, a leguminous tree of the Mediterranean region; also, its edible beans or pods, called St. John's bread . (b) The Honey mesquite ( Prosopis juliflora ), a small tree found from California to Buenos Ayres; also, its sweet, pulpy pods. A valuable gum, resembling gum arabic, is collected from the tree in Texas and Mexico.
Algarot, Algaroth noun [ French algaroth , from the name of the inventor, Algarotti .] (Medicine) A term used for the Powder of Algaroth, a white powder which is a compound of trichloride and trioxide of antimony. It was formerly used in medicine as an emetic, purgative, and diaphoretic.
Algarovilla noun The agglutinated seeds and husks of the legumes of a South American tree ( Inga Marthæ ). It is valuable for tanning leather, and as a dye.
Algate, Algates adverb
way. The s is an adverbial ending. See Gate
.] 1. Always; wholly; everywhere.
Ulna now he algates must forego.
» Still used in the north of England in the sense of "everywhere." 2. By any or means; at all events.
[ Obsolete] Fairfax. 3. Notwithstanding; yet.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Algazel noun [ Arabic al the + ghazāl .] (Zoology) The true gazelle.
Algebra noun [ Late Latin algebra , from Arabic al-jebr reduction of parts to a whole, or fractions to whole numbers, from jabara to bind together, consolidate; al-jebr w'almuqābalah reduction and comparison (by equations): confer French algèbre , Italian & Spanish algebra .]
1. (Math.) That branch of mathematics which treats of the relations and properties of quantity by means of letters and other symbols. It is applicable to those relations that are true of every kind of magnitude. 2. A treatise on this science.
Algebraic, Algebraical adjective Of or pertaining to algebra; containing an operation of algebra, or deduced from such operation; as, algebraic characters; algebraical writings. Algebraic curve , a curve such that the equation which expresses the relation between the coördinates of its points involves only the ordinary operations of algebra; -- opposed to a transcendental curve .
Algebraically adverb By algebraic process.
Algebraist noun One versed in algebra.
Algebraize transitive verb To perform by algebra; to reduce to algebraic form.
Algerian adjective Of or pertaining to Algeria. -- noun A native of Algeria.
Algerine adjective Of or pertaining to Algiers or Algeria.
Algerine noun A native or one of the people of Algiers or Algeria. Also, a pirate.
Algid adjective [ Latin algidus cold, from algere to be cold: confer French algide .] Cold; chilly. Bailey. Algid cholera (Medicine) , Asiatic cholera.
Algidity noun Chilliness; coldness ; especially (Medicine) , coldness and collapse.
Algidness noun Algidity. [ Obsolete]
Algific adjective [ Latin algificus , from algus cold + facere to make.] Producing cold.
Algin noun (Chemistry) A nitrogenous substance resembling gelatin, obtained from certain algæ.
Algoid adjective [ Latin alga + - oid .] Of the nature of, or resembling, an alga.
Algol noun [ Arabic al-ghūl destruction, calamity, from ghāla to take suddenly, destroy.] (Astron.) A fixed star, in Medusa's head, in the constellation Perseus, remarkable for its periodic variation in brightness.
Algological adjective Of or pertaining to algology; as, algological specimens.
Algologist noun One learned about algæ; a student of algology.
Algology noun [ Latin alga seaweed + -logy .] (Botany) The study or science of algæ or seaweeds.
Algometer noun [ Greek ... pain + -meter .] (Psychol.) An instrument for measuring sensations of pain due to pressure. It has a piston rod with a blunted tip which is pressed against the skin. -- Al*gom"e*try noun -- Al`go*met"ric , *met"ric*al adjective -- Al`go*met"ric*al*ly , adverb
Algonkian adjective 1. Var. of Algonquian . 2. (Geol.) Pertaining to or designating a period or era recognized by the United States Geological Survey and some other authorities, between the Archæan and the Paleozoic, from both of which it is generally separated in the record by unconformities. Algonkian rocks are both sedimentary and igneous. Although fossils are rare, life certainly existed in this period.
-- noun The Algonkian period or era, or system or group of systems.
Algonquian adjective Pertaining to or designating the most extensive of the linguistic families of North American Indians, their territory formerly including practically all of Canada east of the 115th meridian and south of Hudson's Bay and the part of the United States east of the Mississippi and north of Tennessee and Virginia, with the exception of the territory occupied by the northern Iroquoian tribes. There are nearly 100,000 Indians of the Algonquian tribes, of which the strongest are the Ojibwas (Chippewas), Ottawas, Crees, Algonquins, Micmacs, and Blackfeet. -- noun An Algonquian Indian.
Algonquin, Algonkin noun One of a widely spread family of Indians, including many distinct tribes, which formerly occupied most of the northern and eastern part of North America. The name was originally applied to a group of Indian tribes north of the River St. Lawrence.
Algor noun [ Latin ] (Medicine) Cold; chilliness.
Algorism, Algorithm noun [ Middle English algorism , algrim , augrim , Old French algorisme , French algorithme (cf. Spanish algoritmo , OSp. alguarismo , Late Latin algorismus ), from the Arabic al- Khowārezmī of Khowārezm, the modern Khiwa, surname of Abu Ja'far Mohammed ben Musā, author of a work on arithmetic early in the 9th century, which was translated into Latin, such books bearing the name algorismus . The spelling with th is due to a supposed connection with Greek ... number.]
1. The art of calculating by nine figures and zero. 2. The art of calculating with any species of notation; as, the algorithms of fractions, proportions, surds, etc.
Algous adjective [ Latin algosus , from alga seaweed.] Of or pertaining to the algæ, or seaweeds; abounding with, or like, seaweed.
[ Spanish alguacil
, from Arabic alwazīr
the vizier. Confer Vizier
.] An inferior officer of justice in Spain; a warrant officer; a constable. Prescott.
Algum noun Same as Almug (and etymologically preferable). 2 Chron. ii. 8.
Alhambra noun [ Ultimately from Arabic al the + hamrā red; i. e. , the red ( sc. house).] The palace of the Moorish kings at Granada.
Alhambraic, Alhambresque adjective Made or decorated after the fanciful style of the ornamentation in the Alhambra, which affords an unusually fine exhibition of Saracenic or Arabesque architecture.
[ Latin , from alius
. See Else
.] (Law) (a) Otherwise; otherwise called; -- a term used in legal proceedings to connect the different names of any one who has gone by two or more, and whose true name is for any cause doubtful; as, Smith, alias Simpson. (b) At another time.
; plural Aliases
[ Latin , otherwise, at another time.] (Law) (a) A second or further writ which is issued after a first writ has expired without effect. (b) Another name; an assumed name.
[ Latin , elsewhere, at another place. See Alias
.] (Law) The plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that he was in another place when the alleged act was committed; as, to set up an alibi ; to prove an alibi .
Alibility noun Quality of being alible.
Alible adjective [ Latin alibilis , from alere to nourish.] Nutritive; nourishing.
Alicant noun A kind of wine, formerly much esteemed; -- said to have been made near Alicant, in Spain. J. Fletcher.
Alidade noun [ Late Latin alidada , alhidada , from Arabic al-'idāda a sort of rule: confer French alidade .] The portion of a graduated instrument, as a quadrant or astrolabe, carrying the sights or telescope, and showing the degrees cut off on the arc of the instrument Whewell.
[ Old French alien
, Latin alienus
, from alius
another; properly, therefore, belonging to another. See Else
.] 1. Not belonging to the same country, land, or government, or to the citizens or subjects thereof; foreign; as, alien subjects, enemies, property, shores. 2. Wholly different in nature; foreign; adverse; inconsistent ( with ); incongruous; -- followed by from or sometimes by to ; as, principles alien from our religion.
An alien sound of melancholy. Alien enemy (Law)
, one who owes allegiance to a government at war with ours. Abbott.
Alien noun 1. A foreigner; one owing allegiance, or belonging, to another country; a foreign-born resident of a country in which he does not possess the privileges of a citizen. Hence, a stranger. See Alienage . 2. One excluded from certain privileges; one alienated or estranged; as, aliens from God's mercies.
Aliens from the common wealth of Israel.
Ephes. ii. 12.
Alien transitive verb
[ French aliéner
, Latin alienare
.] To alienate; to estrange; to transfer, as property or ownership.
[ R.] "It the son alien
lands." Sir M. Hale.
The prince was totally aliened from all thoughts of . . . the marriage.
Alienability noun Capability of being alienated. "The alienability of the domain." Burke.